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  1. Doris Keye, Oliver Wilhelm, Klaus Oberauer & Birgit Stürmer (2013). Individual Differences in Response Conflict Adaptations. Frontiers in Psychology 4:947.
    Conflict-monitoring theory argues for a general cognitive mechanism that monitors for con-flicts in information-processing. If that mechanism detects conflict, it engages cognitive con-trol to resolve it. A slow-down in response to incongruent trials (conflict effect), and a modu-lation of the conflict effect by the congruence of the preceding trial (Gratton or context effect) have been taken as indicators of such a monitoring system. The present study (N = 157) investigated individual differences in the conflict and the context effect in a (...)
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  2. Stephan Lewandowsky, John Cook, Klaus Oberauer & Michael Marriott (2013). Recursive Fury: Conspiracist Ideation in the Blogosphere in Response to Research on Conspiracist Ideation. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    This article, first published by Frontiers on 18 March 2013, has been the subject of complaints. Given the nature of some of these complaints, Frontiers has provisionally removed the link to the article while these issues are investigated, which is being done as swiftly as possible and which Frontiers management considers the most responsible course of action. The article has not been retracted or withdrawn. Further information will be provided as soon as possible. Thank you for your patience. Conspiracist ideation (...)
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  3. Klaus Oberauer & Stephan Lewandowsky (2013). Evidence Against Decay in Verbal Working Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):380.
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  4. Oliver Wilhelm, Andrea Hildebrandt Hildebrandt & Klaus Oberauer (2013). What is Working Memory Capacity, and How Can We Measure It? Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    A latent variable study examined whether different classes of working-memory tasks measure the same general construct of working-memory capacity (WMC). Data from 270 subjects were used to examine the relationship between Binding, Updating, Recall-N-back, and Complex Span tasks, and the relations of WMC with secondary memory measures, indicators of cognitive control from two response-conflict paradigms (Simon task and Eriksen flanker task), and fluid intelligence. Confirmatory factor analyses support the concept of a general WMC factor. Results from structural-equation modeling show negligible (...)
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  5. Stephan Lewandowsky, Klaus Oberauer & Gordon D. A. Brown (2009). No Temporal Decay in Verbal Short-Term Memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):120-126.
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  6. Stephan Lewandowsky, Klaus Oberauer & Gordon D. A. Brown (2009). Response to Altmann: Adaptive Forgetting by Decay or Removal of STM Contents? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (7):280-281.
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  7. Stephan Lewandowsky, Klaus Oberauer & Gordon D. A. Brown (2009). Response to Barrouillet and Camos: Interference or Decay in Working Memory? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):146-147.
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  8. Klaus Oberauer (2009). Oaksford & Chater's Theory of Reasoning: High Prior, Lower Posterior Plausibility. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):95-96.
    Oaksford & Chater (O&C) subscribe to the view that a conditional expresses a high conditional probability of the consequent, given the antecedent, but they model conditionals as expressing a dependency between antecedent and consequent. Therefore, their model is inconsistent with their theoretical commitment. The model is also inconsistent with some findings on how people interpret conditionals and how they reason from them.
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  9. Klaus Oberauer (2007). Activation, Binding, and Selective Access. An Embedded Three-Component Framework for Working Memory. In Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie & Mark D'Esposito (eds.), The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory. Oup Oxford. 351--368.
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  10. Klaus Oberauer, Andrea Weidenfeld & Katrin Fischer (2007). What Makes Us Believe a Conditional? The Roles of Covariation and Causality. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):340 – 369.
    Two experiments were conducted to investigate the roles of covariation and of causality in people's readiness to believe a conditional. The experiments used a probabilistic truth-table task (Oberauer & Wilhelm, 2003) in which people estimated the probability of a conditional given information about the frequency distribution of truth-table cases. For one group of people, belief in the conditional was determined by the conditional probability of the consequent, given the antecedent, whereas for another group it depended on the probability of the (...)
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  11. Klaus Oberauer (2001). The Explanatory Gap is Still There. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):996-997.
    I argue that O'Regan & Noë's (O&N's) theory is in a no better position than any other theory to solve the “hard problem” of consciousness. Getting rid of the explanatory gap by exchanging sensorimotor contingencies for neural representations is an illusion.
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  12. Klaus Oberauer (2000). Do We Need Two Systems for Reasoning? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):692-693.
    The hypothesis of two separate reasoning systems, one subserving individual goals and the other our genes, is theoretically implausible and not supported by the data. As an alternative, I propose a single system for analytical reasoning backed up by simple mechanisms for the selection of relevant information. This system can generate normative behavior as well as systematic deviations from it.
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  13. Klaus Oberauer, Oliver Wilhelm Iv & Ricardo Rosas Diaz (1999). Bayesian Rationality for the Wason Selection Task? A Test of Optimal Data Selection Theory. Thinking and Reasoning 5 (2):115-144.
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  14. Klaus Oberauer, Oliver Wilhelm & Ricardo Rosas Diaz (1999). Bayesian Rationality for the Wason Selection Task? A Test of Optimal Data Selection Theory. Thinking and Reasoning 5 (2):115 – 144.
    Oaksford and Chater (1994) proposed to analyse the Wason selection task as an inductive instead of a deductive task. Applying Bayesian statistics, they concluded that the cards that participants tend to select are those with the highest expected information gain. Therefore, their choices seem rational from the perspective of optimal data selection. We tested a central prediction from the theory in three experiments: card selection frequencies should be sensitive to the subjective probability of occurrence for individual cards. In Experiment 1, (...)
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