880 found
Order:
Disambiguations:
Peter D. Klein [44]Colin Klein [38]Ursula Klein [35]Peter Klein [31]
Sherwin Klein [28]Jacob Klein [26]Stan Klein [22]J. Theodore Klein [21]

Not all matches are shown. Search with initial or firstname to single out others.

See also:
Profile: Peter Klein (Rutgers University - New Brunswick)
Profile: Julie R. Klein (Villanova University)
Profile: Wayne L. Klein, PhD
Profile: Alexander Klein (California State University, Long Beach)
Profile: Ellen Klein
Profile: Alexandre Klein (Université Nancy 2)
Profile: Udo Klein
Profile: Michael Klein
Profile: Maritoni Klein
Profile: Maya Klein (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)
Other users were found but are not shown.
  1. Stan Klein, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby & Sarah Chance (2002). Decisions and the Evolution of Memory: Multiple Systems, Multiple Functions. Psychological Review 109:306-329.
    Memory evolved to supply useful, timely information to the organism’s decision-making systems. Therefore, decision rules, multiple memory systems, and the search engines that link them should have coevolved to mesh in a coadapted, functionally interlocking way. This adaptationist perspective suggested the scope hypothesis: When a generalization is retrieved from semantic memory, episodic memories that are inconsistent with it should be retrieved in tandem to place boundary conditions on the scope of the generalization. Using a priming paradigm and a decision task (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  2. Manolo Martínez & Colin Klein (2016). Pain Signals Are Predominantly Imperative. Biology and Philosophy 31 (2):283-298.
    Recent work on signaling has mostly focused on communication between organisms. The Lewis–Skyrms framework should be equally applicable to intra-organismic signaling. We present a Lewis–Skyrms signaling-game model of painful signaling, and use it to argue that the content of pain is predominantly imperative. We address several objections to the account, concluding that our model gives a productive framework within which to consider internal signaling.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Stan Klein (2015). The Feeling of Personal Ownership of One’s Mental States: A Conceptual Argument and Empirical Evidence for an Essential, but Underappreciated, Mechanism of Mind. Psychology of Consciousness: Research, Practice, and Theory 2 (4):355-376.
    I argue that the feeling that one is the owner of his or her mental states is not an intrinsic property of those states. Rather, it consists in a contingent relation between consciousness and its intentional objects. As such, there are (a variety of) circumstances, varying in their interpretive clarity, in which this relation can come undone. When this happens, the content of consciousness still is apprehended, but the feeling that the content “belongs to me” no longer is secured. I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  45
    Stan Klein (forthcoming). The Curious Case of the Self-Refuting Straw Man: Trafimow and Earp’s Response to Klein (2014). Theory and Psychology.
    In their critique of Klein (2014a), Trafimow and Earp present two theses. First, they argue that, contra Klein, a well-specified theory is not a necessary condition for successful replication. Second, they contend that even when there is a well-specified theory, replication depends more on auxiliary assumptions than on theory proper. I take issue with both claims, arguing that (a) their first thesis confuses a material conditional (what I said) with a modal claim (T&E’s misreading of what I said), and (b) (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Stan Klein (forthcoming). The Unplanned Obsolescence of Psychological Science and an Argument for its Revival. Pyshcology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.
    I examine some of the key scientific pre-commitments of modern psychology, and argue that their adoption has the unintended consequence of rendering a purely psychological analysis of mind indistinguishable from a purely biological treatment. And, since these pre-commitments sanction an “authority of the biological”, explanation of phenomena traditionally considered the purview of psychological analysis is fully subsumed under the biological. I next evaluate the epistemic warrant of these pre-commitments and suggest there are good reasons to question their applicability to psychological (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Stan Klein & Shaun Nichols (2012). Memory and the Sense of Personal Identity. Mind 121 (483):677-702.
    Memory of past episodes provides a sense of personal identity — the sense that I am the same person as someone in the past. We present a neurological case study of a patient who has accurate memories of scenes from his past, but for whom the memories lack the sense of mineness. On the basis of this case study, we propose that the sense of identity derives from two components, one delivering the content of the memory and the other generating (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  7. Stan Klein & Cynthia Gangi (2010). The Multiplicity of Self: Neuropsychological Evidence and its Implications for the Self as a Construct in Psychological Research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1191:1-15.
    This paper examines the issue ofwhat the self is by reviewing neuropsychological research,which converges on the idea that the selfmay be more complex and differentiated than previous treatments of the topic have suggested. Although some aspects of self-knowledge such as episodic recollection may be compromised in individuals, other aspects—for instance, semantic trait summaries—appear largely intact. Taken together, these findings support the idea that the self is not a single, unified entity. Rather, it is a set of interrelated, functionally independent systems. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  8. Norman Farb, Jennifer Daubenmier, Cynthia J. Price, Tim Gard, Catherine Kerr, Barnaby D. Dunn, Anne Carolyn Klein, Martin P. Paulus & Wolf E. Mehling (2015). Interoception, Contemplative Practice, and Health. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  9. Stan Klein (2014). What Can Recent Replication Failures Tell Us About the Theoretical Commitments of Psychology? Theory and Psychology 24:326-338.
    I suggest that the recent, highly visible, and often heated debate over failures to replicate the results in the social sciences reveals more than the need for greater attention to the pragmatics and value of empirical falsification. It also is a symptom of a serious issue -- the underdeveloped state of theory in many areas of psychology. While I focus on the phenomenon of “social priming” -- since it figures centrally in current debate -- it is not the only area (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Stan Klein (2016). Autonoetic Consciousness: Re-Considering the Role of Episodic Memory in Future-Oriented Self-Projection. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (2):381-401.
    Following the seminal work of Ingvar (1985. “Memory for the future”: An essay on the temporal organization of conscious awareness. Human Neurobiology, 4, 127–136), Suddendorf (1994. The discovery of the fourth dimension: Mental time travel and human evolution. Master’s thesis. University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand), and Tulving (1985. Memory and consciousness. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 26, 1–12), exploration of the ability to anticipate and prepare for future contingencies that cannot be known with certainty has grown into a thriving research enterprise. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Stan Klein (2015). What Memory Is. WIREs Cognitive Science 6 (1):1-38.
    I argue that our current practice of ascribing the term “ memory ” to mental states and processes lacks epistemic warrant. Memory, according to the “received view”, is any state or process that results from the sequential stages of encoding, storage and retrieval. By these criteria, memory, or its footprint, can be seen in virtually every mental state we are capable of having. This, I argue, stretches the term to the breaking point. I draw on phenomenological, historical and conceptual considerations (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. Peter D. Klein (2008). Useful False Beliefs. In Quentin Smith (ed.), Epistemology: New Essays. Oxford University Press 25--63.
  13.  85
    Kourken Michaelian, Stanley B. Klein & Karl K. Szpunar (forthcoming). The Past, the Present, and the Future of Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel: Editors' Introduction. In Kourken Michaelian, Stanley B. Klein & Karl K. Szpunar (eds.), Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel. Oxford University Press
  14. Peter D. Klein (1999). Human Knowledge and the Infinite Regress of Reasons. Philosophical Perspectives 13 (s13):297-325.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   43 citations  
  15. Stan Klein (2013). The Temporal Orientation of Memory: It's Time for a Change of Direction. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition 2:222-234.
    Common wisdom, philosophical analysis and psychological research share the view that memory is subjectively positioned toward the past: Specifically, memory enables one to become re-acquainted with the objects and events of his or her past. In this paper I call this assumption into question. As I hope to show, memory has been designed by natural selection not to relive the past, but rather to anticipate and plan for future contingencies -- a decidedly future-oriented mode of subjective temporality. This is not (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16. Stan Klein (2012). The Self and its Brain. Social Cognition 30 (4):474-518.
    In this paper I argue that much of the confusion and mystery surrounding the concept of "self" can be traced to a failure to appreciate the distinction between the self as a collection of diverse neural components that provide us with our beliefs, memories, desires, personality, emotions, etc (the epistemological self) and the self that is best conceived as subjective, unified awareness, a point of view in the first person (ontological self). While the former can, and indeed has, been extensively (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  17. Stan Klein (2013). The Complex Act of Projecting Oneself Into the Future. WIREs Cognitive Science 4:63-79.
    Research on future-oriented mental time travel (FMTT) is highly active yet somewhat unruly. I believe this is due, in large part, to the complexity of both the tasks used to test FMTT and the concepts involved. Extraordinary care is a necessity when grappling with such complex and perplexing metaphysical constructs as self and time and their co-instantiation in memory. In this review, I first discuss the relation between future mental time travel and types of memory (episodic and semantic). I then (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  18. Stan Klein (2014). Autonoesis and Belief in a Personal Past: An Evolutionary Theory of Episodic Memory Indices. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (3):427-447.
    In this paper I discuss philosophical and psychological treatments of the question "how do we decide that an occurrent mental state is a memory and not, say a thought or imagination?" This issue has proven notoriously difficult to resolve, with most proposed indices, criteria and heuristics failing to achieve consensus. Part of the difficulty, I argue, is that the indices and analytic solutions thus far offered seldom have been situated within a well-specified theory of memory function. As I hope to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19. Stan Klein & Chloe Steindam (forthcoming). The Role of Subjective Temporality in Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel. In Kirk Michaelian, Stan Klein & Karl Szpunar (eds.), Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel. Oxford University Press
    In this chapter we examine the tendency to view future-oriented mental time travel as a unitary faculty that, despite task-driven surface variation, ultimately reduces to a common phenomenological state. We review evidence that FMTT is neither unitary nor beholden to episodic memory: Rather, it is varied both in its memorial underpinnings and experiential realization. We conclude that the phenomenological diversity characterizing FMTT is dependent not on the type of memory activated during task performance, but on the kind of subjective temporality (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Philippe Bernard, Sarah J. Gervais, Jill Allen & Olivier Klein (2015). Commentary “The Sexualized-Body-Inversion Hypothesis Revisited: Valid Indicator of Sexual Objectification or Methodological Artifact?”. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21. Stefan Huber, Elise Klein, Korbinian Moeller & Klaus Willmes (2016). Spatial–Numerical and Ordinal Positional Associations Coexist in Parallel. Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  22. Karin Schermelleh-Engel, Martin Kerwer & Andreas G. Klein (2014). Evaluation of Model Fit in Nonlinear Multilevel Structural Equation Modeling. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23.  51
    Stanley Klein (1995). Is Quantum Mechanics Relevant To Understanding Consciousness A Review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose. [REVIEW] Psyche 2 (3).
  24. Stan Klein (2015). A Defense of Experiential Realism: The Need to Take Phenomenological Reality on its Own Terms in the Study of the Mind. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Practice and Research 2 (1):41-56.
    In this paper I argue for the importance of treating mental experience on its own terms. In defense of “experiential realism” I offer a critique of modern psychology’s all-too-frequent attempts to effect an objectification and quantification of personal subjectivity. The question is “What can we learn about experiential reality from indices that, in the service of scientific objectification, transform the qualitative properties of experience into quantitative indices?” I conclude that such treatment is neither necessary for realizing, nor sufficient for capturing, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Peter Klein (2007). Human Knowledge and the Infinite Progress of Reasoning. Philosophical Studies 134 (1):1 - 17.
    The purpose of this paper is to explain how infinitism—the view that reasons are endless and non-repeating—solves the epistemic regress problem and to defend that solution against some objections. The first step is to explain what the epistemic regress problem is and, equally important, what it is not. Second, I will discuss the foundationalist and coherentist responses to the regress problem and offer some reasons for thinking that neither response can solve the problem, no matter how they are tweaked. Then, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   20 citations  
  26. Stan Klein (2013). Making the Case That Episodic Recollection is Attributable to Operations Occurring at Retrieval Rather Than to Content Stored in a Dedicated Subsystem of Long-Term Memory. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 7 (3):1-14.
    Episodic memory often is conceptualized as a uniquely human system of long-term memory that makes available knowledge accompanied by the temporal and spatial context in which that knowledge was acquired. Retrieval from episodic memory entails a form of first–person subjectivity called autonoetic consciousness that provides a sense that a recollection was something that took place in the experiencer’s personal past. In this paper I expand on this definition of episodic memory. Specifically, I suggest that (a) the core features assumed unique (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  27. Wayne Klein (1993). Reviews : Mark Warren, Nietzsche and Political Thought (Cambridge, MIT Press, 1988). Thesis Eleven 35 (1):132-139.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Stan Klein (2013). The Sense of Diachronic Personal Identity. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):791-811.
    In this paper, I first consider a famous objection that the standard interpretation of the Lockean account of diachronicity (i.e., one’s sense of personal identity over time) via psychological connectedness falls prey to breaks in one’s personal narrative. I argue that recent case studies show that while this critique may hold with regard to some long-term autobiographical self-knowledge (e.g., episodic memory), it carries less warrant with respect to accounts based on trait-relevant, semantic self-knowledge. The second issue I address concerns the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  29.  19
    Matteo Colombo & Dominik Klein, Mystery, Explanation, and Credence.
    How should the information that a proposition p is a mystery impact your credence in p? To answer this question, we first provide a taxonomy of mysteries; then, we develop a test to distinguish two types of mysteries. When faced with mysteries of the first type, rational epistemic agents should lower their credence in p upon learning that p is a mystery. The same information should not impact agents’ credence in p, when they face mysteries of the second type. Our (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  1
    Gerald Gazdar, Ewan Klein, Geoffrey Pullum & Ivan Sag (1989). Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar. Philosophical Review 98 (4):556-566.
  31. Peter Klein (1995). ``Skepticism and Closure: Why the Evil Genius Argument Fails". Philosophical Topics 23 (1):213--236.
  32. Ralph W. Klein (2013). 1 & 2 Samuel by A. Graeme Auld. Interpretation 67 (2):208-210.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  43
    Colin Klein & Manolo Martínez (forthcoming). Imperativism and Pain Intensity. In David Bain, Michael Brady & Jennifer Corns (eds.), The Nature of Pain.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  13
    Raymond M. Klein (2000). Inhibition of Return. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (4):138-147.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   36 citations  
  35.  31
    Helen A. Klein, Nancy M. Levenburg, Marie McKendall & William Mothersell (2007). Cheating During the College Years: How Do Business School Students Compare? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 72 (2):197 - 206.
    When it comes to cheating in higher education, business school students have often been accused of being the worst offenders; if true, this may be a contributing factor in the kinds of fraud that have plagued the business community in recent years. We examined the issue of cheating in the business school by surveying 268 students in business and other professional schools on their attitudes about, and experiences with, cheating. We found that while business school students actually cheated no more (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   22 citations  
  36. Peter D. Klein (1971). A Proposed Definition of Propositional Knowledge. Journal of Philosophy 68 (16):471-482.
  37. Peter D. Klein (2011). Infinitism and the Epistemic Regress Problem. In Tolksdorf Stephan (ed.), Conceptions of Knowledge. De Gruyter 487-508.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  62
    Alexander Klein (2015). Science, Religion, and “The Will to Believe". Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):72-117.
    Do the same epistemic standards govern scientific and religious belief? Or should science and religion operate in completely independent epistemic spheres? Commentators have recently been divided on William James’s answer to this question. One side depicts “The Will to Believe” as offering a separate-spheres defense of religious belief in the manner of Galileo. The other contends that “The Will to Believe” seeks to loosen the usual epistemic standards so that religious and scientific beliefs can both be justified by a unitary (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  5
    Stan Klein (2016). Lost Feeling of Ownership of One’s Mental States: The Importance of Situating Patient R.B.'s Pathology in the Context of Contemporary Theory and Empiricism. Philosophical Psychology 29 (4):490-493.
    In her re-analysis of the evidence presented in Klein and Nichols (2012) to support their argument that patient R.B. temporarily lost possessory custody of consciously apprehended objects (in this case, objects that normally would be non-inferentially taken as episodic memory), Professor Roache concludes Klein and Nichols's claims are untenable. I argue that Professor Roache is incorrect in her re-interpretation, and that this is due, in part, to lack of sufficient familiarity with psychological theory on memory as well as clinical literature (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  83
    Julie Thompson Klein (1990). Interdisciplinarity: History, Theory, and Practice. Wayne State University Press.
    Acknowledgments THROUGHOUT this book I cite the many people who have provided information on individual programs and activities. ...
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   36 citations  
  41. Julie Thompson Klein (2010). A Taxonomy of Interdisciplinarity. In Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. OUP Oxford
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  42. Robert Frodeman, Julie Thompson Klein & Carl Mitcham (eds.) (2010). The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. OUP Oxford.
    Taking stock of interdisciplinarity as it nears its century mark, the Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity constitutes a major new reference work on the topic of interdisciplinarity, a concept of growing academic and societal importance.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  43. Peter Klein & Ted A. Warfield (1994). What Price Coherence? Analysis 54 (3):129 - 132.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   29 citations  
  44. B. E. Allman, A. Cimmino, S. L. Griffin & A. G. Klein (1999). Quantum Phase Shift Caused by Spatial Confinement. Foundations of Physics 29 (3):325-332.
    This paper presents the results of optical interferometry experiments in which the phase of photons in one arm of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer is modified by applying a transverse constriction. An equivalent quantum interferometry experiment using neutron de Broglie waves is discussed in which the observed phase shift is in the spirit of the force-free phase shift of the Aharonov-Bohm effects. In the optical experiments the experimental results are in excellent agreement with predictions.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Colin Klein (2009). Reduction Without Reductionism: A Defence of Nagel on Connectability. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):39 - 53.
    Unlike the overall framework of Ernest Nagel's work on reduction, his theory of intertheoretic connection still has life in it. It handles aptly cases where reduction requires complex representation of a target domain. Abandoning his formulation as too liberal was a mistake. Arguments that it is too liberal at best touch only Nagel's deductivist theory of explanation, not his condition of connectability. Taking this condition seriously gives a powerful view of reduction, but one which requires us to index explanatory power (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  46. Stan Klein (2013). Images and Constructs: Can the Neural Correlates of Self Be Revealed Through Radiological Analysis? International Journal of Psychological Research 6:117-132.
    In this paper I argue that radiological attempts to elucidate the properties of self -- an endeavor currently popular in the social neurosciences -- are fraught with conceptual difficulties. I first discuss several philosophical criteria that increase the chances we are posing the “right” questions to nature. I then discuss whether these criteria are met when empirical efforts are directed at one of the central constructs in the social sciences – the human self. In particular, I consider whether recent attempts (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Colin Klein (2010). Images Are Not the Evidence in Neuroimaging. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (2):265-278.
    fMRI promises to uncover the functional structure of the brain. I argue, however, that pictures of ‘brain activity' associated with fMRI experiments are poor evidence for functional claims. These neuroimages present the results of null hypothesis significance tests performed on fMRI data. Significance tests alone cannot provide evidence about the functional structure of causally dense systems, including the brain. Instead, neuroimages should be seen as indicating regions where further data analysis is warranted. This additional analysis rarely involves simple significance testing, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  48. Robyn Rowland & Renate Klein (1996). Radical Feminism: History, Politics, Action. In Diane Bell & Renate Klein (eds.), Radically Speaking: Feminism Reclaimed. Spinifex Press 9--36.
  49. Colin Klein (2007). An Imperative Theory of Pain. Journal of Philosophy 104 (10):517-532.
    forthcoming in The Journal of Philosophy.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  50.  5
    Daniel J. Grodner, Natalie M. Klein, Kathleen M. Carbary & Michael K. Tanenhaus (2010). Some,” and Possibly All, Scalar Inferences Are Not Delayed: Evidence for Immediate Pragmatic Enrichment”. Cognition 116 (1):42-55.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
1 — 50 / 880