Search results for 'Knowledge, Sociology of' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Peter Berger & Thomas Luckmann (1966/1990). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Anchor Books.
    This book reformulates the sociological subdiscipline known as the sociology of knowledge. Knowledge is presented as more than ideology, including as well false consciousness, propaganda, science and art.
     
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  2.  33
    Malcolm Ashmore (1989). The Reflexive Thesis: Wrighting Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. University of Chicago Press.
    This unusually innovative book treats reflexivity, not as a philosophical conundrum, but as a practical issue that arises in the course of scholarly research and argument. In order to demonstrate the concrete and consequential nature of reflexivity, Malcolm Ashmore concentrates on an area in which reflexive "problems" are acute: the sociology of scientific knowledge. At the forefront of recent radical changes in our understanding of science, this increasingly influential mode of analysis specializes in rigorous deconstructions of the research practices (...)
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  3.  30
    Markus Seidel (forthcoming). Changing Society by Scientific Investigations? The Unexpected Shared Ground Between Early Sociology of Knowledge and the Vienna Circle. Foundations of Science:1-12.
    In this paper, I show that there are important but hitherto unnoticed similarities between key figures of the Vienna Circle and early defenders of sociology of knowledge. The similarities regard their stance on potential implications of the study of science for political and societal issues. I argue that notably Otto Neurath and Karl Mannheim are concerned with proposing a genuine political philosophy of science that is remarkably different from today’s emerging interest in the relation between science and society in (...)
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  4.  20
    Loet Leydesdorff (1992). The Knowledge Content of Science and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 23 (2):241-263.
    Several, seemingly unrelated problems of empirical research in the 'sociology of scientific knowledge' can be analyzed as following from initial assumptions with respect to the status of the knowledge content of science. These problems involve: (1) the relation between the level of the scientific field and the group level; (2) the boundaries and the status of 'contexts', and (3) the emergence of so-called 'asymmetry' in discourse analysis. It is suggested that these problems can be clarified by allowing for cognitive (...)
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  5.  23
    David Frisby (1992). The Alienated Mind: The Sociology of Knowledge in Germany, 1918-1933. Routledge.
    The Sociology of Knowledge in Weimar Germany: Its Background and Context i Any serious attempt to understand the distinctive nature of the German tradition ...
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  6.  34
    E. Doyle McCarthy (1996). Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge. Routledge.
    Drawing upon Marxist, French structuralist and American pragmatist traditions, this lively and accessible introduction to the sociology of knowledge gives to its classic texts a fresh reading, arguing that various bodies of knowledge operate within culture to create powerful cultural dispositions, meanings, and categories. It looks at the cultural impact of the forms and images of mass media, the authority of science, medicine, and law as bodies of contemporary knowledge and practice. Finally, it considers the concept of "engendered (...)
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  7.  44
    Dominique Raynaud (2003). Duhem, Quine, Wittgenstein and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge: Continuity of Self-Legitimation? Epistemologia 26 (1):133-160.
    Contemporary sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) is defined by its relativist trend. Its programme often calls for the support of philosophers, such as Duhem, Quine, and Wittgenstein. A critical re-reading of key texts shows that the main principles of relativism are only derivable with difficulty. The thesis of the underdetermination of theory doesn't forbid that Duhem, in many places, validates a correspondence-consistency theory of truth. He never said that social beliefs and interests fill the lack of underdetermination. Quine's idea (...)
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  8.  31
    Axel Gelfert (2012). Art History, the Problem of Style, and Arnold Hauser's Contribution to the History and Sociology of Knowledge. Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):121-142.
    Much of Arnold Hauser’s work on the social history of art and the philosophy of art history is informed by a concern for the cognitive dimension of art. The present paper offers a reconstruction of this aspect of Hauser’s project and identifies areas of overlap with the sociology of knowledge—where the latter is to be understood as both a separate discipline and a going intellectual concern. Following a discussion of Hauser’s personal and intellectual background, as well as of the (...)
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  9.  16
    Thomas Uebel (2012). But is It Sociology of Knowledge? Wilhelm Jerusalem's “Sociology of Cognition” in Context. Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):5-37.
    This paper considers the charge that—contrary to the current widespread assumption accompanying the near-universal neglect of his work—Wilhelm Jerusalem (1854–1923) cannot count as one of the founders of the sociology of (scientific) knowledge. In order to elucidate the matter, Jerusalem’s “sociology of cognition” is here reconstructed in the context of his own work in psychology and philosophy as well as in the context of the work of some predecessors and contemporaries. It is argued that while it (...)
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  10.  30
    Gunter W. Remmling (1975). The Sociology of Karl Mannheim: With a Bibliographical Guide to the Sociology of Knowledge, Ideological Analysis, and Social Planning. Routledge & K. Paul.
    The significance and development of Mannheim's sociology Ancient data such as the Code of Hammurabi, the Old Testament, the Confucian Classics, ...
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  11.  13
    Oleg Zhuravlev, Daneil Kondov & Natalia Savel’eva (2009). The European University at St. Petersburg: A Case Study in Sociology of Post-Soviet Knowledge. Studies in East European Thought 61 (4):291 - 308.
    The article presents results of an ongoing study of centers of intellectual innovations in post-Soviet Russia. Using the European University at St. Petersburg as the main object of their analysis, the authors demonstrate how new models of academic careers, which became available in the 1980s and 1990s, were eventually institutionalized as new models of knowledge production and educational practices. Supported by American foundations, this private university had to invent a new institutional structure and to position itself within the field of (...)
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  12.  36
    D. Wade Hands (1997). Conjectures and Reputations:The Sociology of Scientific Knowledge and the History of Economic Thought. History of Political Economy 29:695-739.
  13. William Warren Bartley, Karl Raimund Popper & Gerard Radnitzky (1987). Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge.
     
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  14. David Bloor (1996). Idealism and the Sociology of Knowledge. Social Studies of Science 26 (4):839-856.
     
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  15.  9
    Karl Mannheim (1952). Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge. New York, Oxford University Press.
  16.  5
    Janet Wolff (1975). Hermeneutic Philosophy and the Sociology of Art: An Approach to Some of the Epistemological Problems of the Sociology of Knowledge and the Sociology of Art and Literature. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  17.  6
    Tom W. Goff (1980). Marx and Mead: Contributions to a Sociology of Knowledge. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  18. Susan J. Hekman (1986). Hermeneutics and the Sociology of Knowledge. University of Notre Dame Press.
  19. John Law (ed.) (1986). Power, Action, and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge? Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  20. A. P. Simonds (1978). Karl Mannheim's Sociology of Knowledge. Clarendon Press.
     
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  21.  7
    Thomas Vander Ven & Marikay Vander Ven (2003). Exploring Patterns of Mother-Blaming in Anorexia Scholarship: A Study in the Sociology of Knowledge. [REVIEW] Human Studies 26 (1):97 - 119.
    Mother-blame, the propensity to explain negative outcomes for children by focusing on the failures of mothers, has a long history in the social-scientific study of adolescent deviance. We examine trends in mother-blaming over time by performing a textual analysis of scholarly accounts of the etiology of anorexia nervosa. Our reading of these expert accounts suggests that mother-blaming for child pathology is interconnected with changing ideas about proper social roles for women. Deficient mothering, that is, was often linked to a woman''s (...)
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  22.  65
    Max Scheler (1980). Problems of a Sociology of Knowledge. Routledge & K. Paul.
    Produced in 1961 using film shot by official war photographers provided by the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, this 26 part series covers every major ...
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  23.  6
    Thomas Vander Ven & Marikay Vander Ven (2003). Exploring Patterns of Mother-Blaming in Anorexia Scholarship: A Study in the Sociology of Knowledge. [REVIEW] Human Studies 26 (1):97-119.
    Mother-blame, the propensity to explain negative outcomes for children by focusing on the failures of mothers, has a long history in the social-scientific study of adolescent deviance. We examine trends in mother-blaming over time by performing a textual analysis of scholarly accounts of the etiology of anorexia nervosa. Our reading of these expert accounts suggests that mother-blaming for child pathology is interconnected with changing ideas about proper social roles for women. Deficient mothering, that is, was often linked to a woman's (...)
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  24. Karl Mannheim (1986). Conservatism: A Contribution to the Sociology of Knowledge. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  25. Brian Longhurst (1989). Karl Mannheim and the Contemporary Sociology of Knowledge. St. Martin's Press.
  26. Francis Warren Rempel (1965). The Role of Value in Karl Mannheim's Sociology of Knowledge. The Hague, Mouton.
     
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  27. Volker Meja & Nico Stehr (eds.) (1990). Knowledge and Politics: The Sociology of Knowledge Dispute. Routledge.
  28. Björn Eriksson (1975). Problems of an Empirical Sociology of Knowledge. Almqvist & Wiksell International (Distr.).
  29. James E. Curtis (1970). The Sociology of Knowledge: A Reader. London,Duckworth.
  30.  1
    Irving Louis Horowitz (1976). Philosophy, Science, and the Sociology of Knowledge. Greenwood Press.
  31. Martin Kusch (2004). The Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 66 (1):171-172.
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  32. Jacques Jérôme Pierre Maquet (1951/1973). The Sociology of Knowledge, its Structure and its Relation to the Philosophy of Knowledge. Westport, Conn.,Greenwood Press.
  33. Hans Neisser (1965). On the Sociology of Knowledge. New York, J.H. Heineman.
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  34.  12
    Gunter W. Remmling (1973). Towards the Sociology of Knowledge: Origin and Development of a Sociological Thought Style. London,Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Etude de la conception des grands penseurs, de Saint Simon à Mannheim en ce qui concerne la sociologie de la connaissance.
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  35. Lawrence A. Teeland (1971). The Relevance of the Concept of Reference Groups to the Sociology of Knowledge. Göteborg,Universitetet, Sociologiska Institutionen.
     
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  36.  3
    Werner Stark (1958). The Sociology of Knowledge. London, Routledge & Paul.
  37.  70
    Reiner Keller (2011). The Sociology of Knowledge Approach to Discourse (SKAD). Human Studies 34 (1):43-65.
    The article presents the sociology of knowledge approach to discourse (SKAD). SKAD, which has been in the process of development since the middle of the 1990s, is now a widely used framework among social scientists in discourse research in the German-speaking area. It links arguments from the social constructionist tradition, following Berger and Luckmann, with assumptions based in symbolic interactionism, hermeneutic sociology of knowledge, and the concepts of Michel Foucault. It argues thereby for a consistent theoretical and methodological (...)
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  38.  37
    Si Sun (2007). A Critique of Relativism in the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (1):115-130.
    “The Strong Programme” is put forward as a metaphysical theory of sociology by the Edinburgh School (SSK) to study the social causes of knowledge. Barry Barnes and David Bloor are the proponents of the School. They call their programme “the Relativist View of Knowledge” and argue against rationalism in the philosophy of science. Does their relativist account of knowledge present a serious challenge to rationalism, which has dominated 20th century philosophy of science? I attempt to answer this question by (...)
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  39.  2
    Brian P. Bloomfield (1988). Expert Systems and Human Knowledge: A View From the Sociology of Science. [REVIEW] AI and Society 2 (1):17-29.
    After the setbacks suffered in the 1970s as a result of the ‘Lighthill Report’ (Lighthill, 1973), the science of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has undergone a dramatic revival of fortunes in the 1980s. But despite the obvious enormity and complexity of the problems tackled by AI, it still remains rather parochial in relation to the import of alternative though potentially fruitful ideas from other disciplines. With this in mind, the aim of the present paper is to utilise ideas from the (...) of science in order to explore some current issues in AI and, in particular, the branch of expert systems.It is argued that the sociology of sciences shares a common focus of enquiry along with AI — namely, the nature of knowledge — and has a role to play in the understanding, design and future development of expert systems. (shrink)
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  40. Samir Okasha (2000). The Underdetermination of Theory by Data and the "Strong Programme" in the Sociology of Knowledge. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14 (3):283 – 297.
    Advocates of the "strong programme" in the sociology of knowledge have argued that, because scientific theories are "underdetermined" by data, sociological factors must be invoked to explain why scientists believe the theories they do. I examine this argument, and the responses to it by J.R. Brown (1989) and L. Laudan (1996). I distinguish between a number of different versions of the underdetermination thesis, some trivial, some substantive. I show that Brown's and Laudan's attempts to refute the sociologists' argument fail. (...)
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  41.  49
    Charles Kurzman (1994). Epistemology and the Sociology of Knowledge. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 24 (3):267-290.
    Epistemology, I will argue, is of crucial importance to the sociology of knowledge— not just by way of definition of the phenomenon under study, but also because approaches to the sociology of knowledge rely on too-often implicit epistemological stances. I will make this argument through a series of categorizations: first, I will classify the field of epistemology into its three main forms; second, I will classify the sociology of knowledge into epistemological categories; third, I will classify the (...)
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  42.  17
    Adrian Haddock (2004). Rethinking the “Strong Programme” in the Sociology of Knowledge. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (1):19-40.
    It is widely believed that the “strong programme” in the sociology of knowledge comes into serious conflict with mainstream epistemology. I argue that the programme has two aspects—one modest, and the other less so. The programme’s modest aspect—best represented by the “symmetry thesis”—does not contain anything to threaten much of the epistemological mainstream, but does come into conflict with a certain kind of epistemological “externalism”. The immodest aspect, however—in the form of “finitism”—pushes the programme towards a radical form of (...)
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  43.  12
    Nelson Phillips (1991). The Sociology of Knowledge: Toward an Existential View of Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (10):787 - 795.
    Business ethics is the study of ethics as it applies to a particular sphere of human activity. As such, business ethics presupposes a difference between an individual's experience within a business organization and his or her experience outside the organization. But how do we examine this difference? How do we discuss an individual's experience of everyday reality? What processes create and sustain this reality, and how does one's version of reality affect what is, and what is not, ethical? This paper (...)
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  44.  4
    Mauricio SuáRez (1999). Epistemology in the Face of the Strong Sociology of Knowledge: A Reply to Maffie. History of the Human Sciences 12 (4):41-48.
    James Maffie claims that weak continuity reliabilism is compatible with the principles, as well as the insights, of the Strong Programme in the Sociology of Knowledge (SPSK). There are three possible readings of weak continuity reliabilism: I argue that the first two are unsound, while the third is actually inconsistent with the principles of SPSK. SPSK is instead compatible with an identicist epistemology, one that does not aim to distinguish scientific epistemology from our everyday epistemic practice.
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  45.  9
    Edward Manier (1980). Levels of Reflexivity: Unnoted Differences Within the "Strong Programme" in the Sociology of Knowledge. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:197-207.
    A basic question confronting programs in the sociology of science is: "Can the thesis that cognitive claims are socially determined be interpreted in a way that preserves the credibility of the sociology of science, when that thesis is reflexively applied to the sociology of science?" That question is approached here by means of a critical comparison of two versions of the " strong programme" in the sociology of knowledge. The key difference is the effort in one (...)
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  46.  8
    James Maffie (1999). Epistemology in the Face of Strong Sociology of Knowledge. History of the Human Sciences 12 (4):21-40.
    Advocates of the strong programme in the sociology of knowledge contend that its four defining tenets entail the elimination and replacement tout court of epistemology by strong sociology of knowledge. I advance a naturalistic conception of both substantive and meta-level epistemological inquiry which fully complies with these four tenets and thereby shows that the strong programme neither entails nor even augurs the demise of epistemology.
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  47.  5
    Robert E. Emerick (1996). Mad Liberation: The Sociology of Knowledge and the Ultimate Civil Rights Movement. Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (2):135-160.
    Mad liberation — the former mental patient self-help movement — is characterized in this paper as a true progressive social movement. A sociology of knowledge perspective is used to account for much of the research literature that argues, to the contrary, that self-help groups do not represent a true social movement. Based on the "myth of individualism" and the "myth of simplicity," the psychological literature on self-help has defined empowerment in self-help groups as an individual-change or therapeutic orientation. This (...)
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  48.  11
    Angelo M. Petroni (1993). Conventionalism, Scientific Discovery and the Sociology of Knowledge. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (3):225 – 240.
    Abstract In this paper the basic aim of the so?called ?strong programme? in the sociology of knowledge is examined. The ?strong programme? is considered (and rightly so) as an extreme version of the anti?realist view of science. While the problem of scientific realism has normally been dealt with from the point of view of the ?context of justification? of theories, the paper focuses on the issues raised by law?discovery. In this context Herbert Simon's views about the existence of a (...)
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  49.  2
    Philip Walsh (2014). Is a Post-Philosophical Sociology Possible? Insights From Norbert Elias's Sociology of Knowledge. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (2):179-200.
    This article investigates the status of Norbert Elias’s conception of the sociology of knowledge as the means to provide a new epistemological security for sociology. The author of the article argues that this translates into an effective critique of the underlaboring model of the relationship between philosophy and the social sciences, which is consistent with Elias’s attempt to consolidate his own sociological theory. Nevertheless, the author argues that Elias’s sociology of knowledge runs into problems in its (...)
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  50. Richard Schantz & Markus Seidel (2011). The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of (Scientific) Knowledge. Ontos.
    This volume comprises original articles by leading authors – from philosophy as well as sociology – in the debate around relativism in the sociology of (scientific) knowledge. Its aim has been to bring together several threads from the relevant disciplines and to cover the discussion from historical and systematic points of view. Among the contributors are Maria Baghramian, Barry Barnes, Martin Endreß, Hubert Knoblauch, Richard Schantz and Harvey Siegel.
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