Search results for 'Kristen Bell DeTienne' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Kristen Bell DeTienne & Lee W. Lewis (2005). The Pragmatic and Ethical Barriers to Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure: The Nike Case. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 60 (4):359 - 376.score: 870.0
    Numerous studies have documented the demand for information regarding corporations’ relationships to society. Much recent research has demonstrated why stakeholders need this information, and how it benefits both companies and the public. These studies suggest numerous methods by which companies can effectively disclose corporate social responsibility (CSR) information to the public, but in practice, reporting this type of information is fraught with legal and ethical uncertainty often unexplored in most literature. This article represents a fresh analysis of the numerous pragmatic (...)
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  2. Kristen Bell DeTienne, Bradley R. Agle, James C. Phillips & Marc-Charles Ingerson (2012). The Impact of Moral Stress Compared to Other Stressors on Employee Fatigue, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover: An Empirical Investigation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (3):377-391.score: 870.0
    Moral stress is an increasingly significant concept in business ethics and the workplace environment. This study compares the impact of moral stress with other job stressors on three important employee variables—fatigue, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions—by utilizing survey data from 305 customer-contact employees of a financial institution’s call center. Statistical analysis on the interaction of moral stress and the three employee variables was performed while controlling for other types of job stress as well as demographic variables. The results reveal that (...)
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  3. Jason M. Bell (2011). The German Translation of Royce's Epistemology by Husserl's Student Winthrop Bell: A Neglected Bridge of Pragmatic-Phenomenological Interpretation? The Pluralist 6 (1):46-62.score: 180.0
    Herr Royce ist doch ein bedeutender Denker und darf nur als solcher behandelt werden.("Royce is an important thinker, and may only be treated as such.")Scholars of pragmatism and of phenomenology have observed striking similarities between Josiah Royce and Edmund Husserl, foundational thinkers at the origins of two major philosophical movements whose effects are still strongly felt in the present day—Royce being considered a central founder of American pragmatic idealism, and Husserl of modern German phenomenology. Other scholars have noted striking similarities (...)
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  4. John Bell, Oppositions and Paradoxes in Mathematics and Philosophy John L. Bell Abstract.score: 180.0
    In this paper a number of oppositions which have haunted mathematics and philosophy are described and analyzed. These include the Continuous and the Discrete, the One and the Many, the Finite and the Infinite, the Whole and the Part, and the Constant and the Variable.
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  5. Martin Bell (2000). A Bell Rings for Chesterton. The Chesterton Review 26 (3):394-397.score: 180.0
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  6. Lynda S. Bell (1999). East Asia and Human Rights The East Asian Challenge for Human Rights, Joanne R. Bauer and Daniel A. Bell, Eds. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 408 Pp., $57.95 Cloth, $21.95 Paper. Asian Values and Human Rights: A Confucian Communitarian Perspective, Wm. Theodore de Bary (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998), 203 Pp., $27.50 Cloth, $15.00 Paper. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 13:234-238.score: 180.0
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  7. S. Makeig, G. G. Brown, S. S. Kindermann, T.-P. Jung, A. J. Bell, T. J. Sejnowski & M. J. McKeown (1998). Response From Martin McKeown, Makeig, Brown, Jung, Kindermann, Bell and Sejnowski. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):375.score: 180.0
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  8. From Clive Bell (1999). Clive Bell. In Nigel Warburton (ed.), Philosophy: The Basic Readings. Routledge.score: 180.0
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  9. Albert A. Bell (2014). (H.) Zehnacker (ed.), (N.) Méthy (trans.) Pline le Jeune: Lettres. Tome III, Livres VII–IX. (Collection des Universités de France publiée sous le patronage de l'Association Guillaume Budé 404.) Pp. ix + 212. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2012. Paper, €45. ISBN: 978-2-251-01464-7. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 64 (1):308.score: 60.0
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  10. G. B. Kerferd (1965). ΔΑΙΜΩΝ in Pythagorean Thought M. Detienne: La Notion de Δαμων Dans le Pythagorisme Ancien. (Bibliothèque de la Fac. De Philos. Et Lettres de l'Univ. De Liège, Fasc. Clxv.) Pp. 214. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1963. Paper, 15 Fr. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 15 (01):77-79.score: 50.0
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  11. Travis Norsen (2009). Local Causality and Completeness: Bell Vs. Jarrett. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 39 (3):273-294.score: 24.0
    J.S. Bell believed that his famous theorem entailed a deep and troubling conflict between the empirically verified predictions of quantum theory and the notion of local causality that is motivated by relativity theory. Yet many physicists continue to accept, usually on the reports of textbook writers and other commentators, that Bell’s own view was wrong, and that, in fact, the theorem only brings out a conflict with determinism or the hidden-variables program or realism or some other such principle (...)
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  12. T. M. Nieuwenhuizen (2011). Is the Contextuality Loophole Fatal for the Derivation of Bell Inequalities? Foundations of Physics 41 (3):580-591.score: 24.0
    It is explained on a physical basis how absence of contextuality allows Bell inequalities to be violated, without bringing an implication on locality or realism. Hereto we connect first to the local realistic theory Stochastic Electrodynamics, and then put the argument more broadly. Thus even if Bell Inequality Violation is demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt, it will have no say on local realism, because absence of contextuality prevents the Bell inequalities to be derived from local realistic models.
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  13. Marek Żukowski (2006). Separability of Quantum States Vs. Original Bell (1964) Inequalities. Foundations of Physics 36 (4):541-545.score: 24.0
    All separable states satisfy all Bell-type inequalities, which involve as their assumption only existence of local realistic (local hidden variable) models of the correlations of spatially separated systems, observed by two or more observers making independent decisions on what to measure (free will). The recent observation by Loubenets, that some separable states do not satisfy the original Bell inequality (1964) has no consequences whatsoever for the studies of the relation of separability with local realism. The original Bell (...)
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  14. Adán Cabello (2005). Bell's Theorem Without Inequalities and Without Unspeakable Information. Foundations of Physics 35 (11):1927-1934.score: 24.0
    A proof of Bell’s theorem without inequalities is presented in which distant local setups do not need to be aligned, since the required perfect correlations are achieved for any local rotation of the local setups.
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  15. Claudio Garola & Sandro Sozzo (2011). Generalized Observables, Bell's Inequalities and Mixtures in the ESR Model for QM. Foundations of Physics 41 (3):424-449.score: 24.0
    The extended semantic realism (ESR) model proposes a new theoretical perspective which embodies the mathematical formalism of standard (Hilbert space) quantum mechanics (QM) into a noncontextual framework, reinterpreting quantum probabilities as conditional instead of absolute. We provide in this review an overall view on the present status of our research on this topic. We attain in a new, shortened way a mathematical representation of the generalized observables introduced by the ESR model and a generalization of the projection postulate of elementary (...)
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  16. Elena R. Loubenets (2005). “Local Realism”, Bell's Theorem and Quantum “Locally Realistic” Inequalities. Foundations of Physics 35 (12):2051-2072.score: 24.0
    Based on the new general framework for the probabilistic description of experiments, introduced in [E.R. Loubenets, Research Report No 8, MaPhySto, University of Aarhus, Denmark (2003); Proceedings Conference “Quantum Theory, Reconsideration of Foundations”, Ser. Math. Modeling, Vol. 10 (University Press, Vaxjo, 2004), pp. 365–385], we analyze in mathematical terms the link between the validity of Bell-type inequalities under joint experiments upon a system of any type and the physical concept of “local realism”. We prove that the violation of (...)-type inequalities in the quantum case has no connection with the violation of “local realism”. In a general setting, we formulate in mathematical terms the condition on “local realism” under a joint experiment and consider examples of quantum “locally realistic” joint experiments. We, in particular, show that quantum joint experiments of the Alice/Bob type are “locally realistic”. For an arbitrary bipartite quantum state, we derive quantum analogs of the original Bell inequality. In view of our results, we argue that the violation of Bell-type inequalities in the quantum case cannot be a valid argument in the discussion on locality or non-locality of quantum interactions. (shrink)
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  17. Gábor Hofer-Szabó (2011). Bell(Δ) Inequalities Derived From Separate Common Causal Explanation of Almost Perfect EPR Anticorrelations. Foundations of Physics 41 (8):1398-1413.score: 24.0
    It is a well known fact that a common common causal explanation of the EPR scenario which consists in providing a local, non-conspiratorial common common cause system for a set of EPR correlations is excluded by various Bell inequalities. But what if we replace the assumption of a common common cause system by the requirement that each correlation of the set has a local, non-conspiratorial separate common cause system? In the paper we show that this move does not yield (...)
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  18. Emilio Santos (2004). The Failure to Perform a Loophole-Free Test of Bell's Inequality Supports Local Realism. Foundations of Physics 34 (11):1643-1673.score: 24.0
    It is argued that the long standing failure to show an uncontroversial, loophole-free, empirical violation of a Bell inequality should be interpreted as a support to local realism. After defining realism and locality, this as relativistic causality, the performed experimental tests of Bell’s inequalities are commented. It is pointed out that, without any essential modification of quantum mechanics, the theory might be compatible with local realism.
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  19. A. Bramon, R. Escribano & G. Garbarino (2006). Bell's Inequality Tests with Meson–Antimeson Pairs. Foundations of Physics 36 (4):563-584.score: 24.0
    Recent proposals to test Bell’s inequalities with entangled pairs of pseudoscalar mesons are reviewed. This includes pairs of neutral kaons or B-mesons and offers some hope to close both the locality and the detection loopholes. Specific difficulties, however, appear thus invalidating most of those proposals. The best option requires the use of kaon regeneration effects and could lead to a successful test if moderate K0 and k̄0 detection efficiencies are achieved.
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  20. V. M. González-Robles (2003). About a Generalization of Bell's Inequality. Foundations of Physics 33 (5):839-853.score: 24.0
    We make use of natural induction to propose, following John Ju Sakurai, a generalization of Bell's inequality for two spin s=n/2(n=1,2,...) particle systems in a singlet state. We have found that for any finite integer or half-integer spin Bell's inequality is violated when the terms in the inequality are calculated from a quantum mechanical point of view. In the final expression for this inequality the two members therein are expressed in terms of a single parameter θ. Violation occurs (...)
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  21. Robert Alicki (2009). On von Neumann and Bell Theorems Applied to Quantumness Tests. Foundations of Physics 39 (4):352-360.score: 24.0
    The issues, raised in Żukowski (arXiv:0809.0115v1, 2008), concerning the relevance of the von Neumann theorem for the single-system’s quantumness test proposed in Alicki and Van Ryn (J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 41:062001, 2008) and performed for the case of single photon polarization in Brida et al. (Opt. Express 16:11750, 2008; arXiv:0811.3376, 2008) and the usefulness of Bell’s inequality for testing the idea of macroscopic quantum systems are discussed in some details. Finally, the proper quantum mechanical description of the experiment (...)
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  22. Eric G. Cavalcanti & Howard M. Wiseman (2012). Bell Nonlocality, Signal Locality and Unpredictability (or What Bohr Could Have Told Einstein at Solvay Had He Known About Bell Experiments). Foundations of Physics 42 (10):1329-1338.score: 24.0
    The 1964 theorem of John Bell shows that no model that reproduces the predictions of quantum mechanics can simultaneously satisfy the assumptions of locality and determinism. On the other hand, the assumptions of signal locality plus predictability are also sufficient to derive Bell inequalities. This simple theorem, previously noted but published only relatively recently by Masanes, Acin and Gisin, has fundamental implications not entirely appreciated. Firstly, nothing can be concluded about the ontological assumptions of locality or determinism independently (...)
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  23. Federico Laudisa (2008). Non-Local Realistic Theories and the Scope of the Bell Theorem. Foundations of Physics 38 (12):1110-1132.score: 24.0
    According to a widespread view, the Bell theorem establishes the untenability of so-called ‘local realism’. On the basis of this view, recent proposals by Leggett, Zeilinger and others have been developed according to which it can be proved that even some non-local realistic theories have to be ruled out. As a consequence, within this view the Bell theorem allows one to establish that no reasonable form of realism, be it local or non-local, can be made compatible with the (...)
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  24. H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci (2005). From Quantum State Targeting to Bell Inequalities. Foundations of Physics 35 (11):1787-1804.score: 24.0
    Quantum state targeting is a quantum game which results from combining traditional quantum state estimation with additional classical information. We consider a particular version of the game and show how it can be played with maximally entangled states. The optimal solution of the game is used to derive a Bell inequality for two entangled qutrits. We argue that the nice properties of the inequality are direct consequences of the method of construction.
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  25. Costantino Budroni & Giovanni Morchio (2012). Bell Inequalities as Constraints on Unmeasurable Correlations. Foundations of Physics 42 (4):544-554.score: 24.0
    The interpretation of the violation of Bell-Clauser-Horne inequalities is revisited, in relation with the notion of extension of QM predictions to unmeasurable correlations. Such extensions are compatible with QM predictions in many cases, in particular for observables with compatibility relations described by tree graphs. This implies classical representability of any set of correlations 〈A i 〉, 〈B〉, 〈A i B〉, and the equivalence of the Bell-Clauser-Horne inequalities to a non void intersection between the ranges of values for the (...)
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  26. Kaj B. Hansen (1995). An Inverse of Bell's Theorem. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 26 (1):63 - 74.score: 24.0
    A class of probability functions is studied. This class contains the probability functions of half-spin particles and spinning classical objects. A notion of realisability for these functions is defined. In terms of this notion two versions of Bell's theorem and their inverses are stated and proved.
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  27. Antonio Di Domenico, Andreas Gabriel, Beatrix C. Hiesmayr, Florian Hipp, Marcus Huber, Gerd Krizek, Karoline Mühlbacher, Sasa Radic, Christoph Spengler & Lukas Theussl (2012). Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relation and Bell Inequalities in High Energy Physics. Foundations of Physics 42 (6):778-802.score: 24.0
    An effective formalism is developed to handle decaying two-state systems. Herewith, observables of such systems can be described by a single operator in the Heisenberg picture. This allows for using the usual framework in quantum information theory and, hence, to enlighten the quantum features of such systems compared to non-decaying systems. We apply it to systems in high energy physics, i.e. to oscillating meson–antimeson systems. In particular, we discuss the entropic Heisenberg uncertainty relation for observables measured at different times at (...)
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  28. Joe Henson (2013). Non-Separability Does Not Relieve the Problem of Bell's Theorem. Foundations of Physics 43 (8):1008-1038.score: 24.0
    This paper addresses arguments that “separability” is an assumption of Bell’s theorem, and that abandoning this assumption in our interpretation of quantum mechanics (a position sometimes referred to as “holism”) will allow us to restore a satisfying locality principle. Separability here means that all events associated to the union of some set of disjoint regions are combinations of events associated to each region taken separately.In this article, it is shown that: (a) localised events can be consistently defined without implying (...)
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  29. Andrei Khrennikov (2002). Frequency Analysis of the EPR-Bell Argumentation. Foundations of Physics 32 (7):1159-1174.score: 24.0
    We perform a frequency analysis of the EPR-Bell argumentation. One of the main consequences of our investigation is that the existence of probability distributions of the Kolmogorov-type which was supposed by some authors is a mathematical assumption which may not be supported by actual physical quantum processes. In fact, frequencies for hidden variables for quantum particles and measurement devices may fluctuate from run to run of an experiment. These fluctuations of frequencies for micro-parameters need not contradict to the stabilization (...)
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  30. Louis Vervoort (2013). Bell's Theorem: Two Neglected Solutions. Foundations of Physics 43 (6):769-791.score: 24.0
    Bell’s theorem admits several interpretations or ‘solutions’, the standard interpretation being ‘indeterminism’, a next one ‘nonlocality’. In this article two further solutions are investigated, termed here ‘superdeterminism’ and ‘supercorrelation’. The former is especially interesting for philosophical reasons, if only because it is always rejected on the basis of extra-physical arguments. The latter, supercorrelation, will be studied here by investigating model systems that can mimic it, namely spin lattices. It is shown that in these systems the Bell inequality can (...)
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  31. Eric Cator & Klaas Landsman (2014). Constraints on Determinism: Bell Versus Conway–Kochen. Foundations of Physics 44 (7):781-791.score: 24.0
    Bell’s Theorem from Physics 36:1–28 (1964) and the (Strong) Free Will Theorem of Conway and Kochen from Notices AMS 56:226–232 (2009) both exclude deterministic hidden variable theories (or, in modern parlance, ‘ontological models’) that are compatible with some small fragment of quantum mechanics, admit ‘free’ settings of the archetypal Alice and Bob experiment, and satisfy a locality condition akin to parameter independence. We clarify the relationship between these theorems by giving reformulations of both that exactly pinpoint their resemblance and (...)
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  32. James Owen Weatherall (2013). The Scope and Generality of Bell's Theorem. Foundations of Physics 43 (9):1153-1169.score: 24.0
    I present what might seem to be a local, deterministic model of the EPR-Bohm experiment, inspired by recent work by Joy Christian, that appears at first blush to be in tension with Bell-type theorems. I argue that the model ultimately fails to do what a hidden variable theory needs to do, but that it is interesting nonetheless because the way it fails helps clarify the scope and generality of Bell-type theorems. I formulate and prove a minor proposition that (...)
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  33. Martin Bohata & Jan Hamhalter (2010). Bell's Correlations and Spin Systems. Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1065-1075.score: 24.0
    The structure of maximal violators of Bell’s inequalities for Jordan algebras is investigated. It is proved that the spin factor V 2 is responsible for maximal values of Bell’s correlations in a faithful state. In this situation maximally correlated subsystems must overlap in a nonassociative subalgebra. For operator commuting subalgebras it is shown that maximal violators have the structure of the spin systems and that the global state (faithful on local subalgebras) acts as the trace on local subalgebras.
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  34. Henry Stapp (2006). Comments on Shimony's “An Analysis of Stapp's 'A Bell-Type Theorem Without Hidden Variables' ”. Foundations of Physics 36 (1):73-82.score: 24.0
    The hidden-variable theorems of Bell and followers depend upon an assumption, namely the hidden-variable assumption, that conflicts with the precepts of quantum philosophy. Hence from an orthodox quantum perspective those theorems entail no faster-than-light transfer of information. They merely reinforce the ban on hidden variables. The need for some sort of faster-than-light information transfer can be shown by using counterfactuals instead of hidden variables. Shimony’s criticism of that argument fails to take into account the distinction between no-faster-than-light connection in (...)
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  35. Sylvia Pulmannová (2002). Hidden Variables and Bell Inequalities on Quantum Logics. Foundations of Physics 32 (2):193-216.score: 24.0
    In the quantum logic approach, Bell inequalities in the sense of Pitowski are related with quasi hidden variables in the sense of Deliyannis. Some properties of hidden variables on effect algebras are discussed.
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  36. Yuichiro Kitajima (2013). EPR States and Bell Correlated States in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory. Foundations of Physics 43 (10):1182-1192.score: 24.0
    A mathematical rigorous definition of EPR states has been introduced by Arens and Varadarajan for finite dimensional systems, and extended by Werner to general systems. In the present paper we follow a definition of EPR states due to Werner. Then we show that an EPR state for incommensurable pairs is Bell correlated, and that the set of EPR states for incommensurable pairs is norm dense between two strictly space-like separated regions in algebraic quantum field theory.
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  37. Valerio Scarani, Jean-Daniel Bancal, Antoine Suarez & Nicolas Gisin (2014). Strong Constraints on Models That Explain the Violation of Bell Inequalities with Hidden Superluminal Influences. Foundations of Physics 44 (5):523-531.score: 24.0
    We discuss models that attempt to provide an explanation for the violation of Bell inequalities at a distance in terms of hidden influences. These models reproduce the quantum correlations in most situations, but are restricted to produce local correlations in some configurations. The argument presented in (Bancal et al. Nat Phys 8:867, 2012) applies to all of these models, which can thus be proved to allow for faster-than-light communication. In other words, the signalling character of these models cannot remain (...)
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  38. Abner Shimony (2006). An Analysis of Stapp's “A Bell-Type Theorem Without Hidden Variables”. Foundations of Physics 36 (1):61-72.score: 24.0
    H.P. Stapp has proposed a number of demonstrations of a Bell-type theorem which dispensed with an assumption of hidden variables, but relied only upon locality together with an assumption that experimenters can choose freely which of several incompatible observables to measure. In recent papers his strategy has centered upon counterfactual conditionals. Stapp’s paper in American Journal of Physics, 2004, replies to objections raised against earlier expositions of this strategy and proposes a simplified demonstration. The new demonstration is criticized, several (...)
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  39. Mordecai Waegell, P. K. Aravind, Norman D. Megill & Mladen Pavičić (2011). Parity Proofs of the Bell-Kochen-Specker Theorem Based on the 600-Cell. Foundations of Physics 41 (5):883-904.score: 24.0
    The set of 60 real rays in four dimensions derived from the vertices of a 600-cell is shown to possess numerous subsets of rays and bases that provide basis-critical parity proofs of the Bell-Kochen-Specker (BKS) theorem (a basis-critical proof is one that fails if even a single basis is deleted from it). The proofs vary considerably in size, with the smallest having 26 rays and 13 bases and the largest 60 rays and 41 bases. There are at least 90 (...)
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  40. Gábor Hofer-Szabó (2007). Separate- Versus Common -Common-Cause-Type Derivations of the Bell Inequalities. Synthese 163 (2):199 - 215.score: 24.0
    Standard derivations of the Bell inequalities assume a common common cause system that is a common screener-off for all correlations and some additional assumptions concerning locality and no-conspiracy. In a recent paper (Grasshoff et al., 2005) Bell inequalities have been derived via separate common causes assuming perfect correlations between the events. In the paper it will be shown that the assumptions of this separate-common-cause-type derivation of the Bell inequalities in the case of perfect correlations can be reduced (...)
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  41. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (forthcoming). Desert, Bell Motion, and Fairness. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-17.score: 24.0
    In this critical review, I address two themes from Shelly Kagan’s path-breaking The Geometry of Desert. First I explain the so-called “bell motion” of desert mountains—a notion reflecting that, ceteris paribus, as people get more virtuous it becomes more important not to give them too little of whatever they deserve than not to give them too much. Having argued that Kagan’s defense of it is unsatisfactory, I offer two objections to the existence of the bell motion. Second, I (...)
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  42. M. A. B. Whitaker (2008). Can the Statistical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Be Inferred From the Schrödinger Equation?—Bell and Gottfried. Foundations of Physics 38 (5):436-447.score: 24.0
    In his paper titled ‘Against “measurement” ’ [Physics World 3(8), 33–40 [1990]], Bell criticised arguments that use the concept of measurement to justify the statistical interpretation of quantum theory. Among these was the text of Gottfried [Quantum Mechanics (Benjamin, New York, [1966])]. Gottfried has replied to this criticism, claiming to show that, for systems with both continuous and discrete degrees of freedom, the statistical interpretation for the discrete variables is implied by requiring that the continuous variables are described classically. (...)
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  43. Karl Hess & Walter Philipp (2005). The Bell Theorem as a Special Case of a Theorem of Bass. Foundations of Physics 35 (10):1749-1767.score: 21.0
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  44. Wilbur S. Hulin & Daniel Katz (1936). A Comparison of the Bell Signal for Right and Wrong Responses: A Reply. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (1):117-119.score: 21.0
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  45. K. F. Muenzinger (1936). A Note on the Relative Efficacy of a Bell Signal for Right and Wrong Responses in Maze Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (1):116.score: 21.0
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  46. James Hawthorne & Michael Silberstein (1995). For Whom the Bell Arguments Toll. Synthese 102 (1):99-138.score: 18.0
    We will formulate two Bell arguments. Together they show that if the probabilities given by quantum mechanics are approximately correct, then the properties exhibited by certain physical systems must be nontrivially dependent on thetypes of measurements performedand eithernonlocally connected orholistically related to distant events. Although a number of related arguments have appeared since John Bell's original paper (1964), they tend to be either highly technical or to lack full generality. The following arguments depend on the weakest of premises, (...)
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  47. P. W. Evans, H. Price & K. B. Wharton (2013). New Slant on the EPR-Bell Experiment. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (2):297-324.score: 18.0
    The best case for thinking that quantum mechanics is nonlocal rests on Bell's Theorem, and later results of the same kind. However, the correlations characteristic of Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR)–Bell (EPRB) experiments also arise in familiar cases elsewhere in quantum mechanics (QM), where the two measurements involved are timelike rather than spacelike separated; and in which the correlations are usually assumed to have a local causal explanation, requiring no action-at-a-distance (AAD). It is interesting to ask how this is possible, in (...)
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  48. Jeremy Butterfield (1992). Bell's Theorem: What It Takes. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):41-83.score: 18.0
    I compare deterministic and stochastic hidden variable models of the Bell experiment, exphasising philosophical distinctions between the various ways of combining conditionals and probabilities. I make four main claims. (1) Under natural assumptions, locality as it occurs in these models is equivalent to causal independence, as analysed (in the spirit of Lewis) in terms of probabilities and conditionals. (2) Stochastic models are indeed more general than deterministic ones. (3) For factorizable stochastic models, relativity's lack of superluminal causation does not (...)
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  49. Darrin W. Belousek (1999). Bell's Theorem, Nonseparability, and Spacetime Individuation in Quantum Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):46.score: 18.0
    We first examine Howard's analysis of the Bell factorizability condition in terms of 'separability' and 'locality' and then consider his claims that the violations of Bell's inequality by the statistical predictions of quantum mechanics should be interpreted in terms of 'nonseparability' rather than 'nonlocality' and that 'nonseparability' implies the failure of spacetime as a principle of individuation for quantum-mechanical systems. We will argue that his argument for the first claim is less than compelling and that any argument for (...)
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  50. László E. Szabó, The Einstein--Podolsky--Rosen Argument and the Bell Inequalities. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 18.0
    In 1935, Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR) published an important paper in which they claimed that the whole formalism of quantum mechanics together with what they called a “Reality Criterion” imply that quantum mechanics cannot be complete. That is, there must exist some elements of reality that are not described by quantum mechanics. They concluded that there must be a more complete description of physical reality involving some hidden variables that can characterize the state of affairs in the world in (...)
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