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Kristen Irwin [6]Kristen A. Irwin [1]
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Profile: Kristen Irwin (Loyola University, Chicago)
  1.  7
    Kristen Irwin, Bayle, Pierre.
    Pierre Bayle Pierre Bayle was a seventeenth-century French skeptical philosopher and historian. He is best known for his encyclopedic work The Historical and Critical Dictionary, a work which was widely influential on eighteenth-century figures such as Voltaire and Thomas Jefferson. Bayle is traditionally described as a skeptic, though … Continue reading Bayle, Pierre →.
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  2.  3
    Kristen Irwin (2009). La philosophie comme méthodologie: la conception sceptico-rationaliste de la raison Chez Bayle. Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):363-376.
    Bayle est souvent considéré comme sceptique, mais sa conception de la raison n’est pas toujours claire ; ce qui en revanche est clair, c’est qu’il manifeste une profonde méfiance à l’égard des capacités de la raison de livrer une connaissance certaine. Cependant, une nouvelle interprétation de Bayle comme rationaliste « stratonicien » a été développée par Gianluca Mori, qui donne une description détaillée de Bayle comme philosophe critique désireux de rendre compte de toutes positions possibles dans leur complexité et de (...)
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  3.  22
    Kristen Irwin (2013). Bayle on the (Ir)Rationality of Religious Belief. Philosophy Compass 8 (6):560-569.
    Bayle's conception of reason is notoriously difficult to unravel, as are its consequences for the rationality of religious belief. The secondary literature has generally coalesced around two interpretations of Bayle's conception of reason. The “superskeptical” interpretation holds that reason is the source of its own undoing, not to be trusted; religious belief turns out to be irrational on this conception of reason, but this is hardly cause for alarm. The jusqu'au bout (to the very end) interpretation holds that reason is (...)
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  4.  6
    Kristen Irwin (2011). Amyraut on Reason and Religious Belief. Modern Schoolman 88 (3-4):191-200.
    Moses Amyraut’s 1640 work On the Elevation of Faith and the Humbling of Reason is often misread as advocating the position suggested by its title. In fact, Amyraut constructs a tripartite classification of religious beliefs according to their relation to reason, such that he can affirm truths that are incomprehensible to reason, while maintaining that reason is the ultimate ground of their truth. He divides religious truths into those delivered by reason, those consistent with reason, and those incomprehensible to reason, (...)
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  5. Kristen Irwin (2016). Les Lumières de Leibniz: Controverses Avec Huet, Bayle, Regis Et More by Mogens Lærke. Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (2):338-339.
    The historiography of philosophy is a hot topic these days. One need only peruse the 2013 Philosophy and Its History, edited by Mogens Lærke, Justin E. H. Smith, and Eric Schliesser, or this journal’s debate between Daniel Garber and Michael Della Rocca, to see that methodological issues in the history of philosophy are the subject of substantive contemporary discussion. In the volume under review, Lærke defends an approach to the historiography of philosophy that is fundamentally inseparable from the history of (...)
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  6. Kristen Irwin (2009). La Philosophie Comme Méthodologie: La Conception Sceptico-Rationaliste de la Raison Chez Bayle. Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia 50 (120).
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  7. Kristen A. Irwin (2010). The Core Mysteries: Pierre Bayle's Philosophical Fideism. Dissertation, Proquest
    This dissertation develops an original interpretation of the relationship between reason and religious belief in the work of Pierre Bayle, a seventeenth-century skeptic, that I call “philosophical fideism.” The underdetermined, and often paradoxical, nature of Bayle’s writing makes interpreting him a formidable task; I therefore begin by sketching out the contemporary interpretive landscape of Bayle studies, currently deeply divided over the issue of Bayle’s conception of the reason-faith relationship. I subsequently examine other conceptions of the reason-faith relationship among rationalists and (...)
     
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