Search results for 'Kristian Petersen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  20
    Kristian Petersen (2011). Understanding the Sources of the Sino-Islamic Intellectual Tradition: A Review Essay on the Sage Learning of Liu Zhi: Islamic Thought in Confucian Terms, by Sachiko Murata, William C. Chittick, and Tu Weiming, and Recent Chinese Literary Treasuries. Philosophy East and West 61 (3):546-559.
    An oft-quoted Hadith purports that it is incumbent upon every Muslim to seek knowledge, even if it is to be found as far away as China.1 However, the plethora of knowledge that was discovered there generally has yet to be unraveled by Western academics. If the intellectual tradition of Chinese Muslims may appear to be of minor consequence to the larger field of Islamic studies, this is in part because of our failure to assess their influence. The abundant resources for (...)
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  2. Johs Øtergaard Petersen, Nina Bonderup Dohn, Hans Fink, Henning Høh Laursen & Flemming Lebech (1999). Hvad Er Filosofihistorie? Mindeskrift for Johs. Øtergaard Petersen. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  3.  4
    W. M. Kelley, R. L. Buckner & S. E. Petersen (1998). Response From Kelley, Buckner and Petersen. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (11):421.
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  4.  14
    Alan Petersen & Kate Seear (2009). In Search of Immortality: The Political Economy of Anti-Aging Medicine. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 1 (3):267-279.
    In Search of Immortality: The Political Economy of Anti-aging Medicine Content Type Journal Article Category Original Paper Pages 267-279 DOI 10.1007/s12376-009-0020-x Authors Alan Petersen, Monash University Sociology Program, School of Political and Social Inquiry Clayton VIC 3800 Australia Kate Seear, Monash University Sociology Program, School of Political and Social Inquiry Clayton VIC 3800 Australia Journal Medicine Studies Online ISSN 1876-4541 Print ISSN 1876-4533 Journal Volume Volume 1 Journal Issue Volume 1, Number 3.
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  5. Eline B. Petersen, Malte Wã¶Stmann, Jonas Obleser, Stefan Stenfelt & Thomas Lunner (2015). Hearing Loss Impacts Neural Alpha Oscillations Under Adverse Listening Conditions. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  6. Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2011). What is Legal Moralism? SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):80-88.
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  7. Sibylle Petersen, Ken Van Staeyen, Claus Vã¶Gele, Andreas von Leupoldt & Omer Van den Bergh (2015). Interoception and Symptom Reporting: Disentangling Accuracy and Bias. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  8.  23
    N. U. Dosenbach, D. A. Fair, A. L. Cohen, B. L. Schlaggar & S. E. Petersen (2008). A Dual-Networks Architecture of Top-Down Control. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (3):99-105.
  9.  44
    Thorben Petersen (2016). The Grounding Problem for Eternalism. Philosophical Studies 173 (7):1819-1852.
    In this paper, I develop an argument against eternalism, which is similar to the widely discussed grounding problem for presentism. It has recently been argued by many that presentism should be rejected on grounds that its sparse ontology is not suited to underwrite the healthy dose of realism we all share about the past. My aim basically is to add a new twist to the debate, by showing that actually eternalists are no better off than their rivals. In particular, I (...)
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  10.  88
    Rodney L. Petersen (forthcoming). Book Review: Beyond Retribution: A New Testament Vision for Justice, Crime, and Punishment. [REVIEW] Interpretation 56 (4):442-442.
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  11.  80
    Henrik Petersen (1997). Bibliography. Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (6):109-138.
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  12.  26
    James S. Chisholm, Julie A. Quinlivan, Rodney W. Petersen & David A. Coall (2005). Early Stress Predicts Age at Menarche and First Birth, Adult Attachment, and Expected Lifespan. Human Nature 16 (3):233-265.
  13.  84
    Alan Petersen (1998). Sexing the Body: Representations of Sex Differences in Gray's Anatomy, 1858 to the Present. Body and Society 4 (1):1-15.
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  14. Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2006). On the Repugnance of the Repugnant Conclusion. Theoria 72 (2):126-137.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss the plausibility of a certain position in the philosophical literature within which the Repugnant Conclusion is treated, not as repugnant, but as an acceptable implication of the total welfare principle. I will confine myself to focus primarily on Törbjörn Tännsjö’s presentation. First, I reconstruct Tännsjö’s view concerning the repugnance of the RC in two arguments. The first argument is criticized for (a) addressing the wrong comparison, (b) relying on the controversial claim that (...)
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  15. Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2003). Egalitarianism and Repugnant Conclusions. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 38:115-125.
    Most philosophers discuss the Repugnant Conclusion as an objection to total utilitarianism. But this focus on total utilitarianism seems to be one-sided. It conceals the important fact that other competing moral theories are also subject to the Repugnant Conclusion. The primary aim of this paper is to demonstrate that versions of egalitarianism are subject to the Repugnant Conclusion and other repugnant conclusions.
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  16.  31
    Henry L. Petersen & Harrie Vredenburg (2009). Morals or Economics? Institutional Investor Preferences for Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):1 - 14.
    This article presents the results of a study that analysed whether social responsibility had any bearing on the decision making of institutional investors. Being that institutional investors prefer socially aligned organizations, this study explored to what extent the corporate actions and/or social/environmental investments influenced their decisions. Our results suggest that there are specific variables that affect the perceived value of the organization, leading to decisions to not only invest, but whether to hold or sell the shares, and therefore having a (...)
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  17.  6
    Regine Kollek & Imme Petersen (2011). Disclosure of Individual Research Results in Clinico-Genomic Trials: Challenges, Classification and Criteria for Decision-Making. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (5):271-275.
    While an ethical obligation to report findings of clinical research to trial participants is increasingly recognised, the academic debate is often vague about what kinds of data should be fed back and how such a process should be organised. In this article, we present a classification of different actors, processes and data involved in the feedback of research results pertaining to an individual. In a second step, we reflect on circumstances requiring further ethical consideration. In regard to a concrete research (...)
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  18.  91
    Keith Petersen (2011). Bringing Values Down to Earth: Max Scheler and Environmental Philosophy. Appraisal 8 (4).
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  19. Greg Petersen (2006). Titles, Labels, and Names: A House of Mirrors. Journal of Aesthetic Education 40 (2):29-44.
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  20.  32
    Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2012). Less for Recidivists? Why Retributivists Have a Reason to Punish Repeat Offenders Less Harshly Than First-Time Offenders ∗. In Jesper Ryberg Claudio Tamburrini (ed.), Recidivists Punishment: The Philosophers' view. Lextington Books
    About 80 % of all convicted have had a prior record of conviction. But how should the state punish repeat offenders (with a prior conviction) as compared with first-time offenders who are convicted? The law in all jurisdictions, a large swathe of public opinion, and the general trend within criminal justice ethics all seem to accept what we may call: -/- Asymmetry A The punishment of repeat offenders should be harsher than the punishment of first-time offenders. -/- This asymmetry is (...)
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  21.  73
    David L. Petersen (forthcoming). Book Review: Abraham: Trials of Family and Faith. [REVIEW] Interpretation 62 (3):332-333.
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  22.  49
    Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2010). New Legal Moralism: Some Strengths and Challenges. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (2):215-232.
    The aim of this paper is to critically discuss the plausibility of legal moralism with an emphasis on some central and recent versions. First, this paper puts forward and defends the thesis that recently developed varieties of legal moralism promoted by Robert P. George, John Kekes and Michael Moore are more plausible than Lord Devlin's traditional account. The main argument for this thesis is that in its more modern versions legal moralism is immune to some of the forceful challenges made (...)
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  23.  4
    Steven M. Nelson, Kathleen B. McDermott & Steven E. Petersen (2012). In Favor of a 'Fractionation' View of Ventral Parietal Cortex: Comment on Cabeza Et Al. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (8):399-400.
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  24.  4
    Alan Petersen (2011). The Ethics of Expectations: Biobanks and the Promise of Personalised Medicine. Monash Bioethics Review 28 (1):05-1.
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  25.  32
    Uwe Petersen (2000). Logic Without Contraction as Based on Inclusion and Unrestricted Abstraction. Studia Logica 64 (3):365-403.
    On the one hand, the absence of contraction is a safeguard against the logical (property theoretic) paradoxes; but on the other hand, it also disables inductive and recursive definitions, in its most basic form the definition of the series of natural numbers, for instance. The reason for this is simply that the effectiveness of a recursion clause depends on its being available after application, something that is usually assured by contraction. This paper presents a way of overcoming this problem within (...)
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  26. Stephen Petersen (2007). The Ethics of Robot Servitude. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 19 (1):43-54.
    Assume we could someday create artificial creatures with intelligence comparable to our own. Could it be ethical use them as unpaid labor? There is very little philosophical literature on this topic, but the consensus so far has been that such robot servitude would merely be a new form of slavery. Against this consensus I defend the permissibility of robot servitude, and in particular the controversial case of designing robots so that they want to serve human ends. A typical objection to (...)
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  27.  32
    PhD Esben Nedenskov Petersen (2014). Denying Knowledge. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (1):36-55.
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  28.  13
    Arthur Petersen (2014). Uncertainty and God: A Jamesian Pragmatist Approach to Uncertainty and Ignorance in Science and Religion. Zygon 49 (4):808-828.
    This article picks up from William James's pragmatism and metaphysics of experience, as expressed in his “radical empiricism,” and further develops this Jamesian pragmatist approach to uncertainty and ignorance by connecting it to phenomenological thought. The Jamesian pragmatist approach avoids both a “crude naturalism” and an “absolutist rationalism,” and allows for identification of intimations of the sacred in both scientific and religious practices—which all, in their respective ways, try to make sense of a complex world. Analogous to religious practices, emotion (...)
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  29.  14
    Lars-Eric Petersen & Franciska Krings (2009). Are Ethical Codes of Conduct Toothless Tigers for Dealing with Employment Discrimination? Journal of Business Ethics 85 (4):501 - 514.
    This study examined the influence of two organizational context variables, codes of conduct and supervisor advice, on personnel decisions in an experimental simulation. Specifically, we studied personnel evaluations and decisions in a situation where codes of conduct conflict with supervisor advice. Past studies showed that supervisors’ advice to prefer ingroup over outgroup candidates leads to discriminatory personnel selection decisions. We extended this line of research by studying how codes of conduct and code enforcement may reduce this form of discrimination. Eighty (...)
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  30. Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.) (2007). New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan.
    This volume contains work by the very best young scholars working in Applied Ethics, gathering a range of new perspectives and thoughts on highly relevant topics, such as the environment, animals, computers, freedom of speech, human enhancement, war and poverty. For researchers and students working in or around this fascinating area of the discipline, the volume will provide a unique snapshot of where the cutting-edge work in the field is currently engaged and where it's headed.
     
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  31. Thomas Søbirk Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Ethics, Organ Donation and Tax: A Proposal. Jounal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):451-457.
    Next SectionFive arguments are presented in favour of the proposal that people who opt in as organ donors should receive a tax break. These arguments appeal to welfare, autonomy, fairness, distributive justice and self-ownership, respectively. Eight worries about the proposal are considered in this paper. These objections focus upon no-effect and counter-productiveness, the Titmuss concern about social meaning, exploitation of the poor, commodification, inequality and unequal status, the notion that there are better alternatives, unacceptable expense, and concerns about the veto (...)
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  32.  13
    Alan Petersen & Alison Anderson (2007). A Question of Balance or Blind Faith?: Scientists' and Science Policymakers' Representations of the Benefits and Risks of Nanotechnologies. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 1 (3):243-256.
    In recent years, in the UK and elsewhere, scientists and science policymakers have grappled with the question of how to reap the benefits of nanotechnologies while minimising the risks. Having recognised the importance of public support for future innovations, they have placed increasing emphasis on ‘engaging’ ‘the public’ during the early phase of technology development. Meaningful engagement suggests some common ground between experts and lay publics in relation to the definition of nanotechnologies and of their benefits and risks. However, views (...)
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  33.  80
    Steve Petersen (2013). Utilitarian Epistemology. Synthese 190 (6):1173-1184.
    Standard epistemology takes it for granted that there is a special kind of value: epistemic value. This claim does not seem to sit well with act utilitarianism, however, since it holds that only welfare is of real value. I first develop a particularly utilitarian sense of “epistemic value”, according to which it is closely analogous to the nature of financial value. I then demonstrate the promise this approach has for two current puzzles in the intersection of epistemology and value theory: (...)
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  34.  12
    Alan R. Petersen (2011). The Politics of Bioethics. Routledge.
    Bioethics as politics -- Bioethics and the politics of expectations -- Engendering consent : bioethics and biobanks -- Missing the big picture : bioethics and stem cell research -- Testing times : bioethics and "do-it-yourself" genetics -- Governing uncertainty : the politics of nanoethics -- Beyond bioethics.
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  35.  22
    David Pietraszewski, Oliver Scott Curry, Michael Bang Petersen, Leda Cosmides & John Tooby (2015). Constituents of Political Cognition: Race, Party Politics, and the Alliance Detection System. Cognition 140:24-39.
    Research suggests that the mind contains a set of adaptations for detecting alliances: an alliance detection system, which monitors for, encodes, and stores alliance information and then modifies the activation of stored alliance categories according to how likely they will predict behavior within a particular social interaction. Previous studies have established the activation of this system when exposed to explicit competition or cooperation between individuals. In the current studies we examine if shared political opinions produce these same effects. In particular, (...)
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  36.  34
    Graciana Petersen & Frank Zenker (2014). From Euler to Navier–Stokes: A Spatial Analysis of Conceptual Changes in Nineteenth-Century Fluid Dynamics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (3):235-253.
    This article provides a spatial analysis of the conceptual framework of fluid dynamics during the nineteenth century, focusing on the transition from the Euler equation to the Navier–Stokes equation. A dynamic version of Peter Gärdenfors's theory of conceptual spaces is applied which distinguishes changes of five types: addition and deletion of special laws; change of metric; change in importance; change in separability; addition and deletion of dimensions. The case instantiates all types but the deletion of dimensions. We also provide a (...)
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  37.  63
    Steve Petersen (2013). Utilitarian Epistemology. Synthese 190 (6):1173-1184.
    Standard epistemology takes it for granted that there is a special kind of value: epistemic value. This claim does not seem to sit well with act utilitarianism, however, since it holds that only welfare is of real value. I first develop a particularly utilitarian sense of “epistemic value”, according to which it is closely analogous to the nature of financial value. I then demonstrate the promise this approach has for two current puzzles in the intersection of epistemology and value theory: (...)
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  38.  1
    Franklin R. Manis, Mark S. Seidenberg, Lisa M. Doi, Catherine McBride-Chang & Alan Petersen (1996). On the Bases of Two Subtypes of Development Dyslexia. Cognition 58 (2):157-195.
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  39.  4
    Alexander M. Petersen, Ioannis Pavlidis & Ioanna Semendeferi (2014). A Quantitative Perspective on Ethics in Large Team Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):923-945.
    The gradual crowding out of singleton and small team science by large team endeavors is challenging key features of research culture. It is therefore important for the future of scientific practice to reflect upon the individual scientist’s ethical responsibilities within teams. To facilitate this reflection we show labor force trends in the US revealing a skewed growth in academic ranks and increased levels of competition for promotion within the system; we analyze teaming trends across disciplines and national borders demonstrating why (...)
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  40.  28
    Paul Lansing & Michael Petersen (2011). Ship-Owners and the Twenty-First Century Somali Pirate: The Business Ethics of Ransom Payment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (3):507-516.
    The attacks on commercial shipping vessels by Somali pirates have introduced a business dilemma for ship-owners. While maritime piracy has been outlawed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, ship-owners must determine whether to pay ransom demands to Somali pirates or not. There is no easy answer to solve this ethical dilemma for ship-owners and other interest groups, however, this article proposes a solution which takes into account all of the parties involved.
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  41.  7
    Alan Petersen, Alan Bleakley, Rainer Bromer & Rob Marshall (2008). The Medical Humanities Today: Humane Health Care or Tool of Governance? [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 29 (1):1-4.
    The medical humanities have been presented as a panacea for medical reductionism; a means for ‘humanizing’ medicine. However, there is a lack of consensus about the appropriate contributing disciplines and how curricula should be taught and assessed. This special issue critically examines the role of the medical humanities in medical education and their potential to serve, inadvertently or otherwise, as a tool of governance. The contributors, who include medical educators and medical practitioners, employ a range of perspectives for analysing the (...)
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  42.  29
    Steve Petersen (2013). Utilitarian Epistemology. Synthese 190 (6):1173-1184.
    Standard epistemology takes it for granted that there is a special kind of value: epistemic value. This claim does not seem to sit well with act utilitarianism, however, since it holds that only welfare is of real value. I first develop a particularly utilitarian sense of “epistemic value”, according to which it is closely analogous to the nature of financial value. I then demonstrate the promise this approach has for two current puzzles in the intersection of epistemology and value theory: (...)
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  43.  11
    Wiebke Petersen (2007). Representation of Concepts as Frames. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 2:151-170.
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  44.  6
    Jesper Ryberg & Thomas Petersen (2014). Surgical Castration, Coercion and Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):593-594.
    John McMillan's detailed ethical analysis concerning the use of surgical castration of sex offenders in the Czech Republic and Germany is mainly devoted to considerations of coercion.1 This is not surprising. When castration is offered as an option to offenders and, at the same time, constitutes the only means by which these offenders are likely to be released from prison, it is reasonable—and close to the heart of modern medical ethics—to consider whether the offer involves some kind of coercion. However, (...)
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  45.  20
    Jesper Ryberg & Thomas S. Petersen (2013). Neurotechnological Behavioural Treatment of Criminal Offenders—A Comment on Bomann-Larsen. Neuroethics 6 (1):79-83.
    Whether it is morally acceptable to offer rehabilitation by CNS-intervention to criminals as a condition for early release constitutes an important neuroethical question. Bomann-Larsen has recently suggested that such interventions are unacceptable if the offered treatment is not narrowly targeted at the behaviour for which the criminal is convicted. In this article it is argued that Bomann-Larsen’s analysis of the morality of offers does not provide a solid base for this conclusion and that, even if the analysis is assumed to (...)
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  46. Steve Petersen (2011). Designing People to Serve. In Patrick Lin, George Bekey & Keith Abney (eds.), Robot Ethics. MIT Press
    I argue that, contrary to intuition, it would be both possible and permissible to design people - whether artificial or organic - who by their nature desire to do tasks we find unpleasant.
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  47.  70
    Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2010). What is a Good Sports Parent? Nordic Journal for Applied Ethics - Etikk I Praksis 4 (1):215-232.
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  48.  9
    Thomas S. Petersen & Johannes K. Kristensen (2009). Should Athletes Be Allowed to Use All Kinds of Performance-Enhancing Drugs?—A Critical Note on Claudio M. Tamburrini. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (1):88-98.
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  49.  17
    Alan Petersen (2003). Governmentality, Critical Scholarship, and the Medical Humanities. Journal of Medical Humanities 24 (3-4):187-201.
    Foucault's work has had a profound impact on the medical humanities over the last decade or so. However, most work to date has focused on Foucault's earlier writings rather than his later contributions on the self and governmentality. This article assesses the significance of the concept of governmentality for critical scholarship in the medical humanities, particularly in creating ethical awareness in the field of health care. It examines the context for Foucault's later work, and contributions arising from scholarship building on (...)
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  50.  8
    Nico U. F. Dosenbach, Damien A. Fair, Alexander L. Cohen, Bradley L. Schlaggar & Steven E. Petersen (2008). A Dual-Networks Architecture of Top-Down Control. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (3):99-105.
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