Search results for 'Kristin S. Shrader‐Frechette' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  12
    Matthew Reisman (2012). Kristin Shrader-Frechette: Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):419-422.
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette: Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11948-011-9267-1 Authors Matthew Benjamin Reisman, Environmental Studies, The University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, USA Journal Science and Engineering Ethics Online ISSN 1471-5546 Print ISSN 1353-3452.
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  2.  7
    Dale Jamieson (1996). Book Review:Method in Ecology: Strategies for Conservation. K. S. Shrader-Frechette, E. D. McCoy. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (2):477-.
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  3. Albert Flores (1987). K.S. Shrader-Frechette, Risk Analysis And Scientific Method: Methodological And Ethical Problems With Evaluating Societal Hazards. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 7:296-298.
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  4.  15
    Anna Alexandrova (forthcoming). Kristin Shrader-Frechette Tainted: How Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv045.
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  5. H. Montefiore (1992). Book Review : Nuclear Energy and Ethics, Edited by Kristin Shrader-Frechette. Geneva: W.C.C. Publications, 1991. 233 Pp. 10.90. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 5 (2):99-102.
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  6.  23
    Avner de-Shalit (2004). Book Review: Kristin Shrader-Frechette. Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. [REVIEW] Ethics and the Environment 9 (1):140-144.
  7.  6
    Vivian Weil (1996). Book Review:Ethics of Scientific Research. Kristin Shrader-Frechette. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (4):879-.
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  8.  19
    Katie McShane (2003). Review of Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (9).
  9.  10
    Hugh Lacey (2008). Kristin Shrader‐Frechette,Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health:Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health. Ethics 118 (4):757-761.
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  10.  13
    Edward J. Gracely (1989). Comment on Shrader-Frechette's "Parfit and Mistakes in Moral Mathematics. Ethics 100 (1):157-159.
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  11.  3
    C. Wolf (1999). Ethics of Scientific Research. Kristin Shrader-Frechette Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1994. Pp. 243. $58.50 ISBN 0-8476-7981-0 (Hardback); $26.95 ISBN 0-8476-7981-3 (Paperback). [REVIEW] Ethics and the Environment 4 (2):241-245.
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  12.  10
    Madison Powers (2008). Review of Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (5).
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  13.  6
    Kevin Elliott (2008). Kristin Shrader‐Frechette:Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health,:Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health. Philosophy of Science 75 (2):249-251.
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  14. Paul T. Durbin (2006). Chapter 3: Philosophy of Technology as Risk Assessment of Technological Ventures: Kristin Shrader-Frechette. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 10 (2):35-40.
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  15. William J. FitzPatrick, Cheryl Misak, Mark Greene, Daniel Statman, Brian Barry & Kimberley Brownlee (2008). 10. Kristin Shrader‐Frechette, Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health Kristin Shrader‐Frechette, Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health (Pp. 757-761). [REVIEW] Ethics 118 (4).
     
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  16.  4
    Buddhist Inclusivism, Attitudes Towards Religious Others By Kristin & Beise Kiblinger (2006). The Ahmadis: Community, Gender, and Politics in a Muslim Society. By Antonio Gualtieri. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004. Pp. Xvi+ 192. Hardcover $65.00. Paper Cdn $24.95/US $19.95. American Knees. By Shawn Wong. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 2005. Pp. Xxi+ 229. Paper $14.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 56 (2):365-366.
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  17. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2007). Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health. Oxford University Press Usa.
    In the United States alone, industrial and agricultural toxins account for about 60,000 avoidable cancer deaths annually. Pollution-related health costs to Americans are similarly staggering: $13 billion a year from asthma, $351 billion from cardiovascular disease, and $240 billion from occupational disease and injury. Most troubling, children, the poor, and minorities bear the brunt of these health tragedies.Why, asks Kristin Shrader-Frechette, has the government failed to protect us, and what can we do about it? In this book, at once (...)
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  18. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2011). Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health. Oxford University Press Usa.
    In the United States alone, industrial and agricultural toxins account for about 60,000 avoidable cancer deaths annually. Pollution-related health costs to Americans are similarly staggering: $13 billion a year from asthma, $351 billion from cardiovascular disease, and $240 billion from occupational disease and injury. Most troubling, children, the poor, and minorities bear the brunt of these health tragedies.Why, asks Kristin Shrader-Frechette, has the government failed to protect us, and what can we do about it? In this book, at once (...)
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  19.  25
    Kristen Intemann, L. E. E. S., Kristin Mccartney, Shireen Roshanravan & Alexa Schriempf (2010). What Lies Ahead: Envisioning New Futures for Feminist Philosophy. Hypatia 25 (4):927-934.
    Thanks in large part to the record of scholarship fostered by Hypatia, feminist philosophers are now positioned not just as critics of the canon, but as innovators advancing uniquely feminist perspectives for theorizing about the world. As relatively junior feminist scholars, the five of us were called upon to provide some reflections on emerging trends in feminist philosophy and to comment on its future. Despite the fact that we come from diverse subfields and philosophical traditions, four common aims emerged in (...)
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  20. K. S. Shrader-Frechette (1992). Risk and Rationality: Philosophical Foundations for Populist Reforms. Environmental Values 1 (3):269-270.
    Only ten to twelve percent of Americans would voluntarily live within a mile of a nuclear plant or hazardous waste facility. But industry spokespersons claim that such risk aversion represents ignorance and paranoia, and they lament that citizen protests have delayed valuable projects and increased their costs. Who is right? In _Risk and Rationality_, Kristin Shrader-Frechette argues that neither charges of irresponsible endangerment nor countercharges of scientific illiteracy frame the issues properly. She examines the debate over methodological norms for (...)
     
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  21.  34
    Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette (1988). Agriculture, Ethics, and Restrictions on Property Rights. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):21-40.
    The argument in this essay is twofold. (1) Procedural justice requires,in particular cases, that we restrict property rights in natural resources, e.g., California agricultural land or Appalachian coal land. (2) Conditions imposed by Locke's political theory and by dense population require,in general, that we restrict property rights in finite or non-renewable natural resources such as land. If these arguments are correct, then we have a moral imperative to use land-use controls (such as taxation, planning, zoning, and acreage limitations) to restructure (...)
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  22. Hussein M. Adam, Elizabeth Bell, Robert D. Bullard, Robert Melchior Figueroa, Clarice E. Gaylord, Segun Gbadegesin, R. J. A. Goodland, Howard McCurdy, Charles Mills, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Peter S. Wenz & Daniel C. Wigley (2001). Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  23. Hussein M. Adam, Elizabeth Bell, Robert D. Bullard, Robert Melchior Figueroa, Clarice E. Gaylord, Segun Gbadegesin, R. J. A. Goodland, Howard McCurdy, Charles Mills, Dr Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Peter S. Wenz & Daniel C. Wigley (2001). Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Through case studies that highlight the type of information that is seldom reported in the news, Faces of Environmental Racism exposes the type and magnitude of environmental racism, both domestic and international. The essays explore the justice of current environmental practices, asking such questions as whether cost-benefit analysis is an appropriate analytic technique and whether there are alternate routes to sustainable development in the South.
     
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  24.  7
    Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette (1990). Island Biogeography, Species-Area Curves, and Statistical Errors: Applied Biology and Scientific Rationality. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:447 - 456.
    When Kangas suggested in 1986 that wildlife reserve designs could be much smaller than previously thought, community ecologists attacked his views on methodological grounds (island biogeographical theory is beset with uncertainties) and on conservation grounds (Kangas seemed to encourage deforestation and extinction). Kangas' defenders, like Simberloff, argued that in a situation of biological uncertainty (the degree/type of deforestation-induced extinction), scientists ought to follow the epistemologically conservative course and risk type-II error (the risk of not rejecting a null hypothesis that is (...)
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  25. Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette (1993). Probabilistic Uncertainty and Technological Risks. In René von Schomberg (ed.), Science, Politics, and Morality: Scientific Uncertainty and Decision Making. Kluwer Academic Publishers
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  26.  4
    Tobias Fox (2009). Why Quarks Are Unobservable. Philosophia Scientiae 13 (2):167-189.
    This essay deals with the question whether quarks—the basic components of matter and one of the youngest confirmed particles in high energy physics—can be observed directly or indirectly. First, I shall discuss earlier definitions of “observation” in physics suggested by Grover Maxwell, Bas van Fraassen, and Dudely Shapere. Then, I shall compare their results with a new consideration of the idea of “observation” in physics and the distinction between direct and indirect observation.One of the ways that quarks appear in experimental (...)
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  27. Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette (1988). Agriculture, Ethics, and Restrictions on Property Rights. Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (1):21-40.
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  28.  5
    Kristin S. Shrader‐Frechette (2002). Avner De‐Shalit, The Environment: Between Theory and Practice:The Environment: Between Theory and Practice. Ethics 112 (2):364-366.
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  29.  2
    Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette (2013). Biomass and Effects of Airborne Ultrafine Particulates: Lessons About State Variables in Ecology. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 8 (1):44-48.
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  30.  1
    Nicholas Rescher (1990). Evolution, Cognition, and Realism: Studies in Evolutionary Epistemology. Upa.
    This collection of essays originated from an interdisciplinary conference on 'Evolutionary Epistemology' held in Pittsburgh in December of 1988 under the sponsorship of the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Philosophy of Science. Contents: Epistemological Roles for Selection Theory, by Donald T. Campbell; Evolutionary Models of Science, by Ronald N. Giere; Should Epistemologists Take Darwin Seriously? by Michael Bradie; Natural Selection, Justification, and Inference to the Best Explanation, by Alan H. Goldman; Interspecific Competition, Evolutionary Epistemology, and Ecology, by Kristin Shrader-Frechette; (...)
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  31. Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette (1991). Property and Procedural Justice. In Charles V. Blatz (ed.), Ethics and Agriculture: An Anthology on Current Issues in World Context. University of Idaho Press 160.
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  32. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2014). What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power. Oxford University Press Usa.
    What Will Work makes a rigorous and compelling case that energy efficiencies and renewable energy -- and not nuclear fission or "clean coal" -- are the most effective, cheapest, and equitable solutions to the pressing problem of climate change. Kristin Shrader-Frechette, a respected environmental ethicist and scientist, makes a damning case that the only reason that debate about climate change continues is because fossil-fuel interests pay non-experts to confuse the public. She then builds a comprehensive case against the argument (...)
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  33. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (1991). Risk and Rationality. University of California Press.
    Who is right? In Risk and Rationality, Kristin Shrader-Frechette argues that neither charges of irresponsible endangerment nor countercharges of scientific illiteracy frame the issues properly.
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  34.  9
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2003). Review of Dale Jamieson, Morality's Progress. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (6).
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  35. Shrader-Frechette Kristin Sharon (1987). Land Use Planning and Analytic Methods of Policy Analysis: Comments on Goldstein's Essay. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6.
     
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  36. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2015). Wearing Glaucon’s Ring, Stopping Invisible Pollution Harms. Journal of Philosophical Research 40 (9999):281-286.
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  37. Edwin Levy (1981). KS Shrader-Frechette, Nuclear Power and Public Policy: The Social and Ethical Problems of Fission Technology Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 1 (5):224-228.
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  38. D. Vadnjal (1997). Lynton Keith Caldwell and Kristen Shrader-Frechette, Policy for Land: Law and Ethics. Environmental Values 6:365-365.
     
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  39. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2005). Environmental Justice: Creating Equality, Reclaiming Democracy. OUP Usa.
    A leading international expert on environmental issues, Shrader-Frechette brings a new standard of rigor to philosophical discussions of environmental justice in her latest work. Observing that environmental activists often value environmental concerns over basic human rights, she points out the importance of recognising that minority groups and the poor in general are frequently the biggest victims of environmental degradation, a phenomenon with serious social and political implications that the environmental movement has failed to adequately address. She argues for their equal (...)
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  40.  4
    K. S. Shrader-Frechette (1982). Comments on Cushing's Essay. Synthese 50 (1):103 - 108.
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  41. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2011). Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health. OUP Usa.
    In this book Shrader-Frechette reveals how politicians, campaign contributors, and lobbyists--and their power over media, advertising, and public relations--have conspired to cover up environmental disease and death.
     
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  42.  21
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2007). Nanotoxicology and Ethical Conditions for Informed Consent. NanoEthics 1 (1):47-56.
    While their strength, electrical, optical, or magnetic properties are expected to contribute a trillion dollars in global commerce before 2015, nanomaterials also appear to pose threats to human health and safety. Nanotoxicology is the study of these threats. Do nanomaterial benefits exceed their risks? Should all nanomaterials be regulated? Currently nanotoxicologists cannot help answer these questions because too little is known about nanomaterials, because their properties differ from those of bulk materials having the same chemical composition, and because they differ (...)
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  43.  36
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2013). Answering "Scientific" Attacks on Ethical Imperatives: Wind and Solar Versus Nuclear Solutions to Climate Change. Ethics and the Environment 18 (1):1-17.
    Scientists and engineers often are not much interested in theoretical-ethics discussions. Frequently, like Harvard’s Cass Sunstein (2002), they propose “freemarket environmentalism,” basing environmental decisions on cost-benefit analysis and on saving the greatest number of lives for the fewest number of dollars. They say that when society overregulates, by emotively and irrationally rejecting environmental-risk decisions based only on cost-benefit analysis (CBA), it reduces manufacturing jobs, shrinks the economic pie, makes people poorer, and thus causes unnecessary deaths. To avoid these economic problems—that (...)
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  44. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2001). Radiobiological Hormesis, Methodological Value Judgments, and Metascience. Perspectives on Science 8 (4):367-379.
    Scientists are divided on the status of hypothesis H that low doses of ionizing radiation (under 20 rads) cause hormetic (or non-harmful) effects. Military and industrial scientist s tend to accept H, while medical and environmental scientists tend to reject it. Proponents of the strong programme claim this debate shows that uncertain science can be clari ed only by greater attention to the social values in uencing it. While they are in part correct, this paper argues that methodological analyses (not (...)
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  45.  22
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2005). Mortgaging the Future: Dumping Ethics with Nuclear Waste. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):518-520.
    On August 22, 2005 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issued proposed new regulations for radiation releases from the planned permanent U.S. nuclear-waste repository in Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The goal of the new standards is to provide public-health protection for the next million years — even though everyone admits that the radioactive wastes will leak. Regulations now guarantee individual and equal protection against all radiation exposures above the legal limit. Instead E.P.A. recommended different radiation exposure-limits for different time periods. It also (...)
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  46.  1
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2005). Flawed Attacks on Contemporary Human Rights: Laudan, Sunstein, and the Cost-Benefit State. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 7 (1):92-110.
    After giving a brief account of human rights, the paper investigates five contemporary attacks on them. All of the attacks come from two contemporary proponents of the cost-benefit state, attorney Cass Sunstein and philosopher Larry Laudan. These attacks may be called, respectively, the rationality, objectivity, permission, voluntariness, and comparativism claims. Laudan's and Sunstein's rationality claim (RC) ist that only policy decisions passing cost-benefit tests are rational. Their objectivity presupposition (OP) is that only acute, deterministic threats to life are objective. Sunstein’s (...)
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  47.  23
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2005). Property Rights and Genetic Engineering: Developing Nations at Risk. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):137-149.
    Eighty percent of (commercial) genetically engineered seeds (GES) are designed only to resist herbicides. Letting farmers use more chemicals, they cut labor costs. But developing nations say GES cause food shortages, unemployment, resistant weeds, and extinction of native cultivars when “volunteers” drift nearby. While GES patents are reasonable, this paper argues many patent policies are not. The paper surveys GE technology, outlines John Locke’s classic account of property rights, and argues that current patent policies must be revised to take account (...)
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  48.  14
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2006). Comparativist Philosophy of Science and Population Viability Assessment in Biology: Helping Resolve Scientific Controversy. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):817-828.
    Comparing alternative scientific theories obviously is relevant to theory assessment, but are comparativists (like Laudan) correct when they also make it necessary? This paper argues that they are not. Defining rationality solely in terms of theories' comparative problem-solving strengths, comparativist philosophers of science like Laudan subscribe to what I call the irrelevance claim (IC) and the necessity claim (NC). According to IC, a scientific theory's being well or poorly confirmed is "irrelevant" to its acceptance; NC is the claim that "all (...)
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  49.  30
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (1985). Technological Risk and Small Probabilities. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (6):431 - 445.
    Many scientists, businessmen, and government regulators believe that the criteria for acceptable societal risk are too stringent. Those who subscribe to this belief often accept the view which I call the probability-threshold position. Proponents of this stance maintain that society ought to ignore very small risks, i.e., those causing an average annual probability of fatality of less than 10–6.After examining the three major views in the risk-evaluation debate, viz., the probability-threshold position, the zero-risk position, and the weighted-risk position, I focus (...)
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  50.  29
    Kristin Shrader-Frechette (1994). Equity and Nuclear Waste Disposal. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (2):133-156.
    Following the recommendations of the US National Academy of Sciences and the mandates of the 1987 Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act, the US Department of Energy has proposed Yucca Mountain, Nevada as the site of the world's first permanent repository for high-level nuclear waste. The main justification for permanent disposal (as opposed to above-ground storage) is that it guarantees safety by means of waste isolation. This essay argues, however, that considerations of equity (safer for whom?) undercut the safety rationale. The (...)
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