Search results for 'Kristina Sojakova' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  56
    Michael Kohlhase & Kristina Sojakova, Towards an Atlas of Formal Logics.
    LF has been designed as a meta-logical framework to represent logics, and has become a standard tool for studying properties of logics. Building on the newly introduced module system for LF, we present the nucleus of an integrated and structured development of the syntax, semantics, and proof theory of logics, and of the relations between those logics. The methodology is chosen so that it will scale to an atlas for the zoo of logics currently used in reasoning systems, and the (...)
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  2.  17
    Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, H. U. G. Kristina, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg (2011). Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States. Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  3. Suchotzki Kristina, Verschuere Bruno, Peth Judith, Crombez Geert & Gamer Matthias (2015). Manipulating Item Proportion and Deception Reveals Crucial Dissociation Between Behavioral, Autonomic and Neural Indices of Concealed Information. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  4. Valentin Mary Grace, Aguirre Karla Mae, Ante Kristina, Calderon Carlos Miguel, Cunanan Andrea Tracy, Lim Hannah Lorraine, Malasan Funny Jovis, Manlutac Katrina Chelsea, Novilla Danielle Ann, Oliveros Marianne, Wee Edwin Monico & Quilala Peter (2015). Determination of the Prevalence of Depression Among the Elderly Using the Geriatric Depression Scale. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  5. Cynthia Gayman (2003). Applied Existentialism: On Kristina Arp's The Bonds of Freedom: Simone de Beauvoir's Existentialist Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):287 - 292.
  6.  10
    Human Subject Protections (2005). C. Kristina Gunsalus. In Arthur W. Galston & Christiana Z. Peppard (eds.), Expanding Horizons in Bioethics. Springer
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  7.  6
    Orla Shortall (2013). Kristina A. Vogt, Toral Patel-Weynand, Maura Shelton, Daniel J. Vogt, John C. Gordon, Calvin T. Mukumoto, Asep S. Suntana and Patricia A. Roads: Sustainability Unpacked: Food, Energy and Water for Resilient Environments and Societies. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):487-488.
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  8.  2
    Gerhard Jager & Structural Rules Residuation (2004). Alexander Koller, Ralph Debusmann, Malte Gabsdil, and Kristina Striegnitz/Put My Galakmid Coin Into the Dispenser and Kick It: Computational Linguistics and Theorem Proving in a Computer Game 187–206. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13:537-539.
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  9.  1
    Baogang He (2004). Catarina Kinnvall and Kristina Jonsson (Eds), Globalization and Democratization in Asia: The Construction of Identity, London: Routledge, 2002, 276 Pp, ISBN 0-415-277730-2. [REVIEW] Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):218-220.
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  10.  18
    Kristina Musholt (2015). Thinking About Oneself. MIT Press.
    In this book, Kristina Musholt offers a novel theory of self-consciousness, understood as the ability to think about oneself. Traditionally, self-consciousness has been central to many philosophical theories. More recently, it has become the focus of empirical investigation in psychology and neuroscience. Musholt draws both on philosophical considerations and on insights from the empirical sciences to offer a new account of self-consciousness—the ability to think about ourselves that is at the core of what makes us human. -/- Examining theories (...)
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  11.  15
    Kristina R. Olson & Elizabeth S. Spelke (2008). Foundations of Cooperation in Young Children. Cognition 108 (1):222-231.
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  12. Kristina L. Lemieux (2006). 13 Short Pieces, but Not the Whole [T]Ruth. Hypatia 21 (1):74-79.
    : This essay is a collection of my experiences of and reflections on being pregnant and choosing to place the child for open adoption. The piece was started late in the term of my pregnancy and completed about a week before the birth.
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  13.  39
    Kristina Rolin (2015). Values in Science: The Case of Scientific Collaboration. Philosophy of Science 82 (2):157-177.
    Much of the literature on values in science is limited in its perspective because it focuses on the role of values in individual scientists’ decision making, thereby ignoring the context of scientific collaboration. I examine the epistemic structure of scientific collaboration and argue that it gives rise to two arguments showing that moral and social values can legitimately play a role in scientists’ decision to accept something as scientific knowledge. In the case of scientific collaboration some moral and social values (...)
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  14. Maria Larsson, Johan Willander, Kristina Karlsson & Artin Arshamian (2014). Olfactory LOVER: Behavioral and Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Odor Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  15. Alex Shaw, Natalia Montinari, Marco Piovesan, Kristina R. Olson, Francesca Gino & Michael I. Norton (2014). Children Develop a Veil of Fairness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):363-375.
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  16.  68
    Alex Shaw, Vivian Li & Kristina R. Olson (2012). Children Apply Principles of Physical Ownership to Ideas. Cognitive Science 36 (8):1383-1403.
    Adults apply ownership not only to objects but also to ideas. But do people come to apply principles of ownership to ideas because of being taught about intellectual property and copyrights? Here, we investigate whether children apply rules from physical property ownership to ideas. Studies 1a and 1b show that children (6–8 years old) determine ownership of both objects and ideas based on who first establishes possession of the object or idea. Study 2 shows that children use another principle of (...)
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  17.  57
    Vivian Li, Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson (2013). Ideas Versus Labor: What Do Children Value in Artistic Creation? Cognition 127 (1):38-45.
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  18.  54
    Kristina Meshelski (2016). Procedural Justice and Affirmative Action. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (2):425-443.
    There is widespread agreement among both supporters and opponents that affirmative action either must not violate any principle of equal opportunity or procedural justice, or if it does, it may do so only given current extenuating circumstances. Many believe that affirmative action is morally problematic, only justified to the extent that it brings us closer to the time when we will no longer need it. In other words, those that support affirmative action believe it is acceptable in nonideal theory, but (...)
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  19.  46
    Kristina Rolin (2010). Group Justification in Science. Episteme 7 (3):215-231.
    An analysis of group justification enables us to understand what it means to say that a research group is justified in making a claim on the basis of evidence. I defend Frederick Schmitt's (1994) joint account of group justification by arguing against a simple summative account of group justification. Also, I respond to two objections to the joint account, one claiming that social epistemologists should always prefer the epistemic value of making true judgments to the epistemic value of maintaining consistency, (...)
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  20.  52
    Kristina Blennow, Johannes Persson, Annika Wallin, Niklas Vareman & Erik Persson (2014). Understanding Risk in Forest Ecosystem Services: Implications for Effective Risk Management, Communication and Planning. Forestry 87:219-228.
    Uncertainty, insufficient information or information of poor quality, limited cognitive capacity and time, along with value conflicts and ethical considerations, are all aspects thatmake risk managementand riskcommunication difficult. This paper provides a review of different risk concepts and describes how these influence risk management, communication and planning in relation to forest ecosystem services. Based on the review and results of empirical studies, we suggest that personal assessment of risk is decisive in the management of forest ecosystem services. The results are (...)
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  21.  72
    Kristina Blennow & Erik Persson (2013). Societal Impacts of Storm Damage. In Barry Gardiner, Andreas Schuck, Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Christophe Orazio, Kristina Blennow & Bruce Nicoll (eds.), Living with Storm Damage to Forests. European Forest Institute 70-78.
    Wind damage to forests can be divided into (1) the direct damage done to the forest and(2) indirect effects. Indirect effects may be of different kinds and may affect the environ- ment as well as society. For example, falling trees can lead to power and telecommunica- tion failures or blocking of roads. The salvage harvest of fallen trees is another example and one that involves extremely dangerous work. In this overview we provide examples of different entities, services, and activities that (...)
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  22. Kristina Rolin (2006). The Bias Paradox in Feminist Standpoint Epistemology. Episteme 3 (1-2):125-136.
    Sandra Harding's feminist standpoint epistemology makes two claims. The thesis of epistemic privilege claims that unprivileged social positions are likely to generate perspectives that are “less partial and less distorted” than perspectives generated by other social positions. The situated knowledge thesis claims that all scientific knowledge is socially situated. The bias paradox is the tension between these two claims. Whereas the thesis of epistemic privilege relies on the assumption that a standard of impartiality enables one to judge some perspectives as (...)
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  23. Kristina Orfali & Lisa Anderson-Shaw (2005). When Medical Cure Is Not an Unmitigated Good. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):282-292.
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  24.  26
    David A. Rettinger, Kristina Ryan, Kristopher Fulks, Anna Deaton, Jeffrey Barnes & Jillian O'Rourke (2010). Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Cheating: The Influence of Direct Knowledge and Attitudes on Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):47-64.
    What effect does witnessing other students cheat have on one's own cheating behavior? What roles do moral attitudes and neutralizing attitudes (justifications for behavior) play when deciding to cheat? The present research proposes a model of academic dishonesty which takes into account each of these variables. Findings from experimental (vignette) and survey methods determined that seeing others cheat increases cheating behavior by causing students to judge the behavior less morally reprehensible, not by making rationalization easier. Witnessing cheating also has unique (...)
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  25.  19
    David A. Rettinger, Kristina Ryan, Kristopher Fulks, Anna Deaton, Jeffrey Barnes & Jillian O'Rourke (2010). Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Cheating: The Influence of Direct Knowledge and Attitudes on Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):47-64.
    What effect does witnessing other students cheat have on one's own cheating behavior? What roles do moral attitudes and neutralizing attitudes (justifications for behavior) play when deciding to cheat? The present research proposes a model of academic dishonesty which takes into account each of these variables. Findings from experimental (vignette) and survey methods determined that seeing others cheat increases cheating behavior by causing students to judge the behavior less morally reprehensible, not by making rationalization easier. Witnessing cheating also has unique (...)
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  26. Kristina Musholt (2012). Self-Consciousness and Intersubjectivity. Grazer Philosophische Studien 84 (1):63-89.
    This paper distinguishes between implicit self-related information and explicit self-representation and argues that the latter is required for self-consciousness. It is further argued that self-consciousness requires an awareness of other minds and that this awareness develops over the course of an increasingly complex perspectival differentiation, during which information about self and other that is implicit in early forms of social interaction becomes redescribed into an explicit format.
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  27.  63
    Kristina Rolin (2002). Gender and Trust in Science. Hypatia 17 (4):95-118.
    : It is now recognized that relations of trust play an epistemic role in science. The contested issue is under what conditions trust in scientific testimony is warranted. I argue that John Hardwig's view of trustworthy scientific testimony is inadequate because it does not take into account the possibility that credibility does not reliably reflect trustworthiness, and because it does not appreciate the role communities have in guaranteeing the trustworthiness of scientific testimony.
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  28. Kristina Meshelski (2011). Two Kinds of Definition in Spinoza's Ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (2):201-218.
    Spinoza scholars have claimed that we are faced with a dilemma: either Spinoza's definitions in his Ethics are real, in spite of indications to the contrary, or the definitions are nominal and the propositions derived from them are false. I argue that Spinoza did not recognize the distinction between real and nominal definitions. Rather, Spinoza classified definitions according to whether they require a priori or a posteriori justification, which is a classification distinct from either the real/nominal or the intensional/extensional classification. (...)
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  29.  19
    Kristina Meshelski (2015). Infinite Modes. In Andre Santos Campos (ed.), Spinoza: Basic Concepts. Imprint Academic 43-54.
    In this chapter I explain Spinoza's concept of "infinite modes". After some brief background on Spinoza's thoughts on infinity, I provide reasons to think that Immediate Infinite Modes are identical to the attributes, and that Mediate Infinite Modes are merely totalities of finite modes. I conclude with some considerations against the alternative view that infinite modes are laws of nature.
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  30.  3
    Sukhvinder S. Obhi, Kristina M. Swiderski & Sonja P. Brubacher (2012). Induced Power Changes the Sense of Agency. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1547-1550.
    Power differentials are a ubiquitous feature of social interactions and power has been conceptualised as an interpersonal construct. Here we show that priming power changes the sense of agency, indexed by intentional binding. Specifically, participants wrote about episodes in which they had power over others, or in which others had power over them. After priming, participants completed an interval estimation task in which they judged the interval between a voluntary action and a visual effect. After low-power priming, participants judged intervals (...)
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  31.  16
    Arnon Cahen & Kristina Musholt (forthcoming). Perception, Nonconceptual Content, and Immunity to Error Through Misidentification. Inquiry:1-21.
    The aim of this paper is twofold. First, we clarify the notion of immunity to error through misidentification with respect to the first-person pronoun. In particular, we set out to dispel the view that for a judgment to be IEM it must contain a token of a certain class of predicates. Rather, the importance of the IEM status of certain judgments is that it teaches us about privileged ways of coming to know about ourselves. We then turn to examine how (...)
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  32. Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson (2012). Children Discard a Resource to Avoid Inequity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (2):382-395.
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  33.  51
    Stephan Hartmann & Kristina Liefke, Montague Reduction, Confirmation, and the Syntax-Semantics Relation.
    Intertheoretic relations are an important topic in the philosophy of science. However, since their classical discussion by Ernest Nagel, such relations have mostly been restricted to relations between pairs of theories in the natural sciences. In this paper, we present a model of a new type of intertheoretic relation, called 'Montague Reduction', which is assumed in Montague's framework for the analysis and interpretation of natural language syntax. To motivate the adoption of our new model, we show that this model extends (...)
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  34.  21
    Miguel A. Altieri, Nelso Companioni, Kristina Cañizares, Catherine Murphy, Peter Rosset, Martin Bourque & Clara I. Nicholls (1999). The Greening of the “Barrios”: Urban Agriculture for Food Security in Cuba. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):131-140.
    Urban agriculture in Cuba has rapidly become a significant source of fresh produce for the urban and suburban populations. A large number of urban gardens in Havana and other major cities have emerged as a grassroots movement in response to the crisis brought about by the loss of trade, with the collapse of the socialist bloc in 1989. These gardens are helping to stabilize the supply of fresh produce to Cuba's urban centers. During 1996, Havana's urban farms provided the city's (...)
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  35. Alex Shaw & Kristina R. Olson (2013). All Inequality is Not Equal: Children Correct Inequalities Using Resource Value. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  36.  7
    Chris Dragos (2016). Which Groups Have Scientific Knowledge? Wray Vs. Rolin. Social Epistemology 30 (5-6):611-623.
    Kristina Rolin and Brad Wray agree with an increasing number of epistemologists that knowledge can sometimes be attributed to a group and to none of its individual members. That is, collective knowledge sometimes obtains. However, Rolin charges Wray with being too restrictive about the kinds of groups to which he attributes collective knowledge. She rejects Wray’s claim that only scientific research teams can know while the general scientific community cannot. Rolin forwards a ‘default and challenge’ account of epistemic justification (...)
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  37. Kristina M. Lybecker & Elisabeth Fowler (2009). Compulsory Licensing in Canada and Thailand: Comparing Regimes to Ensure Legitimate Use of the WTO Rules. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):222-239.
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  38.  16
    Kristina Rolin (2016). Values, Standpoints, and Scientific/Intellectual Movements. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:11-19.
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  39.  77
    Kristina Musholt (2012). Concepts or Metacognition - What is the Issue? Commentary on Stephane Savanah’s “The Concept Possession Hypothesis of Self-Consciousness”. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):721-722.
    The author claims that concept possession is not only necessary but also sufficient for self-consciousness, where self-consciousness is understood as the awareness of oneself as a self. Further, he links concept possession to intelligent behavior. His ultimate aim is to provide a framework for the study of self-consciousness in infants and non-human animals. I argue that the claim that all concepts are necessarily related to the self-concept remains unconvincing and suggest that what might be at issue here are not so (...)
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  40. Kristina Engelhard (2010). Categories and the Ontology of Powers: A Vindication of the Identity Theory of Properties. In Anna Marmodoro (ed.), The Metaphysics of Powers: Their Grounding and Their Manifestations. Routledge
     
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  41.  11
    Kristina Gehrman (2016). Absorbed Coping and Practical Wisdom. Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (3):593-612.
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  42.  14
    Gordon G. Gallup Jr, Steven M. Platek & Kristina L. Spaulding (forthcoming). The Nature of Visual Self-Recognition Revisited. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  43.  8
    Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, Kristina Hug, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg (2011). Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States. Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  44.  38
    Dr Phil Diana Aurenque & Kristina Klitzke (2011). BMBF-Klausurwoche (ELSA): Würde und Autonomie als Leitprinzipien in Theorie und Praxis der humanen und außerhumanen Lebenswissenschaften. Ethische, rechtliche und theologische Dimensionen. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):247-250.
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  45. Kristina Musholt (2013). Self-Consciousness and Nonconceptual Content. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):649-672.
    Self-consciousness can be defined as the ability to think 'I'-thoughts. Recently, it has been suggested that self-consciousness in this sense can (and should) be accounted for in terms of nonconceptual forms of self-representation. Here, I will argue that while theories of nonconceptual self-consciousness do provide us with important insights regarding the essential genetic and epistemic features of self-conscious thought, they can only deliver part of the full story that is required to understand the phenomenon of self-consciousness. I will provide two (...)
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  46.  11
    Gordon G. Gallup, Steven M. Platek & Kristina N. Spaulding (2014). The Nature of Visual Self-Recognition Revisited. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):57-58.
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  47. Kristina Rolin (2002). Is 'Science as Social' a Feminist Insight? Social Epistemology 16 (3):233 – 249.
  48.  17
    Kristina Rolin (2009). Standpoint Theory as a Methodology for the Study of Power Relations. Hypatia 24 (4):218 - 226.
  49. Kristina R. Olson & Elizabeth S. Spelke, Judgments of the Lucky Across Development and Culture.
    For millennia, human beings have believed that it is morally wrong to judge others by the fortuitous or unfortunate events that befall them or by the actions of another person. Rather, an individual’s own intended, deliberate actions should be the basis of his or her evaluation, reward, and punishment. In a series of studies, the authors investigated whether such rules guide the judgments of children. The first 3 studies demonstrated that children view lucky others as more likely than unlucky others (...)
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  50.  3
    Nicolas Chevalier, Kristina L. Huber, Sandra A. Wiebe & Kimberly Andrews Espy (2013). Qualitative Change in Executive Control During Childhood and Adulthood. Cognition 128 (1):1-12.
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