Search results for 'Kristina Striegnitz' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Alexander Koller, Ralph Debusmann, Malte Gabsdil & Kristina Striegnitz (2004). Put My Galakmid Coin Into the Dispenser and Kick It: Computational Linguistics and Theorem Proving in a Computer Game. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):187-206.score: 240.0
    We combine state-of-the-art techniques from computational linguisticsand theorem proving to build an engine for playing text adventures,computer games with which the player interacts purely through naturallanguage. The system employs a parser for dependency grammar and ageneration system based on TAG, and has components for resolving andgenerating referring expressions. Most of these modules make heavy useof inferences offered by a modern theorem prover for descriptionlogic. Our game engine solves some problems inherent in classical textadventures, and is an interesting test case for (...)
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  2. Gerhard Jager & Structural Rules Residuation (2004). Alexander Koller, Ralph Debusmann, Malte Gabsdil, and Kristina Striegnitz/Put My Galakmid Coin Into the Dispenser and Kick It: Computational Linguistics and Theorem Proving in a Computer Game 187–206. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13:537-539.score: 150.0
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  3. Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, H. U. G. Kristina, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg (2011). Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States. Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.score: 30.0
    Two decades have passed since the first attempts were made to establish systematic ethical review of human research in the Baltic States. Legally and institutionally much has changed. In this paper we provide an historical and structural overview of ethical review of human research and identify some problems related to the role of ethical review in establishing quality research environment in these countries. Problems connected to (a) public availability of information, (b) management of conflicts of interest, (c) REC composition and (...)
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  4. Gorodetski Kristina (2011). Asymmetries in Self-Face Recognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
  5. Cynthia Gayman (2003). Applied Existentialism: On Kristina Arp's The Bonds of Freedom: Simone de Beauvoir's Existentialist Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):287 - 292.score: 15.0
  6. Human Subject Protections (2005). C. Kristina Gunsalus. In Arthur W. Galston & Christiana Z. Peppard (eds.), Expanding Horizons in Bioethics. Springer.score: 15.0
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  7. Krysia Broda (2008). Review of P. Blackburn, J. Bos, and K. Striegnitz, Learn Prolog Now!. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (2).score: 15.0
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  8. Orla Shortall (2013). Kristina A. Vogt, Toral Patel-Weynand, Maura Shelton, Daniel J. Vogt, John C. Gordon, Calvin T. Mukumoto, Asep S. Suntana and Patricia A. Roads: Sustainability Unpacked: Food, Energy and Water for Resilient Environments and Societies. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):487-488.score: 15.0
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  9. Baogang He (2004). Catarina Kinnvall and Kristina Jonsson (Eds), Globalization and Democratization in Asia: The Construction of Identity, London: Routledge, 2002, 276 Pp, ISBN 0-415-277730-2. [REVIEW] Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):218-220.score: 15.0
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  10. Kristina Musholt (2012). Self-Consciousness and Intersubjectivity. Grazer Philosophische Studien 84 (1):63-89.score: 3.0
    This paper distinguishes between implicit self-related information and explicit self-representation and argues that the latter is required for self-consciousness. It is further argued that self-consciousness requires an awareness of other minds and that this awareness develops over the course of an increasingly complex perspectival differentiation, during which information about self and other that is implicit in early forms of social interaction becomes redescribed into an explicit format.
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  11. Kristina Meshelski (2011). Two Kinds of Definition in Spinoza's Ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (2):201-218.score: 3.0
    Spinoza scholars have claimed that we are faced with a dilemma: either Spinoza's definitions in his Ethics are real, in spite of indications to the contrary, or the definitions are nominal and the propositions derived from them are false. I argue that Spinoza did not recognize the distinction between real and nominal definitions. Rather, Spinoza classified definitions according to whether they require a priori or a posteriori justification, which is a classification distinct from either the real/nominal or the intensional/extensional classification. (...)
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  12. Kristina Rolin (2004). Why Gender is a Relevant Factor in the Social Epistemology of Scientific Inquiry. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):880-891.score: 3.0
    In recent years, feminist philosophy of science has been subjected to criticism. The debate has focused on the implications of the underdetermination thesis for accounts of the role of social values in scientific reasoning. My aim here is to offer a different approach. I suggest that feminist philosophers of science contribute to our understanding of science by (1) producing gender‐sensitive analyses of the social dimensions of scientific inquiry and (2) examining the relevance of these analyses for normative issues in philosophy (...)
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  13. Kristina Musholt, Emergentism Revisited.score: 3.0
    The “explanatory gap” is proposed to be the “hard problem” of consciousness research and has generated a great deal of recent debate. Arguments brought forward to reveal this gap include the conceivability of zombies or the “super-neuroscientist” Mary. These are supposed to show that the facts of consciousness are not a priori entailed by the microphysical facts. Similar arguments were already proposed by emergence theories in the context of the debate between mechanism and vitalism. According to synchronic emergentism, the property (...)
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  14. Kristina Rolin (2002). Is 'Science as Social' a Feminist Insight? Social Epistemology 16 (3):233 – 249.score: 3.0
  15. Kristina Musholt (2013). Self-Consciousness and Nonconceptual Content. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):649-672.score: 3.0
    Self-consciousness can be defined as the ability to think 'I'-thoughts. Recently, it has been suggested that self-consciousness in this sense can (and should) be accounted for in terms of nonconceptual forms of self-representation. Here, I will argue that while theories of nonconceptual self-consciousness do provide us with important insights regarding the essential genetic and epistemic features of self-conscious thought, they can only deliver part of the full story that is required to understand the phenomenon of self-consciousness. I will provide two (...)
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  16. Kristina Rolin (2006). The Bias Paradox in Feminist Standpoint Epistemology. Episteme 3 (1-2):125-136.score: 3.0
    Sandra Harding's feminist standpoint epistemology makes two claims. The thesis of epistemic privilege claims that unprivileged social positions are likely to generate perspectives that are “less partial and less distorted” than perspectives generated by other social positions. The situated knowledge thesis claims that all scientific knowledge is socially situated. The bias paradox is the tension between these two claims. Whereas the thesis of epistemic privilege relies on the assumption that a standard of impartiality enables one to judge some perspectives as (...)
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  17. Kristina Musholt (2012). Concepts or Metacognition - What is the Issue? Commentary on Stephane Savanah’s “The Concept Possession Hypothesis of Self-Consciousness”. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):721-722.score: 3.0
    The author claims that concept possession is not only necessary but also sufficient for self-consciousness, where self-consciousness is understood as the awareness of oneself as a self. Further, he links concept possession to intelligent behavior. His ultimate aim is to provide a framework for the study of self-consciousness in infants and non-human animals. I argue that the claim that all concepts are necessarily related to the self-concept remains unconvincing and suggest that what might be at issue here are not so (...)
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  18. Kristina Engelhard & Peter Mittelstaedt (2008). Kant's Theory of Arithmetic: A Constructive Approach? [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 39 (2):245 - 271.score: 3.0
    Kant’s theory of arithmetic is not only a central element in his theoretical philosophy but also an important contribution to the philosophy of arithmetic as such. However, modern mathematics, especially non-Euclidean geometry, has placed much pressure on Kant’s theory of mathematics. But objections against his theory of geometry do not necessarily correspond to arguments against his theory of arithmetic and algebra. The goal of this article is to show that at least some important details in Kant’s theory of arithmetic can (...)
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  19. Kristina Rolin (2004). Three Decades of Feminism in Science: From "Liberal Feminism" and "Difference Feminism" to Gender Analysis of Science. [REVIEW] Hypatia 19 (1):292 - 296.score: 3.0
  20. Kristina Rolin (2002). Gender and Trust in Science. Hypatia 17 (4):95-118.score: 3.0
    : It is now recognized that relations of trust play an epistemic role in science. The contested issue is under what conditions trust in scientific testimony is warranted. I argue that John Hardwig's view of trustworthy scientific testimony is inadequate because it does not take into account the possibility that credibility does not reliably reflect trustworthiness, and because it does not appreciate the role communities have in guaranteeing the trustworthiness of scientific testimony.
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  21. Kristina Rolin (2003). Philosophies of Science/Feminist Theories. International Studies in Philosophy 35 (2):139-141.score: 3.0
  22. Kristina Musholt (2013). A Philosophical Perspective on the Relation Between Cortical Midline Structures and the Self. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 3.0
    In recent years there has been increasing evidence that an area in the brain called the cortical midline structures (CMSs) is implicated in what has been termed self-related processing. This article will discuss recent evidence for the relation between CMS and self-consciousness in light of several important philosophical distinctions. First, we should distinguish between being a self (i.e., being a subject of conscious experience) and being aware of being a self (i.e., being able to think about oneself as such). While (...)
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  23. Kristina Rolin (2010). Group Justification in Science. Episteme 7 (3):215-231.score: 3.0
    An analysis of group justification enables us to understand what it means to say that a research group is justified in making a claim on the basis of evidence. I defend Frederick Schmitt's (1994) joint account of group justification by arguing against a simple summative account of group justification. Also, I respond to two objections to the joint account, one claiming that social epistemologists should always prefer the epistemic value of making true judgments to the epistemic value of maintaining consistency, (...)
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  24. Kristina Stöckl (2006). Modernity and its Critique in 20th Century Russian Orthodox Thought. Studies in East European Thought 58 (4):243 - 269.score: 3.0
    Orthodox Christianity has often been understood as not pertaining to Modernity due to its different historical and theological trajectory. This essay disputes such a view with regard to 20th century Orthodox thought, which it examines from the point of view of a sociology of Modernity in order to identify where Orthodox thinkers of the Russian Diaspora and in Russia today position themselves in relation to modern society and philosophy. Two essentially modern positions within Orthodoxy are singled out: an institutional and (...)
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  25. Kristina Stöckl (2010). Political Hesychasm ? Vladimir Petrunin's Neo-Byzantine Interpretation of the Social Doctrine of the Russian Orthodox Church. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 62 (1):125 - 133.score: 3.0
  26. Kristina Orfali & Elisa Gordon (2004). Autonomy Gone Awry: A Cross-Cultural Study of Parents' Experiences in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (4):329-365.score: 3.0
    This paper examines parents experiences of medical decision-making and coping with having a critically ill baby in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) from a cross-cultural perspective (France vs. U.S.A.). Though parents experiences in the NICU were very similar despite cultural and institutional differences, each system addresses their needs in a different way. Interviews with parents show that French parents expressed overall higher satisfaction with the care of their babies and were better able to cope with the loss of their (...)
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  27. David A. Rettinger, Kristina Ryan, Kristopher Fulks, Anna Deaton, Jeffrey Barnes & Jillian O'Rourke (2010). Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Cheating: The Influence of Direct Knowledge and Attitudes on Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):47-64.score: 3.0
    What effect does witnessing other students cheat have on one's own cheating behavior? What roles do moral attitudes and neutralizing attitudes (justifications for behavior) play when deciding to cheat? The present research proposes a model of academic dishonesty which takes into account each of these variables. Findings from experimental (vignette) and survey methods determined that seeing others cheat increases cheating behavior by causing students to judge the behavior less morally reprehensible, not by making rationalization easier. Witnessing cheating also has unique (...)
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  28. Kristina Petkova, Ángel Gómez Contarello, Alexandra Hantzi, Michal Bilewicz, Ana Guinote & Sylvie Graf (2012). An Evaluation of the Impact of the European Association of Social. History of the Human Sciences 25 (3):117-126.score: 3.0
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  29. Kristina Rolin (1999). Can Gender Ideologies Influence the Practice of the Physical Sciences? Perspectives on Science 7 (4):510-533.score: 3.0
    : As a response to the critics of feminist science studies I argue that it is possible to formulate empirical hypotheses about gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences without (1) reinforcing stereotypes about women and mathematical sciences or (2) assuming at the outset that the area of physics under investigation is methodologically suspect. I will then critically evaluate two case studies of gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences. The case studies fail to show that (...)
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  30. Kristina Musholt (2013). Review of “Mind and Cosmos” by Thomas Nagel. [REVIEW] Science 339 (6125):1277.score: 3.0
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  31. Kristina Rolin (2012). A Feminist Approach to Values in Science. Perspectives on Science 20 (3):320-330.score: 3.0
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  32. Wolfgang Bender, Katrin Platzer & Kristina Sinemus (1995). On the Assessment of Genetic Technology: Reaching Ethical Judgments in the Light of Modern Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (1):21-32.score: 3.0
    The “Model for Reaching Ethical Judgments in the context of Modern Technologies — the Case of Genetic Technology”, which is presented here, has arisen from the project “Ethical Criteria bearing upon Decisions taken in the field of Biotechnology”. This project has been pursued since 1991 in the Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Technikforschung (ZIT) of the Technical University of Darmstadt, with the purpose of examining decision-making in selected activities involving the production of transgenic plants that have a useful application. The model is (...)
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  33. C. Kristina Gunsalus (2005). Human Subject Protections. In. In Arthur W. Galston & Christiana Z. Peppard (eds.), Expanding Horizons in Bioethics. Springer. 35--58.score: 3.0
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  34. Kristina Staley & Virginia Minogue (2006). User Involvement Leads to More Ethically Sound Research. Clinical Ethics 1 (2):95-100.score: 3.0
    Involving service users and carers in clinical research can help to improve its quality and relevance. By defining the limits of ethical acceptability, improving research design and management, ensuring information for participants is accessible and ensuring the views of participants are properly respected, user involvement can also improve the ethical conduct of research. But research proposals with good quality user involvement have experienced difficulties in obtaining ethical approval. Not all Research Ethics Committees (RECs) fully understand the active role of service (...)
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  35. Kristina Musholt (2012). The Things We Do and Why We Do Them. [REVIEW] Times Higher Education:xx-yy.score: 3.0
  36. Kristina Orfali & Lisa Anderson-Shaw (2005). When Medical Cure Is Not an Unmitigated Good. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (2):282-292.score: 3.0
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  37. Kristina M. Lybecker & Elisabeth Fowler (2009). Compulsory Licensing in Canada and Thailand: Comparing Regimes to Ensure Legitimate Use of the WTO Rules. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):222-239.score: 3.0
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  38. Kristina Milnor (2002). Sulpicia's (Corpo) Reality: Elegy, Authorship, and the Body in {Tibullus} 3.13. Classical Antiquity 21 (2):259-282.score: 3.0
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  39. Kristina L. Lemieux (2006). 13 Short Pieces, but Not the Whole [T]Ruth. Hypatia 21 (1):74-79.score: 3.0
    : This essay is a collection of my experiences of and reflections on being pregnant and choosing to place the child for open adoption. The piece was started late in the term of my pregnancy and completed about a week before the birth.
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  40. Christopher D. Manning & Kristina Toutanova, Learning Random Walk Models for Inducing Word Dependency Distributions.score: 3.0
    Many NLP tasks rely on accurately estimating word dependency probabilities P(w1|w2), where the words w1 and w2 have a particular relationship (such as verb-object). Because of the sparseness of counts of such dependencies, smoothing and the ability to use multiple sources of knowledge are important challenges. For example, if the probability P(N |V ) of noun N being the subject of verb V is high, and V takes similar objects to V , and V is synonymous to V , then (...)
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  41. Dan Klein, Christopher D. Manning & Kristina Toutanova, Combining Heterogeneous Classifiers for Word-Sense Disambiguation.score: 3.0
    This paper discusses ensembles of simple but heterogeneous classifiers for word-sense disambiguation, examining the Stanford-CS224N system entered in the SENSEVAL-2 English lexical sample task. First-order classifiers are combined by a second-order classifier, which variously uses majority voting, weighted voting, or a maximum entropy model. While individual first-order classifiers perform comparably to middle-scoring teams’ systems, the combination achieves high performance. We discuss trade-offs and empirical performance. Finally, we present an analysis of the combination, examining how ensemble performance depends on error independence (...)
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  42. Michael Kohlhase & Kristina Sojakova, Towards an Atlas of Formal Logics.score: 3.0
    LF has been designed as a meta-logical framework to represent logics, and has become a standard tool for studying properties of logics. Building on the newly introduced module system for LF, we present the nucleus of an integrated and structured development of the syntax, semantics, and proof theory of logics, and of the relations between those logics. The methodology is chosen so that it will scale to an atlas for the zoo of logics currently used in reasoning systems, and the (...)
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  43. Kristina Lebedeva (2008). The Role of Techne in the Authenticity-Inauthenticity Distinction. Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):82-96.score: 3.0
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  44. Mark Mitchell, Christopher D. Manning & Kristina Toutanova, Optimizing Local Probability Models for Statistical Parsing.score: 3.0
    This paper studies the properties and performance of models for estimating local probability distributions which are used as components of larger probabilistic systems — history-based generative parsing models. We report experimental results showing that memory-based learning outperforms many commonly used methods for this task (Witten-Bell, Jelinek-Mercer with fixed weights, decision trees, and log-linear models). However, we can connect these results with the commonly used general class of deleted interpolation models by showing that certain types of memory-based learning, including the kind (...)
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  45. Alex Shaw, Vivian Li & Kristina R. Olson (2012). Children Apply Principles of Physical Ownership to Ideas. Cognitive Science 36 (8):1383-1403.score: 3.0
    Adults apply ownership not only to objects but also to ideas. But do people come to apply principles of ownership to ideas because of being taught about intellectual property and copyrights? Here, we investigate whether children apply rules from physical property ownership to ideas. Studies 1a and 1b show that children (6–8 years old) determine ownership of both objects and ideas based on who first establishes possession of the object or idea. Study 2 shows that children use another principle of (...)
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  46. Katja Crone, Kristina Musholt & Anna Strasser (eds.) (2012). Facets of Self-Consciousness - Special Issue of Grazer Philosophische Studien (84). Rodopi.score: 3.0
  47. Katja Crone, Kristina Musholt & Anna Strasser (2012). Towards an Integrated Theory of Self-Consciousness. Grazer Philosophische Studien 84.score: 3.0
  48. Gordon G. Gallup Jr, Steven M. Platek & Kristina L. Spaulding (forthcoming). The Nature of Visual Self-Recognition Revisited. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.score: 3.0
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