Search results for 'Kristine Baerøe' (try it on Scholar)

105 found
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  1.  14
    K. Baeroe (2009). Priority-Setting in Healthcare: A Framework for Reasonable Clinical Judgements. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):488-496.
    What are the criteria for reasonable clinical judgements? The reasonableness of macro-level decision-making has been much discussed, but little attention has been paid to the reasonableness of applying guidelines generated at a macro-level to individual cases. This paper considers a framework for reasonable clinical decision-making that will capture cases where relevant guidelines cannot reasonably be followed. There are three main sections. (1) Individual claims on healthcare from the point of view of concerns about equity are analysed. (2) The demands of (...)
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  2.  16
    Edmund Henden & Bærøe Kristine (2014). Providing Free Heroin to Addicts Participating in Research - Ethical Concerns and the Question of Voluntariness. The Psychiatric Bulletin 38 (4):1-4.
    Providing heroin to heroin addicts taking part in medical trials to assess the effectiveness of the drug as a treatment alternative, breaches ethical research standards, some ethicists maintain. Heroin addicts, they say, are unable to consent voluntarily to take part in these trials. Other ethicists disagree. In our view, both sides of the debate have an inadequate understanding of voluntariness. In this article we therefore offer a fuller conception, one which allows for a more flexible, case-to-case approach in which some (...)
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  3.  6
    K. Baeroe & B. Bringedal (2011). Just Health: On the Conditions for Acceptable and Unacceptable Priority Settings with Respect to Patients' Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):526-529.
    It is well documented that the higher the socioeconomic status (SES) of patients, the better their health and life expectancy. SES also influences the use of health services—the higher the patients' SES, the more time and specialised health services provided. This leads to the following question: should clinicians give priority to individual patients with low SES in order to enhance health equity? Some argue that equity is best preserved by physicians who remain loyal to ‘ordinary medical fairness’ in non-ideal circumstances (...)
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  4.  10
    Ida H. Stamhuis & Arve Monsen (2007). Kristine Bonnevie, Tine Tammes and Elisabeth Schiemann in Early Genetics: Emerging Chances for a University Career for Women. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):427 - 466.
    The beginning of the twentieth century saw the emergence of the discipline of genetics. It is striking how many female scientists were contributing to this new field at the time. At least three female pioneers succeeded in becoming professors: Kristine Bonnevie (Norway), Elisabeth Schiemann (Germany) and the Tine Tammes (The Netherlands). The question is which factors contributed to the success of these women's careers? At the time women were gaining access to university education it had become quite the (...)
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  5.  5
    A. Dream of Dirty Hands (2004). Kristine arnet connidis. In David C. Thomasma & David N. Weisstub (eds.), The Variables of Moral Capacity. Kluwer Academic Publishers 95.
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  6.  3
    Barbara Abou-El-Haj (2006). Kristine Haney, The St. Albans Psalter: An Anglo-Norman Song of Faith. (Studies in the Humanities: Literature–Politics–Society, 60.) New York: Peter Lang, 2002. Pp. Xvii, 683; Black-and-White Figures and 1 Graph. $79.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (4):1204-1205.
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  7.  1
    Luke Murray (2015). Iconoclasm From Antiquity to Modernity. Edited by Kristine Kolrud and Marina Prusac . Pp. Xiii, 231. Ashgate, 2014, £60.00. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 56 (2):311-312.
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  8. David G. Marr (forthcoming). Vietnam, Comp. By David G. Marr with Kristine Alilunas-Rodgcrs. Clio.
     
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  9. Two Feminist Ventures (1991). Kristine Anderson. Utopian Studies 2:124.
     
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  10.  2
    Hyun-joo Song, Kristine H. Onishi, Renée Baillargeon & Cynthia Fisher (2008). Can an Agent's False Belief Be Corrected by an Appropriate Communication? Psychological Reasoning in 18-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 109 (3):295-315.
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  11.  39
    Kyle E. Chambers, Kristine H. Onishi & Cynthia Fisher (2003). Infants Learn Phonotactic Regularities From Brief Auditory Experience. Cognition 87 (2):B69-B77.
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  12.  7
    Patricia Costello, Yi Jiang, Brandon Baartman, Kristine McGlennen & Sheng He (2009). Semantic and Subword Priming During Binocular Suppression. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):375-382.
    In general, stimuli that are familiar and recognizable have an advantage of predominance during binocular rivalry. Recent research has demonstrated that familiar and recognizable stimuli such as upright faces and words in a native language could break interocular suppression faster than their matched controls. In this study, a visible word prime was presented binocularly then replaced by a high-contrast dynamic noise pattern presented to one eye and either a semantically related or unrelated word was introduced to the other eye. We (...)
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  13.  3
    Alia Martin, Kristine H. Onishi & Athena Vouloumanos (2012). Understanding the Abstract Role of Speech in Communication at 12months. Cognition 123 (1):50-60.
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  14.  11
    Bob McMurray, Kristine A. Kovack-Lesh, Dresden Goodwin & William McEchron (2013). Infant Directed Speech and the Development of Speech Perception: Enhancing Development or an Unintended Consequence? Cognition 129 (2):362-378.
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  15.  23
    Kristine W. Frost (2003). Bibliographical Checklist. Overheard in Seville 21 (21):39-42.
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  16.  47
    Vincent G. Berthiaume, Thomas R. Shultz & Kristine H. Onishi (2013). A Constructivist Connectionist Model of Transitions on False-Belief Tasks. Cognition 126 (3):441-458.
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  17.  18
    Kristine W. Frost (2003). Bibliographical Checklist. Overheard in Seville 21 (21):39-42.
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  18.  19
    Derek Leben & Kristine Wilckens (2014). Pushing the Intuitions Behind Moral Internalism. Philosophical Psychology 28 (4):510-528.
    Moral Internalism proposes a necessary link between judging that an action is right/wrong and being motivated to perform/avoid that action. Internalism is central to many arguments within ethics, including the claim that moral judgments are not beliefs, and the claim that certain types of moral skepticism are incoherent. However, most of the basis for accepting Internalism rests on intuitions that have recently been called into question by empirical work. This paper further investigates the intuitions behind Internalism. Three experiments show not (...)
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  19.  18
    Muhammad M. Hammami, Hunaida M. Abdulhameed, Kristine A. Concepcion, Abdullah Eissa, Sumaya Hammami, Hala Amer, Abdelraheem Ahmed & Eman Al-Gaai (2012). Consenting Options for Posthumous Organ Donation: Presumed Consent and Incentives Are Not Favored. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):32-.
    Background Posthumous organ procurement is hindered by the consenting process. Several consenting systems have been proposed. There is limited information on public relative attitudes towards various consenting systems, especially in Middle Eastern/Islamic countries. Methods We surveyed 698 Saudi Adults attending outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital. Preference and perception of norm regarding consenting options for posthumous organ donation were explored. Participants ranked (1, most agreeable) the following, randomly-presented, options from 1 to 11: no-organ-donation, presumed consent, informed consent by donor-only, (...)
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  20.  1
    Ann-Charlotte Nedlund & Kristine Bærøe (2014). Legitimate Policymaking: The Importance of Including Health-Care Workers in Limit-Setting Decisions in Health Care. Public Health Ethics 7 (2):123-133.
    The concept of legitimacy is often used and emphasized in the context of setting limits in health care, but rarely described is what is actually meant by its use. Moreover, it is seldom explicitly stated how health-care workers can contribute to the matter, nor what weight should be apportioned to their viewpoints. Instead the discussion has focused on whether they should take on the role of the patients’ advocate or that of gatekeeper to the society’s resources. In this article, we (...)
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  21. Kristine E. Haney (1995). The St Albans Psalter: A Reconsideration. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 58:1-28.
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  22.  8
    David Feil-Seifer, Kristine Skinner & Maja J. Mataric (2007). Benchmarks for Evaluating Socially Assistive Robotics. Interaction Studies 8 (3):423-439.
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  23.  29
    Kristine Bærøe (2008). Priority Setting in Health Care: On the Relation Between Reasonable Choices on the Micro-Level and the Macro-Level. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):87-102.
    There has been much discussion about how to obtain legitimacy at macro-level priority setting in health care by use of fair procedures, but how should we consider priority setting by individual clinicians or health workers at the micro-level? Despite the fact that just health care totally hinges upon their decisions, surprisingly little attention seems being paid to the legitimacy of these decisions. This paper addresses the following question: what are the conditions that have to be met in order to ensure (...)
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  24.  28
    Kristine W. Frost (2003). Bibliographical Checklist. Overheard in Seville 21 (21):39-42.
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  25. Kristine C. Harper (2006). Meteorology's Struggle for Professional Recognition in the USA (1900–1950). Annals of Science 63 (2):179-199.
    Summary Meteorology, a scientific discipline almost exclusively associated with weather forecasting in the first half of the twentieth century in the USA, was viewed with disdain by more mathematically based scientific communities. A descriptive science lacking in physical and mathematical rigor, meteorology was typically without an academic home in US colleges and universities. This stood in sharp contrast to the meteorological communities across the Atlantic which were supported by dedicated geophysical institutes. Four factors kept US meteorologists, unlike their European colleagues, (...)
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  26.  4
    Mette Kristine Hansen (forthcoming). Emotion and Value. Philosophical Quarterly:pqv079.
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  27.  1
    James G. Hodge, Kristine M. Gebbie, Chris Hoke, Martin Fenstersheib, Sharona Hoffman & Myles Lynk (2008). Assessing Competencies for Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (s1):28-35.
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  28.  16
    Kristine Bærøe & Ole Frithjof Norheim (2011). Mapping Out Structural Features in Clinical Care Calling for Ethical Sensitivity: A Theoretical Approach to Promote Ethical Competence in Healthcare Personnel and Clinical Ethical Support Services (Cess). Bioethics 25 (7):394-402.
    Clinical ethical support services (CESS) represent a multifaceted field of aims, consultancy models, and methodologies. Nevertheless, the overall aim of CESS can be summed up as contributing to healthcare of high ethical standards by improving ethically competent decision-making in clinical healthcare. In order to support clinical care adequately, CESS must pay systematic attention to all real-life ethical issues, including those which do not fall within the ‘favourite’ ethical issues of the day. In this paper we attempt to capture a comprehensive (...)
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  29.  10
    Kristine W. Frost (2003). Bibliographical Checklist. Overheard in Seville 21 (21):39-42.
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  30.  3
    Kathrin Otrel-Cass & Kristine Andrule (2015). Ontological Assumptions in Techno-Anthropological Explorations of Online Dialogue Through Information Systems. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 19 (2):125-142.
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  31.  94
    Kristine Bærøe (2010). Patient Autonomy, Assessment of Competence and Surrogate Decision-Making: A Call for Reasonableness in Deciding for Others. Bioethics 24 (2):87-95.
    In this paper, I address some of the shortcomings of established clinical ethics centring on personal autonomy and consent and what I label the Doctrine of Respecting Personal Autonomy in Healthcare. I discuss two implications of this doctrine: 1) the practice for treating patients who are considered to have borderline decision-making competence and 2) the practice of surrogate decision-making in general. I argue that none of these practices are currently aligned with respectful treatment of vulnerable individuals. Because of 'structural arbitrariness' (...)
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  32.  13
    Nicholas Shea, Kristine Krug & Philippe N. Tobler (2008). Conceptual Representations in Goal-Directed Decision Making. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 8 (4):418-428.
    Emerging evidence suggests that the long-established distinction between habit-based and goal-directed decision-making mechanisms can also be sustained in humans. Although the habit-based system has been extensively studied in humans, the goal-directed system is less well characterized. This review brings to that task the distinction between conceptual and nonconceptual representational mechanisms. Conceptual representations are structured out of semantic consituents - the use of which requires an ability to perform some language-like syntactic processing. Decision making - as investigated by neuroscience and psychology (...)
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  33.  2
    Kristine Bærøe & Cornelius Cappelen (2015). Phase-Dependent Justification: The Role of Personal Responsibility in Fair Healthcare. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (10):836-840.
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  34. Kristine Bærøe (2009). Priority-Setting in Healthcare: A Framework for Reasonable Clinical Judgements. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):488-496.
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  35.  1
    Cynthia Fisher Hyun-joo Song, Kristine H. Onishi, Renée Baillargeon (2008). Can an Agent's False Belief Be Corrected by an Appropriate Communication? Psychological Reasoning in 18-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 109 (3):295.
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  36.  9
    Kristine Höglund & Camilla Orjuela (2012). Hybrid Peace Governance and Illiberal Peacebuilding in Sri Lanka. In Timothy J. Sinclair (ed.), Global Governance. Polity Press 18--1.
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  37.  11
    Kristine W. Frost (2003). The Santayana Edition. Overheard in Seville 21 (21):38-38.
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  38.  12
    Kristine Bærøe (2013). Public Health Ethics: Resource Allocation and the Ethics of Legitimacy. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 4 (1).
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  39. Kristine Haney (2012). The Reception of St Augustine's City of God in Anglo-Norman Canterbury. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 74 (1):59-85.
  40.  4
    Jane Merrill & Kristine L. Jones (1991). Global Studies at the University of New England. Inquiry 7 (2):6-9.
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  41.  9
    Kristine W. Frost (2003). The Santayana Edition. Overheard in Seville 21 (21):38-38.
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  42.  3
    Gail E. Henderson, Eric T. Juengst, Nancy M. P. King, Kristine Kuczynski & Marsha Michie (2012). What Research Ethics Should Learn From Genomics and Society Research: Lessons From the ELSI Congress of 2011. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40 (4):1008-1024.
    Research on the ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) of human genomics has devoted significant attention to the research ethics issues that arise from genomic science as it moves through the translational process. Given the prominence of these issues in today's debates over the state of research ethics overall, these studies are well positioned to contribute important data, contextual considerations, and policy arguments to the wider research ethics community's deliberations, and ultimately to develop a research ethics that can help guide (...)
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  43.  3
    Kristine Moe (1984). Should the Nazi Research Data Be Cited? Hastings Center Report 14 (6):5-7.
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  44.  8
    Kristine Bærøe & Rob Baltussen (2014). Legitimate Healthcare Limit Setting in a Real-World Setting: Integrating Accountability for Reasonableness and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis. Public Health Ethics 7 (2):98-111.
    The overall aim of this article is to discuss the organization of limit setting in healthcare in terms of legitimacy. We argue there is a strong ethical demand that such processes should be arranged to provide adversely affected people well-justified reasons to confer legitimacy to the processes despite favouring a different decision-making outcome. Two increasingly popular approaches, Accountability for Reasonableness (A4R) and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA), can both be applied to support legitimate decision-making processes. However, the role played by ‘fair-minded (...)
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  45.  3
    Kristine W. Frost (2008). Bibliographical Checklist Twenty-Fourth Update. Overheard in Seville 26 (26):36-38.
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  46.  3
    Kristine T. Utterback (2013). Teaching Medieval Christian Contemplation: An Ethical Dilemma? Buddhist-Christian Studies 33 (1):53-61.
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  47.  1
    Kristine F. Hoover & Molly B. Pepper (2015). How Did They Say That? Ethics Statements and Normative Frameworks at Best Companies to Work For. Journal of Business Ethics 131 (3):605-617.
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  48.  23
    Michael P. Levine, Kristine Miller & William Taylor (2004). Introduction: Ethics and Architecture. Philosophical Forum 35 (2):103–115.
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  49.  9
    Elisabeth Marie Strømme, Kristine Bærøe & Ole Frithjof Norheim (2014). Disease Control Priorities for Neglected Tropical Diseases: Lessons From Priority Ranking Based on the Quality of Evidence, Cost Effectiveness, Severity of Disease, Catastrophic Health Expenditures, and Loss of Productivity. Developing World Bioethics 14 (3):132-141.
    Background In the context of limited health care budgets in countries where Neglected Tropical Diseases are endemic, scaling up disease control interventions entails the setting of priorities. However, solutions based solely on cost-effectiveness analyses may lead to biased and insufficiently justified priorities. Objectives The objectives of this paper are to 1) demonstrate how a range of equity concerns can be used to identify feasible priority setting criteria, 2) show how these criteria can be fed into a multi-criteria decision-making matrix, and (...)
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  50.  4
    Toby L. Schonfeld & Kristine Galich (2009). Waiting It Out. Hastings Center Report 39 (2):16-16.
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