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  1. Kristján Kristjánsson (forthcoming). Is Shame an Ugly Emotion? Four Discourses—Two Contrasting Interpretations for Moral Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-17.
    This paper offers a sustained philosophical meditation on contrasting interpretations of the emotion of shame within four academic discourses—social psychology, psychological anthropology, educational psychology and Aristotelian scholarship—in order to elicit their implications for moral education. It turns out that within each of these discourses there is a mainstream interpretation which emphasises shame’s expendability or moral ugliness (and where shame is typically described as guilt’s ugly sister), but also a heterodox interpretation which seeks to retrieve and defend shame. As the heterodox (...)
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  2. Kristján Kristjánsson (forthcoming). Pity: A Mitigated Defence. Canadian Journal of Philosophy.
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  3. Kristján Kristjánsson (forthcoming). Review: Karen Stohr, On Manners. [REVIEW] .
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  4. Kristján Kristjánsson (2014). On the Old Saw That Dialogue Is a Socratic But Not an Aristotelian Method of Moral Education. Educational Theory 64 (4):333-348.
    Kristján Kristjánsson's aim in this article is to bury the old saw that dialogue is exclusively a Socratic but not an Aristotelian method of education for moral character. Although the truncated discussion in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics of the character development of the young may indicate that it is merely the result of a mindless process of behavioral conditioning, Nancy Sherman has argued convincingly that such a process would never yield the end result that Aristotle deems all-important — a precondition for (...)
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  5. Kristján Kristjánsson (2014). There is Something About Aristotle: The Pros and Cons of Aristotelianism in Contemporary Moral Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 48 (1):48-68.
    The aim of this article is to pinpoint some of the features that do—or should—make Aristotelianism attractive to current moral educators. At the same time, it also identifies theoretical and practical shortcomings that contemporary Aristotelians have been overly cavalier about. Section II presents a brisk tour of ten of the ‘pros’: features that are attractive because they accommodate certain powerful and prevailing assumptions in current moral philosophy and moral psychology—applying them to moral education. Section III explores five versions of the (...)
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  6. Liz Gulliford, Blaire Morgan & Kristján Kristjánsson (2013). Recent Work on the Concept of Gratitude in Philosophy and Psychology. Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (3):285-317.
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  7. Kristján Kristjánsson (2013). An Aristotelian Virtue of Gratitude. Topoi:1-13.
    The aim of this paper is to offer a reconstruction of gratitude as an Aristotelian virtue. The account I propose is meant to be essentially Aristotelian although it is clearly not Aristotle’s own account. I start in section “Current Discourses on Gratitude” with an overview of recent discourses on gratitude in philosophy and psychology. I then proceed, in section “Putting the Aristotelian Pieces Together”, to spell out a formal characterisation of gratitude as an Aristotelian emotional virtue. Section “Reappraising Aristotle on (...)
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  8. Kristján Kristjánsson (2013). Aristotelian Motivational Externalism. Philosophical Studies 164 (2):419-442.
    Recent virtue theorists in psychology implicitly assume the truth of motivational internalism, and this assumption restricts the force and scope of the message that they venture to offer as scientists. I aim to contrive a way out of their impasse by arguing for a version of Aristotelian motivational externalism and suggesting why these psychologists should adopt it. There is a more general problem, however. Although motivational externalism has strong intuitive appeal, at least for moral realists and ‘Humeans’ about motivation, it (...)
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  9. Kristján Kristjánsson (2013). Stohr , Karen . On Manners . New York: Routledge, 2012. Pp. 183. $70.00 (Cloth); $14.99 (Paper). Ethics 124 (1):214-217.
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  10. Kristján Kristjánsson (2013). Ten Myths About Character, Virtue and Virtue Education – Plus Three Well-Founded Misgivings. British Journal of Educational Studies 61 (3):269-287.
    ABSTRACT Initiatives to cultivate character and virtue in moral education at school continue to provoke sceptical responses. Most of those echo familiar misgivings about the notions of character, virtue and education in virtue ? as unclear, redundant, old-fashioned, religious, paternalistic, anti-democratic, conservative, individualistic, relative and situation dependent. I expose those misgivings as ?myths?, while at the same time acknowledging three better-founded historical, methodological and practical concerns about the notions in question.
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  11. Kristján Kristjánsson (2012). Situationism and the Concept of a Situation. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (S1):E52-E72.
    Abstract: The concept of a situation underlying the debate between moral situationists and dispositionists conceals various underexplored complexities. Some of those issues have been engaged recently in the so-called psychology of situations, but they have been slow to receive attention in mainstream philosophy. I invoke various distinctions among situations, and show how situationists have selectively chosen certain types of situations that, for conceptual reasons, skew the argument in their favour. I introduce the concept of a ‘virtue-calibrated situation’, and argue that (...)
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  12. Kristján Kristjánsson (2012). Virtue Development and Psychology's Fear of Normativity. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 32 (2):103-118.
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  13. Yen-Hsin Chen & Kristján Kristjánsson (2011). Private Feelings, Public Expressions: Professional Jealousy and the Moral Practice of Teaching. Journal of Moral Education 40 (3):349-358.
    This paper explores the issue of personal factors that impinge upon education. More specifically, it addresses professional jealousy among teachers and how it affects the moral practice of teaching. Our focus is teachers? emotions in general and teachers? jealousies in particular, in the context of the ideal of the moral teacher. We identify and criticise three common dichotomies that tend to mar explorations of teachers? emotions. We illustrate issues of professional jealousy as revealed in an interview with a headteacher in (...)
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  14. Guðmundur Sæmundsson & Kristján Kristjánsson (2011). Hyped Virtues, Hidden Vices: The Ethics of Icelandic Sports Literature. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (4):379 - 395.
    Ideally, good sports literature illuminates the subtle moral contours of sports reality. We ask in this paper how modern Icelandic literature describes sport-related ethical issues and attitudes. Our findings indicate that, in stark contrast to the rampant egocentrism, individual vice and misconduct blighting Icelandic sports reality, modern Icelandic prose literature typically either ignores this reality or refers to sports as if they were in full harmony with idealised ancient virtues and morals. Our conclusion is that this discrepancy admits of four (...)
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  15. Kristján Kristjánsson (2010). Desert and Virtue. Social Theory and Practice 36 (3):533-538.
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  16. Kristján Kristjánsson (2010). Emotion Education Without Ontological Commitment? Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (3):259-274.
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  17. Kristján Kristjánsson (2010). Educating Moral Emotions or Moral Selves: A False Dichotomy? Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (4):397-409.
    In the post-Kohlbergian era of moral education, a 'moral gap' has been identified between moral cognition and moral action. Contemporary moral psychologists lock horns over how this gap might be bridged. The two main contenders for such bridge-building are moral emotions and moral selves. I explore these two options from an Aristotelian perspective. The moral-self solution relies upon an anti-realist conception of the self as 'identity', and I dissect its limitations. In its stead, I propose a Humean conception of the (...)
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  18. Kristjan Kristjansson (2010). The Empathy Gap: Building Bridges to the Good Life and the Good Society. Journal of Moral Education 39 (2):241-243.
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  19. Kristján Kristjánsson (2010). The Self and its Emotions. Cambridge University Press.
    Introduction -- What selves are -- Exploring selves -- The emotional self -- Self-concept : self-esteem and self-confidence -- The self as moral character -- Self-respect -- Multicultural selves -- Self-pathologies -- Self-change and self-education.
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  20. Kristján Kristjánsson (2010). The Trouble with Ambivalent Emotions. Philosophy 85 (4):485-510.
    Mixed or ambivalent emotions have long intrigued philosophers. I dissect various putative cases of emotional ambivalence and conclude that the alleged 'psychological problem' surrounding them admits of a solution. That problem has, however, often been conflated with 'moral problem' - of how one should react morally to such ambivalence — which remains active even after the psychological one has been solved. I discuss how the moral problem hits hardest at virtue ethics, old and new. I distinguish between particularist and generalist (...)
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  21. Kristjan Kristjansson (2009). Emotional Optimality and Moral Force. In Mikko Salmela & Verena Mayer (eds.), Emotions, Ethics, and Authenticity. John Benjamins. 5--215.
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  22. Kristjan Kristjansson (2009). Liberalism, Education and Schooling: Essays by T. H. McLaughlin. Journal of Moral Education 38 (3):373-376.
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  23. Kristjan Kristjansson (2009). Putting Emotion Into the Self: A Response to the 2008 Journal of Moral Education Special Issue on Moral Functioning. Journal of Moral Education 38 (3):255-270.
    This paper takes as its starting point the Journal of Moral Education Special Issue (September, 2008, 37[3]) ?Towards an integrated model of moral reasoning?. Although explicitly post?Kohlbergian, the authors in this Special Issue do not, I argue, depart far enough from Kohlberg?s impoverished notion of the role of the affective in moral life?or when they do so depart, they incorporate emotions as mere intuitive thrusts in an essentially polarised two?system view of the moral self. Prior to that complaint, I sketch (...)
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  24. Kristján Kristjánsson (2009). Recent Social-Scientific Work on Interdependent, Independent, and Bicultural Selves: The Moral Implications. American Philosophical Quarterly 46 (1):73 - 92.
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  25. Kristján Kristjánsson (2009). Response to Bruce Maxwell. Studies in Philosophy and Education 28 (1):73-78.
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  26. Kristján Kristjánsson (2009). Realist Versus Anti‐Realist Moral Selves—and the Irrelevance of Narrativism. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (2):167-187.
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  27. Kristján Kristjánsson (2008). An Aristotelian Critique of Situationism. Philosophy 83 (1):55-76.
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  28. Kristján Kristjánsson (2008). Expendable Emotions. International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):5-22.
    Are there any morally expendable emotions? That is, are there any emotions that could ideally, from a moral point of view, be eradicated from human life? Aristotle may have subscribed to the view that there are no such emotions, and for that reason—though not only for that reason—it merits investigation. I first suggest certain revisions of the specifics of Aristotle’s non-expendability claim that render it less counter-intuitive. I then show that the plausibility of Aristotle’s claim turns largely on the question (...)
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  29. Kristján Kristjánsson (2008). Hiltonism, Hedonism and the Self. Ethics and Education 3 (1):3-14.
    In her 2006 bestseller about the rise of 'raunch culture' and of such self-ascribed 'Female Chauvinist Pigs' as the tawdry socialite Paris Hilton, Ariel Levy describes these phenomena as being indicative of a drastic cultural shift. Serious concerns have been raised, most recently by the American Psychological Association, about the effects of this culture on young girls. Recent Web sources have coined a term for the self-concept embodied and projected by Paris Hilton and her admirers: 'Hiltonism'. In this paper, I (...)
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  30. Kristján Kristjánsson (2008). Suicide Bombings and the Self. Journal of Global Ethics 4 (2):107 – 119.
    The failure to locate a unifying psychological profile of suicide bombers should prompt moves to a more extended and interdisciplinary front, availing itself of insights from disciplines such as sociology, philosophy and history of ideas, as well as from psychology. This paper aims in that direction by exploring 'traditional' versus 'western liberal' conceptions of the self, with special emphasis on their possible pathologies; and by integrating those pathologies with insights from Durkheimian suicidology. It is hypothesised that suicide bombers in the (...)
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  31. Kristjan Kristjansson (2008). Suicide Bombings and the Self. Journal of Global Ethics 4 (2):107-119.
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  32. Kristján Kristjánsson (2007). Justified Self-Esteem. Journal of Philosophy of Education 41 (2):247–261.
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  33. Kristján Kristjánsson (2007). Measuring Self-Respect. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (3):225–242.
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  34. Kristján Kristjánsson (2006). Agreeableness. Journal of Value Inquiry 40 (1):33-43.
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  35. Kristján Kristjánsson (2006). Emulation and the Use of Role Models in Moral Education. Journal of Moral Education 35 (1):37-49.
    This article is about (1) the ancient (Aristotelian) emotional virtue of emulation, (2) some current character?education inspired accounts of the use of role models in moral education and, most importantly, (3) the potential relevance of (1) for (2). The author argues that the strategy of role?modelling, as explicated by the character?education movement, is beset with three unsolved problems: an empirical problem of why this method is needed; a methodological problem of how students are to be inspired to emulation; and a (...)
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  36. Kristjan Kristjansson (2006). "Emotional Intelligence" in the Classroom? An Aristotelian Critique. Educational Theory 56 (1):39-56.
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  37. Kristján Kristjánsson (2005). A Utilitarian Justification of Desert in Distributive Justice. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (2):147-170.
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  38. Kristjan Kristjansson (2005). Can We Teach Justified Anger? Journal of Philosophy of Education 39 (4):671-689.
  39. Kristján Kristjánsson (2005). Justice and Desert-Based Emotions. Philosophical Explorations 8 (1):53 – 68.
    A number of contemporary philosophers have pointed out that justice is not primarily an intellectual virtue, grounded in abstract, detached beliefs, but rather an emotional virtue, grounded in certain beliefs and desires that are compelling and deeply embedded in human nature. As a complex emotional virtue, justice seems to encompass, amongst other things, certain desert-based emotions that are developmentally and morally important for an understanding of justice. This article explores the philosophical reasons for the rising interest in desert-based emotions and (...)
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  40. Kristján Kristjánsson (2005). Parents and Children as Friends. Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (2):250–265.
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  41. Kristjan Kristjansson (2005). Smoothing It: Some Aristotelian Misgivings About the Phronesis‐Praxis Perspective on Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (4):455-473.
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  42. Kristjan Kristjansson (2004). Beyond Democratic Justice: A Further Misgiving About Citizenship Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 38 (2):207–219.
  43. Kristján Kristjánsson (2004). Children and the Belief in a Just World. Studies in Philosophy and Education 23 (1):41-60.
    This essay subjects to philosophicalscrutiny a well-known theory in socialpsychology, the theory of a belief in a justworld (BJW-theory). What are theimplications of the theory for moralphilosophy, in general, and moraleducation/schooling, in particular? Shouldparents and teachers discourage or encouragechildren to believe in a just world, in thesense given to such a belief in this theory?The intricacies of BJW-theory areexplored, with special emphasis on the strangecase of ``victim derogation.'' The authorconcludes that the theory remains, for variousreasons, unilluminating, both morally andeducationally, unless (...)
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  44. Kristján Kristjánsson (2004). Justice, Luck, and Knowledge. Mind 113 (450):361-365.
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  45. Kristján Kristjánsson (2004). Review: Justice, Luck, and Knowledge. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (450):361-365.
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  46. Kristján Kristjánsson (2003). Fortunes-of-Others Emotions and Justice. Journal of Philosophical Research 28:105-128.
    Despite the resurgent interest in the emotions, not much attention has focused specifically on those emotions that relate to others. deserved or undeserved fortunes. In this essay, I explore such emotions, logically and morally, with special emphasis on indignation and Schadenfreude. I argue that, when Aristotle.s treatment of this family of emotions is stripped of certain anomalies, it gives a logically satisfying and morally suggestive, if perhaps overly rigid, account of all the relevant emotions and their relations. I use those (...)
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  47. Kristján Kristjánsson (2003). Justice, Desert, and Virtue Revisited. Social Theory and Practice 29 (1):39-63.
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  48. Kristján Kristjánsson (2003). On the Very Idea of "Negative Emotions". Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 33 (4):351–364.
    Kristján Kristjánsson, On the Very Idea of Negative Emotions, pp. 351364 As attention has shifted towards the emotions in general, the notion of so-called negative emotions has come in for renewed interest. The author explores this notion and argues that its invocation cannot be done without cost to our understanding since it obscures all sorts of relevant complexities. There are thus no emotions around to which we can helpfully refer collectively as negative, although there are of course painful emotions, emotions (...)
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  49. Kristjan Kristjansson (2002). In Defence of 'Non-Expansive' Character Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 36 (2):135-156.
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