Search results for 'Kumar Amarasekara' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  73
    Kumar Amarasekara & Mirko Bagaric (2004). Moving From Voluntary Euthanasia to Non-Voluntary Euthanasia: Equality and Compassion. Ratio Juris 17 (3):398-423.
  2.  9
    Bimalendra Kumar, Prof. Bimalendra Kumar.
    Prof. G.C. Pande in his work ‘ Studies in the Origins of Buddhism ’ speaks of the theory of relation ( paccaya) while discussing the principle of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Theory of relation ( paccaya) is a law explaining the existence of the dhammas , being related by some relations. It is further extension of the law of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Things come to existence in our day-to-day life. The law of dependent origination explains that they (...)
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  3. Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2012). Moral Reasoning on the Ground. Ethics 122 (2):273-312.
    We present a unified empirical and philosophical account of moral consistency reasoning, a distinctive form of moral reasoning that exposes inconsistencies among moral judgments about concrete cases. Judgments opposed in belief or in emotion and motivation are inconsistent when the cases are similar in morally relevant respects. Moral consistency reasoning, we argue, regularly shapes moral thought and feeling by coordinating two systems described in dual process models of moral cognition. Our empirical explanation of moral change fills a gap in the (...)
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  4.  94
    Rahul Kumar (2003). Who Can Be Wronged? Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):99–118.
  5.  30
    Victor Kumar (2015). Moral Judgment as a Natural Kind. Philosophical Studies 172 (11):2887-2910.
    In this essay I argue that moral judgment is a natural kind by developing an empirically grounded theory of the distinctive conceptual content of moral judgments. Psychological research on the moral/conventional distinction suggests that in moral judgments right and wrong, good and bad, praiseworthiness and blameworthiness, etc. are conceptualized as serious, general, authority-independent, and objective. After laying out the theory and the empirical evidence that supports it, I address recent empirical and conceptual objections. Finally, I suggest that the theory uniquely (...)
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  6.  80
    Rahul Kumar (2001). Contractualism on Saving the Many. Analysis 61 (2):165–170.
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  7.  59
    R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar & Samuel Richard Freeman (eds.) (2011). Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T. M. Scanlon. Oxford University Press.
    Reasons and Recognition brings together fourteen new papers on an array of topics from the many areas to which Scanlon has made path-breaking contributions, ...
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  8.  41
    Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2013). Pragmatic Naturalism and Moral Objectivity. Analysis 73 (3):446-455.
    In Kitcher’s ‘pragmatic naturalism’ moral evolution consists in pragmatically motivated moral changes in response to practical difficulties in social life. No moral truths or facts exist that could serve as an ‘external’ measure for moral progress. We propose a psychologically realistic conception of moral objectivity consistent with this pragmatic naturalism yet alive to the familiar sense that moral progress has an objective basis that transcends convention and consensus in moral opinion, even when these are products of serious, extended and collaborative (...)
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  9.  38
    Rahul Kumar (2015). Risking and Wronging. Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (1):27-51.
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  10. Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell (2012). On the Normative Significance of Experimental Moral Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):311-330.
    Experimental research in moral psychology can be used to generate debunking arguments in ethics. Specifically, research can indicate that we draw a moral distinction on the basis of a morally irrelevant difference. We develop this naturalistic approach by examining a recent debate between Joshua Greene and Selim Berker. We argue that Greene's research, if accurate, undermines attempts to reconcile opposing judgments about trolley cases, but that his attempt to debunk deontology fails. We then draw some general lessons about the possibility (...)
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  11.  1
    H. Silverman, H. Sleem, K. Moodley, N. Kumar, S. Naidoo, T. Subramanian, R. Jaafar & M. Moni (2015). Results of a Self-Assessment Tool to Assess the Operational Characteristics of Research Ethics Committees in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):332-337.
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  12. Krishan Kumar (1989). Reviews : Zygmunt Bauman, Legislators and Interpreters: On Modernity, Post- Modernity, and Intellectuals, Oxford: Polity Press, 1987, £25.00, 209 Pp. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):265-269.
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  13.  34
    Victor Kumar (2014). 'Knowledge' as a Natural Kind Term. Synthese 191 (3):439-457.
    Naturalists who conceive of knowledge as a natural kind are led to treat ‘knowledge’ as a natural kind term. ‘Knowledge,’ then, must behave semantically in the ways that seem to support a direct reference theory for other natural kind terms. A direct reference theory for ‘knowledge,’ however, appears to leave open too many possibilities about the identity of knowledge. Intuitively, states of belief count as knowledge only if they meet epistemic criteria, not merely if they bear a causal/historical relation to (...)
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  14.  36
    M. S. Vijay Kumar (2012). The New Landscape for the Innovative Transformation of Education. Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (3):619-630.
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  15.  85
    Edward Royzman & Rahul Kumar (2004). Is Consequential Luck Morally Inconsequential? Empirical Psychology and the Reassessment of Moral Luck. Ratio 17 (3):329–344.
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  16. Rahul Kumar (2008). Permissible Killing and the Irrelevance of Being Human. Journal of Ethics 12 (1):57-80.
    This is a review essay of Jeff McMahan's recent book The Ethics of Killing : Problems at the Margins of Life. In the first part, I lay out the central features of McMahan's account of the wrongness of killing and its implications for when it is permissible to kill. In the second part of the essay, I argue that we ought not to accept McMahan's rejection of species membership as having any bearing on whether it is permissible to (...)
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  17.  79
    Rahul Kumar (1999). Defending the Moral Moderate: Contractualism and Common Sense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (4):275–309.
  18. Victor Kumar (2011). In Support of Anti-Intellectualism. Philosophical Studies 152 (1):135-54.
    Intellectualist theories attempt to assimilate know how to propositional knowledge and, in so doing, fail to properly explain the close relation know how bears to action. I develop here an anti-intellectualist theory that is warranted, I argue, because it best accounts for the difference between know how and mere “armchair knowledge.” Know how is a mental state characterized by a certain world-to-mind direction of fit (though it is non-motivational) and attendant functional role. It is essential of know how, but not (...)
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  19. Manjit Kumar (2009). Quantum: Einstein, Bohr, and the Great Debate About the Nature of Reality. Hachette India.
    The reluctant revolutionary -- The patent slave -- The golden Dane -- The quantum atom -- When Einstein met Bohr -- The prince of duality -- Spin doctors -- The quantum magician -- A late erotic outburst -- Uncertainty in Copenhagen -- Solvay 1927 -- Einstein forgets relativity -- Quantum reality -- For whom Bell's theorem tolls -- The quantum demon.
     
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  20. Krishan Kumar (2001). Sociology and the Englishness of English Social Theory. Sociological Theory 19 (1):41-64.
    Although England has a rich tradition of social and political thought, sociology does not figure strongly in this tradition. Several influential accounts-such as those by Noel Annan, Philip Abrams, and Perry Anderson-exist to explain this fact. I examine these accounts and, while largely agreeing with the explanations, question whether we should accept the authors' conclusions. In particular, we need to ask whether England was so different from other countries in this respect. Moreover, even if sociology was weak in England, does (...)
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  21. Ronald J. Pekala & V. K. Kumar (2007). An Empirical-Phenomenological Approach to Quantifying Consciousness and States of Consciousness: With Particular Reference to Understanding the Nature of Hypnosis. In Graham A. Jamieson (ed.), Hypnosis and Conscious States: The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. Oxford University Press 167-194.
     
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  22.  2
    Jeff Weintraub & Krishan Kumar (eds.) (1997). Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy. University of Chicago Press.
    These essays, by widely respected scholars in fields ranging from social and political theory to historical sociology and cultural studies, illuminate the significance of the public/private distinction for an increasingly wide range of ...
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  23.  52
    Rahul Kumar (2003). Reasonable Reasons in Contractualist Moral Argument. Ethics 114 (1):6-37.
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  24. Dharmendra Kumar (1969). Neutrality, Contingency and Undecidability. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (4):353-356.
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  25.  2
    L. Jeyaseelan, Shuba Kumar, Nithya Neelakantan, Abraham Peedicayil, Rajamohanam Pillai & Nata Duvvury (2007). Physical Spousal Violence Against Women in India: Some Risk Factors. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (5):657.
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  26.  25
    Malhar N. Kumar (2008). A Review of the Types of Scientific Misconduct in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):211-228.
    Biomedical research has increased in magnitude over the last two decades. Increasing number of researchers has led to increase in competition for scarce resources. Researchers have often tried to take the shortest route to success which may involve performing fraudulent research. Science suffers from unethical research as much time, effort and cost is involved in exposing fraud and setting the standards right. It is better for all students of science to be aware of the methods used in fraudulent research so (...)
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  27.  11
    Y. Deenadayalan, K. Grimmer‐Somers, M. Prior & S. Kumar (2008). How to Run an Effective Journal Club: A Systematic Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):898-911.
    BACKGROUND: Health-based journal clubs have been in place for over 100 years. Participants meet regularly to critique research articles, to improve their understanding of research design, statistics and critical appraisal. However, there is no standard process of conducting an effective journal club. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify core processes of a successful health journal club. METHOD: We searched a range of library databases using established keywords. All research designs were initially considered to establish the (...)
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  28.  9
    V. K. Kumar (2010). Reflections on the Varieties of Hypnotizables: A Commentary on Terhune and Cardeña. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1151-1153.
    This commentary reflects on the varieties of high hypnotizable subjects suggested in the works by Barber, Barrett, Pekala and colleagues, and Terhune and Cardeña . These different studies point to the existence of different types of low, medium, and high hypnotizable subjects. However, types of high hypnotizables have received the most attention. Two main concerns are raised in this commentary: drawing parallels between the suggested typologies is not without problems given methodological differences among different studies, and the low base rates (...)
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  29.  10
    Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell (forthcoming). Honor and Moral Revolution. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-13.
    Western philosophers have generally neglected honor as a moral phenomenon worthy of serious study. Appiah’s recent work on honor in moral revolutions is an important exception, but even he is careful to separate honor from morality, regarding it as only “an ally” of morality. In this paper we take Appiah to be right about the psychological, social, and historical role honor has played in three notable moral revolutions, but wrong about the moral nature of honor. We defend two new theses: (...)
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  30.  6
    Raman Kumar, William B. Lamb & Richard E. Wokutch (2002). The End of South African Sanctions, Institutional Ownership, and the Stock Price Performance of Boycotted Firms Evidence on the Impact of Social/Ethical Investing. Business and Society 41 (2):133-165.
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  31. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2003). The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections. In KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence.
    The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology are among the most widely used terminology resources in the biomedical domain. However, when we evaluate them in the light of simple principles for wellconstructed ontologies we find a number of characteristic inadequacies. Employing the theory of granular partitions, a new approach to the understanding of ontologies and of the relationships ontologies bear to instances in reality, we provide an application of this theory in relation to an example drawn from the (...)
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  32.  49
    Hannah Tierney, Chris Howard, Victor Kumar, Trevor Kvaran & Shaun Nichols (forthcoming). How Many of Us Are There? In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Continuum Press
  33.  31
    Shaun Nichols, Shikhar Kumar & Theresa Lopez, Rational Learners and Non-Utilitarian Rules.
  34.  4
    Apaar Kumar (2014). Kant and the Subject of Critique: On the Regulative Role of the Psychological Idea by Avery Goldman. Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (1):175-176.
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  35.  10
    Kriashan Kumar (1990). Utopian Thought and Communal Practice. Theory and Society 19 (1):1-35.
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  36.  14
    Krishan Kumar (2010). Nation-States as Empires, Empires as Nation-States: Two Principles, One Practice? [REVIEW] Theory and Society 39 (2):119-143.
  37.  46
    Cornelius Rosse, Anand Kumar, Jose L. V. Mejino, Daniel L. Cook, Landon T. Detwiler & Barry Smith (2005). A Strategy for Improving and Integrating Biomedical Ontologies. In Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association. AMIA
    The integration of biomedical terminologies is indispensable to the process of information integration. When terminologies are linked merely through the alignment of their leaf terms, however, differences in context and ontological structure are ignored. Making use of the SNAP and SPAN ontologies, we show how three reference domain ontologies can be integrated at a higher level, through what we shall call the OBR framework (for: Ontology of Biomedical Reality). OBR is designed to facilitate inference across the boundaries of domain ontologies (...)
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  38.  22
    Navjotika Kumar (2011). Eco-Memorial. Semiotics:329-337.
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  39.  9
    Kirill V. Mikhailov, Anastasiya V. Konstantinova, Mikhail A. Nikitin, Peter V. Troshin, Leonid Yu Rusin, Vassily A. Lyubetsky, Yuri V. Panchin, Alexander P. Mylnikov, Leonid L. Moroz, Sudhir Kumar & Vladimir V. Aleoshin (2009). The Origin of Metazoa: A Transition From Temporal to Spatial Cell Differentiation. Bioessays 31 (7):758-768.
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  40.  10
    Malhar N. Kumar (2011). Ethical Conflicts in Commercialization of University Research in the Post-Bayh-Dole Era. Ethics and Behavior 20 (5):324-351.
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  41.  1
    Rahul Kumar (2003). Who Can Be Wronged? Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):99-118.
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  42.  3
    Michael G. Luchs & Minu Kumar (forthcoming). “Yes, but This Other One Looks Better/Works Better”: How Do Consumers Respond to Trade-Offs Between Sustainability and Other Valued Attributes? Journal of Business Ethics.
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  43.  6
    Jeffrey M. Zacks, Shawn Kumar, Richard A. Abrams & Ritesh Mehta (2009). Using Movement and Intentions to Understand Human Activity. Cognition 112 (2):201-216.
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  44.  1
    R. Kumar (2016). Temporality as Value: Ethnography and the Question of Time. Journal of Human Values 22 (1):46-56.
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  45.  5
    Sayantani DasGupta, Alice Fornari, Kamini Geer, Louisa Hahn, Vanita Kumar, Hyun Joon Lee, Susan Rubin & Marji Gold (2006). Medical Education for Social Justice: Paulo Freire Revisited. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 27 (4):245-251.
    Although social justice is an integral component of medical professionalism, there is little discussion in medical education about how to teach it to future physicians. Using adult learning theory and the work of Brazilian educator Paulo Freire, medical educators can teach a socially-conscious professionalism through educational content and teaching strategies. Such teaching can model non-hierarchical relationships to learners, which can translate to their clinical interactions with patients. Freirian teaching can additionally foster professionalism in both teachers and learners by ensuring that (...)
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  46.  32
    Pramod Kumar (2008). A Critical Examination of Dinnaga's Views on Sentence. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 24:29-36.
    The idea to work on this topic was come to my mind when I came across Masaaki Hattori’s comment that Dinnaga has accepted Bhartrhari’s views regarding the meaning of a sentence although their theories of word meaning are completely different from each other. According to Bhartrhari, in all phenomenal entities there are two elements viz. jati and vyakti; jati refers to the real element and vyakti to the unreal. Vyakti suffer changes, whereas jati remains constant. Again according to him the (...)
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  47.  30
    N. Siva Kumar & U. S. Rao (1996). Guidelines for Value Based Management in Kautilya's Arthashastra. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):415 - 423.
    The paper develops value based management guidelines from the famous Indian treatise on management, Kautilya's Arthashastra. Guidelines are given for individual components of a total framework in detail, which include guidelines for organizational philosophy, value based leadership, internal corporate culture, accomplishment of corporate purpose and feedback from stakeholders.
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  48. Arvind Kumar, ARTICLE Communicated by John Hertz.
    We studied the dynamics of large networks of spiking neurons with conductance-based (nonlinear) synapses and compared them to net- works with current-based (linear) synapses. For systems with sparse and inhibition-dominated recurrent connectivity, weak external inputs in- duced asynchronous irregular firing at low rates. Membrane potentials fluctuated a few millivolts below threshold, and membrane conductances were increased by a factor 2 to 5 with respect to the resting state. This combination of parameters characterizes the ongoing spiking activity typ- ically recorded in (...)
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  49.  64
    Anand Kumar & Barry Smith, The Ontology of Blood Pressure: A Case Study in Creating Ontological Partitions in Biomedicine. IFOMIS Reports.
    We provide a methodology for the creation of ontological partitions in biomedicine and we test the methodology via an application to the phenomenon of blood pressure. An ontology of blood pressure must do justice to the complex networks of intersecting pathways in the organism by which blood pressure is regulated. To this end it must deal not only with the anatomical structures and physiological processes involved in such regulation but also with the relations between these at different levels of granularity. (...)
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  50.  8
    Hillary Anger Elfenbein, Manas Mandal, Nalini Ambady, Susumu Harizuka & Surender Kumar (2004). Hemifacial Differences in the in‐Group Advantage in Emotion Recognition. Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):613-629.
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