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  1. Kwang‐Kuo Hwang (2014). Cultural System Vs. Pan‐Cultural Dimensions: Philosophical Reflection on Approaches for Indigenous Psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1).
    The three approaches for conducting psychological research across cultures proposed by Berry (1989), namely, the imported etic, emic and derived etic approach are critically examined for developing culture-inclusive theories in psychology, in order to deal with the enigma left by Wilhelm Wundt. Those three approaches have been restricted to a certain extent by the pan-cultural dimensional approach which may result in the Orientalism of psychology in understanding people of non-Western cultures. This article is designated to provide the philosophical ground for (...)
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  2. Kwang‐Kuo Hwang (2014). Culture‐Inclusive Theories of Self and Social Interaction: The Approach of Multiple Philosophical Paradigms. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1).
    In view of the fact that culture-inclusive psychology has been eluded or relatively ignored by mainstream psychology, the movement of indigenous psychology is destined to develop a new model of man that incorporates both causal psychology and intentional psychology as suggested by Vygotsky (1927). Following the principle of cultural psychology: “one mind, many mentalities” (Shweder et al., 1998), the Mandala Model of Self (Hwang, 2011a,b) and Face and Favor Model (Hwang, 1987, 2012) were constructed to represent the universal mechanisms of (...)
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  3. Kwang‐Kuo Hwang (2011). Reification of Culture in Indigenous Psychologies: Merit or Mistake? Social Epistemology 25 (2):125 - 131.
    Professor Allwood (2011, ?On the foundation of the indigenous psychologies?, Social Epistemology 25 (1): 3?14) challenges indigenous psychologists by describing their definition of culture as a rather abstract and delimited entity that is too ?essentialized? and ?reified?, as well as ?somewhat old?fashioned? and ?too much influenced by early social anthropological writings? (p. 5). In this article, I make a distinction between the scientific microworld and the lifeworld and argue that it is necessary for social scientists to construct scientific microworlds of (...)
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  4. Olwen Bedford & Kwang‐Kuo Hwang (2003). Guilt and Shame in Chinese Culture: A Cross‐Cultural Framework From the Perspective of Morality and Identity. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 33 (2):127-144.
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