Search results for 'Kyle Jennings' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  35
    Kyle Jennings (2010). Developing Creativity: Artificial Barriers in Artificial Intelligence. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (4):489-501.
    The greatest rhetorical challenge to developers of creative artificial intelligence systems is convincingly arguing that their software is more than just an extension of their own creativity. This paper suggests that “creative autonomy,” which exists when a system not only evaluates creations on its own, but also changes its standards without explicit direction, is a necessary condition for making this argument. Rather than requiring that the system be hermetically sealed to avoid perceptions of human influence, developing creative autonomy is argued (...)
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  2.  14
    Kyle E. Jennings (2010). Determining the Internal Consistency of Attitude Attributions. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society 978--983.
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  3. Nick R. Jennings (1996). David Cockburn Nick R. Jennings. In N. Jennings & G. O'Hare (eds.), Foundations of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. Wiley 9--319.
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  4. Isaac Watts & David Jennings (1801). The Improvement of the Mind, or a Supplement to the Art of Logic. By I. Watts. Also His Posthumous Works, Publ. By D. Jennings and P. Doddridge. [REVIEW]
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  5. Marianne Jennings (2006). The Seven Signs of Ethical Collapse: How to Spot Moral Meltdowns in Companies-- Before It's Too Late. St. Martin's Press.
    Do you want to make sure you · Don’t invest your money in the next Enron? · Don’t go to work for the next WorldCom right before the crash? · Identify and solve problems in your organization before they send it crashing to the ground? Marianne Jennings has spent a lifetime studying business ethics---and ethical failures. In demand nationwide as a speaker and analyst on business ethics, she takes her decades of findings and shows us in The Seven Signs (...)
     
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  6.  19
    Richard C. Jennings (2006). Science, Truth and Ethics. Think 4 (12):85-87.
    Richard Jennings unpacks some of the complex ethical issues surrounding scientific research.
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  7. Hisakazu Inagaki & J. Nelson Jennings (2000). Philosophical Theology and East-West Dialogue. Rodopi.
    Philosophical Theology and East-West Dialogue is a unique philosophical and theological analysis of certain key interactions between Eastern and Western thinkers. The book on the one hand contrasts general traits of Eastern, Buddhist thought and Western, Greek thought. However, in doing so it focuses on influential philosophers and theologians who manifest particular instances of wider issues. The result is a careful examination of basic questions that offers both broad implications and concrete specificity in its approach.The book itself is an instance (...)
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  8. Theodore W. Jennings (1985). Beyond Theism: A Grammar of God-Language. Oxford University Press.
    What do we mean when we talk about "God?" Does this term actually refer to anything in our experience? This book opens up significant new approaches to one of the most important problems confronting theology and the philosophy of religion, namely, the problem of "God-language." Current philosophical concerns over language have intensified the difficulty of talking about God: The necessity of formally proving the "meaningfulness" of statements about God has led to theological dead ends on the one hand and a (...)
     
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  9. Theodore Jennings (2013). Outlaw Justice: The Messianic Politics of Paul. Stanford University Press.
    This book offers a close reading of Romans that treats Paul as a radical political thinker by showing the relationship between Paul's perspective and that of secular political theorists. Turning to both ancient political philosophers and contemporary post-Marxists, Jennings presents Romans as a sustained argument for a new sort of political thinking concerned with the possibility and constitution of just socialities. Reading Romans as an essay on messianic politics in conversation with ancient and postmodern political theory challenges the stereotype (...)
     
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  10. Ivor Jennings (2011). The Approach to Self-Government. Cambridge University Press.
    During his lifetime, Sir Ivor Jennings was well known as the author of several standard books on constitutional law. He acted as constitutional adviser to the governments of Ceylon and Pakistan and was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ceylon. This 1956 book followed in the tradition of his earlier The British Constitution and is a clear statement by an expert with a characteristically practical point of view. It is principally concerned with a practical problem: what constitution shall be given (...)
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  11. Carolyn Dicey Jennings & Bence Nanay (2016). Action Without Attention. Analysis 76 (1):29-36.
    Wayne Wu argues that attention is necessary for action: since action requires a solution to the ‘Many–Many Problem’, and since only attention can solve the Many–Many Problem, attention is necessary for action. We question the first of these two steps and argue that it is based on an oversimplified distinction between actions and reflexes. We argue for a more complex typology of behaviours where one important category is action that does not require a solution to the Many–Many Problem, and so (...)
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  12. Larry R. Smeltzer & Marianne M. Jennings (1998). Why an International Code of Business Ethics Would Be Good for Business. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (1):57 - 66.
    Many international business training programs present a viewpoint of cultural relativism that encourages business people to adapt to the host country's culture. This paper presents an argument that cultural relativism is not always appropriate for business ethics; rather, a code of conduct must be adapted which presents guidelines for core ethical business conduct across cultures. Both moral and economic evidence is provided to support the argument for a universal code of ethics. Also, four steps are presented that will help ensure (...)
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  13.  49
    Bruce Jennings (2009). Public Health and Liberty: Beyond the Millian Paradigm. Public Health Ethics 2 (2):123-134.
    Center for Humans and Nature, 109 West 77th Street, Suite 2, New York, NY 10024, USA. Tel.: 212 362 7170; Fax: 212 362 9592; Email: brucejennings{at}humansandnature.org ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> . Abstract A fundamental question for the ethical foundations of public health concerns the moral justification for limiting or overriding individual liberty. What might justify overriding the individual moral claim to non-interference or to self-realization? This paper argues that the libertarian justification for limiting individual (...)
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  14. Jeremy Jennings & Peter Lassman (2002). Editorial Statement. European Journal of Political Theory 1 (1):7-8.
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  15.  3
    Bruce Jennings (2015). Relational Liberty Revisited: Membership, Solidarity and a Public Health Ethics of Place. Public Health Ethics 8 (1):7-17.
    Public health involves the use of power to change institutions and redistribute resources and deliberately to shape individual thought and behavior. This requires normative legitimation and demands ethical critique. This article explores concepts that are vital to public health ethics, but have been relatively neglected. These are membership, solidarity and the concept of place. The article argues that the practice of public health should recognize the equal rights of membership in communities of health justice. Public health should also rely on (...)
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  16. Mary Ann Baily, Melissa M. Bottrell, Joanne Lynn & Bruce Jennings (2006). Special Report: The Ethics of Using QI Methods to Improve Health Care Quality and Safety. Hastings Center Report 36 (4):S1-S40.
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  17.  62
    Heather E. Canary & Marianne M. Jennings (2008). Principles and Influence in Codes of Ethics: A Centering Resonance Analysis Comparing Pre- and Post-Sarbanes-Oxley Codes of Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):263 - 278.
    This study examines the similarities and differences in pre- and post-Sarbanes-Oxley corporate ethics codes and codes of conduct using the framework of structuration theory. Following the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) legislation in 2002 in the United States, publicly traded companies there undertook development and revision of their codes of ethics in response to new regulatory requirements as well as incentives under the U.S. Corporate Sentencing Guidelines, which were also revised as part of the SOX mandates. Questions that remain are (...)
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  18. Brent G. Kyle (2013). How Are Thick Terms Evaluative? Philosophers' Imprint 13 (1):1-20.
    Ethicists are typically willing to grant that thick terms (e.g. ‘courageous’ and ‘murder’) are somehow associated with evaluations. But they tend to disagree about what exactly this relationship is. Does a thick term’s evaluation come by way of its semantic content? Or is the evaluation pragmatically associated with the thick term (e.g. via conversational implicature)? In this paper, I argue that thick terms are semantically associated with evaluations. In particular, I argue that many thick concepts (if not all) conceptually entail (...)
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  19. Carolyn Dicey Jennings (2015). Attention and Perceptual Organization. Philosophical Studies 172 (5):1265-1278.
    How does attention contribute to perceptual experience? Within cognitive science, attention is known to contribute to the organization of sensory features into perceptual objects, or “object-based organization.” The current paper tackles a different type of organization and thus suggests a different role for attention in conscious perception. Within every perceptual experience we find that more subjectively interesting percepts stand out in the foreground, whereas less subjectively interesting percepts are relegated to the background. The sight of a sycamore often gains the (...)
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  20.  11
    Carolyn Dicey Jennings (2015). Consciousness Without Attention. Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (2):276--295.
    This paper explores whether consciousness can exist without attention. This is a hot topic in philosophy of mind and cognitive science due to the popularity of theories that hold attention to be necessary for consciousness. The discovery of a form of consciousness that exists without the influence of attention would require a change in the way that many global workspace theorists, for example, understand the role and function of consciousness. Against this understanding, at least three forms of consciousness have been (...)
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  21.  38
    Eva Feder Kittay, Bruce Jennings & Angela A. Wasunna (2005). Dependency, Difference and the Global Ethic of Longterm Care. Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (4):443-469.
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  22.  78
    Brent Kyle (2015). The New and Old Ignorance Puzzles: How Badly Do We Need Closure? Synthese 192 (5):1495-1525.
    Skeptical puzzles and arguments often employ knowledge-closure principles . Epistemologists widely believe that an adequate reply to the skeptic should explain why her reasoning is appealing albeit misleading; but it’s unclear what would explain the appeal of the skeptic’s closure principle, if not for its truth. In this paper, I aim to challenge the widespread commitment to knowledge-closure. But I proceed by first examining a new puzzle about failing to know—what I call the New Ignorance Puzzle . This puzzle resembles (...)
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  23.  4
    Larry L. Jacoby, Andrew P. Yonelinas & J. M. Jennings (1997). The Relation Between Conscious and Unconscious (Automatic) Influences: A Declaration of Independence. In Jonathan D. Cohen & Jonathan W. Schooler (eds.), Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum 13--47.
  24.  6
    Bruce Jennings & Angus Dawson (2015). SOLIDARITY in the Moral Imagination of Bioethics. Hastings Center Report 45 (5):31-38.
    How important is the concept of solidarity in our society's calculus of consent as regards the legitimacy and ethical and political support for public health, health policy, and health services? By the term “calculus of consent,” we refer to the answer that people give to rationalize and justify their obedience to laws, rules, and policies that benefit others. The calculus of consent answers questions such as, Why should I care? Why should I help? Why should I contribute to the public (...)
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  25.  4
    Brent G. Kyle (forthcoming). Hiddenness, Holiness, and Impurity. Religious Studies:1-21.
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  26.  78
    Carolyn Dicey Jennings (2012). The Subject of Attention. Synthese 189 (3):535-554.
    The absence of a common understanding of attention plagues current research on the topic. Combining the findings from three domains of research on attention, this paper presents a univocal account that fits normal use of the term as well as its many associated phenomena: attention is a process of mental selection that is within the control of the subject. The role of the subject is often excluded from naturalized accounts, but this paper will be an exception to that rule. The (...)
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  27.  54
    Brent G. Kyle (forthcoming). Review of 'The Lewd, the Rude, and the Nasty: A Study of Thick Concepts in Ethics' by Pekka Väyrynen. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly.
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  28. Brent G. Kyle (2013). Knowledge as a Thick Concept: Explaining Why the Gettier Problem Arises. Philosophical Studies 165 (1):1-27.
    The Gettier problem has stymied epistemologists. But, whether or not this problem is resolvable, we still must face an important question: Why does the Gettier problem arise in the first place? So far, philosophers have seen it as either a problem peculiar to the concept of knowledge, or else an instance of a general problem about conceptual analysis. But I would like to steer a middle course. I argue that the Gettier problem arises because knowledge is a thick concept, and (...)
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  29. Richard C. Jennings (1984). Truth, Rationality and the Sociology of Science. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (3):201-211.
    Philosophers of science are becoming more sensitive to the claims about truth and rationality being made by sociologists of science. There is a tendency among some of these philosophers to dismiss such claims as irrelevant to philosophy of science and as self-refuting. Larry Laudan, in his 'arationality assumption', has captured the essence of positions which argue that sociology of science can only be concerned with scientific claims which are not rational (or, in some versions, 'not true'). I show that the (...)
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  30. Bruce Jennings (2007). Public Health and Civic Republicanism: Towards an Alternative Framework for Public Health Ethics. In Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.), Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health. Clarendon Press
     
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  31.  75
    Willie James Jennings (forthcoming). Book Review: Varieties of African American Religious Experience. [REVIEW] Interpretation 53 (4):436-438.
  32.  18
    Renee Kyle & Susan Dodds (2009). Avoiding Empty Rhetoric: Engaging Publics in Debates About Nanotechnologies. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (1):81-96.
    Despite the amount of public investment in nanotechnology ventures in the developed world, research shows that there is little public awareness about nanotechnology, and public knowledge is very limited. This is concerning given that nanotechnology has been heralded as ‘revolutionising’ the way we live. In this paper, we articulate why public engagement in debates about nanotechnology is important, drawing on literature on public engagement and science policy debate and deliberation about public policy development. We also explore the significance of timing (...)
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  33.  5
    Tom L. Beauchamp, Bruce Jennings, Eleanor D. Kinney & Robert J. Levine (2002). Pharmaceutical Research Involving the Homeless. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (5):547 – 564.
    Discussions of research involving vulnerable populations have left the homeless comparatively ignored. Participation by these subjects in drug studies has the potential to be upsetting, inconvenient, or unpleasant. Participation occasionally produces injury, health emergencies, and chronic health problems. Nonetheless, no ethical justification exists for the categorical exclusion of homeless persons from research. The appropriate framework for informed consent for these subjects of pharmaceutical research is not a single event of oral or written consent, but a multi-staged arrangement of disclosure, dialogue, (...)
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  34.  11
    Bruce Jennings (2016). Reconceptualizing Autonomy: A Relational Turn in Bioethics. Hastings Center Report 46 (3):11-16.
    History's judgment on the success of bioethics will not depend solely on the conceptual creativity and innovation in the field at the level of ethical and political theory, but this intellectual work is not insignificant. One important new development is what I shall refer to as the relational turn in bioethics. This development represents a renewed emphasis on the ideographic approach, which interprets the meaning of right and wrong in human actions as they are inscribed in social and cultural practices (...)
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  35.  26
    P. K. Schotch & R. E. Jennings (1980). Inference and Necessity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 9 (3):327-340.
  36.  15
    Bruce Jennings (2006). The Ordeal of Reminding: Traumatic Brain Injury and the Goals of Care. Hastings Center Report 36 (2):29-37.
  37.  17
    Andrea Frolic, Sandra Andreychuk, Wendy Seidlitz, Angela Djuric-Paulin, Barb Flaherty, Barb Jennings & Donna Peace (2013). Implementing a Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey: Results of a Pilot Study (Part 2 of 2). [REVIEW] HEC Forum 25 (1):61-78.
    This paper details the implementation of the Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey (CENAS) through a pilot study in five units within Hamilton Health Sciences. We describe how these pilot sites were selected, how we implemented the survey, the significant results and our interpretation of the findings. The primary goal of this paper is to share our experiences using this tool, specifically the challenges we encountered conducting a staff ethics needs assessment across different units in a large teaching hospital, and the (...)
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  38.  15
    Tammy G. Hunt & Daniel F. Jennings (1997). Ethics and Performance: A Simulation Analysis of Team Decision Making. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):195-203.
    The interrelationships among a number of variables and their effect on ethical decision making was explored. Teams of students and managers participated in a competitive management simulation. Based on prior research, the effects of performance, environmental change, team age, and type of team on the level of ethical behavior were hypothesized. The findings indicate that multiple variables may interact in such a fashion that significance is lost.
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  39. Robert J. Aalberts & Marianne M. Jennings (1999). The Ethics of Slotting: Is This Bribery, Facilitation Marketing or Just Plain Competition? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 20 (3):207 - 215.
    The practice of manufacturers' payments of fees to retailers for the display and sale of their products has become a common practice. In the grocery retail business, the fees paid by manufacturers are called slotting fees, or a payment made for a slot on the shelf. The same practice is used now in the retail book industry. Large book chains command high fees from publishers for the prominent display of books. Entrepreneur's products are often precluded from stores and markets because (...)
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  40.  14
    Andrea Frolic, Barb Jennings, Wendy Seidlitz, Sandy Andreychuk, Angela Djuric-Paulin, Barb Flaherty & Donna Peace (2013). From Reactive to Proactive: Developing a Valid Clinical Ethics Needs Assessment Survey to Support Ethics Program Strategic Planning (Part 1 of 2). [REVIEW] HEC Forum 25 (1):47-60.
    As ethics committees and programs become integrated into the “usual business” of healthcare organizations, they are likely to face the predicament of responding to greater demands for service and higher expectations, without an influx of additional resources. This situation demands that ethics committees and programs allocate their scarce resources (including their time, skills and funds) strategically, rather than lurching from one ad hoc request to another; finding ways to maximize the effectiveness, efficiency, impact and quality of ethics services is essential (...)
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  41. Richard C. Jennings (1983). Popper, Tarski and Relativism. Analysis 43 (3):118 - 123.
  42.  41
    D. Jennings, T. M. Amabile & L. Ross (1982). Informal Covariation Assessment: Data-Based Vs. Theory-Based Judgments. In Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.), Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press 211--230.
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  43.  78
    Brent G. Kyle (2013). Punishing and Atoning: A New Critique of Penal Substitution. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (2):201-218.
    The doctrine of penal substitution claims that it was good (or required) for God to punish in response to human sin, and that Christ received this punishment in our stead. I argue that this doctrine’s central factual claim—that Christ was punished by God—is mistaken. In order to punish someone, one must at least believe the recipient is responsible for an offense. But God surely did not believe the innocent Christ was responsible for an offense, let alone the offense of human (...)
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  44. H. S. Jennings (1918). Mechanism and Vitalism. Philosophical Review 27 (6):577-596.
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  45.  23
    Sheldon Krimsky, L. S. Rothenberg, P. Stott & G. Kyle (1996). Financial Interests of Authors in Scientific Journals: A Pilot Study of 14 Publications. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):395-410.
    Disclosure of financial interests in scientific research is the centerpiece of the new conflict of interest regulations issued by the U.S. Public Health Service and the National Science Foundation that became effective October 1, 1995. Several scientific journals have also established financial disclosure requirements for contributors. This paper measures the frequency of selected financial interests held among authors of certain types of scientific publications and assesses disclosure practices of authors. We examined 1105 university authors (first and last cited) from Massachusetts (...)
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  46.  1
    Susan Slaughter, Dixie Cole, Eileen Jennings & Marlene A. Reimer (2007). Consent and Assent to Participate in Research From People with Dementia. Nursing Ethics 14 (1):27-40.
    Conducting research with vulnerable populations involves careful attention to the interests of individuals. Although it is generally understood that informed consent is a necessary prerequisite to research participation, it is less clear how to proceed when potential research participants lack the capacity to provide this informed consent. The rationale for assessing the assent or dissent of vulnerable individuals and obtaining informed consent by authorized representatives is discussed. Practical guidelines for recruitment of and data collection from people in the middle or (...)
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  47.  6
    Bart Collopy, Philip Boyle & Bruce Jennings (1991). New Directions in Nursing Home Ethics. Hastings Center Report 21 (2):1-16.
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  48.  39
    Constance Jennings (2002). ""A" Fine Line" Breached. Hastings Center Report 32 (4):5.
  49.  31
    R. E. Jennings (1994). The Genealogy of Disjunction. Oxford University Press.
    This is a comprehensive study of the English word 'or', and the logical operators variously proposed to present its meaning. Although there are indisputably disjunctive uses of or in English, it is a mistake to suppose that logical disjunction represents its core meaning. 'Or' is descended from the Anglo-Saxon word meaning second, a form which survives in such expressions as "every other day." Its disjunctive uses arise through metalinguistic applications of an intermediate adverbial meaning which is conjunctive rather than disjunctive (...)
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  50. Mary Ann Baily, Melissa Bottrell, Joanne Lynn & Bruce Jennings (2006). The Ethics of Using QI Methods to Improve Health Care Quality and Safety. Hastings Center Report 36 (4):S1.
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