Search results for 'Laplace' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Marie Marcelle Jeanine Laplace (1996). L'"Ecphrasis" de la Parole d'Apparat Dans l'"Electrum" Et le "De Domo" de Lucien, Et la Représentation des Deux Styles d'Une Esthétique Inspirée de Pindare Et de Platon. Journal of Hellenic Studies 116:158-165.score: 30.0
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  2. Philippe Laplace (2006). L'entre-deux-guerres en écosse: Renaissance littéraire, revendications nationalistes et hésitations idéologiques. In Maxence Caron & Jocelyn Benoist (eds.), Heidegger. Cerf. 797--411.score: 30.0
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  3. Pierre-Simon Laplace (2009). Determinism, Ignorance, and Probability. In Timothy J. McGrew, Marc Alspector-Kelly & Fritz Allhoff (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell. 250.score: 30.0
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  4. Marcelle Laplace (2011). Des Rapports du Phedre de Platon Avec L'Eloge D'Helene Et le Panegyrique D'Isocrate. Hermes 139 (2):165-178.score: 30.0
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  5. Danièle Laplace (2009). Les valeurs du paysage dans les guides touristiques: l´ exemple de trois guides récents de la ville de Bordeaux. In Eduardo Martínez de Pisón & Nicolás Ortega (eds.), Los Valores Del Paisaje. Fundación Duques de Soria. 199--214.score: 30.0
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  6. M. M. J. Laplace (1996). The Ecphrasis of the Set Speeches in the'Electrum'and the'De Domo'of Lucian, and the Representation of the Two Styles of an Aesthetic Inspired by Pindar and Plato. Journal of Hellenic Studies 116:158-165.score: 30.0
     
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  7. John D. Collier (2011). Holism and Emergence: Dynamical Complexity Defeats Laplace's Demon. South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (2).score: 18.0
    The paradigm of Laplacean determinism combines three regulative principles: determinism, predictability, and the explanatory adequacy of universal laws together with purely local conditions. Historically, it applied to celestial mechanics, but it has been expanded into an ideal for scientific theories whose cogency is often not questioned. Laplace’s demon is an idealization of mechanistic scientific method. Its principles together imply reducibility, and rule out holism and emergence. I will argue that Laplacean determinism fails even in the realm of planetary dynamics, (...)
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  8. Giovanni Preti (2009). Schwarzschild Radius Before General Relativity: Why Does Michell-Laplace Argument Provide the Correct Answer? [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 39 (9):1046-1054.score: 18.0
    A famous Newtonian argument by Michell and Laplace, regarding the existence of “dark bodies” and dating back to the end of the 18th century, is able to provide an exact general-relativistic result, namely the exact formula for the Schwarzschild radius. Since general relativity was formulated more than a century after this argument had been issued, it looks quite surprising that such a correct prediction could have been possible. Far from being merely a fortuitous coincidence (as one might justifiably be (...)
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  9. Eugenio Regazzini (1996). De Finetti's Reconstruction of the Bayes-Laplace Paradigm. Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):159 - 176.score: 18.0
    This paper includes a concise survey of the work done in compliance with de Finetti's reconstruction of the Bayes-Laplace paradigm. Section 1 explains that paradigm and Section 2 deals with de Finetti's criticism. Section 3 quotes some recent results connected with de Finetti's program and Section 4 provides an illustrative example.
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  10. I. Pitowsky (1996). Laplace's Demon Consults an Oracle: The Computational Complexity of Prediction. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 27 (2):161-180.score: 15.0
  11. K. R. Popper (1962). On Carnap's Version of Laplace's Rule of Succession. Mind 71 (281):69-73.score: 15.0
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  12. Roman Frigg, Seamus Bradley, Hailiang Du & Leonard A. Smith, Laplace's Demon and the Adventures of His Apprentices.score: 15.0
    The sensitive dependence on initial conditions (SDIC) associated with nonlinear models imposes limitations on the models’ predictive power. We draw attention to an additional limitation than has been under-appreciated, namely structural model error (SME). A model has SME if the model-dynamics differ from the dynamics in the target system. If a nonlinear model has only the slightest SME, then its ability to generate decision-relevant predictions is compromised. Given a perfect model, we can take the effects of SDIC into account by (...)
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  13. Martín López Corredoira (2001). Determinismo en la física clásica: Laplace vs Popper o Progogine. El Basilisco: Revista de Filosofía, Ciencias Humanas, Teoría de la Ciencia y de la Cultura 29:29-42.score: 15.0
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  14. Mirella Fortino (2002). Determinism and Chance in Laplace's and Cournot's Doctrine. Philosophical Inquiry 24 (3-4):53-64.score: 15.0
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  15. Campo Elías González Pineda (forthcoming). Solución de la ecuación con retardo de primer orden por medio de la transformada de Laplace. Scientia.score: 15.0
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  16. T. H. Lodwig & W. A. Smeaton (1974). The Ice Calorimeter of Lavoisier and Laplace and Some of its Critics. Annals of Science 31 (1):1-18.score: 15.0
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  17. Janis Langins (1987). Sur l'enseignement et les examens à l'École polytechnique sous le Directoire: à propos d'une lettre inédite de Laplace. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 40 (2):145-177.score: 15.0
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  18. Michael Shermer (forthcoming). Exorcising Laplace's Demon: Chaos and Antichaos, History and Metahistory. History and Theory.score: 15.0
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  19. Stephen G. Brush & H. G. Van Bueren (1997). A History of Modern Planetary Physics, 3 Vols: I, Nebulous Earth: The Origin of the Solar System and the Core of the Earth From Laplace to Jeffreys. Annals of Science 54 (3):322.score: 15.0
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  20. Jean Dhombres (1989). La théorie de la capillarité selon Laplace, mathématisation superficielle ou étendue? Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 42 (1):43-77.score: 15.0
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  21. Donald De B. Beaver (1979). Book Review:Creation by Natural Law: Laplace's Nebular Hypothesis in American Thought Ronald L. Numbers. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 46 (1):167-.score: 15.0
  22. Regazzini Eugenio (1996). De Finetti's Reconstruction of the Bayes--Laplace Paradigm. Erkenntnis 45.score: 15.0
     
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  23. Charles Coulston Gillespie & R. Thiele (1999). Pierre-Simon Laplace, 1749-1827. A Life in Exact Science. Annals of Science 56 (3):321-321.score: 15.0
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  24. N. Gray (2001). Pierre-Simon Laplace, 1749-1827: A Life in Exact Science. By Charles Coulston Gillispie, in Collaboration with Robert Fox and Ivor Grattan-Guinness. [REVIEW] The European Legacy 6 (3):394-394.score: 15.0
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  25. Richard Green (1995). The Thwarting of Laplace's Demon: Arguments Against the Mechanistic World-View. St. Martin's Press.score: 15.0
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  26. Martín Lopez Corredoira (2001). Determinismo En la Física Clásica: Laplace Vs. Popper o Prigogine. El Basilisco 29:29-42.score: 15.0
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  27. V. Seetha Lekshmi, J. Josy & K. K. Jose (2003). Generalized Laplace and Geometric Α-Laplacian Distributions with Application in Time Series Modeling, Statis. Method 5 (2):140-155.score: 15.0
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  28. Michael Shermer (1995). Exorcising Laplace's Demon. History and Theory 34 (1):71.score: 15.0
     
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  29. Guido Tagliaferri & Pasquale Tucci (1999). Carlini and Plana on the Theory of the Moon and Their Dispute with Laplace. Annals of Science 56 (3):221-269.score: 15.0
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  30. Marij van Strien (2014). On the Origins and Foundations of Laplacian Determinism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 45:24-31.score: 9.0
    In this paper I examine the foundations of Laplace's famous statement of determinism in 1814, and argue that rather than derived from his mechanics, this statement is based on general philosophical principles, namely the principle of sufficient reason and the law of continuity. It is usually supposed that Laplace's statement is based on the fact that each system in classical mechanics has an equation of motion which has a unique solution. But Laplace never proved this result, and (...)
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  31. Patrick Suppes (2007). Statistical Concepts in Philosophy of Science. Synthese 154 (3):485--496.score: 9.0
    This article focuses on the role of statistical concepts in both experiment and theory in various scientific disciplines, especially physics, including astronomy, and psychology. In Sect. 1 the concept of uncertainty in astronomy is analyzed from Ptolemy to Laplace and Gauss. In Sect. 2 theoretical uses of probability and statistics in science are surveyed. Attention is focused on the historically important example of radioactive decay. In Sect. 3 the use of statistics in biology and the social sciences is examined, (...)
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  32. Terence E. Horgan (1984). Supervenience and Cosmic Hermeneutics. Southern Journal of Philosophy Supplement 22 (S1):19-38.score: 6.0
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  33. Jean-Fran�ois Laslier (1989). Estimation of a Bernouilli Parameter: A Normative Approach to Replace the Bayesian One. Theory and Decision 26 (3):253-262.score: 6.0
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  34. Robert Happel & Peter F. Stadler (1996). Canonical Approximation of Fitness Landscapes. Complexity 2 (1):53-58.score: 6.0
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  35. Stathis Psillos, Is the History of Science the Wasteland of False Theories?score: 3.0
    Imagine you live in 1823 and you are about to design an advanced course on the theory of heat. About fifty years ago, Lavoisier and Laplace had posited caloric as a material substance—an indestructible fluid of fine particles—which was taken to be the cause of heat and in particular, the cause of the rise of temperature of a body, by being absorbed by the body. No doubt, you rely on the best available theory, which is the caloric theory. In (...)
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  36. Jordan Howard Sobel (1987). On the Evidence of Testimony for Miracles: A Bayesian Interpretation of David Hume's Analysis. Philosophical Quarterly 37 (147):166-186.score: 3.0
    A BAYESIAN ARTICULATION OF HUME’S VIEWS IS OFFERED BASED ON A FORM OF THE BAYES-LAPLACE THEOREM THAT IS SUPERFICIALLY LIKE A FORMULA OF CONDORCET’S. INFINITESIMAL PROBABILITIES ARE EMPLOYED FOR MIRACLES AGAINST WHICH THERE ARE ’PROOFS’ THAT ARE NOT OPPOSED BY ’PROOFS’. OBJECTIONS MADE BY RICHARD PRICE ARE DEALT WITH, AND RECENT EXPERIMENTS CONDUCTED BY AMOS TVERSKY AND DANIEL KAHNEMAN ARE CONSIDERED IN WHICH PERSONS TEND TO DISCOUNT PRIOR IMPROBABILITIES WHEN ASSESSING REPORTS OF WITNESSES.
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  37. O. Costa de Beauregard (1988). On the Zigzagging Causility Model of EPR Correlations and on the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 18 (9):913-938.score: 3.0
    Being formalized inside the S-matrix scheme, the zigzagging causility model of EPR correlations has full Lorentz and CPT invariance. EPR correlations, proper or reversed, and Wheeler's smoky dragon metaphor are respectively pictured in spacetime or in the momentum-energy space, as V-shaped, A-shaped, or C-shaped ABC zigzags, with a summation at B over virtual states |B〉 〈B|. An exact “correspondence” exists between the Born-Jordan-Dirac “wavelike” algebra of transition amplitudes and the 1774 Laplace algebra of conditional probabilities, where the intermediate summations (...)
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  38. John T. Roberts (2008). The Law-Governed Universe. Oxford University Press.score: 3.0
    The law-governed world-picture -- A remarkable idea about the way the universe is cosmos and compulsion -- The laws as the cosmic order : the best-system approach -- The three ways : no-laws, non-governing-laws, governing-laws -- Work that laws do in science -- An important difference between the laws of nature and the cosmic order -- The picture in four theses -- The strategy of this book -- The meta-theoretic conception of laws -- The measurability approach to laws -- What (...)
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  39. Johndale C. Solem (1997). Variations on the Kepler Problem. Foundations of Physics 27 (9):1291-1306.score: 3.0
    The elliptical orbits resulting from Newtonian gravitation are generated with a multifaceted symmetry, mainly resulting from their conservation of both angular momentum and a vector fixing their orientation in space—the Laplace or Runge-Lenz vector. From the ancient formalisms of celestial mechanics, I show a rather counterintuitive behavior of the classical hydrogen atom, whose orbits respond in a direction perpendicular to a weak externally-applied electric field. I then show how the same results can be obtained more easily and directly from (...)
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  40. Ronald Pisaturo (2009). Past Longevity as Evidence for the Future. Philosophy of Science 76 (1):73-100.score: 3.0
    Gott ( 1993 ) has used the ‘Copernican principle’ to derive a probability distribution for the total longevity of any phenomenon, based solely on the phenomenon’s past longevity. Leslie ( 1996 ) and others have used an apparently similar probabilistic argument, the ‘Doomsday Argument’, to claim that conventional predictions of longevity must be adjusted, based on Bayes’s Theorem, in favor of shorter longevities. Here I show that Gott’s arguments are flawed and contradictory, but that one of his conclusions is plausible (...)
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  41. Justin Leiber, Russell and Wittgenstein: A Study in Civility and Arrogance.score: 3.0
    In 1956, when I was a callow sixteen-year-old sophomore early entrant to the University of Chicago, I read my first twentieth century philosophical book, A. J. Ayer’s Language, Truth, and Logic. While I had already gorged on the Russian novelists, read through the then obligatory Hemingway and Faulkner, consumed Freud and a raft of popular sociologists, and managed to get myself expelled from my tenth grade social science class for issuing disparaging quotes from Marx and Schopenhauer, I was only then (...)
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  42. Elliott Sober (2004). A Modest Proposal. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (2):487–494.score: 3.0
    What thesis is Hume trying to establish in his essay “On Miracles” (Section 10 of the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding) and does he succeed? John Earman’s answer to the latter question is clearly conveyed by the title of his new book. Earman uses a Bayesian representation of the problem to make his case. For Earman, this mode of analysis is both perspicuous and nonanachronistic, in that probability reasoning was central to the 18th century debate about miracles in particular and testimony (...)
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  43. Michael Heidelberger (2001). Origins of the Logical Theory of Probability: Von Kries, Wittgenstein, Waismann. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2):177 – 188.score: 3.0
    The physiologist and neo-Kantian philosopher Johannes von Kries (1853-1928) wrote one of the most philosophically important works on the foundation of probability after P.S. Laplace and before the First World War, his Principien der Wohrscheinlich-keitsrechnung (1886, repr. 1927). In this book, von Kries developed a highly original interpretation of probability, which maintains it to be both logical and objectively physical. After presenting his approach I shall pursue the influence it had on Ludwig Wittgenstein and Friedrich Waismann. It seems that (...)
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  44. Isaac Record (2013). Technology and Epistemic Possibility. Journal for General Philosophy of Science (2):1-18.score: 3.0
    My aim in this paper is to give a philosophical analysis of the relationship between contingently available technology and the knowledge that it makes possible. My concern is with what specific subjects can know in practice, given their particular conditions, especially available technology, rather than what can be known “in principle” by a hypothetical entity like Laplace’s Demon. The argument has two parts. In the first, I’ll construct a novel account of epistemic possibility that incorporates two pragmatic conditions: responsibility (...)
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  45. T. V. Reeves (1988). A Theory of Probability. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (2):161-182.score: 3.0
    This paper argues that probability is not an objective phenomenon that can be identified with either the configurational properties of sequences, or the dynamic properties of sources that generate sequences. Instead, it is proposed that probability is a function of subjective as well as objective conditions. This is explained by formulating a nation of probability that is a modification of Laplace‘s classical enunciation. This definition is then used to explain why probability is strongly associated with disordered sequences, and is (...)
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  46. S. L. Zabell (1992). Predicting the Unpredictable. Synthese 90 (2):205 - 232.score: 3.0
    A major difficulty for currently existing theories of inductive inference involves the question of what to do when novel, unknown, or previously unsuspected phenomena occur. In this paper one particular instance of this difficulty is considered, the so-called sampling of species problem.The classical probabilistic theories of inductive inference due to Laplace, Johnson, de Finetti, and Carnap adopt a model of simple enumerative induction in which there are a prespecified number of types or species which may be observed. But, (...)
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  47. N. G. Kampen (1991). Determinism and Predictability. Synthese 89 (2):273 - 281.score: 3.0
    Theoretical determinism, as it is usually ascribed to Laplace, is neither verifiable nor falsifiable and has therefore no real content. It is not the same as predictability of actually observable phenomena. On the other hand, predictability is not an abstract principle; rather it is true to a certain degree, depending on the phenomena considered. It can be discussed only by examining the scientific state of affairs. This is done in some detail for classical statistical mechanics. Much of a recently (...)
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  48. B. E. Eichinger (1977). Projective Spacetime. Foundations of Physics 7 (9-10):673-703.score: 3.0
    It is suggested that the world is locally projectively flat rather than Euclidean. From this postulate it is shown that an (N+1)-particle system has the global geometry of the symmetric spaceSO(4,N+1)/SO(4)×SO(N+1). A complex representation also exists, with structureSU(2,N+1)/S[U(2)×U(N+1)]. Several aspects of these geometrics are developed. Physical states are taken to be eigenfunctions of the Laplace-Beltrami operators. The theory may provide a rational basis for comprehending the groupsSO(4, 2),SU(2)×U(1),SU(3), etc., of current interest.
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  49. Fred Wilson (1984). Is Hume a Sceptic with Regard to Reason? Philosophy Research Archives 10:275-319.score: 3.0
    This paper argues that, contrary to most interpretations, e.g., those of Reid, Popkin and Passmore, Hume is not a sceptic with regard to reason. The argument of Treatise I, IV. i, of course, has a sceptical conclusion with regard to reason, and a somewhat similar point is made by Cleanthes in the Dialogues. This paper argues that the argument of Treatise I, IV. i is parallel to similar arguments in Bentham and Laplace. The latter are, as far as they (...)
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  50. Ronald Pisaturo (2011). The Longevity Argument. self.score: 3.0
    J. Richard Gott III (1993) has used the “Copernican principle” to derive a probability density function for the total longevity of any phenomenon, based solely on the phenomenon’s past longevity. John Leslie (1996) and others have used an apparently similar probabilistic argument, the “Doomsday Argument,” to claim that conventional predictions of longevity must be adjusted, based on Bayes’ Theorem, in favor of shorter longevities. Here I show that Gott’s arguments are flawed and contradictory, but that one of his conclusions—his delta (...)
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