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Larry Laudan [77]Larry Lynn Laudan [1]
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Profile: Larry Laudan
  1.  22
    Larry Laudan (1984). Science and Values: The Aims of Science and Their Role in Scientific Debate. University of California Press.
    Laudan constructs a fresh approach to a longtime problem for the philosopher of science: how to explain the simultaneous and widespread presence of both agreement and disagreement in science. Laudan critiques the logical empiricists and the post-positivists as he stresses the need for centrality and values and the interdependence of values, methods, and facts as prerequisites to solving the problems of consensus and dissent in science.
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  2. Larry Laudan (1981). A Confutation of Convergent Realism. Philosophy of Science 48 (1):19-49.
    This essay contains a partial exploration of some key concepts associated with the epistemology of realist philosophies of science. It shows that neither reference nor approximate truth will do the explanatory jobs that realists expect of them. Equally, several widely-held realist theses about the nature of inter-theoretic relations and scientific progress are scrutinized and found wanting. Finally, it is argued that the history of science, far from confirming scientific realism, decisively confutes several extant versions of avowedly 'naturalistic' forms of scientific (...)
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  3.  5
    Larry Laudan (2002). A Confutation of Convergent Realism. In Yuri Balashov & Alexander Rosenberg (eds.), Philosophy of Science: Contemporary Readings. Routledge 211.
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  4. Larry Laudan (1996). Beyond Positivism and Relativism: Theory, Method, and Evidence. Westview Press.
    By targeting and critiquing these assumptions, he lays the groundwork for a post-positivist philosophy of science that does not provide aid and comfort to the enemies of reason. This book consists of thirteen essays.
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  5. Larry Laudan & Jarrett Leplin (1991). Empirical Equivalence and Underdetermination. Journal of Philosophy 88 (9):449-472.
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  6. Larry Laudan (1990). Normative Naturalism. Philosophy of Science 57 (1):44-59.
    Normative naturalism is a view about the status of epistemology and philosophy of science; it is a meta-epistemology. It maintains that epistemology can both discharge its traditional normative role and nonetheless claim a sensitivity to empirical evidence. The first sections of this essay set out the central tenets of normative naturalism, both in its epistemic and its axiological dimensions; later sections respond to criticisms of that species of naturalism from Gerald Doppelt, Jarrett Leplin and Alex Rosenberg.
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  7. Arthur Donovan, Larry Laudan, Rachel Laudan & John Preston (1994). Scrutinizing Science: Empirical Studies of Scientific Change. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):1063-1065.
     
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  8. Larry Laudan (2006). Truth, Error, and Criminal Law: An Essay in Legal Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
    Beginning with the premise that the principal function of a criminal trial is to find out the truth about a crime, Larry Laudan examines the rules of evidence and procedure that would be appropriate if the discovery of the truth were, as higher courts routinely claim, the overriding aim of the criminal justice system. Laudan mounts a systematic critique of existing rules and procedures that are obstacles to that quest. He also examines issues of error distribution by offering the first (...)
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  9.  80
    Larry Laudan (1987). Progress or Rationality? The Prospects for Normative Naturalism. American Philosophical Quarterly 24 (1):19 - 31.
  10.  29
    Larry Laudan (1990). Science and Relativism: Some Key Controversies in the Philosophy of Science. The University of Chicago Press.
    Some Key Controversies in the Philosophy of Science Larry Laudan. the mouths of my realist, relativist, and positivist. (By contrast, there is at least one person who hews to the line I have my prag- matist defending.) But I have gone to some  ...
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  11.  74
    Larry Laudan (1990). Demystifying Underdetermination. In C. Wade Savage (ed.), Scientific Theories. University of Minnesota Press 267-97.
  12.  68
    Larry Laudan, Arthur Donovan, Rachel Laudan, Peter Barker, Harold Brown, Jarrett Leplin, Paul Thagard & Steve Wykstra (1986). Scientific Change: Philosophical Models and Historical Research. Synthese 69 (2):141 - 223.
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  13. Larry Laudan (1983). The Demise of the Demarcation Problem. In Robert S. Cohen & Larry Laudan (eds.), Physics, Philosophy and Psychoanalysis: Essays in Honor of Adolf Grünbaum. D. Reidel 111--127.
  14. Larry Laudan (1984). Realism Without the Real. Philosophy of Science 51 (1):156-162.
  15.  80
    Larry Laudan (1976). Two Dogmas of Methodology. Philosophy of Science 43 (4):585-597.
    This paper argues that it has been widely assumed by philosophers of science that the cumulative retention of explanatory success is a "sine qua non" for making judgements about the progress or rational preferability of one theory over another. It has also been assumed that it is impossible to make objective, Comparative judgements of the acceptability of rival theories unless all the statements of both theories could be translated into a common language. This paper seeks to show that both these (...)
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  16. Larry Laudan (1981). A Problem-Solving Approach to Scientific Progress. In Ian Hacking (ed.), Scientific Revolutions. Oxford University Press
     
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  17. Larry Laudan (1997). How About Bust? Factoring Explanatory Power Back Into Theory Evaluation. Philosophy of Science 64 (2):306-316.
  18. Larry Laudan (1981). The Pseudo-Science of Science? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 11 (2):173.
     
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  19. Larry Laudan (2011). The Rules of Trial, Political Morality and the Costs of Error: Or, Is Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt Doing More Harm Than Good? In Leslie Green & Brian Leiter (eds.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press
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  20.  48
    Larry Laudan (1990). Aim-Less Epistemology? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 21 (2):315-322.
  21. Larry Laudan (1989). If It Ain't Broke, Don't Fix It. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):369-375.
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  22.  54
    Larry Laudan (1982). Commentary: Science at the Bar-Causes for Concern. Science, Technology, and Human Values 7 (41):16-19.
  23. Larry Laudan (1981). Science and Hypothesis Historical Essays on Scientific Methodology.
     
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  24. Larry Laudan (1996). Progress or Rationality. In David Papineau (ed.), The Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press 194--214.
     
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  25.  36
    Rachel Laudan & Larry Laudan (1989). Dominance and the Disunity of Method: Solving the Problems of Innovation and Consensus. Philosophy of Science 56 (2):221-237.
    It is widely supposed that the scientists in any field use identical standards for evaluating theories. Without such unity of standards, consensus about scientific theories is supposedly unintelligible. However, the hypothesis of uniform standards can explain neither scientific disagreement nor scientific innovation. This paper seeks to show how the presumption of divergent standards (when linked to a hypothesis of dominance) can explain agreement, disagreement and innovation. By way of illustrating how a rational community with divergent standards can encourage innovation and (...)
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  26.  46
    Larry Laudan (1986). Some Problems Facing Intuitionist Meta-Methodologies. Synthese 67 (1):115 - 129.
    Intuitionistic meta-methodologies, which abound in recent philosophy of science, take the criterion of success for theories of scientific rationality to be whether those theories adequately explicate our intuitive judgments of rationality in exemplary cases. Garber's (1985) critique of Laudan's (1977) intuitionistic meta-methodology, correct as far as it goes, does not go far enough. Indeed, Garber himself advocates a form of intuitionistic meta-methodology; he merely denies any special role for historical (as opposed to contemporary or imaginary) test cases. What all such (...)
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  27.  78
    Larry Laudan (1987). Relativism, Naturalism and Reticulation. Synthese 71 (3):221 - 234.
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  28. Larry Laudan (1984). Science and Hypothesis. Erkenntnis 21 (3):433-438.
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  29.  25
    Jarrett Leplin & Larry Laudan (1993). Determination Underdeterred: Reply to Kukla. Analysis 53 (1):8 - 16.
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  30.  59
    Larry Laudan (1971). William Whewell on the Consilience of Inductions. The Monist 55 (3):368-391.
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  31.  39
    Larry Laudan (1989). Thoughts on HPS: 20 Years Later. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (1):9-13.
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  32.  32
    Larry Laudan (1995). Damn the Consequences! Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 69 (2):27 - 34.
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  33. Larry Laudan (1978). Ex-Huming Hacking. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 13 (1):417-435.
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  34.  21
    Larry Laudan (2003). Is Reasonable Doubt Reasonable? Legal Theory 9 (4):295-331.
    It is difficult, if not impossible, to so define the term as to satisfy a subtle and metaphysical mind, bent on the detection of some point, however attenuated, upon which to hang a criticism. —Supreme Court of Virginia 1.
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  35.  67
    Larry Laudan (2008). The Elementary Epistemic Arithmetic of Criminal Justice. Episteme 5 (3):pp. 282-294.
    This paper propounds the following theses: 1). that the traditional focus on the Blackstone ratio of errors as a device for setting the criminal standard of proof is ill-conceived, 2). that the preoccupation with the rate of false convictions in criminal trials is myopic, and 3). that the key ratio of interest, in judging the political morality of a system of criminal justice, involves the relation between the risk that an innocent person runs of being falsely convicted of a serious (...)
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  36.  30
    Larry Laudan (1983). More on Creationism. Science, Technology, and Human Values 8 (1):36-38.
  37.  6
    Larry Laudan (2010). Error and Legal Epistemology. In Deborah G. Mayo & Aris Spanos (eds.), Error and Inference: Recent Exchanges on Experimental Reasoning, Reliability, and the Objectivity and Rationality of Science. Cambridge University Press 376.
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  38.  26
    Larry Laudan (2005). The Presumption of Innocence: Material or Probatory? Legal Theory 11 (4):333-361.
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  39.  37
    Larry Laudan (2001). Epistemic Crises and Justification Rules. Philosophical Topics 29 (1/2):271-317.
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  40.  40
    Larry Laudan (1978). The Philosophy of Progress.. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:530 - 547.
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  41.  37
    Larry Laudan (1971). Towards a Reassessment of Comte's 'Méthode Positive'. Philosophy of Science 38 (1):35-53.
    In this study of Auguste Comte's philosophy of science, an attempt is made to explicate his views on such methodological issues as explanation, prediction, induction and hypothesis. Comte's efforts to resolve the dual problems of demarcation and meaning led to the enunciation of principles of verifiability and predictability. Comte's hypothetico-deductive method is seen to permit conjectures dealing with unobservable entities.
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  42.  74
    Larry Laudan & Harry Saunders, Re-Thinking the Criminal Standard of Proof: Seeking Consensus About the Utilities of Trial Outcomes.
    For more than a half-century, evidence scholars have been exploring whether the criminal standard of proof can be grounded in decision theory. Such grounding would require the emergence of a social consensus about the utilities to be assigned to the four outcomes at trial. Significant disagreement remains, even among legal scholars, about the relative desirability of those outcomes and even about the formalisms for manipulating their respective utilities. We attempt to diagnose the principal reasons for this dissensus and to suggest (...)
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  43.  14
    Larry Laudan (1986). Methodology's Prospects. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:347 - 354.
    For positivists and post-positivists alike, methodology had a decidedly suspect status. Positivists saw methodological rules as stipulative conventions, void of any empirical content. Post-positivists (especially naturalistic ones) see such rules as mere descriptions of how research is conducted, carrying no normative force. It is argued here that methodological rules are fundamentally empirical claims, but ones which have significant normative bite. Methodology is thus divorced both from foundationalism and conventionalism.
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  44.  20
    Larry Laudan (2010). Thinking About Error in the Law. In Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.), Social Epistemology: Essential Readings. Oxford University Press
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  45.  9
    Larry Laudan, How the Social Contract Is Ignored and Undermined by the Rules of Trial, and How We Might Fix That Problem - Sessió 4.
    Quarta sessió del Seminari de Larry Lawdan.
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  46.  26
    Larry Laudan (1983). Invention and Justification. Philosophy of Science 50 (2):320-322.
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  47. Larry Laudan (1998). Beyond Positivism and Relativism. Mind 107 (425):233-235.
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  48.  19
    Larry Laudan (1989). For Method: Or, Against Feyerabend. In J. R. Brown & J. Mittelstrass (eds.), An Intimate Relation: Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science Presented to Robert E. Butts on His 60th Birthday (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science). Springer
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  49.  4
    Larry Laudan (1981). II.1 The Pseudo-Science of Science? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 11 (2):173-198.
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  50.  13
    Larry Laudan (1971). Reply to Mary Hesse. The Monist 55 (3):525-525.
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