Search results for 'Larry Short' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Larry Short (1991). The Aesthetic Value of Fractal Images. British Journal of Aesthetics 31 (4):342-355.score: 240.0
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  2. Nelson Cowan (2001). The Magical Number 4 in Short-Term Memory: A Reconsideration of Mental Storage Capacity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):87-114.score: 24.0
    Miller (1956) summarized evidence that people can remember about seven chunks in short-term memory (STM) tasks. However, that number was meant more as a rough estimate and a rhetorical device than as a real capacity limit. Others have since suggested that there is a more precise capacity limit, but that it is only three to five chunks. The present target article brings together a wide variety of data on capacity limits suggesting that the smaller capacity limit is real. Capacity (...)
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  3. James J. Angel & Douglas M. McCabe (2009). The Business Ethics of Short Selling and Naked Short Selling. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (1):239 - 249.score: 24.0
    The controversy over short selling has continued unabated from the introduction of modern equity trading in Amsterdam in 1610 to the present day. Nevertheless, the business ethics literature has not really addressed short selling. Short sellers not only profit from the misery of others, they also create it through their selling activities. However, they also provide a socially useful service by making prices better reflect true values, protecting other investors from purchasing overpriced securities. Short sellers can (...)
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  4. Matthew D. Adler, Popular Constitutionalism and the Rule of Recognition: Whose Practices Ground U.score: 24.0
    The law within each legal system is a function of the practices of some social group. In short, law is a kind of socially grounded norm. H.L.A Hart famously developed this view in his book, The Concept of Law, by arguing that law derives from a social rule, the so-called “rule of recognition.” But the proposition that social facts play a foundational role in producing law is a point of consensus for all modern jurisprudents in the Anglo-American tradition: not (...)
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  5. Alfred J. Freddoso, On Being a Catholic University: Some Thoughts On Our Present Predicament.score: 24.0
    At a poignant juncture early in Brideshead Revisited, Sebastian, after briefly recounting for Charles his family's rather checkered performance with regard to its Catholicism, remarks, "I wish I liked Catholics more." When Charles replies, "They seem just like other people," Sebastian rebukes him: "My dear Charles, that's exactly what they're not ... It's not just that they're a clique-- as a matter of fact, they're at least four cliques all blackguarding each other half the time--but they've got an entirely different (...)
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  6. Mary C. Potter (2012). Conceptual Short Term Memory in Perception and Thought. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Conceptual short term memory (CSTM) is a theoretical construct that provides one answer to the question of how perceptual and conceptual processes are related. CSTM is a mental buffer and processor in which current perceptual stimuli and their associated concepts from long term memory (LTM) are represented briefly, allowing meaningful patterns or structures to be identified (Potter, 1993, 1999, 2009). CSTM is different from and complementary to other proposed forms of working memory: it is engaged extremely rapidly, has a (...)
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  7. Simone Cutini & Mario Bonato (2012). Subitizing and Visual Short-Term Memory in Human and Non-Human Species: A Common Shared System? Frontiers in Psychology 3:469.score: 24.0
    Subitizing and visual short-term memory in human and non-human species: a common shared system?
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  8. Juha Silvanto Silvia Bona, Zaira Cattaneo, Tomaso Vecchi, David Soto (2013). Metacognition of Visual Short-Term Memory: Dissociation Between Objective and Subjective Components of VSTM. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    The relationship between the objective accuracy of visual-short term memory (VSTM) representations and their subjective conscious experience is unknown. We investigated this issue by assessing how the objective and subjective components of VSTM in a delayed cue-target orientation discrimination task are affected by intervening distracters. On each trial, participants were shown a memory cue (a grating), the orientation of which they were asked to hold in memory. On approximately half of the trials, a distractor grating appeared during the maintenance (...)
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  9. Arjan Blokland Bart Aben, Sven Stapert (2012). About the Distinction Between Working Memory and Short-Term Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    The theoretical concepts short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) have been used to refer to the maintenance and the maintenance plus manipulation of memory, respectively. Although they are conceptually different, the use of the terms STM and WM in literature is not always strict. Short-term memory and WM are different theoretical concepts that are assumed to reflect different cognitive functions. However, correlational studies have not been able to separate both constructs consistently and there is evidence for a (...)
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  10. Eddy J. Davelaar (2013). Short-Term Memory as a Working Memory Control Process. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Short-term memory as a working memory control process.
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  11. John E. Marsh, Lea K. Pilgrim & Patrik Sörqvist (2013). Hemispheric Specialisation in Selective Attention and Short-Term Memory: A Fine-Coarse Model of Left and Right Ear Disadvantages. Frontiers in Psychology 4:976.score: 24.0
    Serial short-term memory is impaired by irrelevant sound, particularly when the sound changes acoustically. This acoustic effect is larger when the sound is presented to the left compared to the right ear (a left-ear disadvantage). Serial memory appears relatively insensitive to distraction from the semantic properties of a background sound. In contrast, short-term free recall of semantic-category exemplars is impaired by the semantic properties of background speech and relatively insensitive to the sound’s acoustic properties. This semantic effect is (...)
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  12. Erez Shochat (2008). Automorphisms of Countable Short Recursively Saturated Models of PA. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 49 (4):345-360.score: 24.0
    A model of Peano Arithmetic is short recursively saturated if it realizes all its bounded finitely realized recursive types. Short recursively saturated models of $\PA$ are exactly the elementary initial segments of recursively saturated models of $\PA$. In this paper, we survey and prove results on short recursively saturated models of $\PA$ and their automorphisms. In particular, we investigate a certain subgroup of the automorphism group of such models. This subgroup, denoted $G|_{M(a)}$, contains all the automorphisms of (...)
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  13. Gary Jones (2012). Why Chunking Should Be Considered as an Explanation for Developmental Change Before Short-Term Memory Capacity and Processing Speed. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    The chunking hypothesis suggests that during the repeated exposure of stimulus material, information is organized into increasingly larger chunks. Many researchers have not considered the full power of the chunking hypothesis as both a learning mechanism and as an explanation of human behavior. Indeed, in developmental psychology there is relatively little mention of chunking and yet it can be the underlying cause of some of the mechanisms of development that have been proposed. This paper illustrates the chunking hypothesis in the (...)
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  14. Steven J. Luck Lisa M. Oakes, Heidi A. Baumgartner, Frederick S. Barrett, Ian M. Messenger (2013). Developmental Changes in Visual Short-Term Memory in Infancy: Evidence From Eye-Tracking. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    We assessed visual short-term memory (VSTM) for color in 6- and 8-month-old infants (n = 76) using a one-shot change detection task. In this task, a sample array of two colored squares was visible for 517 ms, followed by a 317-ms retention period and then a 3000-ms test array consisting of one unchanged item and one item in a new color. We tracked gaze at 60 Hz while infants looked at the changed and unchanged items during test. When the (...)
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  15. Rhodri Cusack Daniel J. Mitchell (2011). The Temporal Evolution of Electromagnetic Markers Sensitive to the Capacity Limits of Visual Short-Term Memory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 24.0
    An electroencephalographic (EEG) marker of the limited contents of human visual short-term memory (VSTM) has previously been described. Termed contralateral delay activity (CDA), this consists of a sustained, posterior, negative potential that correlates with memory load and is greatest contralateral to the remembered hemifield. The current investigation replicates this finding and uses magnetoencephalography (MEG) to characterise its magnetic counterparts and their neural generators as they evolve throughout the memory delay. A parametric manipulation of memory load, within and beyond capacity (...)
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  16. Bradley R. Postle Jeffrey S. Johnson, David W. Sutterer, Daniel J. Acheson, Jarrod A. Lewis-Peacock (2011). Increased Alpha-Band Power During the Retention of Shapes and Shape-Location Associations in Visual Short-Term Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    Studies exploring the role of neural oscillations in cognition have revealed sustained increases in alpha-band (~8-14 Hz) power during the delay period of delayed-recognition short-term memory tasks. These increases have been proposed to reflect the inhibition, for example, of cortical areas representing task-irrelevant information, or of potentially interfering representations from previous trials. Another possibility, however, is that elevated delay-period alpha-band power reflects the selection and maintenance of information, rather than, or in addition to, the inhibition of task-irrelevant information. In (...)
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  17. Steve Majerus (2013). Language Repetition and Short-Term Memory: An Integrative Framework. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Short-term maintenance of verbal information is a core factor of language repetition, especially when reproducing multiple or unfamiliar stimuli. Many models of language processing locate the verbal short-term maintenance function in the left posterior superior temporo-parietal area and its connections with the inferior frontal gyrus. However, research in the field of short-term memory has implicated bilateral fronto-parietal networks, involved in attention and serial order processing, as being critical for the maintenance and reproduction of verbal sequences. We present (...)
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  18. D. J. Murray (1968). Articulation and Acoustic Confusability in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):679.score: 21.0
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  19. George D. Goedel (1974). Connotative Evaluation and Concreteness Shifts in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):314.score: 21.0
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  20. Neal E. Kroll, M. H. Kellicutt, Raymond W. Berrian & Alan F. Kreisler (1974). Effects of Irrelevant Color Changes on Speed of Visual Recognition Following Short Retention Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (1):97.score: 21.0
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  21. Henry Loess & Richard Harris (1968). Short-Term Memory for Individual Verbal Items as a Function of Method of Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):64.score: 21.0
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  22. Katharine I. Blick (1969). Decision and Decay Processes in the Short-Term Memory for Length. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):224.score: 21.0
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  23. Alfred H. Fuchs (1969). Recall for Order and Content of Serial Word Lists in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):14.score: 21.0
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  24. M. R. Grossman & H. Cason (1937). The Influence of a Short Preliminary Examination of Learning Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (4):473.score: 21.0
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  25. J. P. Guilford & R. A. Hilton (1933). Some Configurational Properties of Short Musical Melodies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (1):32.score: 21.0
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  26. Kenneth R. Laughery & James C. Fell (1969). Subject Preferences and the Nature of Information Stored in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):193.score: 21.0
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  27. Richard H. Lindley & Shari E. Nedler (1965). Futher Effects of Subject-Generated Recoding Cues on Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):324.score: 21.0
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  28. P. R. Meudell (1972). Short-Term Visual Memory: Comparative Effects of Two Types of Distraction on the Recall of Visually Presented Verbal and Nonverbal Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (3):244.score: 21.0
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  29. Bennet B. Murdock & J. Elisabeth Wells (1974). Parameter Invariance in Short-Term Associative Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):475.score: 21.0
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  30. Allen L. Pinkus & Kenneth R. Laughery (1970). Recoding and Grouping Processes in Short-Term Memory: Effects of Subject-Paced Presentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):335.score: 21.0
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  31. G. Rolf Schaub & Richard H. Lindley (1964). Effects of Subject-Generated Recoding Cues on Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (2):171.score: 21.0
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  32. Graeme Wallace & Michael C. Corballis (1973). Short-Term Memory and Coding Strategies in the Deaf. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (3):334-348.score: 21.0
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  33. Bernard Weiner & Edward L. Walker (1966). Motivational Factors in Short-Term Retention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):190.score: 21.0
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  34. Delos D. Wickens & Randall W. Engle (1970). Imagery and Abstractness in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):268.score: 21.0
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  35. Jack A. Adams & Sanne Dijkstra (1966). Short-Term Memory for Motor Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):314.score: 21.0
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  36. John G. Borkowski & Howard C. Eisner (1968). Meaningfulness and Abstractness in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):57.score: 21.0
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  37. John L. Craft (1973). A Two-Process Theory for the Short-Term Retention of Motor Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):196.score: 21.0
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  38. Donald V. DeRosa (1969). Transformations on Sets in Short-Term Memory: Set Size Reduction by Deletion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):415.score: 21.0
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  39. Lee Elliott (1973). Imagery Versus Repetition Encoding in Short- and Long-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):270.score: 21.0
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  40. David G. Elmes (1969). Cueing to Forget in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):561.score: 21.0
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  41. Charles W. Eriksen & Joseph S. Lappin (1967). Selective Attention and Very Short-Term Recognition Memory for Nonsense Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (3):358.score: 21.0
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  42. W. R. Garner (1951). The Accuracy of Counting Repeated Short Tones. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (4):310.score: 21.0
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  43. A. R. Gilliland & Richard Martin (1940). Some Factors in Estimating Short Time Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (3):243.score: 21.0
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  44. David S. Gorfein & David E. Jacobson (1973). Memory Search in a Brown-Peterson Short-Term Memory Paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):82-87.score: 21.0
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  45. Anthony F. Grasha, Donald A. Schumsky & Lee A. Elliott (1973). Relationships Among Short-Term Recall, Intralist Intrusions, Subjective Certainty Ratings, and Long-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):83.score: 21.0
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  46. J. Donald Harris, Anita I. Rawnsley & Patricia Kelsey (1951). Studies in Short-Duration Auditory Fatigue: I. Frequency Differences as a Function of Intensity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (6):430.score: 21.0
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  47. Ronald H. Hopkins, Richard E. Edwards & Cheri L. Cook (1973). Presentation Modality, Distractor Modality, and Proactive Interference in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):362.score: 21.0
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  48. Walter Kintsch & Herman Buschke (1969). Homophones and Synonyms in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):403.score: 21.0
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  49. Lester A. Lefton & Anne B. Spragins (1974). Orthographic Structure and Reading Experience Affect the Transfer From Iconic to Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):775.score: 21.0
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  50. Edwin Martin & Donald A. Walter (1969). Subject Uncertainty and Word-Class Effects in Short-Term Memory for Sentences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):47.score: 21.0
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