Search results for 'Latent Inhibition' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Schnur & Charles J. Ksir (1969). Latent Inhibition in Human Eyelid Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):388.score: 75.0
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  2. Margaret E. Clarke & Ralph B. Hupka (1974). The Effects of Stimulus Duration and Frequency of Daily Preconditioning Stimulus Exposures on Latent Inhibition in Pavlovian Conditioning of the Rabbit Nictitating Membrane Response. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (4):225-228.score: 45.0
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  3. T. L. Devietti, D. S. Blair & S. J. Schleusner (1989). Latent Inhibition (Li) with One Preexposure Trial-Replication and Controls. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):492-492.score: 45.0
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  4. Terry L. DeVietti & Owen V. Barrett (1986). Latent Inhibition: No Effect of Intertrial Interval of the Preexposure Trials. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (6):453-455.score: 45.0
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  5. Chris Frith (1991). In What Context is Latent Inhibition Relevant to the Symptoms of Schizophrenia? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):28-29.score: 45.0
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  6. A. Ginton, G. Urca & R. E. Lubow (1975). The Effects of Preexposure to a Nonattended Stimulus on Subsequent Learning: Latent Inhibition in Adults. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (1):5-8.score: 45.0
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  7. Roberto Álvarez Gómez & Matías López Ramírez (1993). Latent Inhibition to a Compound Following Exposure to the Elements or the Compound. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (6):569-570.score: 45.0
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  8. Wc Gordon & Ms Weaver (1987). Contextual Control of Latent Inhibition. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):355-355.score: 45.0
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  9. R. E. Lubow, I. Weiner, A. Schlossberg & I. Baruch (1987). Latent Inhibition and Schizophrenia. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (6):464-467.score: 45.0
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  10. Stephen M. McIntosh & Roger M. Tarpy (1977). Retention of Latent Inhibition in a Taste-Aversion Paradigm. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9 (6):411-412.score: 45.0
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  11. Zakaria Ouhaz, Saadia Ba-M'hamed & Bennis Mohamed (2013). Dopamine Manipulation Limited to Pre-Exposure Session is Sufficient to Modulate Latent Inhibition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 45.0
  12. Phil Reed (1991). Blocking Latent Inhibition. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (4):292-294.score: 45.0
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  13. Paul R. Solomon, A. Craig Lohr & John W. Moore (1974). Latent Inhibition of the Rabbit's Nictitating Membrane Response: Summation Tests for Active Inhibition as a Function of Number of CS Preexposures. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (6):557-559.score: 45.0
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  14. Paul R. Solomon, George Brennan & John W. Moore (1974). Latent Inhibition of the Rabbit's Nictitating Membrane Response as a Function of CS Intensity. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (5):445-448.score: 45.0
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  15. Roger M. Tarpy & Stephen M. McIntosh (1977). Generalized Latent Inhibition in Taste-Aversion Learning. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (5):379-381.score: 45.0
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  16. Rm Tarpy, Dj Prybock & Je Roberts (1992). Latent Inhibition for Responding. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):439-439.score: 45.0
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  17. Daniel K. Tranberg & Mark Rilling (1978). Latent Inhibition in the Autoshaping Paradigm. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (5):273-276.score: 45.0
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  18. Timothy K. Wittman & Terry L. DeVietti (1981). Latent Inhibition Measured by Heart Rate Suppression in Rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (6):283-285.score: 45.0
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  19. Dennis C. Wright, Karl D. Skala & Karl A. Peuser (1986). Latent Inhibition From Context-Dependent Retrieval of Conflicting Information. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (2):152-154.score: 45.0
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  20. Dennis C. Wright & Karen K. Gustavson (1986). Preexposure of the Conditioning Context and Latent Inhibition From Reduced Conditioning. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (6):451-452.score: 45.0
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  21. Martin Eimer & Friederike Schlaghecken (2002). Links Between Conscious Awareness and Response Inhibition: Evidence From Masked Priming. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 9 (3):514-520.score: 39.0
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  22. David Guez (2009). A Bio-Logical Theory of Animal Learning. Biological Theory 4 (2):148-158.score: 33.0
    This article provides the foundation for a new predictive theory of animal learning that is based upon a simple logical model. The knowledge of experimental subjects at a given time is described using logical equations. These logical equations are then used to predict a subject’s response when presented with a known or a previously unknown situation. This new theory suc- cessfully anticipates phenomena that existing theories predict, as well as phenomena that they cannot. It provides a theoretical account for phenomena (...)
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  23. Tiago V. Maia (2009). Fear Conditioning and Social Groups: Statistics, Not Genetics. Cognitive Science 33 (7):1232-1251.score: 30.0
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  24. Rolf Verleger, Piotr Jaskowski, Aytaç Aydemir, Rob H. J. van der Lubbe & Margriet Groen (2004). Qualitative Differences Between Conscious and Nonconscious Processing? On Inverse Priming Induced by Masked Arrows. Journal of Experimental Psychology 133 (4):494-515.score: 30.0
  25. Matthew Hugh Erdelyi (2006). The Unified Theory of Repression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):499-511.score: 18.0
    Repression has become an empirical fact that is at once obvious and problematic. Fragmented clinical and laboratory traditions and disputed terminology have resulted in a Babel of misunderstandings in which false distinctions are imposed (e.g., between repression and suppression) and necessary distinctions not drawn (e.g., between the mechanism and the use to which it is put, defense being just one). “Repression” was introduced by Herbart to designate the (nondefensive) inhibition of ideas by other ideas in their struggle for consciousness. (...)
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  26. John M. Findlay & Robin Walker (1999). A Model of Saccade Generation Based on Parallel Processing and Competitive Inhibition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):661-674.score: 18.0
    During active vision, the eyes continually scan the visual environment using saccadic scanning movements. This target article presents an information processing model for the control of these movements, with some close parallels to established physiological processes in the oculomotor system. Two separate pathways are concerned with the spatial and the temporal programming of the movement. In the temporal pathway there is spatially distributed coding and the saccade target is selected from a Both pathways descend through a hierarchy of levels, the (...)
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  27. Till D. Frank, Julia J. C. Blau & Michael T. Turvey (2012). Symmetry Breaking Analysis of Prism Adaptation's Latent Aftereffect. Cognitive Science 36 (4):674-697.score: 18.0
    The effect of prism adaptation on movement is typically reduced when the movement at test (prisms off) differs on some dimension from the movement at training (prisms on). Some adaptation is latent, however, and only revealed through further testing in which the movement at training is fully reinstated. Applying a nonlinear attractor dynamic model (Frank, Blau, & Turvey, 2009) to available data (Blau, Stephen, Carello, & Turvey, 2009), we provide evidence for a causal link between the latent (or (...)
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  28. Ariane Bazan (2012). From Sensorimotor Inhibition to Freudian Repression: Insights From Psychosis Applied to Neurosis. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    First, three case studies are presented of psychotic patients having in common an inability to hold something down or out. In line with other theories on psychosis, we propose that a key change is at the efference copy system. Going back to Freud’s mental apparatus, we propose that the messages of discharge of the motor neurones, mobilised to direct perception, also called “indications of reality”, are equivalent to the modern efference copies. With this key, the reading of the cases is (...)
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  29. Chaomei Chen (1997). Tracking Latent Domain Structures: An Integration of Pathfinder and Latent Semantic Analysis. [REVIEW] AI and Society 11 (1-2):48-62.score: 18.0
    Standard psychological scaling methods have been widely used as knowledge elicitation tools to uncover structural characteristics of a given domain. However, these methods traditionally rely on relatedness ratings from human experts, which is often time-consuming and tedious. We describe an integrated approach to knowledge elicitation and representation using Latent Semantic Analysis and Pathfinder Network Scaling techniques. The semantic structure of a subject domain can be automatically characterised from a collection of published documents in the domain. The method is illustrated (...)
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  30. Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Sara Jahfari, Vanessa A. van Ast, Merel Kindt & Birte U. Forstmann (2011). Individual Differences in Heart Rate Variability Predict the Degree of Slowing During Response Inhibition and Initiation in the Presence of Emotional Stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 18.0
    Response inhibition is a hallmark of executive control and crucial to support flexible behaviour in a constantly changing environment. Recently, it has been shown that response inhibition is influenced by the presentation of emotional stimuli (Verbruggen and De Houwer, 2007). Healthy individuals typically differ in the degree to which they are able to regulate their emotional state, but it remains unknown whether individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) may alter the interplay between emotion and response inhibition. Here (...)
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  31. Joaquin A. Anguera, Kyle Lyman, Theodore P. Zanto, Jacob Bollinger & Adam Gazzaley (2013). Reconciling the Influence of Task-Set Switching and Motor Inhibition Processes on Stop Signal After-Effects. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    Executive response functions can be affected by preceding events, even if they are no longer associated with the current task at hand. For example, studies utilizing the stop signal task have reported slower response times to ‘GO’ stimuli when the preceding trial involved the presentation of a ‘STOP’ signal. However, the neural mechanisms that underlie this behavioral after-effect are unclear. To address this, behavioral and electroencephalography (EEG) measures were examined in 18 young adults (18-30yrs) on 'GO' trials following a previously (...)
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  32. Mark J. Fenske Anne E. Ferrey, Alexandra Frischen (2012). Hot or Not: Response Inhibition Reduces the Hedonic Value and Motivational Incentive of Sexual Stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    The motivational incentive of reward-related stimuli can become so salient that it drives behavior at the cost of other needs. Here we show that response inhibition applied during a Go/No-go task not only impacts hedonic evaluations but also reduces the behavioral incentive of motivationally-relevant stimuli. We first examined the impact of response inhibition on the hedonic value of sex stimuli associated with strong behavioral-approach responses (Experiment 1). Sexually-appealing and non-appealing images were both rated as less attractive when previously (...)
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  33. Gabriela Garrido Rodriguez Ardi Roelofs, Vitória Piai (2011). Attentional Inhibition in Bilingual Naming Performance: Evidence From Delta-Plot Analyses. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 18.0
    It has been argued that inhibition is a mechanism of attentional control in bilingual language performance. Evidence suggests that effects of inhibition are largest in the tail of a response time (RT) distribution in non-linguistic and monolingual performance domains. We examined this for bilingual performance by conducting delta-plot analyses of naming RTs. Dutch-English bilingual speakers named pictures using English while trying to ignore superimposed neutral Xs or Dutch distractor words that were semantically related, unrelated, or translations. The mean (...)
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  34. Christian Collet Aymeric Guillot, Franck Di Rienzo, Tadhg MacIntyre, Aidan Moran (2012). Imagining is Not Doing but Involves Specific Motor Commands: A Review of Experimental Data Related to Motor Inhibition. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    There is now compelling evidence that motor imagery (MI) and actual movement share common neural substrate. However, the question of how MI inhibits the transmission of motor commands into the efferent pathways in order to prevent any movement is largely unresolved. Similarly, little is known about the nature of the electromyographic activity that is apparent during MI. In addressing these gaps in the literature, the present paper argues that MI includes motor execution commands for muscle contractions which are blocked at (...)
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  35. Roi Cohen Kadosh Beatrix Krause, Javier Márquez-Ruiz (2013). The Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: A Role for Cortical Excitation/Inhibition Balance? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a promising tool for cognitive enhancement and neurorehabilitation in clinical disorders in both cognitive and clinical domains (e.g., chronic pain, tinnitus). Here we suggest the potential role of tDCS in modulating cortical excitation/inhibition (E/I) balance and thereby inducing improvements. We suggest that part of the mechanism of action of tDCS can be explained by non-invasive modulations of the E/I balance.
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  36. Jessica R. Cohen, Robert F. Asarnow, Fred W. Sabb, Robert M. Bilder, Susan Y. Bookheimer, Barbara J. Knowlton & Russell A. Poldrack (2010). Decoding Developmental Differences and Individual Variability in Response Inhibition Through Predictive Analyses Across Individuals. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 18.0
    Response inhibition is thought to improve throughout childhood and into adulthood. Despite the relationship between age and the ability to stop ongoing behavior, questions remain regarding whether these age-related changes reflect improvements in response inhibition or in other factors that contribute to response performance variability. Functional neuroimaging data shows age-related changes in neural activity during response inhibition. While traditional methods of exploring neuroimaging data are limited to determining correlational relationships, newer methods can determine predictability and can begin (...)
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  37. Emil N. Coman, Katherine Picho, John J. McArdle, Victor Villagra, Lisa Dierker & Eugen Iordache (2013). The Paired T-Test as a Simple Latent Change Score Model. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    The paired t-test as a simple latent change score model.
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  38. Eliza Congdon, Jeanette A. Mumford, Jessica R. Cohen, Adriana Galvan, Turhan Canli & Russell A. Poldrack (2012). Measurement and Reliability of Response Inhibition. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Response inhibition plays a critical role in adaptive functioning and can be assessed with the Stop-signal task, which requires participants to suppress prepotent motor responses. Evidence suggests that this ability to inhibit a motor response that has already been initiated (reflected as Stop-signal reaction time (SSRT)) is a quantitative and heritable measure of interindividual variation in brain function. In order to examine the reliability of this measure, we pooled data across three separate studies and examined the influence of multiple (...)
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  39. Randall O'Reilly Dean Wyatte, Seth Herd, Brian Mingus (2012). The Role of Competitive Inhibition and Top-Down Feedback in Binding During Object Recognition. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    How does the brain bind together visual features that are processed concurrently by different neurons into a unified percept suitable for processes such as object recognition? Here, we describe how simple, commonly accepted principles of neural processing can interact over time to solve the brain's binding problem. We focus on mechanisms of neural inhibition and top-down feedback. Specifically, we describe how inhibition creates competition among neural populations that code different features, effectively suppressing irrelevant information, and thus minimizing illusory (...)
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  40. Anne E. Ferrey, Alexandra Frischen & Mark J. Fenske (2012). Hot or Not: Response Inhibition Reduces the Hedonic Value and Motivational Incentive of Sexual Stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    The motivational incentive of reward-related stimuli can become so salient that it drives behavior at the cost of other needs. Here we show that response inhibition applied during a Go/No-go task not only impacts hedonic evaluations but also reduces the behavioral incentive of motivationally-relevant stimuli. We first examined the impact of response inhibition on the hedonic value of sex stimuli associated with strong behavioral-approach responses (Experiment 1). Sexually-appealing and non-appealing images were both rated as less attractive when previously (...)
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  41. Elizabeth A. Maylor Friederike Schlaghecken, Kulbir S. Birak (2012). Age-Related Deficits in Efficiency of Low-Level Lateral Inhibition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    In a masked prime task using a 0-ms prime-target inter-stimulus-interval, responses on compatible trials (prime and target match) are usually faster and more accurate than responses on incompatible trials (prime-target mismatch). This positive compatibility effect comprises benefits on compatible relative to neutral trials and costs on incompatible relative to neutral trials. Comparing performance in 2- vs. 4-alternative-response versions of the task indicates that benefits are due to direct priming of a motor response, whereas costs reflect inhibition of the alternative (...)
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  42. Isabella Fuchs & Ulrich Ansorge (2012). Inhibition of Return is No Hallmark of Exogenous Capture by Unconscious Cues. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Inhibition of irrelevant information and response tendencies is a central characteristic of conscious control and executive functions. However, recent theories in vision considered Inhibition of Return (IOR: slower responses to attended than unattended positions) to be a hallmark of automatic exogenous capture of visual attention by unconscious cues. In the present study, we show that an unconscious cue that exogenously captures attention does not lead to IOR. First of all, subliminal cues with a contrast different from a searched-for (...)
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  43. Christian Geiser, Jacob Bishop, Ginger Lockhart, Saul Shiffman & Jerry L. Grenard (2013). Analyzing Latent State-Trait and Multiple-Indicator Latent Growth Curve Models as Multilevel Structural Equation Models. Frontiers in Psychology 4:975.score: 18.0
    Latent state-trait (LST) and latent growth curve (LGC) models are frequently used in the analysis of longitudinal data. Although it is well-known that standard single-indicator LGC models can be analyzed within either the structural equation modeling (SEM) or multilevel (ML; hierarchical linear modeling) frameworks, few researchers realize that LST and multivariate LGC models, which use multiple indicators at each time point, can also be specified as ML models. In the present paper, we demonstrate that using the ML-SEM rather (...)
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  44. Aymeric Guillot, Franck Di Rienzo, Tadhg MacIntyre, Aidan Moran & Christian Collet (2012). Imagining is Not Doing but Involves Specific Motor Commands: A Review of Experimental Data Related to Motor Inhibition. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    There is now compelling evidence that motor imagery (MI) and actual movement share common neural substrate. However, the question of how MI inhibits the transmission of motor commands into the efferent pathways in order to prevent any movement is largely unresolved. Similarly, little is known about the nature of the electromyographic activity that is apparent during MI. In addressing these gaps in the literature, the present paper argues that MI includes motor execution commands for muscle contractions which are blocked at (...)
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  45. Diego Redolar-Ripoll Ignacio Obeso, Noemí Robles, Elena M. Marrón (2013). Dissociating the Role of the Pre-SMA in Response Inhibition and Switching: A Combined Online and Offline TMS Approach. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    The pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) is considered to be a key node in the cognitive control of actions that require rapid updating, inhibition or switching, as well as working memory. It is now recognized that the pre-SMA is part of a ‘cognitive control’ network involving the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and subcortical regions, such as the striatum and subthalamic nucleus. However, two important questions remain to be addressed. First, it is not clear if the main role of the pre-SMA (...)
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  46. Ulrich Ansorge Isabella Fuchs (2012). Inhibition of Return is No Hallmark of Exogenous Capture by Unconscious Cues. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Inhibition of irrelevant information and response tendencies is a central characteristic of conscious control and executive functions. However, recent theories in vision considered Inhibition of Return (IOR: slower responses to attended than unattended positions) to be a hallmark of automatic exogenous capture of visual attention by unconscious cues. In the present study, we show that an unconscious cue that exogenously captures attention does not lead to IOR. First of all, subliminal cues with a contrast different from a searched-for (...)
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  47. Nachshon Meiran Jonathan Greenberg, Keren Reiner (2012). “Off with the Old”: Mindfulness Practice Improves Backward Inhibition. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Mindfulness practice has been linked to reduced depressive rumination and described as involving inhibition of information that has been relevant in the past and is no longer relevant in the present moment. Backward inhibition (BI) is considered to be one of the purest measures of task set inhibition, and impaired BI has been linked to depressive rumination. BI was contrasted with Competitor Rule Suppression (CRS), which is another phenomenon observed in task switching, yet one which involves episodic (...)
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  48. M. W. Greenlee K. K. Alichniewicz, F. Brunner, H. H. Klünemann (2013). Neural Correlates of Saccadic Inhibition in Healthy Elderly and Patients with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    Performance on tasks that require saccadic inhibition declines with age and altered inhibitory functioning has also been reported in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Although mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is assumed to be a high-risk factor for conversion to AD, little is known about changes in saccadic inhibition and its neural correlates in this condition. Our study determined whether the neural activation associated with saccadic inhibition is altered in persons with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Functional magnetic resonance (...)
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  49. Martin Eimer Monika Kiss, Jane E. Raymond, Nikki Westoby, Anna C. Nobre (2008). Response Inhibition is Linked to Emotional Devaluation: Behavioural and Electrophysiological Evidence. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2.score: 18.0
    To study links between the inhibition of motor responses and emotional evaluation, we combined electrophysiological measures of prefrontal response inhibition with behavioural measures of affective evaluation. Participants first performed a Go-Nogo task in response to Asian and Caucasian faces (with race determining their Go or Nogo status), followed by a trustworthiness rating for each face. Faces previously seen as Nogo stimuli were rated as less trustworthy than previous Go stimuli. To study links between the efficiency of response (...) in the Go-Nogo task and subsequent emotional evaluations, the Nogo N2 component was quantified separately for faces that were later judged to be high versus low in trustworthiness. Nogo N2 amplitudes were larger in response to low-rated as compared to high-rated faces, demonstrating that trial-by-trial variations in the efficiency of response inhibition triggered by Nogo faces, as measured by the Nogo N2 component, co-vary with their subsequent affective evaluation. These results suggest close links between inhibitory processes in top-down motor control and emotional responses. (shrink)
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  50. Brenda Ocampo & Matthew Finkbeiner (2013). The Negative Compatibility Effect with Relevant Masks: A Case for Automatic Motor Inhibition. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    For many years controversy has surrounded the so-called ‘negative compatibility effect’ (NCE), a surprising phenomenon whereby responses to a target stimulus are delayed when the target is preceded by an unconscious, response-compatible prime. According to proponents of the ‘self-inhibition’ hypothesis, the NCE occurs when a low-level self-inhibitory mechanism supresses early motor activations that are no longer supported by perceptual evidence. This account has been debated, however, by those who regard the NCE to be a stimulus-specific phenomenon that can be (...)
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