Search results for 'Laura K. Davis' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Laura Davis (University of Pittsburgh)
  1. Laura K. Davis & Cristina Santos (eds.) (2010). The Monster Imagined: Humanity's Recreation of Monsters and Monstrosity. Inter-Disciplinary.
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  2. Tony Burns, Claire Curtis, Laurence Davis, Winter Elliot, Chris Ferns, Everett Hamner, Ursula K. Le Guin, Avery Plaw, Andrew Reynolds, Ellen Rigsby, Jennifer Rodgers, Dan Sabia, Bülent Somay, Douglas Spencer, Simon Stow & Mark Tunick (2005). The New Utopian Politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's the Dispossessed. Lexington Books.
    The Dispossessed has been described by political thinker Andre Gorz as 'The most striking description I know of the seductions—and snares—of self-managed communist or, in other words, anarchist society.' To date, however, the radical social, cultural, and political ramifications of Le Guin's multiple award-winning novel remain woefully under explored. Editors Laurence Davis and Peter Stillman right this state of affairs in the first ever collection of original essays devoted to Le Guin's novel. Among the topics covered in this wide-ranging, (...)
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  3. Laurence Davis, Peter Stillman & Ursula K. Le Guin (2006). The New Utopian Politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's The Dispossessed. Utopian Studies 17 (2):375-379.
    The Dispossessed has been described by political thinker Andre Gorz as 'The most striking description I know of the seductions—and snares—of self-managed communist or, in other words, anarchist society.' To date, however, the radical social, cultural, and political ramifications of Le Guin's multiple award-winning novel remain woefully under explored. Editors Laurence Davis and Peter Stillman right this state of affairs in the first ever collection of original essays devoted to Le Guin's novel. Among the topics covered in this wide-ranging, (...)
     
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  4. Laurence Davis & Peter Stillman (eds.) (2005). The New Utopian Politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's the Dispossessed. Lexington Books.
    The Dispossessed has been described by political thinker Andre Gorz as 'The most striking description I know of the seductions—and snares—of self-managed communist or, in other words, anarchist society.' To date, however, the radical social, cultural, and political ramifications of Le Guin's multiple award-winning novel remain woefully under explored. Editors Laurence Davis and Peter Stillman right this state of affairs in the first ever collection of original essays devoted to Le Guin's novel. Among the topics covered in this wide-ranging, (...)
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  5. Stephen Davis (2001). A Reply To Paul K. Moser’s “Divine Hiding”. Philosophia Christi 3 (1):109-112.
     
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  6.  2
    Jeremy Davis (2015). The Ethics of Preventive War DEEN K. CHATTERJEE Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013; 280 Pp.; $29.99. [REVIEW] Dialogue 54 (3):565-566.
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  7. J. B. Davis (1970). John K. Ryan, "Studies in Philosophy and the History of Philosophy", Vol. 4, 1969. [REVIEW] The Thomist 34 (2):363.
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  8. John B. Davis (1975). John K. Ryan , "Heirs and Ancestors". [REVIEW] The Thomist 39 (1):156.
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  9. R. K. R. K. (1984). History and Power. The Social Relevance of History. By Harold Eugene Davis. [REVIEW] History and Theory 23 (2):275.
     
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  10.  3
    Lalita K. Suzuki, Helen M. Davis & Patricia M. Greenfield (2008). Self‐Enhancement and Self‐Effacement in Reaction to Praise and Criticism: The Case of Multiethnic Youth. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 36 (1):78-97.
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  11. Lalita K. Suzuki, Helen M. Davis & Patricia M. Greenfield (2008). Self-Enhancement and Self-Effacement in Reaction to Praise and Criticism: The Case of Multiethnic Youth. Ethos 36 (1):78-97.
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  12.  76
    D. F. Aberle, A. K. Cohen, A. K. Davis, M. J. Levy Jr & F. X. Sutton (1950). The Functional Prerequisites of a Society. Ethics 60 (2):100 - 111.
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  13.  6
    Matthew T. Huss, Gary K. Leak & Stephen F. Davis (1993). A Validation Study of the Novaco Anger Inventory. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (4):279-281.
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  14.  12
    Joseph K. Johnson & Kingsley Davis (1934). An Attempt to Discover Change in Moral Attitudes of High-School Students. International Journal of Ethics 44 (2):244-251.
  15. Joseph K. Johnson & Kingsley Davis (1934). An Attempt to Discover Change in Moral Attitudes of High-School Students. Ethics 44 (2):244.
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  16. Kevin I. Minor, Sharon K. Karr & Stephen F. Davis (1984). Social and Self-Perceptions of Institutionalized and Noninstitutionalized Juveniles. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (6):557-559.
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  17. John K. Davis (2010). An Alternative to Relativism. Philosophical Topics 38 (2):17-37.
    Some moral disagreements are so persistent that we suspect they are deep : we would disagree even when we have all relevant information and no one makes any mistakes. The possibility of deep disagreement is thought to drive cognitivists toward relativism, but most cognitivists reject relativism. There is an alternative. According to divergentism, cognitivists can reject relativism while allowing for deep disagreement. This view has rarely been defended at length, but many philosophers have implicitly endorsed its elements. I will defend (...)
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  18.  42
    John K. Davis (2015). Faultless Disagreement, Cognitive Command, and Epistemic Peers. Synthese 192 (1):1-24.
    Relativism and contextualism are the most popular accounts of faultless disagreement, but Crispin Wright once argued for an account I call divergentism. According to divergentism, parties who possess all relevant information and use the same standards of assessment in the same context of utterance can disagree about the same proposition without either party being in epistemic fault, yet only one of them is right. This view is an alternative to relativism, indexical contextualism, and nonindexical contextualism, and has advantages over those (...)
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  19.  6
    N. King, G. Henderson, L. Churchill, A. Davis, S. C. Hull, D. K. Nelson, P. Parham-Vetter, B. Rothschild, M. Easter & B. Wilfond (2005). Consent Forms and the Therapeutic Misconception. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27:1-7.
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  20.  12
    Adrian M. Owen, Martin R. Coleman, D. K. Menon, E. L. Berry, I. S. Johnsrude, J. M. Rodd, Matthew H. Davis & John D. Pickard (2006). Using a Hierarchical Approach to Investigate Residual Auditory Cognition in Persistent Vegetative State. In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier
  21.  67
    John K. Davis (2007). Intuition and the Junctures of Judgment in Decision Procedures for Clinical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (1):1-30.
    Moral decision procedures such as principlism or casuistry require intuition at certain junctures, as when a principle seems indeterminate, or principles conflict, or we wonder which paradigm case is most relevantly similar to the instant case. However, intuitions are widely thought to lack epistemic justification, and many ethicists urge that such decision procedures dispense with intuition in favor of forms of reasoning that provide discursive justification. I argue that discursive justification does not eliminate or minimize the need for intuition, or (...)
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  22. Martin Davis, Edgar E. K. Lopez-Escobar & Wilfred Sieg (1986). Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic: Washington, D. C., 1985. Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (4):1085-1092.
  23.  12
    Luke Kersten & Laura Davis, From Word to Practice: Eugenic Language in Sterilization Legislation in North America.
    Between 1905 and 1945, 31 states in the Untied States and 2 provinces in Canada enacted sterilization legislation. Over 70 statutes and amendments were enacted to guide, oversee and regulate sterilization practice, while over 24 distinct conditions were offered as grounds for sterilization. Although excellent legal, historical, and philosophical scholarship has investigated the motivations, causes and consequences of this legislation, little work has been done to explicitly systematic analyse the language used in sterilization legislation. This brief study attempts to fill (...)
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  24.  28
    John K. Davis (2004). Conscientious Refusal and a Doctors's Right to Quit. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):75 – 91.
    Patients sometimes request procedures their doctors find morally objectionable. Do doctors have a right of conscientious refusal? I argue that conscientious refusal is justified only if the doctor's refusal does not make the patient worse off than she would have been had she gone to another doctor in the first place. From this approach I derive conclusions about the duty to refer and facilitate transfer, whether doctors may provide 'moral counseling,' whether doctors are obligated to provide objectionable procedures when no (...)
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  25.  32
    John K. Davis (2008). How to Justify Enforcing a Ulysses Contract When Ulysses is Competent to Refuse. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (1):pp. 87-106.
    Sometimes the mentally ill have sufficient mental capacity to refuse treatment competently, and others have a moral duty to respect their refusal. However, those with episodic mental disorders may wish to precommit themselves to treatment, using Ulysses contracts known as “mental health advance directives.” How can health care providers justify enforcing such contracts over an agent’s current, competent refusal? I argue that providers respect an agent’s autonomy not retrospectively—by reference to his or her past wishes—and not merely synchronically—so that the (...)
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  26.  52
    John K. Davis (2004). Precedent Autonomy and Subsequent Consent. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):267-291.
    Honoring a living will typically involves treating an incompetent patient in accord with preferences she once had, but whose objects she can no longer understand. How do we respect her precedent autonomy by giving her what she used to want? There is a similar problem with subsequent consent: How can we justify interfering with someone''s autonomy on the grounds that she will later consent to the interference, if she refuses now?Both problems arise on the assumption that, to respect someone''s autonomy, (...)
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  27.  11
    J. K. Davis (2008). Futility, Conscientious Refusal, and Who Gets to Decide. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (4):356-373.
    Most discussions of medical futility try to answer the Futility Question: when is a medical procedure futile? No answer enjoys universal support. Some futility policies say that the health care provider will answer this question when the provider and patient cannot agree. This raises the Decision Question: who has the moral authority to decide what to do in cases where futility is disputed? I look for a procedural answer to this question, an answer that does not turn on whether a (...)
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  28.  10
    Thomas K. Davis (1921). The Psychology of Functional Neuroses. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 18 (11):301-304.
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  29.  53
    John K. Davis (2005). Life-Extension and the Malthusian Objection. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (1):27 – 44.
    The worst possible way to resolve this issue is to leave it up to individual choice. There is no known social good coming from the conquest of death (Bailey, 1999). - Daniel Callahan Dramatically extending the human lifespan seems increasingly possible. Many bioethicists object that life-extension will have Malthusian consequences as new Methuselahs accumulate, generation by generation. I argue for a Life-Years Response to the Malthusian Objection. If even a minority of each generation chooses life-extension, denying it to them deprives (...)
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  30. Brian K. Davis (2005). Coevolution Theory of the Genetic Code: Is the Precursor–Product Hypothesis Invalid? Bioessays 27 (12):1308-1308.
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  31.  20
    Donald Gotterbarn, K. Miller, S. Rogerson, S. Barber, P. Barnes, I. Burnstein, M. Davis, A. El-Kadi, N. B. Fairweather & M. Fulghum (2001). Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):231-238.
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  32.  8
    John K. Davis (2016). Four Ways Life Extension Will Change Our Relationship with Death. Bioethics 30 (3):165-172.
    Discussions of life extension ethics have focused mainly on whether an extended life would be desirable to have, and on the social consequences of widely available life extension. I want to explore a different range of issues: four ways in which the advent of life extension will change our relationship with death, not only for those who live extended lives, but also for those who cannot or choose not to. Although I believe that, on balance, the reasons in favor of (...)
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  33.  3
    John K. Davis (2008). Futility, Conscientious Refusal, and Who Gets to Decide. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (4):356-373.
    Most discussions of medical futility try to answer the Futility Question: when is a medical procedure futile? No answer enjoys universal support. Some futility policies say that the health care provider will answer this question when the provider and patient cannot agree. This raises the Decision Question: who has the moral authority to decide what to do in cases where futility is disputed? I look for a procedural answer to this question, an answer that does not turn on whether a (...)
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  34.  2
    Stephen F. Davis, John K. Gussetto, James L. Tramill, Jerry Neideffer & Mary Nell Travis-Neideffer (1978). The Effects of Extended Insulin Dosage on Target-Directed Attack and Biting Elicited by Tailshock. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (1):80-82.
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  35.  42
    John K. Davis (2012). Applying Principles to Cases and the Problem of Judgment. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):563 - 577.
    We sometimes decide what to do by applying moral principles to cases, but this is harder than it looks. Principles are more general than cases, and sometimes it is hard to tell whether and how a principle applies to a given case. Sometimes two conflicting principles seem to apply to the same case. To handle these problems, we use a kind of judgment to ascertain whether and how a principle applies to a given case, or which principle to follow when (...)
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  36.  4
    Gregory K. Davis & Nipam H. Patel (2003). Playing by Pair‐Rules? Bioessays 25 (5):425-429.
  37.  46
    John K. Davis (2009). Subjectivity, Judgment, and the Basing Relationship. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (1):21-40.
    Moral and legal judgments sometimes depend on personal traits in this sense: the subject offers good reasons for her judgment, but if she had a different social or ideological background, her judgment would be different. If you would judge the constitutionality of restrictions on abortion differently if you were not a secular liberal, is your judgment really based on the arguments you find convincing, or do you find them so only because you are a secular liberal? I argue that a (...)
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  38.  31
    Laura Davis & Mark Usry (2011). Faculty Selling Desk Copies—The Textbook Industry, the Law and the Ethics. Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (1):19-31.
    It is a guilty secret that many college professors sell the complimentary desk copies that they receive from textbook publishers for cash. This article attempts to shed light on the undercover practice by looking at the resale of complimentary textbooks by faculty from four perspectives. Part One provides an overview of the college textbook industry, the business reasons that motivate publishers to provide complimentary desk copies to faculty, and the economic consequences of the entry of the textbooks into the used (...)
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  39.  10
    H. Ashby Philip, K. Robbins Jerry, Ronald Massimo Rubboli & S. Laura (1980). Books in Review. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1).
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  40.  6
    K. A. McNish, J. C. Gewirtz & M. Davis (1998). Have We Taken the Hippocampus Out of Context?—Reply. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):42-43.
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  41.  16
    John K. Davis (2004). The Prolongevists Speak Up: The Life-Extension Ethics Session at the 10th Annual Congress of the International Association of Biomedical Gerontology. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):W6-W8.
    Life-extension was the focus for the 10th annual Congress of the International Association of Biomedical Gerontology, held last September at Cambridge University. This scientific convention included a panel of several bioethicists, including Art Caplan, John Harris, and others. The presentations on the ethics of life-extension are reviewed here.
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  42.  13
    John K. Davis (1991). Professions, Trades, and the Obligation to Inform. Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):167-176.
    On the face of things, the concept of 'profession' does not appear philosophically problematic: just survey the dozen or so occupations everyone calls professions and list their common attributes. Typically, it is said that law, medicine, teaching and other..
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  43.  18
    Philip H. Ashby, Jerry K. Robbins, Massimo Rubboli & Ronald S. Laura (1980). Books in Review. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1):59-69.
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  44.  4
    K. Davis (1998). Book Review: Facts and Values: An Introduction to Critical Thinking for Nurses. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 5 (3):265-266.
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  45.  4
    Brian K. Davis (2005). Asp‐tRNAAsn: To Be or Not to Be? Bioessays 27 (12):1310-1310.
  46.  3
    Forest K. Davis (1961). WORLD - VIEW AS GROUND OF MORALITY: A Phase of the Metaphysics of Education. Educational Theory 11 (3):150-157.
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  47.  3
    John K. Davis (1999). Commentary. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):435-439.
    Judith Thomson argues that a fetus may have a right to life yet lack the right to use its mother's body to stay alive. According to Kenneth Einar Himma, Thomson's argument applies only to cases where the parties meet two conditions. First, they must and, second, they must be Himma devises a case involving conjoined twins to show why the mother–fetus case does not meet these conditions.
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  48.  7
    Christian Barry, Michael Davis, Peter K. Dews, Aaron V. Garrett, Yusuf Has, Bill E. Lawson, Val Plumwood, Joshua Preiss, Jennifer C. Rubenstein & Avital Simhony (2003). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 113 (3):734-741.
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  49.  1
    Stephen F. Davis, Mark Hazelrigg, Scott A. Moore & Mary K. Petty-Zirnstein (1981). Defensive Burying as a Function of Food and Water Deprivation. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (6):325-327.
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  50.  2
    Arthur K. Davis (1957). Thorstein Veblen Reconsidered. Science and Society 21 (1):52 - 85.
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