Search results for 'Lauren Hale' (try it on Scholar)

854 found
Sort by:
  1. Benjamin Hale & Lauren Hale (2009). Choosing to Sleep. In Angus Dawson (ed.), The Philosophy of Public Health. Ashgate.score: 240.0
    In this paper we claim that individual subjects do not have so much control over sleep that it is aptly characterized as a personal choice; and that normative implications related to public health and sleep hygiene do not necessarily follow from current findings. It should be true of any empirical study that normative implications do not necessarily follow, but we think that many public health sleep recommendations falsely infer these implications from a flawed explanatory account of the decision to sleep: (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Bob Hale (1999). Intuition and Reflection in Arithmetic: Bob Hale. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):75–98.score: 210.0
    [Michael Potter] If arithmetic is not analytic in Kant's sense, what is its subject matter? Answers to this question can be classified into four sorts according as they posit logic, experience, thought or the world as the source, but in each case we need to appeal to some further process if we are to generate a structure rich enough to represent arithmetic as standardly practised. I speculate that this further process is our reflection on the subject matter already obtained. This (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Brenda Hale & Rosemary Hunter (2008). A Conversation with Baroness Hale. Feminist Legal Studies 16 (2):237-248.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Bob Hale (2010). Still Inexplicit? Bob Hale and Crispin Wright. In Bernhard Weiss & Jeremy Wanderer (eds.), Reading Brandom: On Making It Explicit. Routledge. 276.score: 180.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Bob Hale & Crispin Wright (2008). Abstraction and Additional Nature. Philosophia Mathematica 16 (2):182-208.score: 60.0
    What is wrong with abstraction’, Michael Potter and Peter Sullivan explain a further objection to the abstractionist programme in the foundations of mathematics which they first presented in their ‘Hale on Caesar’ and which they believe our discussion in The Reason's Proper Study misunderstood. The aims of the present note are: To get the character of this objection into sharper focus; To explore further certain of the assumptions—primarily, about reference-fixing in mathematics, about certain putative limitations of abstractionist set theory, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Bob Hale (2011). Erratum To: The Bearable Lightness of Being. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 21 (4):597-597.score: 60.0
    Erratum to: The Bearable Lightness of Being Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s10516-010-9127-7 Authors Bob Hale, Department of Philosophy, University of Sheffield, 45 Victoria St, Sheffield, S3 7QB UK Journal Axiomathes Online ISSN 1572-8390 Print ISSN 1122-1151.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Bob Hale (ed.) (2001). The Reason's Proper Study: Essays Towards a Neo-Fregean Philosophy of Mathematics. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Here, Bob Hale and Crispin Wright assemble the key writings that lead to their distinctive neo-Fregean approach to the philosophy of mathematics. In addition to fourteen previously published papers, the volume features a new paper on the Julius Caesar problem; a substantial new introduction mapping out the program and the contributions made to it by the various papers; a section explaining which issues most require further attention; and bibliographies of references and further useful sources. It will be recognized as (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Bob Hale (2013). Review of G. Duke: Dummett on Abstract Objects. [REVIEW] Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 2 (2).score: 60.0
    Review of G. Duke: Dummett onObjects References G. Frege. Über Sinn und Bedeutung. Zeitschrift für Philosophie und philosophische Kritik, 100, 25–50, 1892. Translated in G.Frege, Collected Papers on Mathematics, Logic and Philosophy, edited by B. McGuinness. Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 157–77. G. Frege. Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik. Breslau, Verlag von W. Koebner, 1884. Translated by J.L. Austin as The Foundations of Arithmetic, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, second revised edition 1953. M. Dummett. Frege: Philosophy of Language. London, Duckworth, 1973. M. Dummett. Frege: Philosophy (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Bob Hale (2013). Necessary Beings: An Essay on Ontology, Modality, and the Relations Between Them. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
    Bob Hale presents a broadly Fregean approach to metaphysics, according to which ontology and modality are mutually dependent upon one another. He argues that facts about what kinds of things exist depend on facts about what is possible. Modal facts are fundamental, and have their basis in the essences of things--not in meanings or concepts.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Bob Hale & Crispin Wright (1989). Necessity, Caution and Scepticism. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 63:175 - 238.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Bob Hale & Crispin Wright (2012). Horse Sense. Journal of Philosophy 109 (1-2):85-131.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Benjamin Hale (2009). What's so Moral About the Moral Hazard? Public Affairs Quarterly 23 (1):1-26.score: 30.0
    A "moral hazard" is a market failure most commonly associated with insurance, but also associated by extension with a wide variety of public policy scenarios, from environmental disaster relief, to corporate bailouts, to natural resource policy, to health insurance. Specifically, the term "moral hazard" describes the danger that, in the face of insurance, an agent will increase her exposure to risk. If not immediately clear, such terminology invokes a moral notion, suggesting that changing one's exposure to risk after becoming insured (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Bob Hale & Crispin Wright (2002). Benacerraf's Dilemma Revisited. European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):101–129.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Bob Hale (2002). Knowledge of Possibility and of Necessity. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):1–20.score: 30.0
    I investigate two asymmetrical approaches to knowledge of absolute possibility and of necessity--one which treats knowledge of possibility as more fundamental, the other according epistemological priority to necessity. Two necessary conditions for the success of an asymmetrical approach are proposed. I argue that a possibility-based approach seems unable to meet my second condition, but that on certain assumptions--including, pivotally, the assumption that logical and conceptual necessities, while absolute, do not exhaust the class of absolute necessities--a necessity-based approach may be able (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Bob Hale & Aviv Hoffmann (eds.) (2010). Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    The philosophy of modality investigates necessity and possibility, and related notions--are they objective features of mind-independent reality? If so, are they irreducible, or can modal facts be explained in other terms? This volume presents new work on modality by established leaders in the field and by up-and-coming philosophers. Between them, the papers address fundamental questions concerning realism and anti-realism about modality, the nature and basis of facts about what is possible and what is necessary, the nature of modal knowledge, modal (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Crispin Wright & Bob Hale (1992). Nominalism and the Contingency of Abstract Objects. Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):111-135.score: 30.0
  17. Bob Hale (1996). Absolute Necessities. Philosophical Perspectives 10:93 - 117.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Bob Hale (2011). The Bearable Lightness of Being (Vol 20, Pg 399, 2010). Axiomathes 21 (4):597 - 597.score: 30.0
    How are philosophical questions about what kinds of things there are to be understood and how are they to be answered? This paper defends broadly Fregean answers to these questions. Ontological categories—such as object , property , and relation —are explained in terms of a prior logical categorization of expressions, as singular terms, predicates of varying degree and level, etc. Questions about what kinds of object, property, etc., there are are, on this approach, reduce to questions about truth and logical (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Crispin Wright & Bob Hale, Metaphor.score: 30.0
    Metaphor enters contemporary philosophical discussion from a variety of directions. Aside from its obvious importance in poetics, rhetoric, and aesthetics, it also figures in such fields as philosophy of mind (e.g., the question of the metaphorical status of ordinary mental concepts), philosophy of science (e.g, the comparison of metaphors and explanatory models), in epistemology (e.g., analogical reasoning), and in cognitive studies (in, e.g., the theory of concept-formation). This article will concentrate on issues metaphor raises for the philosophy of language, with (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Bob Hale (2002). The Source of Necessity. Noûs 36 (s16):299 - 319.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Bob Hale & Crispin Wright (eds.) (1997). A Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Blackwell Pub..score: 30.0
    Written by an international assembly of leading philosophers, this volume provides a survey of contemporary philosophy of language.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Bob Hale & Crispin Wright, Focus Restored Comment on John MacFarlane's “Double Vision: Two Questions About the Neo-Fregean Programme”.score: 30.0
    Anything worth regarding as logicism about number theory holds that its fundamental laws – in effect, the Dedekind-Peano axioms – may be known on the basis of logic and definitions alone. For Frege, the logic in question was that of the Begriffschrift – effectively, full impredicative second order logic - together with the resources for dealing with the putatively “logical objects” provided by Basic Law V of Grundgesetze. With this machinery in place, and with the course-of-values operator governed by Basic (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Bob Hale (1999). On Some Arguments for the Necessity of Necessity. Mind 108 (429):23-52.score: 30.0
    Must we believe in logical necessity? I examine an argument for an affirmative answer given by Ian McFetridge in his posthumously published paper 'Logical Necessity: Some Issues', and explain why it fails, as it stands, to establish his conclusion. I contend, however, that McFetridge's argument can be effectively buttressed by drawing upon another argument aimed at establishing that we ought to believe that some propositions are logically necessary, given by Crispin Wright in his paper 'Inventing Logical necessity'. My contention is (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Benjamin Hale (2008). Do Animals Have Rights? – Alison Hills. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 58 (231):379–382.score: 30.0
  25. Bob Hale (2004). Putnam's Retreat: Some Reflections on Hilary Putnam's Changing Views About Metaphysical Necessity. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28 (1):351–378.score: 30.0
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. B. Hale (2013). Properties and the Interpretation of Second-Order Logic. Philosophia Mathematica 21 (2):133-156.score: 30.0
    This paper defends a deflationary conception of properties, according to which a property exists if and only if there could be a predicate with appropriate satisfaction conditions. I argue that purely general properties and relations necessarily exist and discuss the bearing of this conception of properties on the interpretation of higher-order logic and on Quine's charge that higher-order logic is ‘set theory in sheep's clothing’. On my approach, the usual semantics involves a false assimilation of the logic to set theory. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Bob Hale (1995). A Desperate Fix. Analysis 55 (2):74-81.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Bob Hale & Crispin Wright (2009). Focus Restored: Comments on John MacFarlane. Synthese 170 (3):457 - 482.score: 30.0
    In “Double Vision Two Questions about the Neo-Fregean Programme”, John MacFarlane’s raises two main questions: (1) Why is it so important to neo-Fregeans to treat expressions of the form ‘the number of Fs’ as a species of singular term? What would be lost, if anything, if they were analysed instead as a type of quantifier-phrase, as on Russell’s Theory of Definite Descriptions? and (2) Granting—at least for the sake of argument—that Hume’s Principle may be used as a means of implicitly (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Benjamin Hale (2008). Technology, the Environment, and the Moral Considerability of Artifacts. In Evan Selinger, Jan Kyrre Berg Olson & Soren Riis (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Technology. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 30.0
  30. Bob Hale (2002). Can Arboreal Knotwork Help Blackburn Out of Frege's Abyss? [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (1):144–149.score: 30.0
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Bob Hale (2006). The Limits of Abstraction. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (1):223–232.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Bob Hale (2000). Reals by Abstractiont. Philosophia Mathematica 8 (2):100--123.score: 30.0
    On the neo-Fregean approach to the foundations of mathematics, elementary arithmetic is analytic in the sense that the addition of a principle wliich may be held to IMJ explanatory of the concept of cardinal number to a suitable second-order logical basis suffices for the derivation of its basic laws. This principle, now commonly called Hume's principle, is an example of a Fregean abstraction principle. In this paper, I assume the correctness of the neo-Fregean position on elementary aritlunetic and seek to (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Benjamin Hale (2011). Moral Considerability: Deontological, Not Metaphysical. Ethics and the Environment 16 (2):37-62.score: 30.0
    Ever since Kenneth Goodpaster published his article "On Being Morally Considerable," environmental ethicists have been engaged in a debate over whether animals, plants, and other natural objects matter morally (Goodpaster 1978). Many, if not most, theorists have treated the problem of moral considerability as a problem of status, arguing that earlier ethical positions have unjustifiably given privileged status to one group of beings over others. They have then proceeded in one of two ways. Either they have appealed to intrinsic value (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Bob Hale (2002). Real Numbers, Quantities, and Measurement. Philosophia Mathematica 10 (3):304-323.score: 30.0
    Defining the real numbers by abstraction as ratios of quantities gives prominence to then- applications in just the way that Frege thought we should. But if all the reals are to be obtained in this way, it is necessary to presuppose a rich domain of quantities of a land we cannot reasonably assume to be exemplified by any physical or other empirically measurable quantities. In consequence, an explanation of the applications of the reals, defined in this way, must proceed indirectly. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Bob Hale & Crispin Wright (1994). A Reductio Ad Surdum? Field on the Contingency of Mathematical Objects. Mind 103 (410):169-184.score: 30.0
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Bob Hale (1984). Frege's Platonism. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):225-241.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Bob Hale (1997). Grundlagen §64. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (3):243–261.score: 30.0
  38. Bob Hale (1994). Dummett's Critique of Wright's Attempt to Resuscitate Frege. Philosophia Mathematica 2 (2):122-147.score: 30.0
    Michael Dummett mounts, in Frege: Philosophy of Mathematics, a concerted attack on the attempt, led by Crispin Wright, to salvage defensible versions of Frege's platonism and logicism in which Frege's criterion of numerical identity plays a leading role. I discern four main strands in this attack—that Wright's solution to the Caesar problem fails; that explaining number words contextually cannot justify treating them as enjoying robust reference; that Wright has no effective counter to ontological reductionism; and that the attempt is vitiated (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Susan C. Hale (1988). Spacetime and the Abstract/Concrete Distinction. Philosophical Studies 53 (1):85 - 102.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Bob Hale (1979). Strawson, Geach and Dummett on Singular Terms and Predicates. Synthese 42 (2):275 - 295.score: 30.0
    In the opening chapter of Subject and Predicate in Logic and Grammar, [1] Professor Strawson develops an explanation of the subjectpredicate distinction on the basis of a supposedly more fundamental distinction or contrast between, on the one hand, spatio-temporal particulars and, on the other, general concepts applicable to such particulars. At a basic level, he argues, these contrasted items occupy a central position in our thought about the world. They form the constituents of a fundamental type of judgment about the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Jacob Hale (1996). Are Lesbians Women? Hypatia 11 (2):94 - 121.score: 30.0
    I argue that Monique Wittig's view that lesbians are not women neglects the complexities involved in the composition of the category "woman." I develop an articulation of the concept "woman" in the contemporary United States, with thirteen distinct defining characteristics, none of which are necessary nor sufficient. I argue that Wittig's emphasis on the material production of "woman" through the political regime of heterosexuality, however, is enormously fruitful for feminist and queer strategizing.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. C. Jacob Hale (2008). Sex Change, Social Change: Reflections on Identity, Institutions, and Imperialism by Viviane Namaste. Hypatia 23 (1):204-207.score: 30.0
  43. Benjamin Hale (2007). Gavagai Goulash: Growing Organs for Food. Think 17 (15):61-70.score: 30.0
    Recent advancements in stem-cell research have given scientists hope that new technologies will soon enable them to grow a variety of organs for transplantation into humans. Though such developments are still in their early stages, romantic prognosticators are hopeful that scientists will be capable of growing fully functioning and complex organs, such as hearts, kidneys, muscles, and livers. This raises the question of whether such profound medical developments might have other potentially fruitful applications. In the spirit of innovation, this paper (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Bob Hale (2007). Neo-Fregeanism and Quantifier Variance. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107 (1pt3):375-385.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Susan C. Hale (1991). Against Supererogation. American Philosophical Quarterly 28 (4):273 - 285.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Benjamin Hale (ed.) (2008). Philosophy Looks at Chess. Open Court Press.score: 30.0
    This book offers a collection of contemporary essays that explore philosophical themes at work in chess. This collection includes essays on the nature of a game, the appropriateness of chess as a metaphor for life, and even deigns to query whether Garry Kasparov might—just might—be a cyborg. In twelve unique essays, contributed by philosophers with a broad range of expertise in chess, this book poses both serious and playful questions about this centuries-old pastime. -/- Perhaps more interestingly, philosophers have often (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Piers J. Hale (2013). Monkeys Into Men and Men Into Monkeys: Chance and Contingency in the Evolution of Man, Mind and Morals in Charles Kingsley's Water Babies. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 46 (4):551-597.score: 30.0
    The nineteenth century theologian, author and poet Charles Kingsley was a notable populariser of Darwinian evolution. He championed Darwin’s cause and that of honesty in science for more than a decade from 1859 to 1871. Kingsley’s interpretation of evolution shaped his theology, his politics and his views on race. The relationship between men and apes set the context for Kingsley’s consideration of these issues. Having defended Darwin for a decade in 1871 Kingsley was dismayed to read Darwin’s account of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Bob Hale (1996). Structuralism's Unpaid Epistemological Debts. Philosophia Mathematica 4 (2):124--47.score: 30.0
    One kind of structuralism holds that mathematics is about structures, conceived as a type of abstract entity. Another denies that it is about any distinctively mathematical entities at all—even abstract structures; rather it gives purely general information about what holds of any collection of entities conforming to the axioms of the theory. Of these, pure structuralism is most plausibly taken to enjoy significant advantages over platonism. But in what appears to be its most plausible—modalised—version, even restricted to elementary arithmetic, it (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Benjamin Hale (2008). Takings. In Baird Callicott & Robert Frodeman (eds.), Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy. Macmillan Reference.score: 30.0
  50. Benjamin Hale & Andrew Light (2011). Ethics, Policy & Environment : A New Name and a Renewed Mission. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (1):1-2.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 854