Search results for 'Laurence Ashworth' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Laurence Ashworth & Clinton Free (2006). Marketing Dataveillance and Digital Privacy: Using Theories of Justice to Understand Consumers' Online Privacy Concerns. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 67 (2):107 - 123.score: 120.0
    Technology used in online marketing has advanced to a state where collection, enhancement and aggregation of information are instantaneous. This proliferation of customer information focused technology brings with it a host of issues surrounding customer privacy. This article makes two key contributions to the debate concerning digital privacy. First, we use theories of justice to help understand the way consumers conceive of, and react to, privacy concerns. Specifically, it is argued that an important component of consumers’ privacy concerns relates to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Stephen Laurence (2005). Tom Simpson, Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence, & Stephen Stich. In Peter Carruthers (ed.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York. 1--3.score: 120.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (1999). Where the Regress Argument Still Goes Wrong: Reply to Knowles. Analysis 59 (4):321-327.score: 60.0
    The Regress Argument is supposed to show that the language of thought hypothesis results in an infinite regress in its explanation of such things as learning, meaning, and understanding. Earlier (in Laurence & Margolis 1997) we argued that the Regress Argument doesn’t work and that even the language of thought’s supporters have given the Regress Argument far too much credit. In this paper, we respond to a critique of our earlier discussion.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Peter D. Ashworth & Man Cheung Chung (eds.) (2006). Phenomenology and Psychological Science: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives. Springer.score: 60.0
    Phenomenological studies of human experience are a vital component of caring professions such as counseling and nursing, and qualitative research has had increasing acceptance in American psychology. At the same time, the debate continues over whether phenomenology is legitimate science, and whether qualitative approaches carry any empirical validity. Ashworth and Chung’s Phenomenology and Psychological Science places phenomenology firmly in the context of psychological tradition. And to dispel the basic misconceptions surrounding this field, the editors and their seven collaborators trace (...)
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (2001). The Poverty of the Stimulus Argument. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (2):217-276.score: 30.0
    Noam Chomsky's Poverty of the Stimulus Argument is one of the most famous and controversial arguments in the study of language and the mind. Though widely endorsed by linguists, the argument has met with much resistance in philosophy. Unfortunately, philosophical critics have often failed to fully appreciate the power of the argument. In this paper, we provide a systematic presentation of the Poverty of the Stimulus Argument, clarifying its structure, content, and evidential base. We defend the argument against a variety (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (2003). Concepts and Conceptual Analysis. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):253-282.score: 30.0
    Conceptual analysis is undergoing a revival in philosophy, and much of the credit goes to Frank Jackson. Jackson argues that conceptual analysis is needed as an integral component of so-called serious metaphysics and that it also does explanatory work in accounting for such phenomena as categorization, meaning change, communication, and linguistic understanding. He even goes so far as to argue that opponents of concep- tual analysis are implicitly committed to it in practice. We show that he is wrong on all (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2007). The Ontology of Concepts: Abstract Objects or Mental Representations? Noûs 41 (4):561-593.score: 30.0
    What is a concept? Philosophers have given many different answers to this question, reflecting a wide variety of approaches to the study of mind and language. Nonetheless, at the most general level, there are two dominant frameworks in contemporary philosophy. One proposes that concepts are mental representations, while the other proposes that they are abstract objects. This paper looks at the differences between these two approaches, the prospects for combining them, and the issues that are involved in the dispute. We (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2011). Learning Matters: The Role of Learning in Concept Acquisition. Mind and Language 26 (5):507-539.score: 30.0
    In LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited, Jerry Fodor argues that concept learning of any kind—even for complex concepts—is simply impossible. In order to avoid the conclusion that all concepts, primitive and complex, are innate, he argues that concept acquisition depends on purely noncognitive biological processes. In this paper, we show (1) that Fodor fails to establish that concept learning is impossible, (2) that his own biological account of concept acquisition is unworkable, and (3) that there are in fact (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Andrew Ashworth & Lucia Zedner (2008). Defending the Criminal Law: Reflections on the Changing Character of Crime, Procedure, and Sanctions. Criminal Law and Philosophy 2 (1):21-51.score: 30.0
    Recent years have seen mounting challenge to the model of the criminal trial on the grounds it is not cost-effective, not preventive, not necessary, not appropriate, or not effective. These challenges have led to changes in the scope of the criminal law, in criminal procedure, and in the nature and use of criminal trials. These changes include greater use of diversion, of fixed penalties, of summary trials, of hybrid civil–criminal processes, of strict liability, of incentives to plead guilty, and of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2012). The Scope of the Conceptual. In Eric Margolis, Richard Samuels & Stephen Stich (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    This chapter provides a critical overview of ten central arguments that philosophers have given in support of a distinction between the conceptual and the nonconceptual. We use these arguments to examine the question of whether (and in what sense) perceptual states might be deemed nonconceptual and also whether (and in what sense) animals and infants might be deemed to lack concepts. We argue that philosophers have implicitly relied on a wide variety of different ways to draw the conceptual/nonconceptual distinction and (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (2012). Abstraction and the Origin of General Ideas. Philosophers' Imprint 12 (19):1-22.score: 30.0
    Philosophers have often claimed that general ideas or representations have their origin in abstraction, but it remains unclear exactly what abstraction as a psychological process consists in. We argue that the Lockean aspiration of using abstraction to explain the origins of all general representations cannot work and that at least some general representations have to be innate. We then offer an explicit framework for understanding abstraction, one that treats abstraction as a computational process that operates over an innate quality space (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence, Concepts. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
    This entry provides an overview of theories of concepts that is organized around five philosophical issues: (1) the ontology of concepts, (2) the structure of concepts, (3) empiricism and nativism about concepts, (4) concepts and natural language, and (5) concepts and conceptual analysis.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Ann Ashworth & Peter Ashworth (2003). The Lifeworld as Phenomenon and as Research Heuristic, Exemplified by a Study of the Lifeworld of a Person Suffering Alzheimer's Disease. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):179-205.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. E. J. Ashworth (1981). "Do Words Signify Ideas or Things?" The Scholastic Sources of Locke's Theory of Language. Journal of the History of Philosophy 19 (3):299-326.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (1999). Concepts and Cognitive Science. In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Concepts: Core Readings. MIT. 3--81.score: 30.0
    Given the fundamental role that concepts play in theories of cognition, philosophers and cognitive scientists have a common interest in concepts. Nonetheless, there is a great deal of controversy regarding what kinds of things concepts are, how they are structured, and how they are acquired. This chapter offers a detailed high-level overview and critical evaluation of the main theories of concepts and their motivations. Taking into account the various challenges that each theory faces, the chapter also presents a novel approach (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.) (1999). Concepts: Core Readings. MIT Press.score: 30.0
    The first part of the book centers around the fall of the Classical Theory of Concepts in the face of attacks by W. V. O. Quine, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Eleanor ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Stephen P. Stich & Stephen Laurence (1994). Intentionality and Naturalism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):159-82.score: 30.0
    ...the deepest motivation for intentional irrealism derives not from such relatively technical worries about individualism and holism as we.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2013). In Defense of Nativism. Philosophical Studies 165 (2):693-718.score: 30.0
    This paper takes a fresh look at the nativism–empiricism debate, presenting and defending a nativist perspective on the mind. Empiricism is often taken to be the default view both in philosophy and in cognitive science. This paper argues, on the contrary, that there should be no presumption in favor of empiricism (or nativism), but that the existing evidence suggests that nativism is the most promising framework for the scientific study of the mind. Our case on behalf of nativism has four (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. E. J. Ashworth (1974). Language and Logic in the Post-Medieval Period. Reidel.score: 30.0
    HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION Although many of the details of the development of logic in the Middle Ages remain to be filled in, it is well known that between ...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Peter Ashworth (2003). An Approach to Phenomenological Psychology: The Contingencies of the Lifeworld. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):145-156.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2003). Should We Trust Our Intuitions? Deflationary Accounts of the Analytic Data. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (3):299-323.score: 30.0
    At least since W. V. O. Quine's famous critique of the analytic/synthetic distinction, philosophers have been deeply divided over whether there are any analytic truths. One line of thought suggests that the simple fact that people have 'intuitions of analyticity' might provide an independent argument for analyticities. If defenders of analyticity can explain these intuitions and opponents cannot, then perhaps there are analyticities after all. We argue that opponents of analyticity have some unexpected resources for explaining these intuitions and that, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2001). Boghossian on Analyticity. Analysis 61 (4):293–302.score: 30.0
    In an important recent discussion of analyticity, Paul Boghossian (1997)1 argues for the following three claims: (i) While Quine’s well-known arguments against analyticity do undermine one type of analyticity (what Boghossian calls metaphysical analyticity), they fail to undermine another type (what he calls epistemic analyticity). (ii) Epistemic analyticity explains the a prioricity of logic and perhaps even the a prioricity of conceptual truths.
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (2003). Radical Concept Nativism. Cognition 86 (1):25-55.score: 30.0
    Radical concept nativism is the thesis that virtually all lexical concepts are innate. Notoriously endorsed by Jerry Fodor (1975, 1981), radical concept nativism has had few supporters. However, it has proven difficult to say exactly what’s wrong with Fodor’s argument. We show that previous responses are inadequate on a number of grounds. Chief among these is that they typically do not achieve sufficient distance from Fodor’s dialectic, and, as a result, they do not illuminate the central question of how new (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (1997). Regress Arguments Against the Language of Thought. Analysis 57 (1):60-66.score: 30.0
    The Language of Thought Hypothesis is often taken to have the fatal flaw that it generates an explanatory regress. The language of thought is invoked to explain certain features of natural language (e.g., that it is learned, understood, and is meaningful), but, according to the regress argument, the language of thought itself has these same features and hence no explanatory progress has been made. We argue that such arguments rely on the tacit assumption that the entire motivation for the language (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Andrew Ashworth (2011). The Unfairness of Risk-Based Possession Offences. Criminal Law and Philosophy 5 (3):237-257.score: 30.0
    This is a study of possession offences, with the focus on those intended to penalise the risk of a serious harm. Offences of this kind are examined in the light of basic doctrines of the criminal law, and in the light of the proper limits of endangerment offences. They are found wanting in both respects, and are also found to pose particular sentencing problems. The conclusion is that many risk-based possession offences are unfair, save those that require proof of a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Stephen Laurence, Eric Margolis & Angus Dawson (1999). Moral Realism and Twin Earth. Facta Philosophica 1:135-165.score: 30.0
    Hilary Putnam's Twin Earth thought experiment has come to have an enormous impact on contemporary philosophical thought. But while most of the discussion has taken place within the context of the philosophy of mind and language, Terence Horgan and Mark Timmons (H8cT) have defended the intriguing suggestion that a variation on the original thought experiment has important consequences for ethics.' In a series of papers, they' ve developed the idea of a Moral Twin Earth and have argued that its significance (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (2007). Linguistic Determinism and the Innate Basis of Number. In Peter Carruthers (ed.), The Innate Mind: Foundations and the Future.score: 30.0
    Strong nativist views about numerical concepts claim that human beings have at least some innate precise numerical representations. Weak nativist views claim only that humans, like other animals, possess an innate system for representing approximate numerical quantity. We present a new strong nativist model of the origins of numerical concepts and defend the strong nativist approach against recent cross-cultural studies that have been interpreted to show that precise numerical concepts are dependent on language and that they are restricted to speakers (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.) (2005). The Innate Mind. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    This is the first volume of a projected three-volume set on the subject of innateness. The extent to which the mind is innate is one of the central questions in the human sciences, with important implications for many surrounding debates. By bringing together the top nativist scholars in philosophy, psychology, and allied disciplines these volumes provide a comprehensive assessment of nativist thought and a definitive reference point for future nativist inquiry. The Innate Mind: Structure and Content, concerns the fundamental architecture (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.) (2007). Creations of the Mind: Theories of Artifacts and Their Representation. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    This volume will be a fascinating resource for philosophers, cognitive scientists, and psychologists, and the starting point for future research in the study of ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (2003). Concepts. In Ted Warfield (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2003). Concepts. In Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.), Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.score: 30.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. E. Jennifer Ashworth (2007). Metaphor and the Logicians From Aristotle to Cajetan. Vivarium 45 (s 2-3):311-327.score: 30.0
    I examine the treatment of metaphor by medieval logicians and how it stemmed from their reception of classical texts in logic, grammar, and rhetoric. I consider the relation of the word 'metaphor' to the notions of translatio and transumptio, and show that it is not always synonymous with these. I also show that in the context of commentaries on the Sophistical Refutations metaphor was subsumed under equivocation. In turn, it was linked with the notion of analogy not so much in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. E. J. Ashworth (2006). Locke's Philosophy of Language. Philosophical Review 115 (4):530-532.score: 30.0
    This book examines John Locke’s claims about the nature and work- ings of language.WalterOtt proposes a new interpretation of Locke’s thesis that words signify ideas in the mind of the speaker, and argues that rather than employing such notions as sense or reference, Locke relies on an ancient tradition that understands signification as reliable indication.He then uses this interpretation to explain crucial areas of Locke’s metaphysics and epistemology, including essence, abstraction, knowledge, and mental representation. His discussion, which is the first (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (2005). Number and Natural Language. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Content. New York: Oxford University Press New York.score: 30.0
    One of the most important abilities we have as humans is the ability to think about number. In this chapter, we examine the question of whether there is an essential connection between language and number. We provide a careful examination of two prominent theories according to which concepts of the positive integers are dependent on language. The first of these claims that language creates the positive integers on the basis of an innate capacity to represent real numbers. The second claims (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. E. J. Ashworth (1995). Late Scholastic Philosophy. Vivarium 33 (1):1-8.score: 30.0
  36. E. J. Ashworth (1970). Some Notes on Syllogistic in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 11 (1):17-33.score: 30.0
  37. E. J. Ashworth (1977). Chimeras and Imaginary Objects: A Study in the Post-Medieval Theory of Signification. Vivarium 15 (1):57-77.score: 30.0
  38. E. J. Ashworth (1977). Thomas Bricot (D. 1516) and the Liar Paradox. Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (3):267-280.score: 30.0
  39. E. J. Ashworth (1995). Suárez on the Analogy of Being: Some Historical Background. Vivarium 33 (1):50-75.score: 30.0
  40. E. J. Ashworth (1972). The Treatment of Semantic Paradoxes From 1400 to 1700. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 13 (1):34-52.score: 30.0
  41. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2002). Lewis' Strawman. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (206):55-65.score: 30.0
    In a survey of his views in the philosophy of mind, David Lewis criticizes much recent work in the field by attacking an imaginary opponent, Strawman. His case against Strawman focuses on four central theses which Lewis takes to be widely accepted among contemporary philosophers of mind. These theses concerns (1) the language of thought hypothesis and its relation to folk psychology, (2) narrow content, (3) de se content, and (4) rationality. We respond to Lewis, arguing (among other things) that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. E. J. Ashworth (1992). Analogical Concepts: The Fourteenth-Century Background to Cajetan. Dialogue 31 (03):399-.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. E. J. Ashworth (1982). The Structure of Mental Language: Some Problems Discussed by Early Sixteenth Century Logicians. Vivarium 20 (1):59-83.score: 30.0
  44. Stephen Laurence (2010). A Chomskian Alternative to Convention-Based Semantics. In Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel (eds.), Arguing About Language. Routledge. 269--301.score: 30.0
    In virtue of what do the utterances we make mean what they do? What facts about these signs, about us, and about our environment make it the case that they have the meanings they do? According to a tradition stemming from H.P. Grice through David Lewis and Stephen Schiffer it is in virtue of facts about conventions that we participate in as language users that our utterances mean what they do (see Gr'ice 1957, Lewis 1969, 1983, Schiffer 1972, 1982). This (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2010). Concepts and Theoretical Unification. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):219-220.score: 30.0
    This article is a commentary on Machery (2009) Doing without Concepts. Concepts are mental symbols that have semantic structure and processing structure. This approach (1) allows for different disciplines to converge on a common subject matter; (2) it promotes theoretical unification; and (3) it accommodates the varied processes that preoccupy Machery. It also avoids problems that go with his eliminativism, including the explanation of how fundamentally different types of concepts can be co-referential.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (1998). Multiple Meanings and Stability of Content. Journal of Philosophy 95 (5):255-63.score: 30.0
    We examine a proposal of Eric Lormand's for dealing with perhaps the chief difficulty facing holistic theories of meaning—meaning instability. The problem is that, given a robust holism, small changes in a representational system are likely to lead to meaning changes throughout the system. Consequently, different individuals are likely never to mean the same thing. Lormand suggests that holists can avoid this problem—and even secure more stability than non-holists—by positing that symbols have multiple meanings. We argue that the proposal doesn't (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. E. J. Ashworth (1984). Locke on Language. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):45 - 73.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Peter Ashworth (1996). Presuppose Nothing! The Suspension of Assumptions in Phenomenological Psychological Methodology. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 27 (1):i-25.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Tom Simpson, Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Amp Amp (2005). Introduction: Nativism Past and Present. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York.score: 30.0
  50. E. J. Ashworth (1968). Propositional Logic in the Sixteenth and Early Seventeenth Centuries. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 9 (2):179-192.score: 30.0
1 — 50 / 1000