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Profile: Laurence McCullough (Baylor College of Medicine)
  1. Patricia Agre, Frances A. Campbell, Barbara D. Goldman, Maria L. Boccia, Nancy Kass, Laurence B. McCullough, Jon F. Merz, Suzanne M. Miller, Jim Mintz & Bruce Rapkin (forthcoming). Improving Informed Consent: The Medium is Not the Message. Irb.
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  2. Tom L. Beuchamp & Laurence B. McCULLOUGH (forthcoming). The Management of Medical Information: Legal and Moral Requeriments Pf Informed Voluntary Consent. Edwards, Rem B.; Graber, Glenn C. Bioethics. San Diego: Hacourt Brace Jovanovich Publisher.
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  3. Laurence B. McCullough (forthcoming). Contributions of Ethical Theory to Pediatric Ethics Pediatricians and Parents as Co-Fiduciaries of Pediatric Patients. Pediatric Bioethics.
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  4. Laurence B. Mccullough (forthcoming). Tom L. Beauchamp. Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.
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  5. Ellen Wright Clayton, Laurence B. McCullough, Leslie G. Biesecker, Steven Joffe, Lainie Friedman Ross, Susan M. Wolf & For the Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research (2014). Addressing the Ethical Challenges in Genetic Testing and Sequencing of Children. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):3-9.
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  6. Laurence B. McCullough (2014). Deliberative Clinical Ethics: Getting Back to Basics in the Work of Clinical Ethics and Clinical Ethicists. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (1):1-7.
    The six papers in the 2014 clinical ethics number of the Journal get us back to the basics in the work of clinical ethics and clinical ethicists: getting clear about concepts that should be used in achieving deliberative clinical ethics. The papers explore the concepts of the best interests of the patient, health and disease understood in their proper relationship to autonomy in our species, the therapeutic obligation, and the therapeutic imperative. The final paper appraises the systematic review, a scholarly (...)
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  7. Aanand D. Naik & Laurence B. McCullough (2014). Health Intuitions Inform Patient-Centered Care. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (6):1-3.
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  8. Laurence B. McCullough (2013). Critically Appraising Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis to Prevent Disorders of Sexual Development: An Opportunity Missed. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):1 - 3.
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  9. Laurence B. McCullough (2013). Professional Responsibility to and for Patients and the Ethics of Health Policy. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (8):16-18.
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  10. Laurence B. McCullough, Frank A. Chervenak, Robert L. Brent & Benjamin Hippen (2013). Normalizing Atypical Genitalia: How a Heated Debate Went Astray (Vol 42, Pg 32, 2012). Hastings Center Report 43 (1):7-7.
     
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  11. Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough (2012). The Professional Responsibility Model of Respect for Autonomy in Decision Making About Cesarean Delivery. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):1 - 2.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 7, Page 1-2, July 2012.
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  12. Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough (2011). A Case Study in Junk Bioethics Run Amok. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):59-61.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 59-61, December 2011.
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  13. Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough (2011). An Ethical Framework for the Responsible Management of Pregnant Patients in a Medical Disaster. Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (1):20.
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  14. Laurence B. McCullough (2011). Letter to the Editors. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):34 - 35.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 10, Page 34-35, October 2011.
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  15. Laurence B. Mccullough (2011). Was Bioethics Founded on Historical and Conceptual Mistakes About Medical Paternalism? Bioethics 25 (2):66-74.
    Bioethics has a founding story in which medical paternalism, the interference with the autonomy of patients for their own clinical benefit, was an accepted ethical norm in the history of Western medical ethics and was widespread in clinical practice until bioethics changed the ethical norms and practice of medicine. In this paper I show that the founding story of bioethics misreads major texts in the history of Western medical ethics. I also show that a major source for empirical claims about (...)
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  16. Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak (2011). The Fetus as a Patient and the Ethics of Human Subjects Research: Response to Commentaries on “An Ethically Justified Framework for Clinical Investigation to Benefit Pregnant and Fetal Patients”. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):W3-W7.
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  17. Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak (2011). An Ethically Justified Framework for Clinical Investigation to Benefit Pregnant and Fetal Patients. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):39-49.
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  18. Robert L. Brent, Frank A. Chervenak, Laurence B. McCullough & Benjamin Hippen (2010). A Case Study in Unethical Transgressive Bioethics: “Letter of Concern From Bioethicists” About the Prenatal Administration of Dexamethasone. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):35-45.
    On February 3, 2010, a “Letter of Concern from Bioethicists,” organized by fetaldex.org, was sent to report suspected violations of the ethics of human subjects research in the off-label use of dexamethasone during pregnancy by Dr. Maria New. Copies of this letter were submitted to the FDA Office of Pediatric Therapeutics, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Office for Human Research Protections, and three universities where Dr. New has held or holds appointments. We provide a critical appraisal of (...)
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  19. Benjamin Hippen, Robert L. Brent, Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough (2010). A Case Study in Unethical Transgressive Bioethics: “Letter of Concern From Bioethicists” About the Prenatal Administration of Dexamethasone. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):35-45.
    On February 3, 2010, a “Letter of Concern from Bioethicists,” organized by fetaldex.org, was sent to report suspected violations of the ethics of human subjects research in the off-label use of dexamethasone during pregnancy by Dr. Maria New. Copies of this letter were submitted to the FDA Office of Pediatric Therapeutics, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Office for Human Research Protections, and three universities where Dr. New has held or holds appointments. We provide a critical appraisal of (...)
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  20. Benjamin Hippen, Robert L. Brent, Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough (2010). The Intellectual and Moral Integrity of Bioethics: Response to Commentaries on “A Case Study in Unethical Transgressive Bioethics: 'Letter of Concern From Bioethicists' About the Prenatal Administration of Dexamethasone”. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):W3-W5.
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  21. Laurence B. McCullough (2010). Taking Seriously the" What Then?" Question: An Ethical Framework for the Responsible Management of Medical Disasters. Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):321.
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  22. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.) (2009). The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics is the first comprehensive scholarly account of the global history of medical ethics. Offering original interpretations of the field by leading bioethicists and historians of medicine, it will serve as the essential point of departure for future scholarship in the field. The volumes reconceptualize the history of medical ethics through the creation of new categories, including the life cycle; discourses of religion, philosophy, and bioethics; and the relationship between medical ethics and the state, (...)
     
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  23. Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough (2009). Preventive Ethics and Subsequent Care of Patients Self-Administering Ovarian Stimulation for the Management of Infertility. Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (3):239.
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  24. Aanand D. Naik, Carmel B. Dyer, Mark E. Kunik & Laurence B. McCullough (2009). Patient Autonomy for the Management of Chronic Conditions: A Two-Component Re-Conceptualization. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):23 – 30.
    The clinical application of the concept of patient autonomy has centered on the ability to deliberate and make treatment decisions (decisional autonomy) to the virtual exclusion of the capacity to execute the treatment plan (executive autonomy). However, the one-component concept of autonomy is problematic in the context of multiple chronic conditions. Adherence to complex treatments commonly breaks down when patients have functional, educational, and cognitive barriers that impair their capacity to plan, sequence, and carry out tasks associated with chronic care. (...)
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  25. Aanand D. Naik, Carmel B. Dyer, Mark E. Kunik & Laurence B. McCullough (2009). Response to Commentaries on “Patient Autonomy for the Management of Chronic Conditions: A Two-Component Re-Conceptualization”. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):W3 – W5.
  26. Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough (2008). Professional Responsibility and Individual Conscience: Protecting the Informed Consent Process From Impermissible Bias. Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (1):24.
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  27. Laurence B. McCullough (2008). Rethinking the Conceptual and Empirical Foundations of Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (1):1-5.
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  28. Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak (2008). A Critical Analysis of the Concept and Discourse of 'Unborn Child'. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):34 – 39.
    Despite its prominence in the abortion debate and in public policy, the discourse of 'unborn patient' has not been subjected to critical scrutiny. We provide a critical analysis in three steps. First, we distinguish between the descriptive and normative meanings of 'unborn child.' There is a long history of the descriptive use of 'unborn child.' Second, we argue that the concept of an unborn child has normative content but that this content does not do the work that opponents of (...)
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  29. A. A. Eduard Verhagen, Pieter J. Sauer, Daniel Callahan, Frank A. Chervenak, Laurence B. McCullough, Birgit Arabin, Tim Smith & Georgia Goldfarb (2008). "Are Their Babies Different From Ours?": Dutch Culture and the Groningen Protocol. Hastings Center Report 38 (4):4-7.
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  30. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). Medical Ethics' Appropriation of Moral Philosophy: The Case of the Sympathetic and the Unsympathetic Physician. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (1):3-22.
    Philosophy textbooks typically treat bioethics as a form of "applied ethics"-i.e., an attempt to apply a moral theory, like utilitarianism, to controversial ethical issues in biology and medicine. Historians, however, can find virtually no cases in which applied philosophical moral theory influenced ethical practice in biology or medicine. In light of the absence of historical evidence, the authors of this paper advance an alternative model of the historical relationship between philosophical ethics and medical ethics, the appropriation model. They offer two (...)
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  31. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). The Relationship Between Moral Philosophy and Medical Ethics Reconsidered. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (3):271-276.
    : Medical ethics often is treated as applied ethics, that is, the application of moral philosophy to ethical issues in medicine. In an earlier paper, we examined instances of moral philosophy's influence on medical ethics. We found the applied ethics model inadequate and sketched an alternative model. On this model, practitioners seeking to change morality "appropriate" concepts and theory fragments from moral philosophy to valorize and justify their innovations. Goldilocks-like, five commentators tasted our offerings. Some found them too cold, since (...)
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  32. Laurence B. McCullough (2007). The Abstract Nature of Anatomic Construction and its Advantages: Scientific Medicine and Human Dignity. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):44 – 45.
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  33. Laurence B. McCullough (2007). Towards a Professional Ethics Model of Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (1):1 – 6.
  34. Laurence B. McCullough, John H. Coverdale & Frank A. Chervenak (2007). Constructing a Systematic Review for Argument-Based Clinical Ethics Literature: The Example of Concealed Medications. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (1):65 – 76.
    The clinical ethics literature is striking for the absence of an important genre of scholarship that is common to the literature of clinical medicine: systematic reviews. As a consequence, the field of clinical ethics lacks the internal, corrective effect of review articles that are designed to reduce potential bias. This article inaugurates a new section of the annual "Clinical Ethics" issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy on systematic reviews. Using recently articulated standards for argument-based normative ethics, we provide (...)
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  35. Simon N. Whitney & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). Physicians' Silent Decisions: Because Patient Autonomy Does Not Always Come First. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (7):33 – 38.
    Physicians make some medical decisions without disclosure to their patients. Nondisclosure is possible because these are silent decisions to refrain from screening, diagnostic or therapeutic interventions. Nondisclosure is ethically permissible when the usual presumption that the patient should be involved in decisions is defeated by considerations of clinical utility or patient emotional and physical well-being. Some silent decisions - not all - are ethically justified by this standard. Justified silent decisions are typically dependent on the physician's professional judgment, experience and (...)
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  36. Simon N. Whitney & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). Responses to Open Peer Commentaries on "Physicians' Silent Decisions: Because Patient Autonomy Doesn't Always Come First". American Journal of Bioethics 7 (7):1-3.
  37. Laurence B. Mccullough (2006). Getting Back to the Fundamentals of Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (1):1 – 6.
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  38. Laurence B. McCullough (2006). The Ethical Concept of Medicine as a Profession: Its Origins in Modern Medical Ethics and Implications for Physicians. Advances in Bioethics 10:17-27.
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  39. Laurence B. McCullough (2005). The Critical Turn in Clinical Ethics and its Continous Enhancement. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (1):1 – 8.
    Taking the critical turn is one of the main tools of the humanities and inculcates an intellectual discipline that prevents ossification of thinking about issues and of organizational policies in clinical ethics. The articles in this "Clinical Ethics" number of the Journal take the critical turn with respect to cherished ways of thinking in Western clinical ethics, life extension, the clinical determination of death, physicians' duty to treat even at personal risk, clinical ethics at the interface of research ethics, and (...)
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  40. Laurence B. McCullough (2005). To the Editor. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):W1.
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  41. Amy L. McGuire & Laurence B. McCullough (2005). Respect as an Organizing Normative Category for Research Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):W1 – W2.
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  42. Eugene V. Boisaubin & Laurence B. McCullough (2004). Prescribing Viagra in an Ethically Responsible Fashion. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (6):739 – 749.
    Sildenafil citrate (Viagra) and other newly released pharmaceuticals that assist erectile dysfunction may be one of the most important categories of drugs released in the past decade. Sildenafil is distinctive because it creates a new therapeutic relationship not only between patient and physician, but also with sexual partner(s). Physicians must first evaluate the patient comprehensively, addressing not only erectile function and sexual performance, but overall physical and mental health. Since the drug does impact others, an expanded model for informed consent (...)
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  43. Laurence B. McCullough (2004). The Nature and Limits of the Physician's Professional Responsibilities: Surgical Ethics, Matters of Conscience, and Managed Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):3 – 9.
    The nature and limits of the physician's professional responsibilities constitute core topics in clinical ethics. These responsibilities originate in the physician's professional role, which was first examined in the modern English-language literature of medical ethics by two eighteenth-century British physician-ethicists, John Gregory and Thomas Percival. The papers in this annual clinical ethics number of the Journal explore the physician's professional responsibilities in the areas of surgical ethics, matters of conscience, and managed care.
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  44. Laurence B. McCullough (2004). Taking the History of Medical Ethics Seriously in Teaching Medical Professionalism. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):13 – 14.
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  45. Laurence B. McCullough (2003). Going Against the Grain: In Praise of Contrarian Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):3 – 7.
    Contrarian ways of thinking are generally good for the intellectual life and clinical ethics is no exception. This essay introduces the papers in the 2003 issue on clinical ethics of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy , each of which goes against the grain in interesting and important ways. Considerations of identity predominate, in discussions of cloning, separation of conjoined twins, and the coming into existence of human beings. Whether viewing organ donation as admirable sacrifice is an altogether good thing (...)
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  46. Frederick Grinnell, Jeffrey P. Bishop & Laurence B. McCullough (2002). Bioethical Pluralism and Complementarity. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (3):338-349.
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  47. Laurence B. Mccullough (2002). The Accidental Bioethicist. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (04):359-368.
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  48. Laurence B. McCullough (2002). Philosophical Challenges in Teaching Bioethics: The Importance of Professional Medical Ethics and its History for Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):395 – 402.
    The papers in this number of the Journal originated in a session sponsored by the American Philosophical Association's Committee on Philosophy and Medicine in 1999. The four papers and two commentaries identify and address philosophical challenges of how we should understand and teach bioethics in the liberal arts and health professions settings. In the course of introducing the six papers, this article explores themes these papers raise, especially the relationship among professional medical ethics, the "long history" of medical ethics, and (...)
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  49. Laurence B. McCullough (2002). Power, Integrity, and Trust in the Managed Practice of Medicine: Lessons From the History of Medical Ethics. Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):180-211.
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