Search results for 'Law and economic development' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jennifer Beard (2006). The Political Economy of Desire: International Law, Development and the Nation State. Routledge-Cavendish.score: 363.0
    This book offers an intelligent and thought-provoking analysis of the genealogy of Western capitalist 'development'. Jennifer Beard departs from the common position that development and underdevelopment are conceptual outcomes of the Imperialist Era and positions the genealogy of development within early Christian writings in which the western theological concepts of sin, salvation, and redemption are expounded. In doing so, she links the early Christian writings of theologians such as Augustine and , Anselm and Abelard to the processes (...)
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  2. Augustine Nwabuzor (2005). Corruption and Development: New Initiatives in Economic Openness and Strengthened Rule of Law. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1-2):121 - 138.score: 324.0
    Corruption is a major problem in many of the world’s developing economies today. World Bank studies put bribery at over $1 trillion per year accounting for up to 12 of the GDP of nations like Nigeria, Kenya and Venezuela. Though largely ignored for many years, interest in world wide corruption has been rekindled by recent corporate scandals in the US and Europe. Corruption in the developing nations is said to result from a number of factors. Mass poverty has been cited (...)
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  3. Brian Z. Tamanaha, Caroline Mary Sage & Michael J. V. Woolcock (eds.) (2012). Legal Pluralism and Development: Scholars and Practitioners in Dialogue. Cambridge University Press.score: 237.0
    Machine generated contents note: Part I. Origins and Contours: 1. Historical perspectives on legal pluralism Lauren Benton; 2. The rule of law and legal pluralism in development Brian Z. Tamanaha; 3. Bendable rules: the development implications of human rights pluralism David Kinley; 4. Legal pluralism and legal culture: mapping the terrain Sally Engle Merry; 5. Towards equity in development when the law is not the law: reflections on legal pluralism in practice Daniel Adler and So Sokbunthouen; Part (...)
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  4. Yves Dezalay & Bryant G. Garth (eds.) (2002). Global Prescriptions: The Production, Exportation, and Importation of a New Legal Orthodoxy. University of Michigan Press.score: 225.0
    Global Prescriptions scrutinizes the movement to export a U.S.-oriented version of the " rule of law," found in the activities of philanthropic foundations, the World Bank, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and several other developmental organizations. Yves Dezalay and Bryant G. Garth have brought together a group of scholars from a variety of disciplines--anthropology, economics, history, law, political science, and sociology--to create tools for understanding this movement. Comprised of two sections, the volume first develops theoretical perspectives key to (...)
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  5. Susan Randolph, Michelle Prairie & John Stewart (2012). Monitoring State Fulfillment of Economic and Social Rights Obligations in the United States. Human Rights Review 13 (2):139-165.score: 219.0
    This article adapts the economic and social rights fulfillment index (SERF Index) developed by Fukuda-Parr, Lawson-Remer, and Randolph to assess the extent to which each of the 50 US states fulfills the economic and social rights obligations set forth in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It then extends the index to incorporate discrimination and examines differences in economic and social rights fulfillment by race and sex within each of the states. The overall (...)
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  6. Simona Selelionytė-Drukteinienė (2009). Pure Economic Loss as a Special Kind of Loss in Lithuanian Tort Law. Jurisprudence 118 (4):123-146.score: 207.0
    In tort law, including Lithuanian tort law, damage usually is divided into two types: pecuniary and non-pecuniary damage. The concept of non-pecuniary damage has recently become a focus of attention of Lithuanian legal researchers. However, it has to be noted that the issues related to the concept of pecuniary damage remain scarcely analysed. As a result, the unique type of pecuniary damage, i.e. the damage of purely economic character, has received no attention whatsoever in Lithuanian tort law. It is (...)
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  7. Guanghua Yu (2011). Fa Lü de Zuo Yong: Bu Tong Li Lun Shi Jiao de Tan Tao = the Role of Law: Alternative Theoretical Approaches. Fa Lü Chu Ban She.score: 201.0
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  8. Jody S. Kraus, Transparency and Determinacy in Common Law Adjudication: A Philosophical Defense of Explanatory Economic Analysis.score: 195.0
    Explanatory economic analysis of the common law has long been subject to deep philosophical skepticism for two reasons. First, common law decisions appear to be cast in the language of deontic morality, not the consequentialist language of efficiency. For this reason, philosophers have claimed that explanatory economic analysis cannot satisfy the transparency criterion, which holds that a legal theory's explanation must provide a plausible account of the relationship between the reasoning it claims judges actually use to decide cases (...)
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  9. Douglas W. Arner, Financial Stability, Economic Growth, and the Role of Law.score: 189.0
    Financial crises have become an all-too-common occurrence over the past twenty years, largely as a result of changes in finance brought about by increasing internationalization and integration. As domestic financial systems and economies become more interlinked, weaknesses can significantly impact not only individual economies but also markets, financial intermediaries and economies around the world. This volume addresses the twin objectives of financial development in the context of financial stability and the role of law in supporting both. Financial stability (frequently (...)
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  10. Grady Jessup (2006). Development Law: Squaring the Circle, Advancing Human Rights in Africa. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 7 (3):96-111.score: 189.0
    Development law is an ethos-driven law reform paradigm that examines conditions from within the country and provides a frame of reference in which to evaluate the legal regime in the political, economic, social and cultural context. Moreover, development law provides a fresh approach to assessing existing national laws effectiveness generally; it assesses whether modifications are required to promote economic, political, and social progress, including protecting the rights of minority ethnic groups and disenfranchised peoples. By protecting rights, (...)
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  11. Margot E. Salomon & Foreword by Stephen P. Marks (2007). Global Responsibility for Human Rights: World Poverty and the Development of International Law. OUP Oxford.score: 189.0
    World poverty represents a failure of the international community to see half of the global population secure their basic socio-economic rights. Yet international law establishes that cooperation is essential to the realisation of these human rights. In an era of considerable interdependence and marked economic and political advantage, the particular features of contemporary world poverty give rise to pressing questions about the scope, evolution, and application of the international law of human rights, and the attribution of global responsibility. (...)
     
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  12. Jennifer Oetzel, Michelle Westermann-Behaylo, Charles Koerber, Timothy L. Fort & Jorge Rivera (2009). Business and Peace: Sketching the Terrain. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):351 - 373.score: 171.0
    Our goals in this article are to summarize the existing literature on the role business can play in creating sustainable peace and to discuss important avenues for extending this research. As part of our discussion, we review the ethical arguments and related research made to date, including the rationale and motivation for businesses to engage in conflict resolution and peace building, and discuss how scholars are extending research in this area. We also focus on specific ways companies can actively engage (...)
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  13. Josep F. Mària & Daniel Arenas (2009). Societal Ethos and Economic Development Organizations in Nicaragua. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (2):231 - 244.score: 168.0
    This article analyzes efforts in Nicaragua to create ethical organizations and an ethical economy. Three societal ethea found in contemporary Nicaragua are examined: the ethos of revolution, the ethos of corruption, and the ethos of human development. The emerging ethos of human development provides the most hope for the nation's social and economic evolution. The practices of three successful economic development organizations explicitly aligned with the ethos of human development are described and evaluated: (1) (...)
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  14. S. Prakash Sethi, David B. Lowry, Emre A. Veral, H. Jack Shapiro & Olga Emelianova (2011). Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, Inc.: An Innovative Voluntary Code of Conduct to Protect Human Rights, Create Employment Opportunities, and Economic Development of the Indigenous People. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):1-30.score: 168.0
    Environmental degradation and extractive industry are inextricably linked, and the industry’s adverse impact on air, water, and ground resources has been exacerbated with increased demand for raw materials and their location in some of the more environmentally fragile areas of the world. Historically, companies have managed to control calls for regulation and improved, i.e., more expensive, mining technologies by (a) their importance in economic growth and job creation or (b) through adroit use of their economic power and bargaining (...)
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  15. Symphorien Ntibagirirwa (2009). Cultural Values, Economic Growth and Development. Journal of Business Ethics 84 (3):297 - 311.score: 148.0
    Neo-liberal economics is built upon the claim that the freedom to pursue one's self-interest and rational choice leads to economic growth and development. Against this background neo-liberal economists and policymakers endeavoured to universalise this claim, and insistently argue that appropriate economic policies produce the same results regardless of cultural values. Accordingly, developing countries are often advised to embrace the neo-liberal economic credo for them to escape from the trap of underdevelopment. However, the economic success of (...)
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  16. Albert Breton & M. J. Trebilcock (eds.) (2006). Bijuralism: An Economic Approach. Ashgate Pub. Company.score: 147.0
    Bijural services as factors of production -- Commentary A on Breton and Salmon -- Commentary B on Breton and Salmon -- The challenge of incomplete law and how different legal systems respond -- Commentary C on Pistor and Xu -- Commentary D on Pistor and Xu -- Coevolution as an influence in the development of legal systems -- Commentary E on Breton and Des Ormeaux -- Commentary F on Breton and Des Ormeaux -- The demand for bijurally trained Canadian (...)
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  17. Warren J. Samuels (2007). The Legal-Economic Nexus. Routledge.score: 144.0
    Providing another key contribution to the immensely popular field of law and economics, this book, written by the doyen of the history of economic thought in the US, explores the dynamic relationship between economics, law and polity. Combining a selection of old and new essays by Warren J. Samuels that chart a number of key themes, it provides an important commentary on the development of an academic field and demonstrates how policy is structured and manipulated by human social (...)
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  18. Luis Tomás Montilla Fernández & Johannes Schwarze (2013). John Rawls's Theory of Justice and Large-Scale Land Acquisitions: A Law and Economics Analysis of Institutional Background Justice in Sub-Saharan Africa. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (6):1223-1240.score: 135.0
    During the 2007–2008 global food crisis, the prices of primary foods, in particular, peaked. Subsequently, governments concerned about food security and investors keen to capitalize on profit-maximizing opportunities undertook large-scale land acquisitions (LASLA) in, predominantly, least developed countries (LDCs). Economically speaking, this market reaction is highly welcome, as it should (1) improve food security and lower prices through more efficient food production while (2) host countries benefit from development opportunities. However, our assessment of the debate on the issues indicates (...)
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  19. Toma Birmontienė (2012). The Influence of Economic Crisis on the Constitutional Doctrine of Social Rights. Jurisprudence 19 (3):1005-1030.score: 132.0
    The article underlines the significance of social rights as important constitutional rights of a human being and emphasises the peculiarities of their nature from the point of view of not only national, but also international law. The article presents an analysis of the constitutional doctrine of the protection of guarantees of social rights, which has been formulated by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania in the course of considering the issues of reduction of social guarantees—pensions and remuneration, which (...)
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  20. Mark Tunick (2009). Efficiency, Practices, and the Moral Point of View: Limits of Economic Interpretations of Law. In Mark White (ed.), Theoretical Foundations of Law and Economics. Cambridge University Press.score: 132.0
    This paper points to some limitations of law and economics as both an explanative and a normative theory. In explaining law as the result of efficiency promoting decisions, law and economics theorists often dismiss the reasons actors in the legal system give for their behavior. Recognizing that sometimes actors may be unaware of why institutions evolve as they do, I argue that the case for dismissing reasons for action is weaker when those reasons make reference to rules of practices that (...)
     
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  21. Chi Carmody, Frank J. Garcia & John Linarelli (eds.) (2011). Global Justice and International Economic Law: Opportunities and Prospects. Cambridge University Press.score: 128.0
    This volume reflects the results of a symposium held at Tillar House, the ASIL headquarters in Washington, DC, in November 2008 which brought together philosophers, legal scholars, and economists to discuss the problems of understanding ...
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  22. Sergio Cremaschi (2002). Two Views of Natural Law and the Shaping of Economic Science. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):181-196.score: 127.0
    In this paper I argue that differences between the ‘new moral science’ of the seventeenth century and scholastic natural law theory originated primarily from the skeptical challenge the former had to face. Pufendorf’s project of a scientia practica universalis is the paramount expression of an anti-skeptical moral science, a ‘science’ that is both explanatory and normative, but also anti-dogmatic insofar as it tries to base its laws on those basic phenomena of human life which, supposedly, are immune to skeptical doubt. (...)
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  23. Albino Barrera (1999). The Evolution of Social Ethics: Using Economic History to Understand Economic Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 27 (2):285 - 304.score: 126.0
    In the development of Roman Catholic social thought from the teachings of the scholastics to the modern social encyclicals, changes in normative economics reflect the transformation of an economic terrain from its feudal roots to the modern industrial economy. The preeminence accorded by the modern market to the allocative over the distributive function of price broke the convenient convergence of commutative and distributive justice in scholastic just price theory. Furthermore, the loss of custom, law, and usage in defining (...)
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  24. Oleg Fedosiuk (2013). Criminal Liability for Unlawful Engagement in Economic, Commercial, Financial or Professional Activities: In Search of Optimal Criteria. Jurisprudence 20 (1):301-317.score: 126.0
    This article focuses on the problem of criminal liability for unlawful engagement in economic activities, analyses the emergence and development of this norm in criminal law and the ways of its optimal explanation. Special attention is paid to the problem of identification of illegality of activities, based on specific tax and economic regulation. The study concludes that criminal liability must be limited to a violation of fundamental requirements for the legality of business, and does not include particular (...)
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  25. Manuela Galetto (2009). Territorial Pacts in Socio-Economic and Law Literature. Polis 23 (3):481-504.score: 126.0
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  26. Eglė Venckienė (2013). Catholic Social Thought in the Interwar Period in Lithuania: The Image of Social State under the Rule of Law in Socialism. Jurisprudence 20 (2):391-406.score: 126.0
    Social life is changing very fast. People are trying to find out reasons of living in a safe society and understand their role in it. The ‘wrong’ and ‘right‘ models of the social life, state and law systems are appearing. In the XXth century, one of them – socialism – made suggestion how to solve social problems, determinated of capitalism. This work deals with the situation of Lithuanian social thought in the Republic of Lithuania (1900-1940). In the article, the standpoint (...)
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  27. E. Mine Cinar (1999). The Issue of Insider Trading in Law and Economics: Lessons for Emerging Financial Markets in the World. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):345 - 353.score: 123.0
    Growth of the private sector and privatization of state companies around the world have led to the emergence of various stock markets, some of which are depicted by insider trading. Law literature uses the arguments of unfairness, breach of fiduciary rights and damage to others to define and rule against insider trading. Economic literature can be used to interpret insider trading from other perspectives. This study argues that the question of insider trading in developing markets can be resolved by (...)
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  28. Thomas Franck (2001). The Empowered Self: Law and Society in the Age of Individualism. OUP Oxford.score: 114.0
    The Empowered Self: Law and Society in the Age of Individualism examines the gradual emancipation of the individual in national and international law and the changing social attitudes towards personal choice in constituting identity. It demonstrates that this desire of persons for choice is not limited to Western industrial society but a historical development powered by such independent variables as urbanization, the communications revolution, education, and economic development. These factors are changing the way persons affiliate: their attitudes (...)
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  29. Rabia Naguib & Joseph Smucker (2009). When Economic Growth Rhymes with Social Development: The Malaysia Experience. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (2):99 - 113.score: 112.0
    This article examines the means by which Malaysian governments have been relatively successful in pursuing both economic development and social equity. These advances have been remarkable, given Malaysia's history of colonial servitude and racial and ethnic tensions. The authors' examination of government economic and social policies notes the importance of strong political leadership that is committed to creating a national identity through consensus building. In pursuing these social objectives, successive governments have also played an active and transparent (...)
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  30. Jang B. Singh & Emily F. Carasco (1996). Business Ethics, Economic Development and Protection of the Environment in the New World Order. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):297 - 307.score: 112.0
    The end of the cold war has elevated environmental issues to the highest level of concern for humanity while creating a world order dominated by the United States of America and other Western nations. This new power structure may likely lead to increased business activity in many parts of the world, as nations formerly preoccupied with the cold war turn their attention to economic development. This paper examines the linkages among ethics, economic development and protection and (...)
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  31. Yu-Shu Peng & Shing-Shiuan Lin (2009). National Culture, Economic Development, Population Growth and Environmental Performance: The Mediating Role of Education. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):203 - 219.score: 112.0
    Literature on ethical behavior has paid little attention to the mechanism between macro-environmental variables and environmental performance. This study aims at constructing a model to examine the relationships which link cultural values, population growth, economic development, and environmental performance by incorporating the mediating role of education. The multiple linear regression model was employed to test the hypotheses on a 3-year-pooled sample of 51 countries. Empirical results conclude that national culture, economic development, and population growth would significantly (...)
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  32. Stephen J. DeCanio (1992). Carbon Rights and Economic Development. Critical Review 6 (2-3):389-410.score: 112.0
    Even in the absence of complete scientific consensus on the magnitude, timing, and regional distribution of the effects of global warming caused by greenhouse gas emissions, it is worthwhile to examine potential policy responses to the prospect of climate change. An internalization of the greenhouse externality based on property rights in carbon emissions offers the potential to promote rather than retard worldwide economic development. As the world economy moves in a market?oriented direction, the arbitrary wealth transfers associated with (...)
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  33. Paul Keating (1992). Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in Ireland: Does Culture Matter? World Futures 33 (1):35-48.score: 112.0
    (1992). Entrepreneurship and economic development in Ireland: Does culture matter? World Futures: Vol. 33, Culture and Development: European Experiences and Challenges A Special Research Report of the European Culture Impact Research Consortium (EUROCIRCON), pp. 35-48.
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  34. Earl Picard (1984). The New Black Economic Development Strategy. Telos 1984 (60):53-64.score: 112.0
    Throughout the twentieth century black economic development strategies have been hampered by a failure to address the basic liberatory impulse of the black community. By that I mean there has been a disjunction between the essential developmental seeds of the community, many of which can be spelled out in fairly precise terms, and the programs and achievements of economic development strategists. This problem is demonstrated in the longstanding wretched conditions faced by the majority of black people1 (...)
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  35. Jerry D. Stubben (1991). American Indian Values and Their Impact on Tribal Economic Development. Agriculture and Human Values 8 (3):53-62.score: 112.0
    This study uses 1990 data from seventy-three American Indian tribes to explore factors associated with the adoption of indi genous economic development plans on American Indian reservations. The analyses employing ordinary least squares analytical models posit that the existence of tribally owned and controlled businesses on or near the reservations and the presence of tribally owned farm and ranch operations are most critical in explaining the existence of such plans. A closer scrutiny of this result further suggests that (...)
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  36. Harry J. van Buren Iii & Jeanne M. Logsdon (2006). Stages of Economic Development, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Civil Society. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:170-172.score: 112.0
    This paper begins to examine the question of where societal expectations about the nature of corporate social responsibility come from. In particular, we begin to consider arguments about how a country’s stage of economic development affects the kinds of social responsibility expectations that firms face and then how the nature of a country’s civil society might affect CSR expectations. The factors that should be taken into account for future empirical research are also considered.
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  37. Thomas L. Daniels (1991). The Goals and Values of Local Economic Development Strategies in Rural America. Agriculture and Human Values 8 (3):3-9.score: 112.0
    The goals and values of economic development strategies vary according to the individual communities that employ them. While economic development strategies are aimed at increasing jobs, income, and community wealth, the issue of who gains and who loses from economic change is often overlooked. The industrial development strategies of the 1960s and 1970s are giving way to local initiatives based on services. Although local efforts may mean greater local control, the globalization of the economy (...)
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  38. Cornelia Flora, Jan L. Flora, Gary P. Green & Frederick E. Schmidt (1991). Rural Economic Development Through Local Self-Development Strategies. Agriculture and Human Values 8 (3):19-24.score: 112.0
    During the 1980s many communities turned to grassroots activities to promote economic development, rather than relying on industrial recruitment strategies. We evaluate the characteristics of these projects, their benefits and costs, and obstacles they face in the development process. The data are drawn from a survey of more than one hundred communities in the United States. Self-development efforts do not appear to replace traditional rural economic development activities, but may complement them. Self-development activities (...)
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  39. Andy Griffiths & Allan Williams (1992). Culture, Regional Image, and Economic Development in the United Kingdom. World Futures 33 (1):105-120.score: 112.0
    (1992). Culture, regional image, and economic development in the United Kingdom. World Futures: Vol. 33, Culture and Development: European Experiences and Challenges A Special Research Report of the European Culture Impact Research Consortium (EUROCIRCON), pp. 105-120.
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  40. Chairperson György Kerékgyártó (2008). Integration and Disintegration Trends in European Economic Development. The European Legacy 1 (2):474-478.score: 112.0
    (1996). Integration and disintegration trends in European economic development. The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 474-478.
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  41. Peter B. Meyer & Michael Burayidi (1991). Is Value Conflict Inherent in Rural Economic Development? An Exploratory Examination of Unrecognized Choices. Agriculture and Human Values 8 (3):10-18.score: 112.0
    Rural development and economic change has generally been associated with growth and the in-migration of nonlocal firms or their branch plants and offices. Such change has been critiqued and at times resisted because of its implicit “urbanism” and conflict with rural values and modes of social interaction. The inevitability of the conflict has always been assumed, given the perspectives of development groups and many rural residents. This paper examines the apparent conflicts between the rural ethos and the (...)
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  42. Brian J. Reichel, Paul Lasley, William F. Woodman & I. I. Shelley (1988). Economic Development and Biotechnology: Public Policy Response to the Farm Crisis in Iowa. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):15-25.score: 112.0
    In periods of social crisis, policymakers become particularly vulnerable to interest groups mobilizing to compete for scarce funds. At this point, legislators are no longer able to address the specific needs of their primary constituency directly, but rather are forced to do so in pretext only. New, unfamiliar technologies provide ample ammunition for astute interest groups to take advantage of times of economic turmoil and maneuver for policy support through dramatic campaigns of “salesmanship.” By publicizing a crisis situation, dramatizing (...)
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  43. Maria Sagi (1992). Culture and Lifestyle as a Framework for Economic Development in Hungary. World Futures 33 (1):133-142.score: 112.0
    (1992). Culture and lifestyle as a framework for economic development in Hungary. World Futures: Vol. 33, Culture and Development: European Experiences and Challenges A Special Research Report of the European Culture Impact Research Consortium (EUROCIRCON), pp. 133-142.
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  44. Linda M. Sama (2006). Economic Development Management and CSR. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:158-163.score: 112.0
    This paper examines the association between level of economic development and corporate social responsibility (CSR) in a country, with speculations on howadvances in economic development may alter the scope and application of CSR activities. Through the empowerment of local communities and the intersection of ethical leadership approaches of business, local governments and civil society, remedies are suggested for improved economic development management.
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  45. John J. Waelti (1990). Agricultural Economists, Human Capital, and Economic Development: How Colleges of Agriculture Can Assist. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 7 (3-4):95-100.score: 112.0
    Of the requisites for economic development, human capital is the most “policy-proof,” is the one which developed nations can most effectively render on large scale, and is that which American colleges of Agriculture are uniquely equipped to render. Graduate study in agricultural economics is a popular choice of third world students as it occupies a pivotal position between agricultural science and the liberal arts, giving it substantial relevance to economic development. It is necessary to understand the (...)
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  46. Yvonne Donders (2011). The Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress: In Search of State Obligations in Relation to Health. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (4):371-381.score: 108.0
    After having received little attention over the past decades, one of the least known human rights—the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications—has had its dust blown off. Although included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)—be it at the very end of both instruments -this right hardly received any attention from States, UN bodies and programmes and academics. The role of science (...)
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  47. Rita Maran (1990). The Juncture of Law and Morality in Prohibitions Against Torture. Journal of Value Inquiry 24 (4):285-300.score: 108.0
    The right to be secure from torture, a right that encompasses moral as well as legal strictures against the practice, is supported by increasingly stringent human rights instruments. In this essay, I have discussed the principal instruments and their place in the anti-torture field considered broadly. The phenomenon of these international instruments foreshadows an ever-widening range of legal initiatives against torture, and is emblematic of the increasing importance attached to respect for human life and human dignity. The diversity of international (...)
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  48. T. Kuran (2013). The Political Consequences of Islam's Economic Legacy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (4-5):395-405.score: 108.0
    Several of the Middle East’s traditional economic institutions hampered its political development by limiting checks on executive power, preventing the formation of organized and durable opposition movements, and keeping civil society weak. They include Islam’s original tax system, which failed to protect property rights; the waqf, whose rigidity hampered the development of civil society; and private commercial enterprises, whose small scales and short lives blocked the development of private coalitions able to bargain with the state. These (...)
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  49. Wolfgang Grassl & André Habisch (2011). Ethics and Economics: Towards a New Humanistic Synthesis for Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 99 (1):37 - 49.score: 108.0
    The Encyclical-Letter Caritas in Ventate by Pope Benedict XVI suggests to advance towards a new conceptualization of the tenuous relationship between economics and ethics, proposing a "new humanistic synthesis" Where social encyclicals have traditionally justified policy proposals by natural law and theological reasoning alone, Caritas in Ventate gives great relevance to economic arguments. The encyclical defines the framework for a new business ethics which appreciates allocative and distributive efficiency, and thus both markets and institutions as improving the human condition, (...)
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  50. Robert A. Sedler, The Constitution, the Courts and the Common Law.score: 108.0
    This article maintains that it is the constitutional responsibility of the courts, here the courts of the State of Michigan, to engage in judicial policymaking in the process of formulating common law rules. The article is written in response to the views expressed by some Justices of the Michigan Supreme Court that separation of powers concerns should impose significant limits on the power of the courts to establish and develop the common law of Michigan. Specifically, the contention is that policymaking (...)
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