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Profile: Lawrence C. Becker (Hollins University)
  1. Lawrence C. Becker (1995). From the Editor. Ethics 105 (2).
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  2.  14
    Anita Silvers, David Wasserman, Mary B. Mahowald & Lawrence C. Becker (1999). Disability, Difference, Discrimination: Perspectives on Justice in Bioethics and Public Policy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    How should we respond to individuals with disabilities? What does it mean to be disabled? Over fifty million Americans, from neonates to the fragile elderly, are disabled. Some people say they have the right to full social participation, while others repudiate such claims as delusive or dangerous. In this compelling book, three experts in ethics, medicine, and the law address pressing disability questions in bioethics and public policy. Anita Silvers, David Wasserman, and Mary B. Mahowald test important theories of justice (...)
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  3.  43
    Lawrence C. Becker (1986). Reciprocity. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    In one form or another, social norms governing reciprocal behavior between individuals exist in all human societies of record. Such norms are institutionalized in social, political, and legal practices; they are internalized as expectations and behavioral dispositions in individuals. But the content of those norms differs widely from society to society, individual to individual. This book gives a normative argument for a particular content for the norms of reciprocity – a particular account of the meaning of making a fitting and (...)
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  4. Lawrence C. Becker (2005). Reciprocity, Justice, and Disability. Ethics 116 (1):9-39.
  5.  84
    Lawrence C. Becker (1996). Trust as Noncognitive Security About Motives. Ethics 107 (1):43-61.
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  6.  16
    Lawrence C. Becker (1998). A New Stoicism. Princeton University Press.
    The question addressed by this book is what, if anything, stoic ethics would be like today if stoicism had had a continuous history to the present day as a plausible and coherent set of philosophical commitments and methods. The book answers that question by arguing that most of the ancient doctrines of Stoic ethics remain defensible today, at least when ancient Stoicism's cosmological commitments are replaced by modern scientific ones.
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  7. Lawrence C. Becker (1974). Criminal Attempt and the Theory of the Law of Crimes. Philosophy and Public Affairs 3 (3):262-294.
  8.  75
    Lawrence C. Becker (1977). Property Rights: Philosophic Foundations. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    This book begins with a distinction between a general, a specific, and a particular justification of property rights. Then after a brief review of Hohfeld's analysis of legal rights, and Honore's analysis of legal ownership, various standard general justifications are assessed: first occupancy; personality; Locke's labor theory of original acquisition; utilitarian property theory (value theory and economic versions); and accounts based on a strong principle of personal liberty.. This is followed by remarks on anti--property arguments. The book concludes with a (...)
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  9. Lawrence C. Becker (1976). The Labor Theory of Property Acquisition. Journal of Philosophy 73 (18):653-664.
    This symposium paper for the APA analyzes Locke's labor theory of property acquisition as a formal argument – or set of alternative arguments – and shows how several of them are indeed sound, if appropriately limited by what amounts to a social welfare proviso. That proviso is, however, strong enough to limit the acquisition of private property in a significant way. The argument here anticipates fuller and more decisive ones in later work by the same author.
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  10. Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.) (2001). Encyclopedia of Ethics. Routledge.
    The editors, working with a team of 325 renowned authorities in the field of ethics, have revised, expanded, and updated this classic encyclopedia. Along with the addition of 150 new entries, all of the original articles have been newly peer-reviewed and revised, bibliographies have been updated throughout, and the overall design of the work has been enhanced for easier access to cross-references and other reference features. New entries include * Aristotelian Ethics * Avicenna * Bad Faith * Beneficence * Categorical (...)
     
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  11. Lawrence C. Becker (1975). The Neglect of Virtue. Ethics 85 (2):110-122.
  12. Lawrence C. Becker (1988). Introduction to a Symposium on Morality and Literature. Ethics 98 (2):223-224.
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  13. Lawrence C. Becker (1973). The Finality of Moral Judgments: A Reply to Mrs. Foot. Philosophical Review 82 (3):364-370.
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  14. Lawrence C. Becker (2013). On Justifying Moral Judgements. Routledge.
    Reissue of Becker's 1973 monograph, which argues the following: Much discussion of morality presupposes that moral judgments are always, at bottom, arbitrary. Moral scepticism, or at least moral relativism, has become common currency among the liberally educated. This remains the case even while political crises become intractable, and it is increasingly apparent that the scope of public policy formulated with no reference to moral justification is extremely limited. The thesis of _On Justifying Moral Judgments_ insists, on the contrary, that rigorous (...)
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  15. Anita Allen, Lawrence C. Becker, Deryck Beyleveld, David Cummiskey, David DeGrazia, David M. Gallagher, Alan Gewirth, Virginia Held, Barbara Koziak, Donald Regan, Jeffrey Reiman, Henry Richardson, Beth J. Singer, Michael Slote, Edward Spence & James P. Sterba (1998). Gewirth: Critical Essays on Action, Rationality, and Community. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    As one of the most important ethicists to emerge since the Second World War, Alan Gewirth continues to influence philosophical debates concerning morality. In this ground-breaking book, Gewirth's neo-Kantianism, and the communitarian problems discussed, form a dialogue on the foundation of moral theory. Themes of agent-centered constraints, the formal structure of theories, and the relationship between freedom and duty are examined along with such new perspectives as feminism, the Stoics, and Sartre. Gewirth offers a picture of the philosopher's theory and (...)
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  16.  39
    Lawrence C. Becker (1975). Human Being: The Boundaries of the Concept. Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (4):334-359.
  17. Lawrence C. Becker (1980). The Moral Basis of Property Rights. In Pennock & Chapman (ed.), Property. 187--220.
     
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  18.  30
    Lawrence C. Becker (1992). Good Lives: Prolegomena. Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (2):15.
    A philosophical essay under this title faces severe rhetorical challenges. New accounts of the good life regularly and rapidly turn out to be variations of old ones, subject to a predictable range of decisive objections. Attempts to meet those objections with improved accounts regularly and rapidly lead to a familiar impasse — that while a life of contemplation, or epicurean contentment, or stoic indifference, or religious ecstasy, or creative rebellion, or self-actualization, or many another thing might count as a good (...)
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  19.  34
    Lawrence C. Becker (1980). The Obligation to Work. Ethics 91 (1):35-49.
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  20.  46
    Lawrence C. Becker (1987). Book Review:Causation in the Law. H. L. A. Hart, Tony Honore. [REVIEW] Ethics 97 (3):664-.
  21.  55
    Lawrence C. Becker, Virtue, Health, and Eudaimonistic Psychology.
    This unpublished paper from 2004 argues that the agenda for positive psychology laid out by Christopher Peterson and Martin Seligman in their massive work Character Strengths and Virtues: a Handbook and Classification (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004) might be improved by making several conceptual changes: 1) by developing general concepts of virtue (singular), and of positive health to clarify the relationships between specific virtues and competing conceptions of positive health; 2) by aligning the project more firmly with eudaimonistic accounts (...)
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  22.  56
    Lawrence C. Becker (1972). Foreknowledge and Predestination. Mind 81 (321):138-141.
  23.  51
    Lawrence C. Becker (1973). Analogy in Legal Reasoning. Ethics 83 (3):248-255.
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  24. Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.) (1992). The Encyclopedia of Ethics. Garland Publishing Inc.
     
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  25.  15
    Lawrence C. Becker (1977). A Definition of Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 8 (2-3):249-252.
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  26.  14
    Lawrence C. Becker (1991). Rethinking Democracy, by Carol C. Gould. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):444-448.
  27.  13
    Lawrence C. Becker (1983). White, Morton: What Is and What Ought to Be Done. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):954-956.
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  28.  20
    Lawrence C. Becker (1982). Against the Supposed Difference Between Historical and End-State Theories. Philosophical Studies 41 (2):267 - 272.
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  29.  44
    Lawrence C. Becker (1972). Axiology, Deontology, and Agent Morality: The Need for Coordination. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 6 (3):213-220.
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  30.  12
    Lawrence C. Becker (1986). Ethics and the Rule of Law. Review of Metaphysics 40 (1):133-134.
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  31.  17
    Lawrence C. Becker (2000). Social Trust and Human Communities. [REVIEW] Dialogue 39 (01):173-.
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  32. Karen Jones, Russell Hardin & Lawrence C. Becker (1996). A Symposium on Trust. Ethics 107 (1):4-61.
     
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  33.  21
    Lawrence C. Becker (1992). Places for Pluralism: Introduction to a Symposium on Pluralism. Ethics 102 (4):707-719.
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  34.  14
    Lawrence C. Becker (1992). Review: Too Much Property. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Public Affairs 21 (2):196 - 206.
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  35.  10
    Lawrence C. Becker (1983). What Is and What Ought to Be Done. Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):954-956.
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  36.  21
    Lawrence C. Becker (1991). Introduction to a Symposium on Impartiality and Ethical Theory. Ethics 101 (4):698-700.
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  37.  33
    Lawrence C. Becker (2003). Human Health and Stoic Moral Norms. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (2):221 – 238.
    For the philosophy of medicine, there are two things of interest about the stoic account of moral norms, quite apart from whether the rest of stoic ethical theory is compelling. One is the stoic version of naturalism: its account of practical reasoning, its solution to the is/ought problem, and its contention that norms for creating, sustaining, or restoring human health are tantamount to moral norms. The other is the stoic account of human agency: its description of the intimate connections between (...)
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  38.  15
    Lawrence C. Becker (2007). The Two Faces of Justice. [REVIEW] Social Theory and Practice 33 (3):507-513.
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  39.  16
    Lawrence C. Becker (1982). Knowledge as Doubly Anchored True Belief. Philosophy Research Archives 8:223-241.
    Some ambiguities in the verb ‘to know’ are analyzed, and it is argued that “undefeatably justified true belief” is the meaning of most philosophical interest with respect to specifying truth conditions for ‘S knows that p’. Two general conditions for an adequate definition of ‘S knows that p’ are discussed. Then a proposal for a quasi-causal theory of knowledge is introduced and defended.
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  40.  7
    Lawrence C. Becker (1975). A Rejoinder to O'Connor. Mind 84 (333):95.
    Continuation of the discussion of the author's paper "Foreknowledge and Predestination." Mind 81 (1972): 138-41.
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  41.  13
    Lawrence C. Becker (1986). David Lyons: Ethics and the Rule of Law. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 40 (1):133-134.
  42.  17
    Lawrence C. Becker (1992). Community, Dominion, and Membership. Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):17-43.
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  43.  23
    Lawrence C. Becker (1979). Economic Justice: Three Problems. Ethics 89 (4):385-393.
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  44.  18
    Lawrence C. Becker (1982). Book Review:A Discourse on Property: John Locke and His Adversaries. James A. Tully. [REVIEW] Ethics 92 (2):361-.
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  45.  15
    Lawrence C. Becker (1971). Determinism as a Rhetorical Problem. Philosophy and Rhetoric 4 (1):20 - 28.
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  46.  16
    Lawrence C. Becker (1999). Stephen Engstrom and Jennifer Whiting, Eds., Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics: Rethinking Happiness and Duty. [REVIEW] Ethics 109 (2):439-442.
  47. Lawrence C. Becker & Kipnis (eds.) (1984). Property: Cases, Concepts, Critiques. Prentice-Hall.
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  48.  14
    Lawrence C. Becker (1990). Unity, Coincidence, and Conflict in the Virtues. Philosophia 20 (1-2):127-143.
    This paper argues for an ordinal account of the unity of the virtues in the following way: (1) by showing the importance of a neglected class of questions about coherence - questions referred to here as coincidence problems; (2) by organizing conventional accounts of the unity of the virtues in a perspicuous way, and showing that they fail to solve coincidence problems; and (3) by describing the sorts of ordinal accounts that are available, sketching the outlines of one organized around (...)
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  49. Lawrence C. Becker (1982). LJ Macfarlane, The Right to Strike Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 2 (2/3):116-116.
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  50.  2
    Lawrence C. Becker (1999). 2. A New Agenda For Stoic Ethics. In A New Stoicism. Princeton University Press 5-7.
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