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Lawrence Pasternack [20]Lawrence R. Pasternack [1]
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Profile: Lawrence Pasternack (Oklahoma State University)
  1. Lawrence Pasternack (2014). Kant on Opinion: Assent, Hypothesis, and the Norms of General Applied Logic. Kant-Studien 105 (1):41-82.
    Kant identifies knowledge [Wissen], belief [Glaube], and opinion [Meinung] as our three primary modes of “holding-to-be-true” [Fürwahrhalten]. He also identifies opinion as making up the greatest part of our cognition. After a preliminary sketch of Kant’s system of propositional attitudes, this paper will explore what he says about the norms governing opinion and empirical hypotheses. The final section will turn to what, in the Critique of Pure Reason and elsewhere, Kant refers to as “General Applied Logic”. It concerns the “contingent (...)
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  2. Lawrence Pasternack (2014). Kant’s Touchstone of Communication and the Public Use of Reason. Society and Politics 8 (1):78-91.
    Nearly all of the work that has been done on Kant’s conception of public reason has focused on its socio-political significance. John Rawls, Onora O’Neill and others have explored its relevance to a well ordered democracy, to pluralism, to toleration, and so on. However, the relevance of public reason for Kant is not limited to the socio-political. Kant repeatedly appeals to the “touchstone of communication” in relation to the normative side of his epistemology. The purpose of this paper is to (...)
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  3. Lawrence Pasternack (2013). Kant's Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: An Interpretation and Defense. Routledge.
    This book offers a complete and internally cohesive interpretation of Religion. In contrast to the interpretations that characterize Religion as a litany of “wobbles”, fumbling between traditional Christianity and Enlightenment values, or a text that reduces religion into morality, the interpretation here offered defends the rich philosophical theology contained in each of Religion’s four parts and shows how the doctrines of the “Pure Rational System of Religion” are eminently compatible with the essential principles of Transcendental Idealism.
     
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  4. Lawrence Pasternack (2013). Review: DiCenso, Kant's Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: A Commentary. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 18 (3):479-483.
  5. Lawrence Pasternack (2013). The Many Gods Objection to Pascal's Wager: A Decision Theoretic Response. Philo 15 (2):158-178.
    The Many Gods Objection (MGO) is widely viewed as a decisive criticism of Pascal’s Wager. By introducing a plurality of hypotheses with infinite expected utility into the decision matrix, the wagerer is left without adequate grounds to decide between them. However, some have attempted to rebut this objection by employing various criteria drawn from the theological tradition. Unfortunately, such defenses do little good for an argument that is supposed to be an apologetic aimed at atheists and agnostics. The purpose of (...)
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  6. Lawrence R. Pasternack (2013). Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant on Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. Routledge.
    Throughout his career, Kant engaged with many of the fundamental questions in philosophy of religion: arguments for the existence of God, the soul, the problem of evil, and the relationship between moral belief and practice. Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is his major work on the subject. This book offers a complete and internally cohesive interpretation of Religion . In contrast to more reductive interpretations, as well as those that characterize Religion as internally inconsistent, Lawrence R. Pasternack defends (...)
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  7. Lawrence Pasternack (2012). Kant on the Debt of Sin. Faith and Philosophy 29 (1):30-52.
    Kant follows Christian tradition by asserting that humanity is sinful by nature, that our sinful nature burdens us with an infinite debt to God, and that it is possible for us to undergo a moral transformation that iberates us from sin and from its debt. Most of the secondary literature has focused on either Kant’s account of sin or our liberation from it. Far less attention has been paid to the debt in particular. The purpose of this paper is to (...)
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  8. Lawrence Pasternack (2011). Review: Firestone, Kant and Theology at the Boundaries of Reason. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 16 (3):495-498.
  9. Lawrence Pasternack (2011). Regulative Principles and ‘the Wise Author of Nature’. Religious Studies 47 (4):411-429.
    There is much more said in the Critique of Pure Reason about the relationship between God and purposiveness than what is found in Kant's analysis of the physico-theological (design) argument. The ‘Wise Author of Nature’ is central to his analysis of regulative principles in the ‘Appendix to the Transcendental Dialectic’ and also appears in the ‘Canon’, first with regards to the Highest Good and then again in relation to our theoretical use of purposiveness. This paper will begin with a brief (...)
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  10. Lawrence Pasternack (2011). The Development and Scope of Kantian Belief: The Highest Good, The Practical Postulates and The Fact of Reason. Kant-Studien 102 (3):290-315.
    This paper offers an account of the historical development of Kant's understanding of belief ( Glaube ) from its early ties to George Friedrich Meier's Auszug aus der Vernunftlehre through various stages of refinement. It will be argued that the Critique of Pure Reason reflects an important but not final stage in Kant's understanding of belief. Its structure is further refined and its scope narrowed in later works, including the Critique of Practical Reason and Critique of Judgment . After charting (...)
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  11. Lawrence Pasternack (2010). Kant’s Doctrinal Belief in God. In Oliver Thorndike (ed.), Rethinking Kant, Vol. 3.
    In the Canon of the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant endorses both a Moral Belief in God as well as what he there calls Doctrinal Belief. The former mode of belief is well known and can be found throughout the Kantian Corpus. The latter, however, is far more obscure and thus far has not been carefully studied. Doctrinal Belief only appears explicitly in the Canon, but is related to a number of issues in the Transcendental Dialectic as well as the (...)
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  12. Lawrence Pasternack (2010). Kant's Theory of Evil: An Essay on the Dangers of Self-Love and the Aprioricity of History. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 15 (2):150-155.
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  13. Lawrence Pasternack (2010). Kant's Theory of Evil: An Essay on the Dangers of Self-Love and the Aprioricity of History, by Pablo Muchnik. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2009. Pp. 183 + Xxix. ISBN 978-0-7391-4016-1. Hardback, $65. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 15 (2):150-155.
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  14. Lawrence Pasternack (2008). Intrinsic Value and Sentimentalism. Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (1):141-151.
  15. Lawrence Pasternack (2003). Gambling Maxims and Their Universalizability. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (1):17-28.
    This paper explores the moral status of various gambling maxims, particularly as they relate to the bettor’s interest in profit and the mathematical expectation of the game being played. Certain difficulties with the prevailing interpretations of the Formula of Universalizability will also be discussed, particularly in relation to games for which the bettor can have a positive expectation.
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  16. Lawrence Pasternack (2003). The Lawfulness of the Will and Timeless Agency. Kant-Studien 94 (3):352-361.
  17. Lawrence Pasternack (ed.) (2002). Immanuel Kant: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, in Focus. Routledge.
    The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals is one of the most important works of moral philosophy ever written, and Kant's most widely read work. It attempts to demonstrate that morality has its foundation in reason and that our wills are free from both natural necessity and the power of desire. It is here that Kant sets out his famous and controversial "categorical imperative", which forms the basis of his moral theory. This book is an essential guide to the Groundwork (...)
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  18. Lawrence Pasternack (2002). Intrinslc Value and Overridingness in Kant's Groundwork. Southwest Philosophy Review 18 (1):113-121.
  19. Lawrence Pasternack (2001). Internal Realism and Twin Earth. Idealistic Studies 31 (1):73-80.
    This paper is structured as follows. First, it offers a brief presentation of the Twin Earth thought experiment. Second, it offers an interpretation of Putnam'santi-realism. Third, it argues for the incompatibility of anti-realism and the semantic role of extension that Twin Earth is supposed to establish.
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  20. Lawrence Pasternack (2001). The Ens Realissimum and Necessary Being in the Critique of Pure Reason. Religious Studies 37 (4):467-474.
    Just prior to The Critique of Pure Reason's examination of the various arguments for God's existence, Kant discusses the conceptual relationship between the idea of an ens realissimum and that of a necessary being. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the extent to which this discussion informs his claim that the cosmological argument depends upon the ontological argument.
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  21. Lawrence Pasternack (1999). Can Self-Deception Explain Akrasia in Kant's Theory of Moral Agency? Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):87-97.
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