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  1. Maryam Ronagh & Lawrence Souder (forthcoming). The Ethics of Ironic Science in Its Search for Spoof. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    The goal of most scientific research published in peer-review journals is to discover and report the truth. However, the research record includes tongue-in-cheek papers written in the conventional form and style of a research paper. Although these papers were intended to be taken ironically, bibliographic database searches show that many have been subsequently cited as valid research, some in prestigious journals. We attempt to understand why so many readers cited such ironic science seriously. We draw from the literature on error (...)
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  2. Lawrence Souder & Edward Bottone (2014). De Gustibus Disputandum: The Aesthetics and Ethics of Taste in the Rhetorical Genre of the Restaurant Review. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (6):895-907.
    Contemporary professional restaurant reviews have consequences beyond the dinner plate. They now face challenges from the democratizing efforts of blogs and crowd-sourced reviews. Thus an analysis seems appropriate for determining how they are written and what might be lost should they be replaced. Restaurant reviews are presumed to be a species of art and literary criticism and as such have evolved as a rhetorical genre. Through genre analysis we inductively construct the form of the professional restaurant review and then apply (...)
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  3. Lawrence Souder (2010). A Free-Market Model for Media Ethics: Adam Smith's Looking Glass. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 25 (1):53 – 64.
    This article points out the challenges to current models for media ethics that arise from the private ownership of public media, and it proposes a new model that integrates Adam Smith's free-market theory and his system of moral reasoning. The model creates moral obligations to maintain the integrity of a system for anyone who profits from it. This model renews an appeal for the contemporary notion of transparency and is built on an analogy between the system of the free market (...)
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  4. Lawrence Souder (2010). A Rhetorical Analysis of Apologies for Scientific Misconduct: Do They Really Mean It? Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):175-184.
    Since published acknowledgements of scientific misconduct are a species of image restoration, common strategies for responding publicly to accusations can be expected: from sincere apologies to ritualistic apologies. This study is a rhetorical examination of these strategies as they are reflected in choices in language: it compares the published retractions and letters of apology with the letters that charge misconduct. The letters are examined for any shifts in language between the charge of misconduct and the response to the charge in (...)
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  5. Hugh J. Martin & Lawrence Souder (2009). Interdependence in Media Economics: Ethical Implications of the Economic Characteristics of News. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (2 & 3):127 – 145.
    Citizens need accurate news to govern themselves effectively in a democratic society. Journalists argue editorial independence is necessary to ensure that the integrity of news is not compromised. However, the economic characteristics of news create conflicts between the ideal of independence and the need to pay production costs. This study analyzes those conflicts and the economic tools for resolving them. The analysis suggests ways to balance independence and economic necessity without violating mutual ethical obligations shared by journalists, audiences, and advertisers. (...)
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  6. Lawrence Souder (2009). Who Owns the News Makes the News. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (2 & 3):197 – 198.
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  7. Lawrence Souder & Hugh J. Martin (2009). Interdependence in Media Economics: Ethical Implications of the Economic Characteristics of News. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (2):127-145.
    Citizens need accurate news to govern themselves effectively in a democratic society. Journalists argue editorial independence is necessary to ensure that the integrity of news is not compromised. However, the economic characteristics of news create conflicts between the ideal of independence and the need to pay production costs. This study analyzes those conflicts and the economic tools for resolving them. The analysis suggests ways to balance independence and economic necessity without violating mutual ethical obligations shared by journalists, audiences, and advertisers. (...)
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  8. Richard M. Dubiel, Lawrence Souder, Lee Anne Peck, James M. Haney, Muriel R. Friedman & Ian Marquand (2004). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 19 (3 & 4):307 – 320.
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  9. Lawrence Souder (2003). What Are We to Think About Thought Experiments? Argumentation 17 (2):203-217.
    Arguments from thought experiment ask the reader to imagine some hypothetical, sometimes exotic, often fantastic, scenario for the sake of illustrating or countering some claim. Variously characterized as mental experimentation, imaginary cases, and even crazy cases, thought experiments figure into both scientific and philosophical arguments. They are often criticized for their fictive nature and for their lack of grounding. Nevertheless, they are common especially in arguments in ethics and philosophy of mind. Moreover, many thought experiments have spawned variations that attempt (...)
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