Search results for 'Lei Gao' (try it on Scholar)

612 found
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  1. Feng Gao, Hongcai Dai & Haiyan Lei (1997). Wei Jin Xuan Xue Shi Ri Tan = Weijin Xuanxue Shiri Tan. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  2. Baoyou Zhao, Xiuchang Gao & Yinan Yang (eds.) (2011). Laozi Si Xiang Yu Ren Lei Sheng Cun Zhi Dao: 2010 Luoyang Laozi Wen Hua Guo Ji Lun Tan Wen Ji = Laozi Thought and the Existing Road for Humanity: Treaties Collection of International Forum on Laozi Culture in Luoyang, in 2010. She Hui Ke Xue Wen Xian Chu Ban She.
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  3. Heng Gao (2011). Gao Heng Zi Xue Yan Jiu Wei Kan Gao. Feng Huang Chu Ban She.
    Laozi zhe xue -- Zhuangzi zhe xue za lun -- Xian Qin zhu zi yan jiu wen xian mu lu.
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  4. Yalin Yan (2010). Gao Deng Jiao Yu Ceng Ci He Ke Lei Jie Gou Yan Jiu =. Shanxi Ren Min Chu Ban She.
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  5.  75
    Jie Gao (forthcoming). Rational Action Without Knowledge (and Vice Versa). Synthese:1-17.
    It has been argued recently that knowledge is the norm of practical reasoning. This norm can be formulated as a bi-conditional: it is appropriate to treat (...)p as a reason for acting if and only if you know that p. Other proposals replace knowledge with warranted or justified belief. This paper gives counter-examples of both directions of any such bi-conditional. To the left-to-right direction: scientists can appropriately treat as reasons for action propositions of a theory they believe to be false but good approximations to the truth for present purposes. Cases based on a variant of Pascals Wager and actions performed by a skeptic also illustrate the point. To the right-to-left direction: in certain circumstances, it can be unreasonable for a scientist to reason from propositions of a theory she knows to be true. (shrink)
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  6.  88
    Jie Gao (2015). Advances in Experimental Epistemology. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (1):101-105.
  7.  20
    K. Jia, M. King, J. J. Fleiter, M. Sheehan, W. Ma, J. Lei & J. Zhang, Drunk Driving Offenders' Knowledge and Behaviour in Relation to Alcohol-Involved Driving in Yinchuan and a Comparison with Guangzhou, China.
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  8.  47
    Yongqiang Gao (2009). Corporate Social Performance in China: Evidence From Large Companies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):23 - 35.
    Based on a contest analysis of the official websites of top 100 companies in China in 2007, the paper reports the social performance of large Chinese companies. (...)
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  9.  33
    Jijun Gao & Pratima Bansal (2013). Instrumental and Integrative Logics in Business Sustainability. Journal of Business Ethics 112 (2):241-255.
    Prior research on sustainability in business often assumes that decisions on social and environmental investments are made for instrumental reasons, which points to causal relationships between corporate (...)
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  10.  16
    Shan Gao, The Measurement Problem Revisited.
    It has been realized that in order to solve the measurement problem, the physical state representing the measurement result is required to be also the physical state (...)
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  11. Philip David Zelazo, Helena Hong Gao & Rebecca Todd (2007). The Development of Consciousness. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press 405-432.
     
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  12.  1
    Chengli Shu, Kevin Z. Zhou, Yazhen Xiao & Shanxing Gao (forthcoming). How Green Management Influences Product Innovation in China: The Role of Institutional Benefits. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  13.  10
    Stefan Petkov, Wei Wang & Yi Lei (forthcoming). Explanatory Unification and Natural Selection Explanations. Biology and Philosophy:1-21.
    The debate between the dynamical and the statistical interpretations of natural selection is centred on the question of whether all explanations that employ the concepts of natural (...)span>. However, they remain unclear on where the <span class='Hi'>explanatoryspan> power comes from. The proponents of the dynamical interpretation answer positively and try to reduce selection/drift arguments to some of the most prominent accounts of causal explanation. In turn, they face the criticism raised by statisticalists that current accounts of causation have to be violated in some of their core conditions or otherwise used in a very loose manner in order to account for selection/drift explanations. We propose a reconciliation of both interpretations by conveying evolutionary explanations within the unificationist model of scientific explanation. Therefore, we argue that the <span class='Hi'>explanatoryspan> power in natural selection arguments is a result of successful unification of individual- and population-level facts. A short case study based on research on sympatric speciation will be presented as an example of how population- and individual-level facts are unified to explain the morphological mosaic of bill shape in island scrub jays. (shrink)
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  14.  21
    Shan Gao, What Does It Feel Like to Be in a Quantum Superposition?
    We suggest a new answer to this intriguing question and argue that the answer may have implications for the solutions to the measurement problem. The main basis (...)
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  15.  10
    Jingyu Gao, Robert Greenberg & Bernard Wong-On-Wing (2015). Whistleblowing Intentions of Lower-Level Employees: The Effect of Reporting Channel, Bystanders, and Wrongdoer Power Status. Journal of Business Ethics 126 (1):85-99.
    It has been suggested that a reporting channel administered by a third-party may represent a stronger procedural safeguard of anonymity and avoids the appearance of impropriety. (...)This study examines whistleblowing intentions among lower-tier employees, specifically examines whether an externally-administered reporting channel increases whistleblowing intentions compared to an internally-administered one. In contrast to the findings of an earlier study by Kaplan et al. :273288, 2009), our results suggest that whistle-blowing intentions are higher when the reporting channel is administered externally than when it is administered internally. We also find that an externally-administered reporting channel mitigates the negative effect of bystanders on whistleblowing intentions. Implications are discussed. (shrink)
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  16.  19
    Shan Gao, Interpreting Quantum Mechanics in Terms of Random Discontinuous Motion of Particles.
    This thesis is an attempt to reconstruct the conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics. First, we argue that the wave function in quantum mechanics is a description of (...)
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  17. Yongqiang Gao & Taïeb Hafsi (2015). Government Intervention, PeersGiving and Corporate Philanthropy: Evidence From Chinese Private SMEs. Journal of Business Ethics 132 (2):433-447.
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  18. Daniel J. G. Lahr, Haywood Dail Laughinghouse, Angela M. Oliverio, Feng Gao & Laura A. Katz (2014). How Discordant Morphological and Molecular Evolution Among Microorganisms Can Revise Our Notions of Biodiversity on Earth. Bioessays 36 (10):950-959.
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  19. Shan Gao, An Exceptionally Simple Argument Against the Many-Worlds Interpretation.
    It is shown that the superposed wave function of a measuring device, in each branch of which there is a definite measurement result, does not correspond to (...)
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  20.  6
    Zoltán Dienes, Gerry T. M. Altmann & Shi‐Ji Gao (1999). Mapping Across Domains Without Feedback: A Neural Network Model of Transfer of Implicit Knowledge. Cognitive Science 23 (1):53-82.
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  21. Shan Gao, Three Possible Implications of Spacetime Discreteness.
    We analyze the possible implications of spacetime discreteness for the special and general relativity and quantum theory. It is argued that the existence of a minimum size (...)
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  22. Shan Gao (2013). A Quantum Physical Argument for Panpsychism. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (1-2):1 - 2.
    It has been widely thought that consciousness has no causal efficacy in the physical world. However, this may be not the case. In this paper, we show (...)
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  23. Shan Gao, Protective Measurement and the Meaning of the Wave Function.
    This article analyzes the implications of protective measurement for the meaning of the wave function. According to protective measurement, a charged quantum system has mass and charge (...)
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  24. Shan Gao, The Wave Function and Its Evolution.
    The meaning of the wave function and its evolution are investigated. First, we argue that the wave function in quantum mechanics is a description of random discontinuous (...)
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  25.  64
    Shan Gao, Comment on "How to Protect the Interpretation of the Wave Function Against Protective Measurements" by Jos Uffink.
    It is shown that Uffink's attempt to protect the interpretation of the wave function against protective measurements fails due to several errors in his arguments.
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  26.  4
    Guangwei Hu & Jun Lei (2015). Chinese University StudentsPerceptions of Plagiarism. Ethics and Behavior 25 (3):233-255.
  27.  11
    Yongqiang Gao (2011). Government Intervention, Perceived Benefit, and Bribery of Firms in Transitional China. Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):175-184.
    This article examines whether (1) government intervention causes bribery (or corruption) as rent-seeking theory suggested; (2) a firms perceived benefit partially mediates the relationship between government (...) intervention and its bribing behavior, as rational choice/behavior theory suggested; and (3) other firmsbribing behavior moderates the relationship between government intervention and a firms perceived benefit. Our study shows that government intervention causes bribery/corruption indeed, but it exerts its effect on bribery/corruption through the firms perceived benefit. In other words, a firms perceived benefit fully mediates the relationship between government intervention and its bribing behavior. We also find that other firmsbribery positively moderates the relationship between government intervention and a given firms bribery. This study partly proves that firms are rational actors. Potential benefit encourages them to practice bribery. Besides, this research also supports the rent-seeking view of bribery/corruption, which argues that government intervention is a source of bribery/corruption. However, we have also identified that only those government interventions that will createrentcan cause bribery/corruption. (shrink)
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  28. Shan Gao, Why the de Broglie-Bohm Theory is Probably Wrong.
    We investigate the validity of the field explanation of the wave function by analyzing the mass and charge density distributions of a quantum system. It is argued (...)
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  29.  11
    Anne Rowan-Legg, Charles Weijer, J. Gao & C. Fernandez (2009). A Comparison of Journal Instructions Regarding Institutional Review Board Approval and Conflict-of-Interest Disclosure Between 1995 and 2005. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):74-78.
    OBJECTIVES: To compare 2005 and 1995 ethics guidelines from journal editors to authors regarding requirements for institutional review board (IRB) approval and conflict-of-interest (COI) disclosure. DESIGN (...): A descriptive study of the ethics guidelines published in 103 English-language biomedical journals listed in the Abridged Index Medicus in 1995 and 2005. Each journal was reviewed by the principal author and one of four independent reviewers. RESULTS: During the period, the proportion of journals requiring IRB approval increased from 42% (95% CI 32.2% to 51.2%, p<0.001) to 76% (95% CI 66.4% to 83.1%, p<0.001). In 2005, an additional 9% referred to the Declaration of Helsinki or the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' Uniform requirements for ethical guidelines; 15% (95% CI 8.5% to 22.5%, p<0.01) provided ambiguous or no requirements. The proportion of journals requiring COI disclosure increased from 75% (95% CI 66.6% to 83.3%, p<0.05) to 94% (95% CI 89.4% to 98.6%, p<0.05); 41% had comprehensive requirements, while some addressed only funding source (6%), were vague (10%) or both (14%). Criteria for authorship rose from 40% (95% CI 30.5% to 49.5%, p<0.05) to 72% (95% CI 63.3% to 80.7%, p<0.05). Journals with higher impact factors were more likely to require IRB approval (p<0.01). Journals in anaesthesia and radiology all required IRB approval; requirements in other disciplines varied. CONCLUSIONS: Instructions to authors regarding ethical standards have improved. Some remain incomplete, especially regarding the scope of disclosure of COI. The ethical guidelines presented to authors need further clarification and standardisation. (shrink)
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  30.  14
    Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman‐House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao‐Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, Leroy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart (2003). Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy. Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    <span class='Hi'>span>If<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>stem<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cell<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>based<span class='Hi'> (...)span> <span class='Hi'>span>therapies<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>developed<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>we<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>will<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>likely<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>confront<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>difficult<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>problem<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>justice<span class='Hi'>span>: <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>biological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reasons<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>alone<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>new<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>therapies<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>might<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>benefit<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>only<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>limited<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>range<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>patients<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fact<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>they<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>might<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>benefit<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>primarily<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>white<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Americans<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>thereby<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>exacerbating<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>long<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>standing<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>differences<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>health<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>health<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>care<span class='Hi'>span>. (shrink)
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  31.  14
    Qiufang Fu, Guangyu Bin, Zoltan Dienes, Xiaolan Fu & Xiaorong Gao (2013). Learning Without Consciously Knowing: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials in Sequence Learning. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):22-34.
    This paper investigated how implicit and explicit knowledge is reflected in event-related <span class='Hi'>potentialsspan> in sequence learning. ERPs were recorded during a serial reaction (...)time task. The results showed that there were greater RT benefits for standard compared with deviant stimuli later than early on, indicating sequence learning. After training, more standard triplets were generated under inclusion than exclusion tests and more standard triplets under exclusion than chance level, indicating that participants acquired both explicit and implicit knowledge. However, deviant targets elicited enhanced N2 and P3 components for targets with explicit knowledge but a larger N2 effect for targets with implicit knowledge, revealing that implicit knowledge expresses itself in relatively early components and explicit knowledge in additional P3 components. The results help resolve current debate about the neural substrates supporting implicit and explicit learning. (shrink)
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  32.  9
    Shan Gao, A Discrete Model of Energy-Conserved Wavefunction Collapse.
    Energy nonconservation is a serious problem of dynamical collapse theories. In this paper, we propose a discrete model of energy-conserved wavefunction collapse. It is shown that (...)the model is consistent with existing experiments and our macroscopic experience. (shrink)
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  33. J. Gao (2013). The Wheel of Fortune Vs. the Mustard Seed: A Comparative Study of European and Chinese Painting. Diogenes 59 (1-2):101-117.
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  34. Shan Gao, Derivation of the Schrödinger Equation.
    It is shown that the heuristic &quot;derivation&quot; of the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics textbooks can be turned into a real derivation by resorting to spacetime (...) translation invariance and relativistic invariance. (shrink)
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  35.  2
    Jiansheng Li, Qiyang Gao, Jifan Zhou, Xinyu Li, Meng Zhang & Mowei Shen (2014). Bias or Equality? Unconscious Thought Equally Integrates Temporally Scattered Information. Consciousness and Cognition 25 (1):77-87.
    In previous experiments on unconscious thought, information was presented to participants in one continuous session; however, in daily life, information is delivered in a temporally partitioned way. (...)
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  36. Shan Gao (2006). A Model of Wavefunction Collapse in Discrete Space-Time. International Journal of Theoretical Physics 45 (10):1965-1979.
    We give a new argument supporting a gravitational role in quantum collapse. It is demonstrated that the discreteness of space-time, which results from the proper combination (...)of quantum theory and general relativity, may inevitably result in the dynamical collapse of thewave function. Moreover, the minimum size of discrete space-time yields a plausible collapse criterion consistent with experiments. By assuming that the source to collapse the wave function is the inherent random motion of particles described by the wave function, we further propose a concrete model of wavefunction collapse in the discrete space-time. It is shown that the model is consistent with the existing experiments and macroscopic experiences. (shrink)
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  37. Shan Gao, Meaning of the Wave Function.
    We investigate the meaning of the wave function by analyzing the mass and charge density distributions of a quantum system. According to protective measurement, a charged quantum (...)span> and discontinuous in nature. On this interpretation, the square of the absolute value of the wave function not only gives the probability of the particle being found in certain locations, but also gives the probability of the particle being there. We show that this new interpretation of the wave function provides a natural realistic alternative to the orthodox interpretation, and its implications for other realistic interpretations of quantum mechanics are also briefly discussed. (shrink)
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  38.  7
    H. Onur Bodur, Ting Gao & Bianca Grohmann (2014). The Ethical Attribute Stigma: Understanding When Ethical Attributes Improve Consumer Responses to Product Evaluations. Journal of Business Ethics 122 (1):167-177.
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  39. Shan Gao, Why Gravity is Not an Entropic Force.
    The remarkable connections between gravity and thermodynamics seem to imply that gravity is not fundamental but emergent, and in particular, as Verlinde suggested, gravity is probably an (...)
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  40.  12
    Shan Gao, Reality of the Quantum State: A New Proof in Terms of Protective Measurements.
    The ontological model framework provides a rigorous approach to address the question of whether the quantum state is ontic or epistemic. When considering only conventional projective measurements, (...)
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  41.  20
    Mingyi Qian, Jun Gao, Ping Yao & Marcus Arnold Rodriguez (2009). Professional Ethical Issues and the Development of Professional Ethical Standards in Counseling and Clinical Psychology in China. Ethics and Behavior 19 (4):290 – 309.
    This article aims to summarize the current ethical issues in the field of clinical and counseling psychology and the process of developing professional ethical standards in China. (...)
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  42.  18
    Marcus Arnold Rodriguez, Ping Yao, Jun Gao & Mingyi Qian (2009). Professional Ethical Issues and the Development of Professional Ethical Standards in Counseling and Clinical Psychology in China. Ethics and Behavior 19 (4):290-309.
    This article aims to summarize the current ethical issues in the field of clinical and counseling psychology and the process of developing professional ethical standards in China. (...)
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  43. Shan Gao (2003). A Possible Quantum Basis of Panpsychism. Neuroquantology 1 (1):4-9.
    We show that consciousness may violate the basic quantum principle, according to which the nonorthogonal quantum states can't be distinguished. This implies that the physical world (...)is not causally closed without consciousness, and consciousness is a fundamental property of matter. (shrink)
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  44. Shan Gao, Derivation of the Meaning of the Wave Function.
    We show that the physical meaning of the wave function can be derived based on the established parts of quantum mechanics. It turns out that the wave (...)
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  45.  8
    Shan Gao (2013). On Uffink's Criticism of Protective Measurements. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (4):513-518.
    Protective measurement is a new measuring method introduced by Aharonov, Vaidman, and Anandan, with the aim of measuring the expectation value of an observable on a single (...)
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  46.  17
    Shan Gao, Protective Measurement: A Paradigm Shift in Understanding Quantum Mechanics.
    This article introduces the method of protective measurement and discusses its deep implications for the foundations of quantum mechanics.
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  47.  62
    Shan Gao, The Wave Function and Particle Ontology.
    In quantum mechanics, the wave function of a N-body system is a mathematical function defined in a 3N-dimensional configuration space. We argue that wave function realism (...) implies particle ontology when assuming: (1) the wave function of a N-body system describes N physical entities; (2) each triple of the 3N coordinates of a point in configuration space that relates to one physical entity represents a point in ordinary three-dimensional space. Moreover, the motion of particles is random and discontinuous. (shrink)
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  48.  12
    Tao Gao, Philip Siegel, J. S. Johar & M. Joseph Sirgy (2008). A Survey of Management Educators' Perceptions of Unethical Faculty Behavior. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2):129-152.
  49.  11
    Zhilong Tian, Haitao Gao & Malcolm Cone (2008). A Study of the Ethical Issues of Private Entrepreneurs Participating in Politics in China. Journal of Business Ethics 80 (3):627 - 642.
    Since the 16th National Congress of Communist Party of China (16th NCCPC) in 2002, more and more private entrepreneurs have appeared on the political arena in China. (...)
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  50. Shan Gao, Protective Measurement and the de Broglie-Bohm Theory.
    We investigate the implications of protective measurement for de Broglie-Bohm theory, mainly focusing on the interpretation of the wave function. It has been argued that the (...)de Broglie-Bohm theory gives the same predictions as quantum mechanics by means of quantum equilibrium hypothesis. However, this equivalence is based on the premise that the wave function, regarded as a Ψ-field, has no mass and charge density distributions. But this premise turns out to be wrong according to protective measurement; a charged quantum system has effective mass and charge density distributing in space, proportional to the square of the absolute value of its wave function. Then in the de Broglie-Bohm theory both Ψ-field and Bohmian particle will have charge density distribution for a charged quantum system. This will result in the existence of an electrostatic self-interaction of the field and an electromagnetic interaction between the field and Bohmian particle, which not only violates the superposition principle of quantum mechanics but also contradicts experimental observations. Therefore, the de Broglie-Bohm theory as a realistic interpretation of quantum mechanics is problematic according to protective measurement. Lastly, we briefly discuss the possibility that the wave function is not a physical field but a description of some sort of ergodic motion (e.g. random discontinuous motion) of particles. (shrink)
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