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  1. Lennart Nordenfelt (2013). Identification and Classification of Diseases: Fundamental Problems in Medical Ontology and Epistemology. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):6-21.
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  2. Lennart Nordenfelt (2013). Ill Health or Illness: A Reply to Hofmann. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 21 (4):298-305.
    In this article I respond to Björn Hofmann’s criticism of some elements in my theory of health. Hofmann’s main objective is to question “Nordenfelt’s basic premise that you can be ill without having negative first-person experiences, and to investigate the consequences of abandoning the premise.” One of Hofmann’s critical points is that my theory of health does not lend voice to the individual. My response is essentially conducted in four steps: (1) I question the aim of conceptual analysis that Hofmann (...)
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  3. Lennart Nordenfelt (2013). Standard Circumstances and Vital Goals: Comments on Venkatapuram's Critique. Bioethics 27 (5):280-284.
    This article is a reply to Venkatapuram's critique in his article Health, Vital Goals, Capabilities, this volume. I take issue mainly with three critical points put forward by Venkatapuram with regard to my theory of health. (1) I deny that the contents of my vital goals are relative to each community or context, as Venkatapuram claims. There is no conceptual connection at all between standard circumstances and vital goals, as I understand these concepts. (2) Venkatapuram notes that I stop short (...)
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  4. Lennart Nordenfelt (2011). Health and Welfare in Animals and Humans. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):139-152.
    This paper contains a brief comparative analysis of some philosophical and scientific discourses on human and animal health and welfare, focusing mainly on the welfare of sentient animals. The paper sets forth two kinds of proposals for the analysis of animal welfare which do not appear in the contemporary philosophical discussion of human welfare, viz. the coping theory of welfare and the theory of welfare in terms of natural behaviour. These proposals are scrutinized in the light of some similar theories (...)
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  5. Lennart Nordenfelt (2010). On Concepts and Theories of Addiction. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (1):27-30.
  6. Lennart Nordenfelt (2009). The Nature of Vital Goals: Comment on Andrew Bloodworth's Review of Rationality and Compulsion. Health Care Analysis 17 (1):92-94.
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  7. Lise-Lotte Dwyer, Lennart Nordenfelt & Britt-Marie Ternestedt (2008). Three Nursing Home Residents Speak About Meaning At the End of Life. Nursing Ethics 15 (1):97-109.
    This article provides a deeper understanding of how meaning can be created in everyday life at a nursing home. It is based on a primary study concerning dignity involving 12 older people living in two nursing homes in Sweden. A secondary analysis was carried out on data obtained from three of the primary participants interviewed over a period of time (18—24 months), with a total of 12 interviews carried out using an inductive hermeneutic approach. The study reveals that sources of (...)
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  8. Ingrid Hellström, Mike Nolan, Lennart Nordenfelt & Ulla Lundh (2007). Ethical and Methodological Issues in Interviewing Persons With Dementia. Nursing Ethics 14 (5):608-619.
    People with dementia have previously not been active participants in research, with ethical difficulties often being cited as the reason for this. A wider inclusion of people with dementia in research raises several ethical and methodological challenges. This article adds to the emerging debate by reflecting on the ethical and methodological issues raised during an interview study involving people with dementia and their spouses. The study sought to explore the impact of living with dementia. We argue that there is support (...)
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  9. Lennart Nordenfelt (2007). Establishing a Middle-Range Position in the Theory of Health: A Reply to My Critics. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):29-32.
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  10. Lennart Nordenfelt (2007). Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry. OUP Oxford.
    Rationality and Compulsion presents a unique examination of mental illness - derived from philosophical action theory. Delusion is common to many mental disorders, resulting in actions that, though perhaps rational to the individual, might seem entirely inappropriate or harmful to others. So what is it that causes these actions, and why do they continue? The theory expounded in this book shows how the key to this problem might be compulsion. -/- This book presents a new analysis of the notion of (...)
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  11. Lennart Nordenfelt (2007). The Concepts of Health and Illness Revisited. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):5-10.
    Contemporary philosophy of health has been quite focused on the problem of determining the nature of the concepts of health, illness and disease from a scientific point of view. Some theorists claim and argue that these concepts are value-free and descriptive in the same sense as the concepts of atom, metal and rain are value-free and descriptive. To say that a person has a certain disease or that he or she is unhealthy is thus to objectively describe this person. On (...)
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  12. E. Christian Brugger, Donald Marquis, Thomas Cavanaugh, James Nelson, Tod Chambers, Lennart Nordenfelt, James Childress, Anders Nordgren, Kai Draper & Fredrik Svenaeus (2006). Lazare Benaroyo Alex John London Universite de Lausanne Carnegie Mellon University Jeff Blustein Jeff McMahan Albert Einstein College of Medicine Rutgers. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27:1.
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  13. Lise-Lotte Franklin, Britt-Marie Ternestedt & Lennart Nordenfelt (2006). Views on Dignity of Elderly Nursing Home Residents. Nursing Ethics 13 (2):130-146.
    Discussion about a dignified death has almost exclusively been applied to palliative care and people dying of cancer. As populations are getting older in the western world and living with chronic illnesses affecting their everyday lives, it is relevant to broaden the definition of palliative care to include other groups of people. The aim of the study was to explore the views on dignity at the end of life of 12 elderly people living in two nursing homes in Sweden. A (...)
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  14. Lennart Nordenfelt (2006). Commentary on the Notions of Genetic Disease and Causes of Illness in Clinical Practice. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9:317-319.
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  15. Lennart Nordenfelt (2006). Commentary on Wim Dekkers's and Marcel Olde Rikkert's: “What is a Genetic Disease? The Example of Alzheimer's Disease” and Stephen Tyreman's: “Causes of Illness in Clinical Practice: A Conceptual Exploration”. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (3):317-319.
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  16. Lennart Nordenfelt (2005). Review of Caplan, MacCartney and Sisti (Eds.) Health, Disease and Illness: Concept in Medicine. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8:125-125.
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  17. Lennart Nordenfelt (2004). On Holism and Normality. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (2):149-152.
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  18. Lennart Nordenfelt (2004). The Varieties of Dignity. Health Care Analysis 12 (2):69-81.
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  19. Lennart Nordenfelt (2003). Dignity and the Care of the Elderly. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (2):103-110.
    The main purpose of this paper is to clarify some senses of dignity that are particularly relevant for the treatment and care of the elderly. I make a distinction between two quite different ideas of dignity, on the one hand the basic kind of dignity possessed by every human being, and on the other hand the dignity which is the result of a person's merits, whether these be inherited or achieved. Common to both these ideas is that having a dignity (...)
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  20. Lennart Nordenfelt (2003). Dignity of the Elderly: An Introduction. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (2):99-101.
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  21. Lennart Nordenfelt & Viveka Adelswärd (2003). Perceptions and Evaluations of Gene Technology. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (221).
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  22. Lennart Nordenfelt (2001). Health, Science, and Ordinary Language. Rodopi.
    One INTRODUCTION 1. Background The theory of the nature of health and disease, or of the concepts of health and disease, has been central in modem ...
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  23. Lennart Nordenfelt (2001). On the Goals of Medicine, Health Enhancement and Social Welfare. Health Care Analysis 9 (1):15-23.
  24. Lennart Nordenfelt (2000). On the Comparative Approach to Defining Health: A Reply to Brülde. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):307-310.
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  25. Lennart Nordenfelt (2000). Towards a New Paradigm for Health Promotion. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):315-317.
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  26. Lennart Nordenfelt (2000). On the Place of Fuzzy Health in Medical Theory. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (5):639 – 649.
    This commentary on Sadegh-Zadeh's article 'Fuzzy health, illness and disease,' has its focus on the philosophical background for applying fuzzy logic to medical theory. I concentrate on four issues. First, I contest some of Sadegh-Zadeh's statements on the present state of the theory of medicine, in particular with regard to assumptions ascribed to contemporary theorists. Second, I consider Sadegh-Zadeh's interesting idea that a person can have a disease to varying degrees, from not having it at all to having it completely. (...)
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  27. Lennart Nordenfelt (1999). Introduction (Quality of Life). Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (1):3-10.
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  28. Lennart Nordenfelt (1999). Introduction to Quality of Life: The Concept and its Application in Health Care. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2.
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  29. Lennart Nordenfelt (1999). On Disability and Illness. A Reply to Edwards. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):181-189.
    This paper is a reply to an article by Steven Edwards in a previous issue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. In this paper Edwards discusses two types of problems which he finds to be inherent in my theory of disability, mainly as presented in my On the Nature of Health, Kluwer 1995. First, Edwards discerns a tension in my basic definition of health, a tension between my “subjectivistic” and my “objectivistic” aspirations in the definition. Second, he finds that my theory (...)
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  30. Lennart Nordenfelt (1998). Descriptive or Normative Conceptual Analysis – A Reply to Henk ten Have. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):15-16.
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  31. Lennart Nordenfelt (1998). On Medicine and Health Enhancement - Towards a Conceptual Framework. Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (1):5-12.
    This paper contains an attempt at constructing a semantic framework for the field of health enhancement. The latter is here conceived as an extremely general category covering the whole area of health care and health promotion. With this framework as a basis I attempt to define the place of medicine within the enterprise of health enhancement. I finally indicate some normative issues for the future, in particular problems and possible developments for medicine as a species of health enhancement.
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  32. Lennart Nordenfelt (1998). On Setting Priorities in the Health Area – A Reply to Joachim Widder. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):19-19.
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  33. Lennart Nordenfelt (1997). Reply to My Commentators. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4:305-306.
  34. Lennart Nordenfelt (1997). Response to the Commentaries. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):305-306.
  35. Lennart Nordenfelt (1997). The Stoic Conception of Mental Disorder: The Case of Cicero. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):285-291.
  36. Carole Ulanowsky, Miles Little, Andrew Grubb, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Lennart Nordenfelt, David Lamb & Becky Cox White (1997). Тип: Статья в журнале-научная статья язык: Английский том: 11 номер: 1 год: 1997 страницы: 75-89 цит. В ринц®: 0. Bioethics 11 (1):75-89.
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  37. Lennart Nordenfelt (1995). Mild Mania and the Theory of Health. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2:179-185.
  38. Lennart Nordenfelt (1995). On Chronic Illness and Quality of Life: A Conceptual Framework. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 3 (4):290-298.
    In this paper I focus on the topic of chronic illness in the context of quality of life. I offer a conceptual explanation of these notions and then try to systematise the various species of suffering connected with chronic illness. Suffering in illness rarely attracts systematic analysis. Part of the reason for this is that the topic is in a way an aspect of common sense. It has an air of self-evidence and seems not to require analysis. However, it is (...)
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  39. Lennart Nordenfelt (1994). Mild Mania and the Theory of Health: A Response to" Mild Mania and Well-Being". Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (3):179-184.
  40. Lennart Nordenfelt (1993). Concepts of Health and Their Consequences for Health Care. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (4):277-285.
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  41. Lennart Nordenfelt (1993). On the Relation Between Biological and Social Theories of Health: A Commentary on Fulford's Praxis Makes Perfect. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (4):321-324.
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  42. Lennart Nordenfelt (1993). On the Relevance and Importance of the Notion of Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).
    This paper constitutes a defence of the basic philosophical enterprise of characterising concepts such as disease and health, as well as other medical concepts. I argue that these concepts play important roles, not only in medical, but also in other scientific and social contexts. In particular, medical decisions about health and diseasehood have important ethical, social and economic consequences. The role played is, however, not always a rational one. But the greater is the need for a reconstruction of this network (...)
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  43. Lennart Nordenfelt, Quality of Life, Health and Happiness.
    The basic work for this book was carried out during the spring of 1989 in Edinburgh, where I had been granted a research position at The Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities. I should like to express here my indebtedness to the Institute for the opportunity thus afforded me. I should also like to say how very grateful I am for the stimulating conversations I had there with Professor Timothy Sprigge and Dr. Elizabeth Telfer. Dr. Telfers’s own treatise Happiness (...)
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  44. Lennart Nordenfelt (1992). On Crime, Punishment, and Psychiatric Care: An Introduction to Swedish Philosophy of Criminal Law and Forensic Psychiatry. Almqvist & Wiksell International.
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  45. Lennart Nordenfelt (1984). Comments on Pörn's 'An Equilibrium Model of Health'. In Lennart Nordenfelt & B. I. B. Lindahl (eds.), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel. 11--13.
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  46. Lennart Nordenfelt (1984). On the Circle of Health. In Lennart Nordenfelt & B. I. B. Lindahl (eds.), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel. 15--23.
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  47. Lennart Nordenfelt & B. Ingemar B. Lindahl (eds.) (1984). Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel.
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  48. Lennart Nordenfelt (1981). Causation, an Essay. Akademilitt..
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  49. Lennart Nordenfelt (1974). Explanation of Human Actions. Uppsala,Filosofiska Föreningen Og Filosofiska Institutionen Vid Uppsala Universitet.
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