Search results for 'Leonid Litman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  21
    Leonid Litman & Arthur S. Reber (2002). Rules, Abstractions, and Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):345-346.
    Perruchet & Vinter's article, for all its breadth and scope, has several deep problems: specifically, an eccentric notion of rule, a narrow notion of what it means for a mental instantiation to be abstract, and a failure to take into account fundamental principles of evolutionary biology. While not the only problems, these three are sufficient to seriously weaken their arguments.
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  2. Alexander Litman (1947). Prehension as Relation. Journal of Philosophy 44 (9):234-240.
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  3.  2
    Leib Litman & Arthur S. Reber (2005). Implicit Cognition and Thought. In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge Univ Pr 431--453.
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  4.  5
    Diane J. Litman & James F. Allen (1987). A Plan Recognition Model for Subdialogues in Conversations. Cognitive Science 11 (2):163-200.
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  5.  12
    Jordan Litman, Tiffany Hutchins & Ryan Russon (2005). Epistemic Curiosity, Feeling-of-Knowing, and Exploratory Behaviour. Cognition and Emotion 19 (4):559-582.
  6.  8
    Jordan Litman (2005). Curiosity and the Pleasures of Learning: Wanting and Liking New Information. Cognition and Emotion 19 (6):793-814.
  7.  9
    Alexander Litman (1933). Spinoza-Festschrift. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 30 (24):669-671.
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  8.  7
    Aaron Beller & Ami Litman (1980). A Strengthening of Jensen's □ Principles. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):251-264.
    The aim of this paper is to prove strengthenings of three theorems appearing in Jensen [1].
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  9.  9
    Jessica Litman (2003). Ethical Disobedience. Ethics and Information Technology 5 (4):217-223.
  10.  16
    Jessica Litman (1999). Electronic Commerce and Free Speech. Ethics and Information Technology 1 (3):213-225.
    For commercial purveyors of digital speech, information and entertainment, the biggest threat posed by the Internet isn''t the threat of piracy, but the threat posed by free speech -- speech that doesn''t cost any money. Free speech has the potential to squeeze out expensive speech. A glut of high quality free stuff has the potential to run companies in the business of selling speech out of business. We haven''t had to worry about this before, because speaking in a meaningful way (...)
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  11.  1
    Aaron Beller & Ami Litman (1980). A Strengthening of Jensen's $Square$ Principles. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):251-264.
    The aim of this paper is to prove strengthenings of three theorems appearing in Jensen [1].
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  12.  9
    Erich Grädel, Phokion Kolaitis, Libkin G., Marx Leonid, Spencer Maarten, Vardi Joel, Y. Moshe, Yde Venema & Scott Weinstein (2007). Finite Model Theory and its Applications. Springer.
    This book gives a comprehensive overview of central themes of finite model theory – expressive power, descriptive complexity, and zero-one laws – together with selected applications relating to database theory and artificial intelligence, especially constraint databases and constraint satisfaction problems. The final chapter provides a concise modern introduction to modal logic, emphasizing the continuity in spirit and technique with finite model theory. This underlying spirit involves the use of various fragments of and hierarchies within first-order, second-order, fixed-point, and infinitary logics (...)
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  13. Leib Litman & Mark Zelcer (2013). A Cognitive Neuroscience, Dual-Systems Approach to the Sorites Paradox. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 25 (3):355-366.
    Typical approaches to resolving the sorites paradox attempt to show, in one way or another, that the sorites argument is not paradoxical after all. However, if one can show that the sorites is not really paradoxical, the task remains of explaining why it appears to be a paradox. Our approach begins by addressing the appearance of paradox and then explores what this means for the paradox itself. We examine the sorites from the perspective of the various brain systems that are (...)
     
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  14.  32
    Anton Simons (1998). Leonid V. Karasëv, Filosofija Smecha [Philosophy of Laughter]. Studies in East European Thought 50 (2):158-161.
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  15.  4
    G. B. A. Fletcher (1931). Cicero's Doctrine of Nature and Man. By A. Litman. Pp. 41. New York, 1930. Paper. The Classical Review 45 (05):199-200.
  16.  5
    Natalia Lozovsky (2007). Leonid S. Chekin, Northern Eurasia in Medieval Cartography: Inventory, Text, Translation, and Commentary. (Terrarum Orbis, 4.) Turnhout: Brepols, 2006. Pp. 498; Many Black-and-White and Color Plates. €80. First Published in 1999 Under the Title Kartografiia Khristianskogo Srednevekovia, by Vostochnaia Literatura, Moscow. [REVIEW] Speculum 82 (2):419-421.
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  17.  4
    Paul Babie (2009). 'God Is Love': The Literography of Leonid Denysenko. The Australasian Catholic Record 86 (1):18.
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  18.  3
    Richard B. Spence (1998). Murphy) 156–157 Leonid V. Karasëv, Filosofija Smecha [Philosophy of Laugh-ter](Anton Simons) 158–161 Gary Saul Morson and Caryl Emerson, Mikhal Bakhtin: Creation of a Prosaics (John W. Murphy) 161–163. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 50:329-330.
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  19.  11
    Anton Simons (2001). Leonid Stolovich, Filosofija – Estetika – Smekh. Studies in East European Thought 53 (4):336-339.
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  20.  2
    Ann S. Ferebee (1972). Review: Marc A. Aiserman, Leonid A. Gusev, Lev I. Rozonoer, Irina M. Smirnova, Aleksey A. Tal, George M. Kranc, Logic, Automata, and Algorithms. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (3):625-625.
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  21. A. V. Campbell (1976). The Case of Leonid Plyushch. Journal of Medical Ethics 2 (4):211-211.
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  22. Gab Es Eine Dialektische Schule & Klaus Döring (1990). All is Number?"" Basic Doctrine" of Pythagoreanism Reconsidered, Leonid Zhmud. Phronesis 35 (1).
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  23. John Andreas Fuchs, Andreas Umland & Jürgen Zarusky (eds.) (2012). Brücken Bauen: Analysen Und Betrachtungen Zwischen Ost Und West: Festschrift für Leonid Luks Zum 65. Geburtstag. Ibidem-Verlag.
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  24. L. A. Gavrilov & N. S. Gavrilova (1994). From Gavrilov, Leonid, A. And Gavrilova, Natalia, S. Bioessays 16 (8):592-593.
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  25. Richard McKirahan (2014). Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans by Leonid Zhmud. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 107 (4):564-565.
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  26. N. A. Shanin (2010). Referee's Report on Leonid Levin's Dissertation “Some Theorems on the Algorithmic Approach to Probability Theory and Information Theory”(November 27, 1972). [REVIEW] Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (3):236.
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  27.  5
    Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.) (2004). The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House.
    Henri JM Claessen Was the State Inevitable? ● Leonid E. Grinin The Early State and Its Analogues: A Comparative Analysis ...
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  28.  8
    Leonid Rozenblit & Frank Keil (2002). The Misunderstood Limits of Folk Science: An Illusion of Explanatory Depth. Cognitive Science 26 (5):521-562.
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  29. Daniel S. Levine & Leonid I. Perlovsky (2008). Neuroscientific Insights on Biblical Myths. Zygon 43 (4).
     
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  30.  4
    Frank C. Keil, Courtney Stein, Lisa Webb, Van Dyke Billings & Leonid Rozenblit (2008). Discerning the Division of Cognitive Labor: An Emerging Understanding of How Knowledge Is Clustered in Other Minds. Cognitive Science 32 (2):259-300.
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  31. Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (2010). Will the Global Crisis Lead to Global Transformations? 2. The Coming Epoch of New Coalitions. Journal of Globalization Studies 1 (2):166-183.
    This article presents possible answers, and their respective probabilities, to the question, ‘What are the consequences of the present global crisis in the proximate future of the World System?’ It also attempts to describe the basic characteristics of the forthcoming ‘Epoch of New Coalitions’ and to forecast certain future conditions. Among the problems analyzed in this paper are the following: What does the weakening of the economic role of the USA as the World System centre mean? Will there be a (...)
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  32.  8
    Leonid Grinin (2012). Macrohistory and Globalization. Uchitel Publishing House.
    The present monograph considers some macrohistorical trends along with the aspects of globalization. Macrohistory is history on the large scale that tells the story of the entire world or of some major dimensions of historical process. For the present study three aspects of macrohistory have been chosen. These are technological and political aspects, as well as the one of historical personality. Taken together they give a definite picture of unfolding historical process which is described from the beginning of human society (...)
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  33.  96
    Leonid A. Khalfin & Boris S. Tsirelson (1992). Quantum/Classical Correspondence in the Light of Bell's Inequalities. Foundations of Physics 22 (7):879-948.
    Instead of the usual asymptotic passage from quantum mechanics to classical mechanics when a parameter tended to infinity, a sharp boundary is obtained for the domain of existence of classical reality. The last is treated as separable empirical reality following d'Espagnat, described by a mathematical superstructure over quantum dynamics for the universal wave function. Being empirical, this reality is constructed in terms of both fundamental notions and characteristics of observers. It is presupposed that considered observers perceive the world as a (...)
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  34.  51
    Leonid Tarasov (2013). Contextualism and Weird Knowledge. Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):565-575.
    John Greco has recently raised two worries for epistemic contextualism, viz it deprives epistemology of its subject matter and renders objective knowledge impossible. He argues that these problems are not restricted to contextualism, but apply to rival theories, like subject sensitive invariantism, and that they are overstated. I develop Greco's worries, which show that contextualism suggests either that there is no such thing as knowledge, or a weird view of knowledge: as disparately varied and undisciplined, individual-dependent and arbitrary. I then (...)
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  35. Lauri Hella, Leonid Libkin & Juha Nurmonen (1999). Notions of Locality and Their Logical Characterizations Over Finite Models. Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1751-1773.
    Many known tools for proving expressibility bounds for first-order logic are based on one of several locality properties. In this paper we characterize the relationship between those notions of locality. We note that Gaifman's locality theorem gives rise to two notions: one deals with sentences and one with open formulae. We prove that the former implies Hanf's notion of locality, which in turn implies Gaifman's locality for open formulae. Each of these implies the bounded degree property, which is one of (...)
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  36.  31
    Frances S. Grodzinsky & Herman T. Tavani (2005). P2p Networks and the Verizon V. RIAA Case: Implications for Personal Privacy and Intellectual Property. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4):243-250.
    In this paper, we examine some ethical implications of a controversial court decision in the United States involving Verizon (an Internet Service Provider or ISP) and the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). In particular, we analyze the impacts this decision has for personal privacy and intellectual property. We begin with a brief description of the controversies and rulings in this case. This is followed by a look at some of the challenges that peer-to-peer (P2P) systems, used to share digital (...)
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  37.  77
    Leonid A. Khalfin (1997). Unconditional Tests of Fundamental Discrete Symmetries CP, T, CPT in Rigorous Quantum Dynamics Beyond the Approximate Lee-Oehme-Yang Theory. Foundations of Physics 27 (11):1549-1570.
  38. Leonid Grinin, Dmitry Beliaev & Andrey Korotayev (eds.) (2008). Hierarchy and Power in the History of Civilisations: Political Aspects of Modernity. Librocom.
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  39. Leonid Grinin (2009). The Pathways of Politogenesis and Models of the Early State Formation. Social Evolution and History 8 (1):92-132.
    This article considers concrete manifestations of the politogenesis multilinearity and the variation of its forms; it analyzes the main causes that determined the politogenetic pathway of a given society. The respective factors include the polity's size, its ecological and social environment. The politogenesis should be never reduced to the only one evolutionary pathway leading to the statehood. The early state formation was only one of many versions of development of complex late archaic social systems. The author designates various complex non-state (...)
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  40.  28
    Daniel S. Levine & Leonid I. Perlovsky (2008). Simplifying Heuristics Versus Careful Thinking: Scientific Analysis of Millennial Spiritual Issues. Zygon 43 (4):797-821.
    There is ample evidence that humans (and other primates) possess a knowledge instinct—a biologically driven impulse to make coherent sense of the world at the highest level possible. Yet behavioral decision-making data suggest a contrary biological drive to minimize cognitive effort by solving problems using simplifying heuristics. Individuals differ, and the same person varies over time, in the strength of the knowledge instinct. Neuroimaging studies suggest which brain regions might mediate the balance between knowledge expansion and heuristic simplification. One region (...)
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  41. Joachim P. Sturmberg, Eu‐Gene Siew, Leonid Churilov & Kate Smith‐Miles (2009). Identifying Patterns in Primary Care Consultations: A Cluster Analysis. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):558-564.
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  42.  3
    Leonid Perlovsky (2012). Free Will and Advances in Cognitive Science. Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):32-37.
    Freedom of will is fundamental to morality, intuition of self, and normal functioning of society. However, science does not provide a clear logical foundation for this idea. This paper considers the fundamental argument against free will, so called reductionism, and why the choice for dualism against monism, follows logically. Then, the paper summarizes unexpected conclusions from recent discoveries in cognitive science. Classical logic turns out not to be a fundamental mechanism of the mind. It is replaced by dynamic logic. Mathematical (...)
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  43.  19
    Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (2011). The Coming Epoch of New Coalitions: Possible Scenarios of the Near Future. World Futures 67 (8):531 - 563.
    This article analyzes some important aspects of socioeconomic and political development of the world in the near future. The future always stems from the present. The first part of the article is devoted to the study of some crucial events of the present, which could be regarded as precursors of forthcoming fundamental changes. In particular, it is shown that the turbulent events of late 2010 and 2011 in the Arab World may well be regarded as a start of the global (...)
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  44.  15
    Kirill V. Mikhailov, Anastasiya V. Konstantinova, Mikhail A. Nikitin, Peter V. Troshin, Leonid Yu Rusin, Vassily A. Lyubetsky, Yuri V. Panchin, Alexander P. Mylnikov, Leonid L. Moroz, Sudhir Kumar & Vladimir V. Aleoshin (2009). The Origin of Metazoa: A Transition From Temporal to Spatial Cell Differentiation. Bioessays 31 (7):758-768.
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  45.  3
    Leonid I. Perlovsky (2007). Symbols: Integrated Cognition and Language. In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group Inc. 121--151.
  46.  5
    Boris Kovalerchuk, Leonid Perlovsky & Gregory Wheeler (2012). Modelling Phenomena and Dynamic Logic of Phenomena. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (1-2):53-82.
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  47.  8
    Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (2014). Globalization Shuffles Cards of the World Pack: In Which Direction is the Global Economic-Political Balance Shifting? World Futures 70 (8):515-545.
    The article offers forecasts of the geopolitical and geo-economic development of the world in the forthcoming decades. One of the main accusations directed toward globalization is that it deepens the gap between the developed and developing countries dooming them to eternal backwardness. The article demonstrates that the actual situation is very different. It is shown that this is due to the globalization that the developing countries are generally growing much faster than the developed states, the World System core starts weakening (...)
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  48.  8
    Leonid Tchertov (2015). On Spatial Modelling. Sign Systems Studies 43 (1):77.
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  49.  50
    Boris Kovalerchuk, Leonid Perlovsky & Gregory Wheeler (2012). Modeling of Phenomena and Dynamic Logic of Phenomena. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logic 22 (1):1-82.
    Modeling a complex phenomena such as the mind presents tremendous computational complexity challenges. Modeling field theory (MFT) addresses these challenges in a non-traditional way. The main idea behind MFT is to match levels of uncertainty of the model (also, a problem or some theory) with levels of uncertainty of the evaluation criterion used to identify that model. When a model becomes more certain, then the evaluation criterion is adjusted dynamically to match that change to the model. This process is called (...)
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  50.  30
    Leonid Grinin, Alexander Markov, Markov & Andrey Korotayev (2009). Aromorphoses in Biological and Social Evolution: Some General Rules for Biological and Social Forms of Macroevolution. Social Evolution and History 8 (2).
    The comparison between biological and social macroevolution is a very important (though insufficiently studied) subject whose analysis renders new significant possibilities to comprehend the processes, trends, mechanisms, and peculiarities of each of the two types of macroevolution. Of course, there are a few rather important (and very understandable) differences between them; however, it appears possible to identify a number of fundamental similarities. One may single out at least three fundamental sets of factors determining those similarities. First of all, those similarities (...)
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