Search results for 'Leonid Litman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Leonid Litman & Arthur S. Reber (2002). Rules, Abstractions, and Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):345-346.score: 240.0
    Perruchet & Vinter's article, for all its breadth and scope, has several deep problems: specifically, an eccentric notion of rule, a narrow notion of what it means for a mental instantiation to be abstract, and a failure to take into account fundamental principles of evolutionary biology. While not the only problems, these three are sufficient to seriously weaken their arguments.
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  2. Jessica Litman (2003). Ethical Disobedience. Ethics and Information Technology 5 (4):217-223.score: 30.0
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  3. Erich Grädel, Phokion Kolaitis, Libkin G., Marx Leonid, Spencer Maarten, Vardi Joel, Y. Moshe, Yde Venema & Scott Weinstein (2007). Finite Model Theory and its Applications. Springer.score: 30.0
    This book gives a comprehensive overview of central themes of finite model theory – expressive power, descriptive complexity, and zero-one laws – together with selected applications relating to database theory and artificial intelligence, especially constraint databases and constraint satisfaction problems. The final chapter provides a concise modern introduction to modal logic, emphasizing the continuity in spirit and technique with finite model theory. This underlying spirit involves the use of various fragments of and hierarchies within first-order, second-order, fixed-point, and infinitary logics (...)
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  4. Jessica Litman (1999). Electronic Commerce and Free Speech. Ethics and Information Technology 1 (3):213-225.score: 30.0
    For commercial purveyors of digital speech, information and entertainment, the biggest threat posed by the Internet isn''t the threat of piracy, but the threat posed by free speech -- speech that doesn''t cost any money. Free speech has the potential to squeeze out expensive speech. A glut of high quality free stuff has the potential to run companies in the business of selling speech out of business. We haven''t had to worry about this before, because speaking in a meaningful way (...)
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  5. Alexander Litman (1947). Prehension as Relation. Journal of Philosophy 44 (9):234-240.score: 30.0
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  6. Aaron Beller & Ami Litman (1980). A Strengthening of Jensen's □ Principles. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):251-264.score: 30.0
    The aim of this paper is to prove strengthenings of three theorems appearing in Jensen [1].
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  7. Jordan Litman, Tiffany Hutchins & Ryan Russon (2005). Epistemic Curiosity, Feeling-of-Knowing, and Exploratory Behaviour. Cognition and Emotion 19 (4):559-582.score: 30.0
  8. Diane J. Litman & James F. Allen (1987). A Plan Recognition Model for Subdialogues in Conversations. Cognitive Science 11 (2):163-200.score: 30.0
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  9. Aaron Beller & Ami Litman (1980). A Strengthening of Jensen's $Square$ Principles. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):251-264.score: 30.0
    The aim of this paper is to prove strengthenings of three theorems appearing in Jensen [1].
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  10. Leib Litman & Arthur S. Reber (2005). Implicit Cognition and Thought. In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge Univ Pr. 431--453.score: 30.0
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  11. Gary W. Litman, Chris T. Amemiya, Robert N. Haire & Michael J. Shamblott (1990). Antibody and Immunoglobulin Diversity. BioScience 40 (10):751-757.score: 30.0
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  12. Leib Litman & Mark Zelcer (2013). A Cognitive Neuroscience, Dual-Systems Approach to the Sorites Paradox. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 25 (3):355-366.score: 30.0
    Typical approaches to resolving the sorites paradox attempt to show, in one way or another, that the sorites argument is not paradoxical after all. However, if one can show that the sorites is not really paradoxical, the task remains of explaining why it appears to be a paradox. Our approach begins by addressing the appearance of paradox and then explores what this means for the paradox itself. We examine the sorites from the perspective of the various brain systems that are (...)
     
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  13. Jordan Litman (2005). Curiosity and the Pleasures of Learning: Wanting and Liking New Information. Cognition and Emotion 19 (6):793-814.score: 30.0
  14. Anton Simons (2001). Leonid Stolovich, Filosofija – Estetika – Smekh. Studies in East European Thought 53 (4):336-339.score: 15.0
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  15. Ann S. Ferebee (1972). Review: Marc A. Aiserman, Leonid A. Gusev, Lev I. Rozonoer, Irina M. Smirnova, Aleksey A. Tal, George M. Kranc, Logic, Automata, and Algorithms. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (3):625-625.score: 15.0
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  16. Anton Simons (1998). Leonid V. Karasëv, Filosofija Smecha [Philosophy of Laughter]. Studies in East European Thought 50 (2):158-161.score: 15.0
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  17. Paul Babie (2009). 'God Is Love': The Literography of Leonid Denysenko. Australasian Catholic Record, The 86 (1):18.score: 15.0
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  18. A. V. Campbell (1976). The Case of Leonid Plyushch. Journal of Medical Ethics 2 (4):211-211.score: 15.0
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  19. Gab Es Eine Dialektische Schule & Klaus Döring (1990). All is Number?"" Basic Doctrine" of Pythagoreanism Reconsidered, Leonid Zhmud. Phronesis 35 (1).score: 15.0
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  20. G. B. A. Fletcher (1931). Cicero's Doctrine of Nature and Man. By A. Litman. Pp. 41. New York, 1930. Paper. The Classical Review 45 (05):199-200.score: 15.0
  21. John Andreas Fuchs, Andreas Umland & Jürgen Zarusky (eds.) (2012). Brücken Bauen: Analysen Und Betrachtungen Zwischen Ost Und West: Festschrift für Leonid Luks Zum 65. Geburtstag. Ibidem-Verlag.score: 15.0
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  22. L. A. Gavrilov & N. S. Gavrilova (1994). From Gavrilov, Leonid, A. And Gavrilova, Natalia, S. Bioessays 16 (8):592-593.score: 15.0
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  23. Natalia Lozovsky (2007). Leonid S. Chekin, Northern Eurasia in Medieval Cartography: Inventory, Text, Translation, and Commentary. (Terrarum Orbis, 4.) Turnhout: Brepols, 2006. Pp. 498; Many Black-and-White and Color Plates. €80. First Published in 1999 Under the Title Kartografiia Khristianskogo Srednevekovia, by Vostochnaia Literatura, Moscow. [REVIEW] Speculum 82 (2):419-421.score: 15.0
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  24. N. A. Shanin (2010). Referee's Report on Leonid Levin's Dissertation “Some Theorems on the Algorithmic Approach to Probability Theory and Information Theory”(November 27, 1972). [REVIEW] Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (3):236.score: 15.0
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  25. Richard B. Spence (1998). Murphy) 156–157 Leonid V. Karasëv, Filosofija Smecha [Philosophy of Laugh-ter](Anton Simons) 158–161 Gary Saul Morson and Caryl Emerson, Mikhal Bakhtin: Creation of a Prosaics (John W. Murphy) 161–163. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 50:329-330.score: 15.0
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  26. Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.) (2004). The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House.score: 6.0
    Henri JM Claessen Was the State Inevitable? ● Leonid E. Grinin The Early State and Its Analogues: A Comparative Analysis ...
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  27. Élias A. Kapetanopoulos (1968). Leonides VII and His Family. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 92 (2):493-518.score: 5.0
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  28. Rafael Ruiz-Quijano (1989). Bioethics in Puerto Rico Jorge J. Ferrer, Std Rafael Ruiz-Quijano, Md, Facs Elena Lugo, Ph. D. Leonides Santos Y Vargas, Ph. D. [REVIEW] Hec Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues 8 (6):392-397.score: 5.0
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  29. Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (2010). Will the Global Crisis Lead to Global Transformations? 2. The Coming Epoch of New Coalitions. Journal of Globalization Studies 1 (2):166-183.score: 3.0
    This article presents possible answers, and their respective probabilities, to the question, ‘What are the consequences of the present global crisis in the proximate future of the World System?’ It also attempts to describe the basic characteristics of the forthcoming ‘Epoch of New Coalitions’ and to forecast certain future conditions. Among the problems analyzed in this paper are the following: What does the weakening of the economic role of the USA as the World System centre mean? Will there be a (...)
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  30. Leonid A. Khalfin (1997). Unconditional Tests of Fundamental Discrete Symmetries CP, T, CPT in Rigorous Quantum Dynamics Beyond the Approximate Lee-Oehme-Yang Theory. Foundations of Physics 27 (11):1549-1570.score: 3.0
  31. Leonid Grinin (2009). The Pathways of Politogenesis and Models of the Early State Formation. Social Evolution and History 8 (1):92-132.score: 3.0
    This article considers concrete manifestations of the politogenesis multilinearity and the variation of its forms; it analyzes the main causes that determined the politogenetic pathway of a given society. The respective factors include the polity's size, its ecological and social environment. The politogenesis should be never reduced to the only one evolutionary pathway leading to the statehood. The early state formation was only one of many versions of development of complex late archaic social systems. The author designates various complex non-state (...)
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  32. Leonid Marochnik, Daniel Usikov & Grigory Vereshkov (2008). Cosmological Acceleration From Virtual Gravitons. Foundations of Physics 38 (6):546-555.score: 3.0
    Intrinsic properties of the space itself and quantum fluctuations of its geometry are sufficient to provide a mechanism for the acceleration of cosmological expansion (dark energy effect). Applying Bogoliubov–Born–Green–Kirkwood–Yvon hierarchy approach to self-consistent equations of one-loop quantum gravity, we found exact solutions that yield acceleration. The permanent creation and annihilation of virtual gravitons is not in exact balance because of the expansion of the Universe. The excess energy comes from the spontaneous process of graviton creation and is trapped by the (...)
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  33. Leonid Tarasov (2013). Contextualism and Weird Knowledge. Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):565-575.score: 3.0
    John Greco has recently raised two worries for epistemic contextualism, viz it deprives epistemology of its subject matter and renders objective knowledge impossible. He argues that these problems are not restricted to contextualism, but apply to rival theories, like subject sensitive invariantism, and that they are overstated. I develop Greco's worries, which show that contextualism suggests either that there is no such thing as knowledge, or a weird view of knowledge: as disparately varied and undisciplined, individual-dependent and arbitrary. I then (...)
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  34. Leonid A. Khalfin & Boris S. Tsirelson (1992). Quantum/Classical Correspondence in the Light of Bell's Inequalities. Foundations of Physics 22 (7):879-948.score: 3.0
    Instead of the usual asymptotic passage from quantum mechanics to classical mechanics when a parameter tended to infinity, a sharp boundary is obtained for the domain of existence of classical reality. The last is treated as separable empirical reality following d'Espagnat, described by a mathematical superstructure over quantum dynamics for the universal wave function. Being empirical, this reality is constructed in terms of both fundamental notions and characteristics of observers. It is presupposed that considered observers perceive the world as a (...)
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  35. Frances S. Grodzinsky & Herman T. Tavani (2005). P2p Networks and the Verizon V. RIAA Case: Implications for Personal Privacy and Intellectual Property. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4):243-250.score: 3.0
    In this paper, we examine some ethical implications of a controversial court decision in the United States involving Verizon (an Internet Service Provider or ISP) and the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). In particular, we analyze the impacts this decision has for personal privacy and intellectual property. We begin with a brief description of the controversies and rulings in this case. This is followed by a look at some of the challenges that peer-to-peer (P2P) systems, used to share digital (...)
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  36. Leonid Grinin, Alexander Markov, Markov & Andrey Korotayev (2009). Aromorphoses in Biological and Social Evolution: Some General Rules for Biological and Social Forms of Macroevolution. Social Evolution and History 8 (2).score: 3.0
    The comparison between biological and social macroevolution is a very important (though insufficiently studied) subject whose analysis renders new significant possibilities to comprehend the processes, trends, mechanisms, and peculiarities of each of the two types of macroevolution. Of course, there are a few rather important (and very understandable) differences between them; however, it appears possible to identify a number of fundamental similarities. One may single out at least three fundamental sets of factors determining those similarities. First of all, those similarities (...)
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  37. Leonid Grinin (2008). Transformation of Sovereignty and Globalization. In Leonid Grinin, Dmitry Beliaev & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), Hierarchy and Power in the History of Civilisations: Political Aspects of Modernity. Librocom.score: 3.0
    . In our opinion, the processes of changing of sovereignty nowadays are among those of much significance. Presumably, if such processes (of course with much fluctuation) gain strength it will surely affect all spheres of life, including change of ideology and social psychology (the moment which is still underestimated by many analysts). Generally speaking, notwithstanding an avalanche of works devoted to the transformation of sovereignty, some topical aspects of the problem mentioned appear to have been disregarded. The present article is (...)
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  38. Leonid Grinin (2010). The Role of the Individual in History: A Reconsideration. Social Evolution and History 9 (2).score: 3.0
    This article is devoted to the significant at all times and sounding anew in every epoch problem of the role of an individual (also a Hero, Great Man) in history, including such an aspect as the role of an individual in the process of state formation and progress. It is argued that in the age of globalization, when the humankind has found itself at the new developmental turning point, in the epoch when the influence of various individuals could affect dramatically (...)
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  39. Leonid Grinin, Andrey Korotayev & Sergey Malkov (2010). A Mathematical Model of Juglar Cycles and the Current Global Crisis. In Leonid Grinin, Peter Herrmann, Andrey Korotayev & Arno Tausch (eds.), History & Mathematics: Processes and Models of Global Dynamics.score: 3.0
    The article presents a verbal and mathematical model of medium-term business cycles (with a characteristic period of 7–11 years) known as Juglar cycles. The model takes into account a number of approaches to the analysis of such cycles; in the meantime it also takes into account some of the authors' own generalizations and additions that are important for understanding the internal logic of the cycle, its variability and its peculiarities in the present-time conditions. The authors argue that the most important (...)
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  40. Leonid Grinin (2008). Early State, Developed State, Mature State: The Statehood Evolutionary Sequence. Social Evolution and History 7 (1).score: 3.0
    In the theory of the early state it was fundamentally new and important from a methodological point of view to define the early state as a separate stage of evolution essentially different from the following stage, the one of the full-grown or mature state. ‘To reach the early state level is one thing, to develop into a full-blown, or mature state is quite another’ (Claessen and Skalník 1978b: 22). At the same time they (as well as a number of other (...)
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  41. Leonid Grinin (2007). Production Revolutions and Periodization of History: A Comparative and Theoretic-Mathematical Approach. Social Evolution and History 6 (2).score: 3.0
    There is no doubt that periodization is a rather effective method of data ordering and analysis, but it deals with exceptionally complex types of processual and temporal phenomena and thus it simplifies historical reality. Many scholars emphasize the great importance of periodization for the study of history. In fact, any periodization suffers from one-sidedness and certain deviations from reality. However, the number and significance of such deviations can be radically diminished as the effectiveness of periodization is directly connected with its (...)
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  42. Leonid Heller (1990). Perestrojka and Literature: Texts and Context. Studies in East European Thought 40 (1-3):189-204.score: 3.0
    Are any conclusions to be had? We have shown how, at all levels, the system of Soviet literature, has both persisted and fallen into disrepair. The rigid model of socialist realism that took hold during the Ždanovist period no longer exists. However, its presence is still felt not only as a constant negative point of reference, but through the numerous structures that grew out of it. Changes set in motion during the thaw continue at an accelerated pace for the sake (...)
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  43. Leonid Grinin (2004). Early State and Democracy. In Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House. 419--463.score: 3.0
    The present article is devoted to the problem which is debated actively to-day, namely whether Greek poleis and the Roman Republic were early states or they represented a specific type of stateless societies. In particular, Moshe Berent examines this problem by the example of Athens in his contribution to this volume. He arrives at the conclusion that Athens was a stateless society. However, I am of the opinion that this conclusion is wrong: and I believe that Athens and Rome were (...)
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  44. Leonid Grinin (2009). 'People of Celebrity' as a New Social Stratum and Elite. In Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), Hierarchy and Power in the History of Civilizations: Cultural Dimensions. Moscow: KRASAND.score: 3.0
    However, strange though it may seem, personal celebrity (as well as fame, popularity etc.) is hardly included in the list of those resources. This happens despite the increasing role of this phenome-non in modern life and the fact that the aspiration for it affects value aims of a growing number of people. What is more, it begins to influence the changes of social relations and stratification. The subject of the present article is the investigation of the influence of the personal (...)
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  45. Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (2009). Social Macroevolution: Growth of the World System Integrity and a System of Phase Transitions. World Futures 65 (7):477 – 506.score: 3.0
    There are very significant conceptual links between theories of social macroevolution and theories of the World System development. It is shown that the growth of the World System complexity and integrity can be traced through a system of phase transitions of macroevolution. The first set of phase transition is connected with the agrarian, industrial, and information-scientific revolutions (that are interpreted as changes of “production principles”). The second set consists of phase transitions within one production principle. These phase transitions are analyzed (...)
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  46. Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (2011). The Coming Epoch of New Coalitions: Possible Scenarios of the Near Future. World Futures 67 (8):531 - 563.score: 3.0
    This article analyzes some important aspects of socioeconomic and political development of the world in the near future. The future always stems from the present. The first part of the article is devoted to the study of some crucial events of the present, which could be regarded as precursors of forthcoming fundamental changes. In particular, it is shown that the turbulent events of late 2010 and 2011 in the Arab World may well be regarded as a start of the global (...)
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  47. Leonid Makaron (2006). Practical Conditions for Revealing Kabbalistic Knowledge. World Futures 62 (4):282 – 290.score: 3.0
    In this lecture, given on 17 June 2004, the author describes the conditions for proper disclosure of the wisdom of Kabbalah. He explains that today everyone is entitled and indeed is required to know about its true meaning. Expounding on the three past bans - "no need to disclose," "impossible to disclose," and "the Creator's personal secret" - Makaron demonstrates why today they have been (at least partially) lifted.
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  48. Gennady Shtakser & Leonid Leonenko (2011). Tracks of Relations and Equivalences-Based Reasoning. Studia Logica 97 (3):385-413.score: 3.0
    It is known that the Restricted Predicate Calculus (RPC) can be embedded in an elementary theory, the signature of which consists of exactly two equivalences. Some special models for the mentioned theory were constructed to prove this fact. Besides formal adequacy of these models, a question may be posed concerning their conceptual simplicity, "transparency" of interpretations they assigned to the two stated equivalences. In works known to us these interpretations are rather complex, and can be called "technical", serving only the (...)
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  49. George Andreopoulos & Leonid Lantsman (2010). The Evolving Discourse on Human Protection. Criminal Justice Ethics 29 (2):73-92.score: 3.0
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  50. Lauri Hella, Leonid Libkin & Juha Nurmonen (1999). Notions of Locality and Their Logical Characterizations Over Finite Models. Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1751-1773.score: 3.0
    Many known tools for proving expressibility bounds for first-order logic are based on one of several locality properties. In this paper we characterize the relationship between those notions of locality. We note that Gaifman's locality theorem gives rise to two notions: one deals with sentences and one with open formulae. We prove that the former implies Hanf's notion of locality, which in turn implies Gaifman's locality for open formulae. Each of these implies the bounded degree property, which is one of (...)
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