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  1.  60 DLs
    Anita Silvers & Leslie Pickering Francis (2005). Justice Through Trust: Disability and the “Outlier Problem” in Social Contract Theory. Ethics 116 (1):40-76.
  2.  55 DLs
    Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis (2010). Stateless Crimes, Legitimacy, and International Criminal Law: The Case of Organ Trafficking. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (3):283-295.
    Organ trafficking and trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ transplantation are recognized as significant international problems. Yet these forms of trafficking are largely left out of international criminal law regimes and to some extent of domestic criminal law regimes as well. Trafficking of organs or persons for their organs does not come within the jurisdiction of the ICC, except in very special cases such as when conducted in a manner that conforms to the definitions of genocide or crimes (...)
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  3.  54 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis & Richard Norman (1978). Some Animals Are More Equal Than Others. Philosophy 53 (206):507 - 527.
    It is a welcome development when academic philosophy starts to concern itself with practical issues, in such a way as to influence people's lives. Recently this has happened with one moral issue in particular—but infortunately it is the wrong issue, and people's actions have been influenced in the wrong way. The issue is that of the moral status and treatment of animals. A number of philosophers have argued for what they call ‘animal liberation’, comparing it directly with egalitarian causes such (...)
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  4.  35 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis (1993). Advance Directives for Voluntary Euthanasia: A Volatile Combination? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):297-322.
    Defenders of patient autonomy have successfully supported the legal adoption of advance directives. More recently, some defenders of patient autonomy have also supported the legalization of voluntary active euthanasia. This paper explores the wisdom of combining both practices. If euthanasia were to become legal, should it be permitted by advance directives? The paper juxtaposes the most significant doubts about advance directives, with the most significant doubts about euthanasia. It argues that the doubts together raise more concern about the combined practices (...)
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  5.  21 DLs
    Anita Silvers & Leslie Pickering Francis (2009). Thinking About the Good: Reconfiguring Liberal Metaphysics (or Not) for People with Cognitive Disabilities. Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):475-498.
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  6.  18 DLs
    Heidi Malm, Thomas May, Leslie P. Francis, Saad B. Omer, Daniel A. Salmon & Robert Hood (2008). Ethics, Pandemics, and the Duty to Treat. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):4 – 19.
    Numerous grounds have been offered for the view that healthcare workers have a duty to treat, including expressed consent, implied consent, special training, reciprocity (also called the social contract view), and professional oaths and codes. Quite often, however, these grounds are simply asserted without being adequately defended or without the defenses being critically evaluated. This essay aims to help remedy that problem by providing a critical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of each of these five grounds for asserting that (...)
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  7.  17 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis & Anita Silvers (2007). Liberalism and Individually Scripted Ideas of the Good: Meeting the Challenge of Dependent Agency. Social Theory and Practice 33 (2):311-334.
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  8.  17 DLs
    Leslie Francis (forthcoming). Feminist Philosophy of Law. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  9.  12 DLs
    Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & And Jeffrey Botkin (2005). How Infectious Diseases Got Left Out – and What This Omission Might Have Meant for Bioethics. Bioethics 19 (4):307–322.
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  10.  12 DLs
    Anita Silvers & Leslie Francis (2011). Cloudy Crystal Balls Do Not “Gray” Babies Make. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):36 - 38.
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  11.  10 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis (1980). Ethics and Problems of the 21st Century. Environmental Ethics 2 (4):373-378.
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  12.  10 DLs
    Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson (2007). Should Rapid Tests for Hiv Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy? Global Differences in Scarcity and a Dilemma of Technological Advance. Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):86–103.
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  13.  8 DLs
    Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Leslie P. Francis, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Emily P. Asplund, Gretchen J. Domek & Beverly Hawkins (2004). Are There Characteristics of Infectious Diseases That Raise Special Ethical Issues? Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):1–16.
    This paper examines the characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethical and classical public health ethics concerns. Many of the ethical issues raised by infectious diseases are related to these diseases' powerful ability to engender fear in individuals and panic in populations. We address the association of some infectious diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates, the sense that infectious diseases are caused by invasion or attack on (...)
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  14.  8 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis (2010). The Physician-Patient Relationship and a National Health Information Network. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (1):36-49.
    The growing use of interoperable electronic health records is likely to have significant effects on the physician-patient relationship. This relationship involves two-way trust: of the physician in patients, and of the patients in their providers. Interoperable records opens up this relationship to further view, with consequences that may both enhance and undermine trust. On the one hand, physicians may learn that information from their patients is — or is not — to be trusted. On the other hand, patients may learn (...)
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  15.  6 DLs
    Leslie J. Francis & William K. Kay (1984). Attitude Towards Religion: Definition, Measurement and Evaluation. British Journal of Educational Studies 32 (1):45 - 50.
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  16.  6 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis (2003). Global Systemic Problems and Interconnected Duties. Environmental Ethics 25 (2):115-128.
    Many problems in environmental ethics are what have been called “global systemic problems,” problems in which what happens in one part of the world affects preservationist efforts elsewhere. Restoration of the Everglades is one such example. If global warming continues, the Everglades may well be flooded within the next quarter to half century and all restoration efforts will be for naught. Yet, the United States government is both pursuing restorationist efforts and withdrawing from the Kyoto Protocol on emissions of greenhouse (...)
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  17.  6 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis & Anita Silvers (2012). A Wrongful Case for Parental Tort Liability. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):15-17.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 4, Page 15-17, April 2012.
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  18.  6 DLs
    Leslie P. Francis (2012). The Faces of Intellectual Disability. Social Theory and Practice 38 (2):370-376.
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  19.  6 DLs
    Leslie J. Francis & John E. Greer (1992). Measuring Christian Moral Values Among Catholic and Protestant Adolescents in Northern Ireland. Journal of Moral Education 21 (1):59-65.
    Abstract One thousand and seventy?nine pupils aged between 13 and 16 years, from years three through five of Protestant and Catholic secondary schools in Northern Ireland, completed a survey of moral issues, together with a scale of attitude towards Christianity and a range of indices of religious behaviour. These data are employed to develop and to establish criteria of reliability and validity for a scale of traditional Christain moral values. Tentative scale norms indicate that pupils in Catholic schools hold more (...)
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  20.  6 DLs
    Leslie Francis (2003). To Speak as a Judge: Difference, Voice, and Power (Review). Hypatia 18 (3):235-237.
  21.  5 DLs
    Leslie Francis (2003). Book Review: Sandra Berns. To Speak as a Judge: Difference, Voice, and Power. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate Publishing, 1999. [REVIEW] Hypatia 18 (3):235-237.
  22.  5 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis (2012). Criminalizing Health-Related Behaviors Dangerous to Others? Disease Transmission, Transmission-Facilitation, and the Importance of Trust. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):47-63.
    Statutes criminalizing behavior that risks transmission of HIV/AIDS exemplify use of the criminal law against individuals who are victims of infectious disease. These statutes, despite their frequency, are misguided in terms of the goals of the criminal law and the public health aim of reducing overall burdens of disease, for at least three important reasons. First, they identify individual offenders for punishment, a paradigm that is misplaced in the most typical contexts of transmission of infectious disease and even for HIV/AIDS, (...)
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  23.  5 DLs
    Emyr Williams, Ursula Billington & Leslie J. Francis (2010). The Williams Scale of Attitude Toward Paganism: Development and Application Among British Pagans. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 32 (2):179-193.
    This article builds on the tradition of attitudinal measures of religiosity established by Leslie Francis and colleagues with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity by introducing a new measure to assess the attitudinal disposition of Pagans. A battery of items was completed by 75 members of a Pagan Summer Camp. These items were reduced to produce a 21-item scale that measured aspects of Paganism concerned with: the God/Goddess, worshipping, prayer, and coven. The scale recorded an alpha coefficient of 0.93. (...)
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  24.  4 DLs
    Leslie Francis (2003). Book Review: Jane Flax. The American Dream in Black and White: The Clarence Thomas Hearings. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998. [REVIEW] Hypatia 18 (3):232-235.
  25.  4 DLs
    C. B. J. Lesmana, Niko Tiliopoulos & Leslie J. Francis (2011). The Internal Consistency Reliability of the Santosh-Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Hinduism Among Balinese Hindus. International Journal of Hindu Studies 15 (3):293-301.
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  26.  4 DLs
    Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & Jeffrey Botkin (2005). How Infectious Diseases Got Left Out–and What This Omission Might Have Meant for Bioethics. Bioethics 19 (4):307-322.
  27.  4 DLs
    Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (2013). Infanticide, Moral Status and Moral Reasons: The Importance of Context. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):289-292.
    Giubilini and Minerva ask why birth should be a critical dividing line between acceptable and unacceptable reasons for terminating existence. Their argument is that birth does not change moral status in the sense that is relevant: the ability to be harmed by interruption of one's aims. Rather than question the plausibility of their position or the argument they give, we ask instead about the importance to scholarship or policy of publishing the article: does it to any extent make a novel (...)
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  28.  4 DLs
    Emyr Williams, Christopher Lewis & Leslie Francis (2009). Introducing the Modified Paranormal Belief Scale: Distinguishing Between Classic Paranormal Beliefs, Religious Paranormal Beliefs and Conventional Religiosity Among Undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 31 (3):345-356.
    Previous empirical studies concerned with the association between paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity have produced conflicting evidence. Drawing on Rice's distinction between classic paranormal beliefs and religious paranormal beliefs, the present study proposed a modified form of the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale to produce separate scores for these two forms of paranormal belief, styled 'religious paranormal beliefs' and 'classic paranormal beliefs'. Data provided by a sample of 143 undergraduate students in Northern Ireland and Wales, who completed the Francis Scale (...)
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  29.  4 DLs
    Leslie P. Francis (1993). Title IX: Equality for Women's Sports? Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 20 (1):32-47.
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  30.  4 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis (2010). Group Compromise: Perfect Cases Make Problematic Generalizations. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):25-27.
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  31.  3 DLs
    Leslie P. Francis (2014). Introduction: Technology and New Challenges for Privacy. Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):291-303.
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  32.  3 DLs
    Emyr Williams, Leslie Francis & Christopher A. Lewis (2009). Introducing the Modified Paranormal Belief Scale: Distinguishing Between Classic Paranormal Beliefs, Religious Paranormal Beliefs and Conventional Religiosity Among Undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 31 (3):345-356.
    Previous empirical studies concerned with the association between paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity have produced conflicting evidence. Drawing on Rice's distinction between classic paranormal beliefs and religious paranormal beliefs, the present study proposed a modified form of the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale to produce separate scores for these two forms of paranormal belief, styled 'religious paranormal beliefs' and 'classic paranormal beliefs'. Data provided by a sample of 143 undergraduate students in Northern Ireland and Wales, who completed the Francis Scale (...)
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  33.  2 DLs
    Anita Silvers & Leslie Francis (2013). Human Rights, Civil Rights: Prescribing Disability Discrimination Prevention in Packaging Essential Health Benefits. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 41 (4):781-791.
    This article explores rights-based approaches to protecting disabled people against inequities in access to health care services. Understanding health care as a human right, as is found in the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (CRPD), fails to provide theoretical machinery for responding to certain pressing challenges. An alternative account, understanding health care as a civil right, proves more promising. This latter approach then is applied to the right to health care under the U.S. Affordable Care Act (...)
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  34.  2 DLs
    Leslie J. Francis, Hans-Georg Ziebertz & Christopher Alan Lewis (2003). The Relationship Between Personality and Religion Among Undergraduate Students in Germany. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 24 (1):121-127.
    A sample of 311 undergraduate students in Germany completed German translations of the short form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire together with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. The data demonstrated that psychoticism is fundamental to individual differences in religiosity, while religiosity is independent of both extraversion and neuroticism. These findings are consistent with those from a series of studies employing the same measure of religiosity among school pupils, students and adults in the UK.
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  35.  2 DLs
    Leslie Francis (1990). Theology of Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 38 (4):349 - 364.
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  36.  2 DLs
    John G. Francis & Leslie P. Francis (2014). Privacy, Confidentiality, and Justice. Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):408-431.
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  37.  2 DLs
    Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay Jacobson & Charles Smith (2009). Syndromic Surveillance and Patients as Victims and Vectors. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):187-195.
    Syndromic surveillance uses new ways of gathering data to identify possible disease outbreaks. Because syndromic surveillance can be implemented to detect patterns before diseases are even identified, it poses novel problems for informed consent, patient privacy and confidentiality, and risks of stigmatization. This paper analyzes these ethical issues from the viewpoint of the patient as victim and vector. It concludes by pointing out that the new International Health Regulations fail to take full account of the ethical challenges raised by syndromic (...)
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  38.  2 DLs
    Mandy Robbins, Christine E. Brewster & Leslie J. Francis (2011). In Ordained Ministry There Is Neither Male nor Female? The Personality Profile of Male and Female Anglican Clergy Engaged in Multi-Parish Rural Ministry. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (2):241-251.
    Robbins, Francis, and Rutledge documented the personality profile of Church of England clergymen and clergywomen prior to the ordination of the first women to the priesthood in 1994, drawing on Eysenck’s three-dimensional model of personality. They found that the personality profiles of clergymen and clergywomen were indistinguishable. The present paper reports a comparable study conducted in 2004 among 182 clergywomen and 540 clergymen serving in similar parochial posts in order to examine whether the ordination of women to the priesthood had (...)
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  39.  2 DLs
    Leslie J. Francis, Susan H. Jones, Mandy Robbins & Chris J. Jackson (2003). The Personality Profile of Female Anglican Clergy in Britain and Ireland. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 25 (1):222-231.
    A sample of 523 newly ordained female Anglican clergy in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales completed the Eysenck Personality Profiler . The data demonstrated that the female clergy tended to be less extravert than women in general, less neurotic than women in general, and less toughminded than women in general. These findings help to clarify the way in which women clergy tend to project a characteristically masculine personality profile in respect of one major dimension of personality , but a characteristically (...)
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  40.  2 DLs
    Peter Fulljames & Leslie J. Francis (1988). The Influence of Creationism and Scientism on Attitudes Towards Christianity Among Kenyan Secondary School Students. Educational Studies 14 (1):77-96.
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  41.  2 DLs
    Leslie Francis (2003). The American Dream in Black and White: The Clarence Thomas Hearings (Review). Hypatia 18 (3):232-235.
  42.  2 DLs
    Leslie P. Francis & W. J. Morgan (2007). IX: Equality for Women's Sports? In William J. Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport. Human Kinetics, Inc 2--315.
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  43.  1 DLs
    Leslie Francis (2006). Research and the Development of Religious Thinking. Educational Studies 5 (2):109-115.
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  44.  1 DLs
    Hans-Georg Ziebertz, Leslie J. Francis & Boris Kalbheim (2003). Christlicher Glaube und Glück. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 25 (1):42-61.
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    Translate to English
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  45.  1 DLs
    Hans-Georg Ziebertz, Christopher Alan Lewis & Leslie J. Francis (2003). The Relationship Between Personality and Religion Among Undergraduate Students in Germany. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 24 (1):121-127.
    A sample of 311 undergraduate students in Germany completed German translations of the short form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire together with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. The data demonstrated that psychoticism is fundamental to individual differences in religiosity, while religiosity is independent of both extraversion and neuroticism. These findings are consistent with those from a series of studies employing the same measure of religiosity among school pupils, students and adults in the UK.
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  46.  1 DLs
    Leslie Pickering Francis (2001). Matthew H. Kramer, Ed., In the Realm of Legal and Moral Philosophy:In the Realm of Legal and Moral Philosophy. Ethics 111 (2):421-424.
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  47.  1 DLs
    Susan H. Jones, Leslie J. Francis, Chris J. Jackson & Mandy Robbins (2003). The Personality Profile of Female Anglican Clergy in Britain and Ireland. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 25 (1):222-231.
    A sample of 523 newly ordained female Anglican clergy in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales completed the Eysenck Personality Profiler . The data demonstrated that the female clergy tended to be less extravert than women in general, less neurotic than women in general, and less toughminded than women in general. These findings help to clarify the way in which women clergy tend to project a characteristically masculine personality profile in respect of one major dimension of personality , but a characteristically (...)
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  48.  1 DLs
    Leslie Francis (2010). Religion and Happiness : Perspectives From the Psychology of Religion, Positive Psychology and Empirical Theology. In John R. Atherton, Elaine L. Graham & Ian Steedman (eds.), The Practices of Happiness: Political Economy, Religion and Wellbeing. Routledge
     
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  49.  1 DLs
    Leslie J. Francis & Zoë Grindle (1998). Whatever Happened to Progressive Education? A Comparison of Primary School Teachers' Attitudes in 1982 and 1996. Educational Studies 24 (3):269-279.
    Two cohorts of teachers working full‐time in Church of England voluntary‐aided and voluntary‐controlled first, primary and middle schools within the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich were invited to complete a questionnaire concerned with teaching styles in 1982 and again in 1996. The data demonstrate a significant shift toward placing greater value on traditional teaching styles between 1982 and 1996.
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  50.  1 DLs
    Leslie J. Francis (1999). The Benefits of Growing Up in Rural England: A Study Among 13-15-Year-Old Females. Educational Studies 25 (3):335-341.
    A sample of 5535 Year 9 and Year 10 female pupils, aged between 13 and 15 years attending state-maintained secondary schools throughout England completed a scale of attitude toward their local area, together with the short form Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. The data demonstrate that young people living in the countryside are more likely than young people living in other environments to perceive their local area as a safe place in which to live and grow.
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