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  1. Leslie Francis (forthcoming). Feminist Philosophy of Law. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  2. John G. Francis & Leslie P. Francis (2014). Privacy, Confidentiality, and Justice. Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):408-431.
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  3. Leslie P. Francis (2014). Introduction: Technology and New Challenges for Privacy. Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):291-303.
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  4. Leslie J. Francis & Greg Smith (2013). Reading and Proclaiming the Birth Narratives From Luke and Matthew: A Study in Empirical Theology Amongst Curates and Their Training Incumbents Employing the SIFT Method. Hts Theological Studies 69 (1):01-13.
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  5. Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis (2013). Data Citizenship and Informed Consent. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):38 - 39.
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  6. Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (2013). Infanticide, Moral Status and Moral Reasons: The Importance of Context. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):289-292.
    Giubilini and Minerva ask why birth should be a critical dividing line between acceptable and unacceptable reasons for terminating existence. Their argument is that birth does not change moral status in the sense that is relevant: the ability to be harmed by interruption of one's aims. Rather than question the plausibility of their position or the argument they give, we ask instead about the importance to scholarship or policy of publishing the article: does it to any extent make a novel (...)
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  7. Anita Silvers & Leslie Francis (2013). Human Rights, Civil Rights: Prescribing Disability Discrimination Prevention in Packaging Essential Health Benefits. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 41 (4):781-791.
    This article explores rights-based approaches to protecting disabled people against inequities in access to health care services. Understanding health care as a human right, as is found in the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (CRPD), fails to provide theoretical machinery for responding to certain pressing challenges. An alternative account, understanding health care as a civil right, proves more promising. This latter approach then is applied to the right to health care under the U.S. Affordable Care Act (...)
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  8. Leslie P. Francis (2012). The Faces of Intellectual Disability. Social Theory and Practice 38 (2):370-376.
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  9. Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis (2012). Criminalizing Health-Related Behaviors Dangerous to Others? Disease Transmission, Transmission-Facilitation, and the Importance of Trust. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):47-63.
    Statutes criminalizing behavior that risks transmission of HIV/AIDS exemplify use of the criminal law against individuals who are victims of infectious disease. These statutes, despite their frequency, are misguided in terms of the goals of the criminal law and the public health aim of reducing overall burdens of disease, for at least three important reasons. First, they identify individual offenders for punishment, a paradigm that is misplaced in the most typical contexts of transmission of infectious disease and even for HIV/AIDS, (...)
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  10. Leslie Pickering Francis & Anita Silvers (2012). A Wrongful Case for Parental Tort Liability. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):15-17.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 4, Page 15-17, April 2012.
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  11. Cesar R. Torres, Jan Boxill, W. Miller Brown, Michael Burke, Nicholas Dixon, Randolf Feezell, Leslie Francis, Jeffrey Fry, Paul L. Gaffney & Mark Holowchak (2012). Associate Editor and Book Review Editor. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 39 (2).
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  12. Christine E. Brewster, Leslie J. Francis & Mandy Robbins (2011). In Ordained Ministry There Is Neither Male nor Female? The Personality Profile of Male and Female Anglican Clergy Engaged in Multi-Parish Rural Ministry. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (2):241-251.
    Robbins, Francis, and Rutledge documented the personality profile of Church of England clergymen and clergywomen prior to the ordination of the first women to the priesthood in 1994, drawing on Eysenck’s three-dimensional model of personality. They found that the personality profiles of clergymen and clergywomen were indistinguishable. The present paper reports a comparable study conducted in 2004 among 182 clergywomen and 540 clergymen serving in similar parochial posts in order to examine whether the ordination of women to the priesthood had (...)
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  13. C. B. J. Lesmana, Niko Tiliopoulos & Leslie J. Francis (2011). The Internal Consistency Reliability of the Santosh-Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Hinduism Among Balinese Hindus. International Journal of Hindu Studies 15 (3):293-301.
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  14. Mandy Robbins, Christine E. Brewster & Leslie J. Francis (2011). In Ordained Ministry There Is Neither Male nor Female? The Personality Profile of Male and Female Anglican Clergy Engaged in Multi-Parish Rural Ministry. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (2):241-251.
    Robbins, Francis, and Rutledge documented the personality profile of Church of England clergymen and clergywomen prior to the ordination of the first women to the priesthood in 1994, drawing on Eysenck’s three-dimensional model of personality. They found that the personality profiles of clergymen and clergywomen were indistinguishable. The present paper reports a comparable study conducted in 2004 among 182 clergywomen and 540 clergymen serving in similar parochial posts in order to examine whether the ordination of women to the priesthood had (...)
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  15. Anita Silvers & Leslie Francis (2011). Cloudy Crystal Balls Do Not “Gray” Babies Make. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2):36 - 38.
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  16. Leslie Francis (2010). Religion and Happiness : Perspectives From the Psychology of Religion, Positive Psychology and Empirical Theology. In John R. Atherton, Elaine L. Graham & Ian Steedman (eds.), The Practices of Happiness: Political Economy, Religion and Wellbeing. Routledge.
     
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  17. Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis (2010). International Criminal Courts, the Rule of Law, and the Prevention of Harm : Building Justice in Times of Injustice. In Larry May & Zachary Hoskins (eds.), International Criminal Law and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  18. Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis (2010). Stateless Crimes, Legitimacy, and International Criminal Law: The Case of Organ Trafficking. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (3):283-295.
    Organ trafficking and trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ transplantation are recognized as significant international problems. Yet these forms of trafficking are largely left out of international criminal law regimes and to some extent of domestic criminal law regimes as well. Trafficking of organs or persons for their organs does not come within the jurisdiction of the ICC, except in very special cases such as when conducted in a manner that conforms to the definitions of genocide or crimes (...)
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  19. Leslie Pickering Francis (2010). The Physician-Patient Relationship and a National Health Information Network. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (1):36-49.
    The growing use of interoperable electronic health records is likely to have significant effects on the physician-patient relationship. This relationship involves two-way trust: of the physician in patients, and of the patients in their providers. Interoperable records opens up this relationship to further view, with consequences that may both enhance and undermine trust. On the one hand, physicians may learn that information from their patients is — or is not — to be trusted. On the other hand, patients may learn (...)
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  20. Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis (2010). Group Compromise: Perfect Cases Make Problematic Generalizations. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):25-27.
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  21. Emyr Williams, Ursula Billington & Leslie J. Francis (2010). The Williams Scale of Attitude Toward Paganism: Development and Application Among British Pagans. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 32 (2):179-193.
    This article builds on the tradition of attitudinal measures of religiosity established by Leslie Francis and colleagues with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity by introducing a new measure to assess the attitudinal disposition of Pagans. A battery of items was completed by 75 members of a Pagan Summer Camp. These items were reduced to produce a 21-item scale that measured aspects of Paganism concerned with: the God/Goddess, worshipping, prayer, and coven. The scale recorded an alpha coefficient of 0.93. (...)
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  22. Emyr Williams, Leslie J. Francis & Ursula Billington (2010). The Williams Scale of Attitude Toward Paganism: Development and Application Among British Pagans. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 32 (2):179-193.
    This article builds on the tradition of attitudinal measures of religiosity established by Leslie Francis and colleagues with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity by introducing a new measure to assess the attitudinal disposition of Pagans. A battery of items was completed by 75 members of a Pagan Summer Camp. These items were reduced to produce a 21-item scale that measured aspects of Paganism concerned with: the God/Goddess, worshipping, prayer, and coven. The scale recorded an alpha coefficient of 0.93. (...)
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  23. Leslie J. Francis, Emyr Williams & Mandy Robbins (2009). Christianity, Paranormal Belief and Personality: A Study Among 13- to 16-Year-Old Pupils in England and Wales. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 31 (3):337-344.
    Studies concerning the changing landscapes of religiosity and spirituality in the lives of young people in England and Wales draw attention to decline in traditional religiosity and to growth in alternative spiritualities. The present study examined whether such alternative spiritualities occupy the same personality space as traditional religiosity. A sample of 2,950 13- to 16-year-old pupils attending 11 secondary schools in England and Wales completed the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity and an index of paranormal belief, alongside the abbreviated-form (...)
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  24. Leslie P. Francis (2009). Understanding Autonomy in Light of Intellectual Disability. In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oup Oxford.
     
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  25. Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay Jacobson & Charles Smith (2009). Syndromic Surveillance and Patients as Victims and Vectors. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):187-195.
    Syndromic surveillance uses new ways of gathering data to identify possible disease outbreaks. Because syndromic surveillance can be implemented to detect patterns before diseases are even identified, it poses novel problems for informed consent, patient privacy and confidentiality, and risks of stigmatization. This paper analyzes these ethical issues from the viewpoint of the patient as victim and vector. It concludes by pointing out that the new International Health Regulations fail to take full account of the ethical challenges raised by syndromic (...)
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  26. Anita Silvers & Leslie Pickering Francis (2009). Thinking About the Good: Reconfiguring Liberal Metaphysics (or Not) for People with Cognitive Disabilities. Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):475-498.
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  27. Emyr Williams, Leslie Francis & Christopher A. Lewis (2009). Introducing the Modified Paranormal Belief Scale: Distinguishing Between Classic Paranormal Beliefs, Religious Paranormal Beliefs and Conventional Religiosity Among Undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 31 (3):345-356.
    Previous empirical studies concerned with the association between paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity have produced conflicting evidence. Drawing on Rice's distinction between classic paranormal beliefs and religious paranormal beliefs, the present study proposed a modified form of the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale to produce separate scores for these two forms of paranormal belief, styled 'religious paranormal beliefs' and 'classic paranormal beliefs'. Data provided by a sample of 143 undergraduate students in Northern Ireland and Wales, who completed the Francis Scale (...)
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  28. Emyr Williams, Leslie Francis & Mandy Robbins (2009). Christianity, Paranormal Belief and Personality: A Study Among 13- to 16-Year-Old Pupils in England and Wales. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 31 (3):337-344.
    Studies concerning the changing landscapes of religiosity and spirituality in the lives of young people in England and Wales draw attention to decline in traditional religiosity and to growth in alternative spiritualities. The present study examined whether such alternative spiritualities occupy the same personality space as traditional religiosity. A sample of 2,950 13- to 16-year-old pupils attending 11 secondary schools in England and Wales completed the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity and an index of paranormal belief, alongside the abbreviated-form (...)
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  29. Emyr Williams, Christopher Lewis & Leslie Francis (2009). Introducing the Modified Paranormal Belief Scale: Distinguishing Between Classic Paranormal Beliefs, Religious Paranormal Beliefs and Conventional Religiosity Among Undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 31 (3):345-356.
    Previous empirical studies concerned with the association between paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity have produced conflicting evidence. Drawing on Rice's distinction between classic paranormal beliefs and religious paranormal beliefs, the present study proposed a modified form of the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale to produce separate scores for these two forms of paranormal belief, styled 'religious paranormal beliefs' and 'classic paranormal beliefs'. Data provided by a sample of 143 undergraduate students in Northern Ireland and Wales, who completed the Francis Scale (...)
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  30. Leslie J. Francis, Ralph W. Hood & Heinz Streib (2008). Editorial. Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie 30 (1):1-2.
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  31. Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson & Charles B. Smith (2008). Pandemic Planning and Distributive Justice in Health Care. In Michael D. A. Freeman (ed.), Law and Bioethics / Edited by Michael Freeman. Oxford University Press.
     
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  32. Leslie Pickering Francis (2008). Privacy and Confidentiality. The Monist 91 (1):52-67.
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  33. Heidi Malm, Thomas May, Leslie P. Francis, Saad B. Omer, Daniel A. Salmon & Robert Hood (2008). Ethics, Pandemics, and the Duty to Treat. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):4 – 19.
    Numerous grounds have been offered for the view that healthcare workers have a duty to treat, including expressed consent, implied consent, special training, reciprocity (also called the social contract view), and professional oaths and codes. Quite often, however, these grounds are simply asserted without being adequately defended or without the defenses being critically evaluated. This essay aims to help remedy that problem by providing a critical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of each of these five grounds for asserting that (...)
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  34. Charles B. Smith, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson (2008). Toward Control of Infectious Disease: Ethical Challenges for a Global Effort. In Michael Boylan (ed.), International Public Health Policy & Ethics. Dordrecht. 191--214.
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  35. Leslie P. Francis (2007). Discrimination in Medical Practice : Justice and the Obligations of Health Care Providers to Disadvantaged Patients. In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Blackwell Pub..
     
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  36. Leslie P. Francis & W. J. Morgan (2007). IX: Equality for Women's Sports? In William J. Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport. Human Kinetics, Inc. 2--315.
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  37. Leslie Pickering Francis & Anita Silvers (2007). Liberalism and Individually Scripted Ideas of the Good: Meeting the Challenge of Dependent Agency. Social Theory and Practice 33 (2):311-334.
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  38. Jay A. Jackson, Margaret P. Battin, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Leslie Francis, James Mason & Charles B. Smith (2007). Vertical Transmission of Infectious Diseases and Genetic Disorder: Are the Medical and Public Responses Consistent? In Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.), Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health. Clarendon Press.
     
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  39. Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.) (2007). The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Blackwell Pub..
     
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  40. Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis & Jay A. Jacobson (2007). Should Rapid Tests for Hiv Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy? Global Differences in Scarcity and a Dilemma of Technological Advance. Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):86–103.
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  41. Leslie Francis (2006). Dimensions of Christian Belief. Educational Studies 10 (2):103-111.
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  42. Leslie Francis (2006). Research and the Development of Religious Thinking. Educational Studies 5 (2):109-115.
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  43. Leslie Francis (2005). Competitive Sports, Disability, and Problems of Justice in Sports. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 32 (2).
     
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  44. Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & And Jeffrey Botkin (2005). How Infectious Diseases Got Left Out – and What This Omission Might Have Meant for Bioethics. Bioethics 19 (4):307–322.
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  45. Leslie P. Francis, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Charles B. Smith & Jeffrey Botkin (2005). How Infectious Diseases Got Left Out–and What This Omission Might Have Meant for Bioethics. Bioethics 19 (4):307-322.
  46. Anita Silvers & Leslie Pickering Francis (2005). Justice Through Trust: Disability and the “Outlier Problem” in Social Contract Theory. Ethics 116 (1):40-76.
  47. Charlotte Craig, Susan Jones & Leslie Francis (2004). Personality and Religion: The Relationship Between Psychological Type and Attitude Toward Christianity. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 26 (1):15-34.
    A sample of 552 first year undergraduate students, attending a universitysector college in Wales specialising in teacher education and liberal arts subjects, completed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator together with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. The data demonstrated that judging types held a more positive attitude toward Christianity than perceiving types. No significant differences in attitude toward Christianity were found between introverts and extraverts, between sensers and intuitives, or between thinkers and feelers.
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  48. Leslie J. Francis, Susan H. Jones & Charlotte L. Craig (2004). Personality and Religion: The Relationship Between Psychological Type and Attitude Toward Christianity. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 26 (1):15-34.
    A sample of 552 first year undergraduate students, attending a universitysector college in Wales specialising in teacher education and liberal arts subjects, completed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator together with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. The data demonstrated that judging types held a more positive attitude toward Christianity than perceiving types. No significant differences in attitude toward Christianity were found between introverts and extraverts, between sensers and intuitives, or between thinkers and feelers.
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  49. Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Leslie P. Francis, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Emily P. Asplund, Gretchen J. Domek & Beverly Hawkins (2004). Are There Characteristics of Infectious Diseases That Raise Special Ethical Issues? Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):1–16.
    This paper examines the characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethical and classical public health ethics concerns. Many of the ethical issues raised by infectious diseases are related to these diseases' powerful ability to engender fear in individuals and panic in populations. We address the association of some infectious diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates, the sense that infectious diseases are caused by invasion or attack on (...)
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  50. Leslie Francis (2003). The American Dream in Black and White: The Clarence Thomas Hearings (Review). Hypatia 18 (3):232-235.
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