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  1. Leszek Nowak (1982). The Structure of Idealization. Studies in Soviet Thought 24 (1):72-75.
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  2.  7
    Leszek Nowak (2012). Models of Scientific Research. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):67-74.
    According to the commonsensical model of educating researchers, young researchers must first acquire the knowledge achieved thus far and then solve new problems by developing applications of the accepted theory. This model, which presupposes a positivist theory of science, is incapable of explaining why the major breakthroughs in science have been carried out by young researchers. On the idealizational view of science, it becomes clear that commonsensical model must be rejected and replaced with an alternative, according to which the primary (...)
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  3.  3
    Izabella Nowakowa & Leszek Nowak (2000). Idealization X:: The Richness of Idealization. Rodopi.
    Contents: Preface. Introduction. Science as a Caricature of Reality. Part I THREE METHODOLOGICAL REVOLUTIONS. 1. Galileo-Newton's Model of Free Fall. 2. Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection. 3. Marx's Theory of Reproduction. Part II THE METHOD OF IDEALIZATION. 4. The Idealizational Approach to Science: A New Survey. 5. On the Concept of Dialectical Correspondence. 6. On Inner Concretization. A Certain Generalization of the Notions of Concretization and Dialectical Correspondence. 7. Concretization in Qualitative Contexts. 8. Law and Theory: Some Expansions. 9. On (...)
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  4.  14
    Leszek Nowak (1989). On the (Idealizational) Structure of Economic Theories. Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):225 - 246.
  5. Leszek Nowak (1984). The Structure of Idealisation: Towards a Systematic Interpretation of the Marxian Idea of Science. Studia Logica 43 (3):309-311.
     
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  6.  24
    Leszek Nowak (1972). Laws of Science, Theories, Measurement: (Comments on Ernest Nagel's the Structure of Science). Philosophy of Science 39 (4):533-548.
  7.  11
    Leszek Nowak (1990). Intellectuals in the Age of Revolutions: The Case of the Socialist World. Thesis Eleven 27 (1):167-172.
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  8.  14
    Leszek Nowak (1997). On the Concept of Nothingness. Axiomathes 8 (1):381-394.
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  9.  8
    Leszek Nowak (1987). Man and People. Social Theory and Practice 13 (1):1-16.
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  10. Jerzy Brzezinski & Leszek Nowak (1992). Idealization Iii: Approximation and Truth. Rodopi.
     
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  11.  19
    Leszek Nowak (1977). On the Structue of Marxist Dialectics. Erkenntnis 11 (1):341 - 363.
  12.  3
    Leszek Nowak (1994). [Book Review] Power and Civil Society, Toward a Dynamic Theory of Real Socialism. [REVIEW] Ethics 104 (3):652-655.
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  13.  19
    Leszek Nowak (1975). Relative Truth, the Correspondence Principle and Absolute Truth. Philosophy of Science 42 (2):187-202.
  14. Leszek Nowak (1996). On the Limits of the Rationalistic Paradigm. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 47:267-282.
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  15.  1
    Leszek Nowak (1991). Thoughts Are Facts in Possible Worlds, Truths Are Facts of a Given World. Dialectica 45 (4):273-288.
    Mentalism preserves the triad: brain's state — thought — state of affairs whereas phy‐sicalism identifies the former two elements of it. Both stands meet the famous difficulties. But these presuppose ontological actualism. On the ground of ontological possibilism, claiming the existence of all possible worlds, one may identify a thought with the corresponding state of affairs in a possible world. Yet, possibilism turns out to be too narrow to carry such an identification and requires a significant generalization.
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  16.  16
    Leszek Nowak (2012). On the Hidden Unity of Social and Natural Sciences. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):15-50.
    The paper addresses the problem of the delay of the social sciences with respect to the natural sciences. It is argued that there are no special differences between them from a methodological point of view. The methodology of both can be understood in terms of the idealizational conception of science. Nor is the subject-matter the source of the problems. It is argued that it is the social placement of the social sciences within wider communities that is responsible for the delay.
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  17.  8
    Leszek Nowak (1974). Leszek Nowak, U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk (Foundations of the Marxian Methodology of Sciences). Dialectics and Humanism 1 (2):171-173.
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  18.  16
    Leszek Nowak (1994). On Ontological Assumptions of Idealization. Theoria 9 (1):19-28.
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  19. Leszek Nowak (1969). De la rationalité du législateur comme élément de l'interprétation juridique. Logique Et Analyse 45:65.
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  20. Leszek Nowak (1979). Idealization and Rationalization. Epistemologia 2:283.
     
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  21. Leszek Nowak (1996). Z metafizyki idealizacji. Principia 15.
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  22. Leszek Nowak (1995). Antirealism,(Supra-) Reausm and Idealization. In HerfelWilliam (ed.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Rodopi 44--225.
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  23.  21
    Leszek Nowak (2005). On the Collective Subjects in Epistemology: The Marxist Case and a Problem for the African Viewpoint. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 88 (1):117-128.
    The idea of a collective, but not necessarily universal epistemological subject is not only inherent in African tradition but also in the sciences and humanities as understood in the western tradition. In this paper I propose to delineate this collective subject by means of the construction of the Marxian concept of a theoretical representative of a social class . This allows for avoiding a trap that is necessarily faced by any collectivist viewpoint.
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  24.  5
    Leszek Nowak (1974). Leszek Nowak, U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk (Foundations of the Marxian Methodology of Sciences). Dialectics and Humanism 1 (2):171-173.
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  25. Leszek Nowak (1989). Byt i myśl. Przyczynek do metafizyki unitarnej. Studia Filozoficzne 278 (1):1-18.
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  26. Leszek Nowak (1971). U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk. Pa Nstwowe Wydawn. Naukowe.
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  27.  10
    Leszek Nowak (1993). “Post-Communist Society”? Social Theory and Practice 19 (3):249-273.
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  28.  15
    Leszek Nowak (1976). On Some Interpretation of the Marxist Methodology. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 7 (1):141-183.
    The peculiarity of Marx's investigation method is the use of idealization, i. e. idealizing assumptions are introduced, the laws, being in force under these assumptions, are being established, and then these assumptions are being removed with the simultaneous modification of the law. This method has not been recognized in the contemporary methodology because it assumes the essentialist vision of reality while contemporary methodology developed from the phenomenalism which negates the differentiation between essence and experience.
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  29.  13
    Leszek Nowak (1985). On Idealization: A Reply to Professor Kirschenmann. Studies in East European Thought 30 (3):237-246.
  30.  13
    Barbara Stanosz, Leszek Nowak, Boguslaw Iwanuś, Jerzy Kmita, Marek Tokarz & Witold Marciszewski (1971). Recenzje. Studia Logica 28 (1):161-181.
  31.  5
    Leszek Nowak (2012). The Structure of Provincial Thought Half Essay, Half Thesis. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):51-66.
    In the essay part, various examples of provincial thinking in Polish culture are recalled. In the thesis part, the phenomenon of provincialism is considered more thoroughly. It is argued that provincialism can be thought of as involving a distortion of a normal division of labor within a scientific school into cre ators, correctors and applicators. The effect of provincialism occurs when this division is transferred onto whole cognitive communities: some play the role of the masters while others are expected to (...)
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  32.  8
    Leszek Nowak (2011). Class and Individual in the Historical Process. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 97 (1):63-84.
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  33.  10
    Leszek Nowak (1992). Paradoxes of Social Consciousness Under Socialism. Studies in East European Thought 43 (2):159-168.
  34.  9
    Leszek Nowak (1985). Marxism and Positivism or Dialectics in Books and Dialectics in Action. Studies in East European Thought 30 (3):195-218.
  35.  7
    Leszek Nowak & Maria Lipczyńska (1972). Recenje. Studia Logica 30 (1):159-168.
  36.  5
    Leszek Nowak (1987). A Model of Socialist Society. Studies in East European Thought 34 (1-2):1-55.
  37.  3
    Jerzy Słupecki & Leszek Nowak (1971). Recenzje. Studia Logica 29 (1):191-199.
  38. Jerzy Brzezinski, Francesco Coniglione, Theo A. F. Kuipers & Leszek Nowak (1990). Idealization Ii:: Forms and Applications. Rodopi.
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  39. Jerzy Brzezinski & Leszek Nowak (eds.) (1997). The Idea of the University. Rodopi.
    Contents: INTRODUCTION. Kazimierz TWARDOWSKI: The Majesty of the University. I. Zygmunt ZIEMBI??N??SKI: What Can Be Saved of the Idea of the University? Leszek KO??l??AKOWSKI: What Are Universities for? Leon GUMA??N??SKI: The Ideal University and Reality. Zygmunt BAUMAN: The Present Crisis of the Universities. II. Kazimierz AJDUKIEWICZ: On Freedom of Science. Henryk SAMSONOWICZ: Universities and Democracy. Jerzy TOPOLSKI: The Commonwealth of Scholars and New Conceptions of Truth. Klemens SZANIAWSKI: Plus ratio quam vis. III. Leon KOJ: Science, Teaching and Values. Klemens SZANIAWSKI: (...)
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  40. Andrzej Falkiewicz & Leszek Nowak (1996). Przestrzenie Swiadomo Sci Studia Z Filozofii Literatury.
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  41. Jerzy Kmita & Leszek Nowak (1971). Studia nad teoretycznymi podstawami humanistyki. Studia Logica 28:178-181.
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  42. Leszek Nowak (1995). Ajdukiewicz and the Status of the Logical Theory of Natural Language. In Vito Sinisi & Jan Woleński (eds.), The Heritage of Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz. Rodopi 40--205.
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  43. Leszek Nowak (1970). Analiza Etyki XX-Wiecznej (George C. Kerner, The Revolution In Ethical Theory). Etyka 7.
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  44. Leszek Nowak (1987). A Model of Socialist Society. Studies in Soviet Thought 34 (1-2):1-55.
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  45. Leszek Nowak (2000). Byt i myśl. Ruch Filozoficzny 1 (1).
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  46. Leszek Nowak (1973). Dobro i zło w świetle logiki perfekcji. Etyka 12.
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  47.  5
    Leszek Nowak (ed.) (1989). Dimensions of the Historical Process. Rodopi.
    EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION The present volume belongs to the theory of historical process. That domain of science seems to be as made as all the theoretical ...
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  48. Leszek Nowak (1990). Dimensions of the historical process, « Posnań studies in the philosophy of the sciences and the humanities », vol. 13. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (1):101-102.
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  49. Leszek Nowak (1974). Essays. B. R. Grüner Publishing Co.
     
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  50. Leszek Nowak (2000). Gombrowicz Cz±Owiek Wobec Ludzi. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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