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  1. Richard Levins (2008). Dialectics and Systems Theory. In Bertell Ollman & Tony Smith (eds.), Dialectics for the New Century. Palgrave Macmillan. 375 - 399.
    Systems Theory is best understood in its dual nature as an episode in the generic development of human understanding of the world, and as the specific product of its social history. On the one hand it is a "moment" in the investigation of complex systems, the place between the formulation of a problem and the interpretation of its solution where mathematical modeling can make the obscure obvious. On the other hand it is the attempt of a reductionist scientific tradition to (...)
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  2. Richard Levins (2008). Talking About Trees: Science, Ecology, and Agriculture in Cuba. Leftword Books.
    Talking About Trees ranges widely, from personal narratives to theoretical discussions on the need for the precautionary principle in science.
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  3. Maria Inês Azambuja & Richard Levins (2007). Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)\-\-One or Several Diseases? Changes in the Prevalence and Features of CHD. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (2):228-242.
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  4. Richard Levins (2006). Strategies of Abstraction. Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):741-755.
    Abstraction is seen as an active process which both enlightens and obscures. Abstractions are not true or false but relatively enlightening or obscuring according to the problem under study; different abstractions may grasp different aspects of a problem. Abstractions may be useless if they can answer questions only about themselves. A theoretical enterprise explores reality through acluster of abstractions that use different perspectives, temporal and horizontal scales, and assumes different givens.
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  5. Richard Levins & Richard Lewontin (2006). A Program for Biology. Biological Theory 1 (4):333-335.
  6. Richard Levins (1996). Ten Propositions on Science. In Andrew Ross (ed.), Science Wars. Duke University Press. 46--180.
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  7. Richard Levins (1993). The Ecological Transformation of Cuba. Agriculture and Human Values 10 (3):52-60.
    Faced with an extremely difficult economic situation following the loss of its major trade relations, a tightened U. S. blockade, and a world recession, Cuba has taken major steps towards building an ecological society. The major change in the orientation of development strategy that is now taking place requires a complex analysis that includes such long term general factors as the socialist commitment to developing science, the absence of a sector that profits from high tech agriculture or environmental degradation, and (...)
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  8. Richard Levins (1985). The Dialectical Biologist. Harvard University Press.
    Throughout, this book questions our accepted definitions and biases, showing the self-reflective nature of scientific activity within society.
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  9. Richard Levins & Richard Lewontin (1980). Dialectics and Reductionism in Ecology. Synthese 43 (1):47 - 78.
    Biology above the level of the individual organism ? population ecology and genetics, community ecology, biogeography and evolution ? requires the study of intrinsically complex systems. But the dominant philosophies of western science have proven to be inadequate for the study of complexity:(1)The reductionist myth of simplicity leads its advocates to isolate parts as completely as possible and study these parts. It underestimates the importance of interactions in theory, and its recommendations for practice (in agricultural programs or conservation and environmental (...)
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  10. Richard Levins (1968). On Making Socialism Scientific. Science and Society 32 (2):129 - 147.
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