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Profile: Linda Radzik (Texas A&M University)
  1. Claire Katz & Linda Radzik (forthcoming). The Ethical and Political Dimensions of Making Amends: A Dialogue. South Central Review.
    Our topic is the moral task of righting one’s wrongful actions and the extent to which this should be considered primarily as a task for the wrongdoer alone, an interaction between the wrongdoer and victim, or a more broadly communal act. In considering this question, we are asked to consider what it means for justice to be served with regard to both victim and wrongdoer.
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  2. Linda Radzik (forthcoming). Desert of What? On Murphy’s Reluctant Retributivism. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-13.
    In Punishment and the Moral Emotions, Jeffrie Murphy rejects his earlier, strong endorsements of retributivism. Questioning both our motivations for embracing retributivism and our views about the basis of desert, he now describes himself as a “reluctant retributivist.” In this essay, I argue that Murphy should reject retributivism altogether. Even if we grant that criminals have negative desert, why should we suppose that it is desert of suffering? I argue that it is possible to defend desert-based theories of punishment that (...)
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  3. Linda Radzik (2014). Historical Memory as Forward‐ and Backward‐Looking Collective Responsibility. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 38 (1):26-39.
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  4. Linda Radzik (2014). Moral Rebukes and Social Avoidance. Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (4):643-661.
    IntroductionStrawsonian theories of moral responsibility, which aim to ground the phenomenon of moral responsibility in our practices of holding one another accountable for our actions, lead us to think more carefully about the content of those practices. Strawson and his followers have done much to explore the significance of the deontic reactive attitudes (resentment, indignation and guilt), which we tend to aim at wrongdoers.P. F. Strawson, "Freedom and Resentment," Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. 48 (1962). See also, R. Jay (...)
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  5. Colleen Murphy & Linda Radzik (2013). Jus Post Bellum and Political Reconciliation. In Larry May & Elizabeth Edenberg (eds.), Jus Post Bellum and Transitional Justice. Cambridge.
  6. Linda Radzik (2013). Atonement. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  7. Linda Radzik (2013). Forgiveness and Love, by Glen Pettigrove. Mind 122 (488):1164-1167.
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  8. Linda Radzik (2012). Incorrigible Norms. Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (4):633-649.
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  9. Linda Radzik (2012). On the Virtue of Minding Our Own Business. Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (2):173-182.
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  10. Linda Radzik (2011). Hampton on Forgiveness. APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Law 10 (2):1-6.
    This essay argues that the theory of forgiveness that Jean Hampton presents in FORGIVENESS AND MERCY has been misunderstood and undervalued. By placing the impersonal reactive attitudes at the center of her account of forgiveness, Hampton offers a valuable alternative to the standard view.
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  11. Linda Radzik (2011). On Minding Your Own Business: Differentiating Accountability Relations Within the Moral Community. Social Theory and Practice 37 (4):574-598.
    When is one person entitled to sanction another for moral wrongdoing? When, instead, must one mind one’s own business? Stephen Darwall argues that the legitimacy of social sanctioning is essential to the very concept of moral obligation. But, I will argue, Darwall’s “second person” theory of accountability unfortunately implies that every person is entitled to sanction every wrongdoer for every misdeed. In this essay, I defend a set of principles for differentiating those who have the standing to sanction from those (...)
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  12. Claire Katz & Linda Radzik (2010). The Ethical and Political Dimensions of Making Amends: A Dialogue. South Central Review 27 (3):144-161.
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  13. Linda Radzik (2010). Moral Bystanders and the Virtue of Forgiveness. In Christopher R. Allers & Marieke Smit (eds.), Forgiveness in Perspective. Rodopi. 66--69.
    According to standard philosophical analyses, only victims can forgive. There are good reasons to reject this view. After all, people who are neither direct nor indirect victims of a wrong frequently feel moral anger over injustice. The choice to foreswear or overcome such moral anger is subject to most of the same sorts of considerations as victims’ choices to forgive. Furthermore, bystanders’ reactions to their experiences of moral anger often reflect either virtues or vices that are of a piece with (...)
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  14. Linda Radzik (2009). Living with Uncertainty: The Moral Significance of Ignorance * By MICHAEL J. ZIMMERMAN. [REVIEW] Analysis 69 (4):785-787.
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  15. Linda Radzik (2009). Making Amends: Atonement in Morality, Law, and Politics. Oxford University Press.
    An ethic for wrongdoers -- Repaying moral debts : self-punishment and restitution -- Changing one's heart, changing the past : repentance and moral transformation -- Reforming relationships : the reconciliation theory of atonement -- Forgiveness, self-forgiveness, and redemption -- Making amends for crime : an evaluation of restorative justice -- Collective atonement : making amends to the Magdalen penitents.
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  16. Linda Radzik (2007). Offenders, the Making of Amends and the State. In Gerry Johnstone & Daniel W. van Ness (eds.), Handbook of Restorative Justice. 192--207.
    This essay asks whether restorative justice practices in criminal legal systems are consistent with the aims of a liberal state.
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  17. Linda Radzik (2005). Justice in the Family: A Defence of Feminist Contractarianism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):45–54.
    Jean Hampton argues that we can detect exploitation in personal relationships by thinking about what we would agree to were we to set aside the emotional benefits we receive from those relationships. Hampton calls her account "feminist contractarianism," but it has recently been critiqued as decidedly unfeminist, on the grounds that it is hostile to women's interests and women's values. Furthermore, Hampton's requirement that we imaginatively distance ourselves from our emotional connections to our loved ones--the key element in her contractarian (...)
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  18. Heather J. Gert, Linda Radzik & and Michael Hand (2004). Hampton on the Expressive Power of Punishment. Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):79–90.
    In her later writings Jean Hampton develops an expressive theory of punishment she takes to be retributivist. Unlike Feinberg, Hampton claims wrongdoings as well as punishments are expressive. Wrongdoings assert that the victim is less valuable than victimizer. On her view we are obligated to punish because we are obligated to respond to this false assertion. Punishment expresses the moral truth that victim and wrongdoer are equally valuable. We argue that Hampton's argument would work only if she held that exerting (...)
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  19. Heather J. Gert, Linda Radzik & Michael Hand (2004). Hampton on the Expressive Power of Punishment. Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):79-90.
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  20. Linda Radzik (2004). Making Amends. American Philosophical Quarterly 41 (2):141-54.
    The literature in ethics is filled with theories of what makes an action wrong, what makes an actor responsible and blamable for his wrongful actions and what we are justified in doing to wrongdoers (e.g., may we punish them? must we forgive them?). However, there is relatively little discussion of what wrongdoers themselves must do in the aftermath of their wrongful acts. This essay attempts to remedy that problem by critically evaluating some competing accounts of the moral obligations of wrongdoers. (...)
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  21. Linda Radzik (2003). Do Wrongdoers Have a Right to Make Amends? Social Theory and Practice 29 (2):325-41.
    Do people deserve a chance to right the wrongs they have committed? Would denying an offender the opportunity to make amends amount to an injustice? There are compelling reasons to grant such a right. However, there are also significant objections. First, a right to make amends potentially undermines the state's right to punish criminal wrongdoers. Secondly, the alleged right threatens to put undue pressure on victims to forgive their abusers. In this essay I argue that these objections can be met (...)
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  22. Linda Radzik (2002). A Coherentist Theory of Normative Authority. Journal of Ethics 6 (1):21-42.
    What makes an ``ought'''' claim authoritative? What makes aparticular norm genuinely reason-giving for an agent? This paper arguesthat normative authority can best be accounted for in terms of thejustification of norms. The main obstacle to such a theory, however, isa regress problem. The worry is that every attempt to offer ajustification for an ``ought'''' claim must appeal to another ``ought''''claim, ad infinitum. The paper argues that vicious regress canbe avoided in practical reasoning in the same way coherentists avoid theproblem in (...)
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  23. Linda Radzik (2002). Christopher Kutz, Complicity: Ethics and Law for a Collective Age Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 22 (1):43-45.
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  24. Linda Radzik (2001). Collective Responsibility and Duties to Respond. Social Theory and Practice 27 (3):455-471.
    This paper defends the claim that collective responsibility can be based on group membership. It argues that collective responsibility is best understood in terms of duties to respond to the victims of collective crimes. Reasonable fear on the part of the victimized groups creates duties to respond for members of the perpetrating group. This account does a better job of capturing our intuitions about actual cases and the phenomenology of collective responsibility than other accounts currently on offer. It also offers (...)
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  25. Linda Radzik (2000). Incorrigible Norms: Foundationalist Theories of Normative Authority. Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (4):633-649.
    What makes a norm a genuinely authoritative guide to action? For many theorists, the answer takes a foundationalist form, analogous to foundationalism in epistemology. They say that there is at least one norm that is justified in itself. On most versions, the norm is said to be incorrigibly authoritative. All other norms are justified in virtue of their connection with it. This essay argues that all such foundationalist theories of normative authority fail because they cannot give an account of the (...)
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  26. Linda Radzik (2000). Justification and the Authority of Norms. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (4):451-461.
    What features does a norm have to have such that we really ought to follow it? This paper argues that norms are authoritative when they are justified in a particular sense. However, this brand of justification is not any of those with which we are currently familiar. The authority of norms is not a matter of moral, epistemic or prudential justification. It depends instead on what I call "justification simpliciter." The concept of justification simpliciter is defined and defended in this (...)
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  27. Linda Radzik (1999). A Normative Regress Problem. American Philosophical Quarterly 36 (1):35-47.
    The article argues that theorists who try to justify 'ought'-claims, i.e., who try to show that a standard of behavior has normative authority, will run into a regress problem. The problem is similar in structure to the familiar regress in the justification of belief. The point of the paper is not skeptical. Rather, the aim is to help theorists better understand the challenges associated with formulating a theory of normative authority.
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