Search results for 'Linda Sparrow' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Robert Sparrow & Linda Sparrow (2006). In the Hands of Machines? The Future of Aged Care. Minds and Machines 16 (2):141-161.score: 240.0
    It is remarkable how much robotics research is promoted by appealing to the idea that the only way to deal with a looming demographic crisis is to develop robots to look after older persons. This paper surveys and assesses the claims made on behalf of robots in relation to their capacity to meet the needs of older persons. We consider each of the roles that has been suggested for robots in aged care and attempt to evaluate how successful robots might (...)
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  2. William R. Penuel, Linda Shear, Christine Korbak & Elena Sparrow (2005). The Roles of Regional Partners in Supporting an International Earth Science Education Program. Science Education 89 (6):956-979.score: 240.0
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  3. Tom Sparrow (2013). Levinas Unhinged. Zero Books.score: 60.0
    Through six heterodox essays this book extracts a materialist account of subjectivity and aesthetics from the philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas. More than a work of academic commentary that would leave many of Levinas’s pious commentators aghast, Sparrow exhibits an aspect of Levinas which is darker, yet no less fundamental, than his ethical and theological guises. This darkened Levinas provides answers to problems in aesthetics, speculative philosophy, ecology, ethics, and philosophy of race, problems which not only trouble scholars, but which (...)
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  4. Robert Sparrow (2007). Procreative Beneficence, Obligation, and Eugenics. Genomics, Society and Policy 3 (3):43-59.score: 30.0
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  5. Robert Sparrow (2002). Talking Sense About Political Correctness. Journal of Australian Studies 73:119-133.score: 30.0
  6. Robert Sparrow, Better Off Deaf.score: 30.0
  7. Robert Sparrow (2005). Defending Deaf Culture: The Case of Cochlear Implants. Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (2):135–152.score: 30.0
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  8. Robert Sparrow, Censorship and Freedom of Speech.score: 30.0
  9. Robert Sparrow (2007). Killer Robots. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):62–77.score: 30.0
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  10. Robert Sparrow (2009). The Social Impacts of Nanotechnology: An Ethical and Political Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):13-23.score: 30.0
    This paper attempts some predictions about the social consequences of nanotechnology and the ethical issues they raise. I set out four features of nanotechnology that are likely to be important in determining its impact and argue that nanotechnology will have significant social impacts in—at least—the areas of health and medicine, the balance of power between citizens and governments, and the balance of power between citizens and corporations. More importantly, responding to the challenge of nanotechnology will require confronting “philosophical” questions about (...)
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  11. Robert Sparrow (2011). Liberalism and Eugenics. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):499 - 517.score: 30.0
    ‘Liberal eugenics’ has emerged as the most popular position amongst philosophers writing in the contemporary debate about the ethics of human enhancement. This position has been most clearly articulated by Nicholas Agar, who argues that the ‘new’ liberal eugenics can avoid the repugnant consequences associated with eugenics in the past. Agar suggests that parents should be free to make only those interventions into the genetics of their children that will benefit them no matter what way of life they grow up (...)
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  12. Robert Sparrow (2009). Therapeutic Cloning and Reproductive Liberty. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (2):1-17.score: 30.0
    Concern for “reproductive liberty” suggests that decisions about embryos should normally be made by the persons who would be the genetic parents of the child that would be brought into existence if the embryo were brought to term. Therapeutic cloning would involve creating and destroying an embryo, which, if brought to term, would be the offspring of the genetic parents of the person undergoing therapy. I argue that central arguments in debates about parenthood and genetics therefore suggest that therapeutic cloning (...)
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  13. Robert Sparrow (2002). The March of the Robot Dogs. Ethics and Information Technology 4 (4):305-318.score: 30.0
    Following the success of Sony Corporation’s “AIBO”, robot cats and dogs are multiplying rapidly. “Robot pets” employing sophisticated artificial intelligence and animatronic technologies are now being marketed as toys and companions by a number of large consumer electronics corporations. -/- It is often suggested in popular writing about these devices that they could play a worthwhile role in serving the needs of an increasingly aging and socially isolated population. Robot companions, shaped like familiar household pets, could comfort and entertain lonely (...)
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  14. Robert Sparrow (2010). Better Than Men?: Sex and the Therapy/Enhancement Distinction. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (2):pp. 115-144.score: 30.0
    The normative significance of the distinction between therapy and enhancement has come under sustained philosophical attack in recent discussions of the ethics of shaping future persons by means of preimplantation genetic diagnosis and other advanced genetic technologies. In this paper, I argue that giving up the idea that the answer to the question as to whether a condition is “normal” should play a crucial role in assessing the ethics of genetic interventions has unrecognized and strongly counterintuitive implications when it comes (...)
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  15. Robert Sparrow (2008). Is It “Every Man's Right to Have Babies If He Wants Them”?: Male Pregnancy and the Limits of Reproductive Liberty. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (3):pp. 275-299.score: 30.0
    Since the 1980s, a number of medical researchers have suggested that in the future it might be possible for men to become pregnant. Given the role played by the right to reproductive liberty in other debates about reproductive technologies, it will be extremely difficult to deny that this right extends to include male pregnancy. However, this constitutes a reductio ad absurdum of the idea of reproductive liberty. One therefore would be well advised to look again at the extent of this (...)
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  16. Robert Sparrow (2009). Building a Better Warbot: Ethical Issues in the Design of Unmanned Systems for Military Applications. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):169-187.score: 30.0
    Unmanned systems in military applications will often play a role in determining the success or failure of combat missions and thus in determining who lives and dies in times of war. Designers of UMS must therefore consider ethical, as well as operational, requirements and limits when developing UMS. I group the ethical issues involved in UMS design under two broad headings, Building Safe Systems and Designing for the Law of Armed Conflict, and identify and discuss a number of issues under (...)
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  17. R. Sparrow (2012). Fear of a Female Planet: How John Harris Came to Endorse Eugenic Social Engineering. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):4-7.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I respond to criticisms by John Harris, contained in a commentary on my article “Harris, harmed states, and sexed bodies”, which appeared in the Journal of Medical Ethics, volume 37, number 5. I argue that Harris's response to my criticisms exposes the strong eugenic tendencies in his own thought, when he suggests that the reproductive obligations of parents should be determined with reference to a claim about what would enhance ‘society’ or ‘the species’.
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  18. Robert Sparrow (1999). The Ethics of Terraforming. Environmental Ethics 21 (3):227-245.score: 30.0
    I apply an agent-based virtue ethics to issues in environmental philosophy regarding our treatment of complex inorganic systems. I consider the ethics of terraforming: hypothetical planetary engineering on a vast scale which is aimed at producing habitable environments on otherwise “hostile” planets. I argue that the undertaking of such a project demonstrates at least two serious defects of moral character: an aesthetic insensitivity and the sin of hubris. Trying to change whole planets to suit our ends is arrogant vandalism. I (...)
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  19. Robert Sparrow (2009). Xenotransplantation, Consent and International Justice. Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):119-127.score: 30.0
    The risk posed to the community by possible xenozoonosis after xenotransplantation suggests that some form of 'community consent' is required before whole organ animal-to-human xenotransplantation should take place. I argue that this requirement places greater obstacles in the path of ethical xenotransplantation than has previously been recognised. The relevant community is global and there are no existing institutions with democratic credentials sufficient to establish this consent. The distribution of the risks and benefits from xenotransplantation also means that consent is unlikely (...)
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  20. A. Wendy Russell & Robert Sparrow (2008). The Case for Regulating Intragenic Gmos. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (2):153-181.score: 30.0
    This paper discusses the ethical and regulatory issues raised by “intragenics” – organisms that have been genetically modified using gene technologies, but that do not contain DNA from another species. Considering the rapid development of knowledge about gene regulation and genomics, we anticipate rapid advances in intragenic methods. Of regulatory systems developed to govern genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand, the Australian system stands out in explicitly excluding intragenics from regulation. European systems are also (...)
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  21. Robert Sparrow (2006). Cloning, Parenthood, and Genetic Relatedness. Bioethics 20 (6):308–318.score: 30.0
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  22. Robert Sparrow (2010). Should Human Beings Have Sex? Sexual Dimorphism and Human Enhancement. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):3-12.score: 30.0
    Since the first sex reassignment operations were performed, individual sex has come to be, to some extent at least, a technological artifact. The existence of sperm sorting technology, and of prenatal determination of fetal sex via ultrasound along with the option of termination, means that we now have the power to choose the sex of our children. An influential contemporary line of thought about medical ethics suggests that we should use technology to serve the welfare of individuals and to remove (...)
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  23. Robert Sparrow (2005). “Hands Up Who Wants to Die?”: Primoratz on Responsibility and Civilian Immunity in Wartime. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (3):299 - 319.score: 30.0
    The question of the morality of war is something of an embarrassment to liberal political thinkers. A philosophical tradition which aspires to found its preferred institutions in respect for individual autonomy, contract, and voluntary association, is naturally confronted by a phenomenon that is almost exclusively explained and justified in the language of States, force and territory. But the apparent difficulties involved in providing a convincing account of nature and ethics of war in terms of relations between individuals has not prevented (...)
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  24. Robert Sparrow (2004). The Turing Triage Test. Ethics and Information Technology 6 (4):203-213.score: 30.0
    If, as a number of writers have predicted, the computers of the future will possess intelligence and capacities that exceed our own then it seems as though they will be worthy of a moral respect at least equal to, and perhaps greater than, human beings. In this paper I propose a test to determine when we have reached that point. Inspired by Alan Turing’s (1950) original “Turing test”, which argued that we would be justified in conceding that machines could think (...)
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  25. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & David Sparrow (2002). A Light Theory of Color. Philosophical Studies 110 (3):267-284.score: 30.0
    Traditional theories locate color in primary qualities of objects, in dispositional properties of objects, in visual fields, or nowhere. In contrast, we argue that color is located in properties of light. More specifically, light is red iff there is a property P of the light that typically interacts with normal human perceivers to give the sensation of red. This is an error theory, because objects and visual fields that appear red are not really red, since they lack the properties that (...)
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  26. Robert Sparrow (2012). Beyond Humanity? The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement – By A. Buchanan. [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2):160-162.score: 30.0
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  27. Dale Gardiner & Robert Sparrow (2009). Not Dead Yet: Controlled Non-Heart-Beating Organ Donation, Consent, and the Dead Donor Rule. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (01):17-.score: 30.0
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  28. Rob Sparrow (2012). Human Enhancement and Sexual Dimorphism. Bioethics 26 (9):464-475.score: 30.0
    I argue that the existence of sexual dimorphism poses a profound challenge to those philosophers who wish to deny the moral significance of the idea of ‘normal human capacities’ in debates about the ethics of human enhancement. The biological sex of a child will make a much greater difference to their life prospects than many of the genetic variations that the philosophical and bioethical literature has previously been concerned with. It seems, then, that bioethicists should have something to say about (...)
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  29. Robert Sparrow (2006). Right of the Living Dead? Consent to Experimental Surgery in the Event of Cortical Death. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (10):601-605.score: 30.0
    Ravelingien et al have suggested that early human xenotransplantation trials should be carried out on patients who are in a permanent vegetative state (PVS) and who have previously granted their consent to the use of their bodies in such research in the event of their cortical death. Unfortunately, their philosophical defence of this suggestion is unsatisfactory in its current formulation, as it equivocates on the key question of the status of patients who are in a PVS. The solution proposed by (...)
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  30. Robert Sparrow (2007). Revolutionary and Familiar, Inevitable and Precarious: Rhetorical Contradictions in Enthusiasm for Nanotechnology. [REVIEW] NanoEthics 1 (1):57-68.score: 30.0
    This paper analyses rhetorics of scientific and corporate enthusiasm surrounding nanotechnology. I argue that enthusiasts for nanotechnologies often try to have it both ways on questions concerning the nature and possible impact of these technologies, and the inevitability of their development and use. In arguments about their nature and impact we are simultaneously informed that these are revolutionary technologies with the potential to profoundly change the world and that they merely represent the extension of existing technologies. They are revolutionary and (...)
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  31. Robert Sparrow (2000). History and Collective Responsibility. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (3):346 – 359.score: 30.0
    In this paper I will argue that contemporary non-Aboriginal Australians can collectively be held responsible for past injustices committed against the Aboriginal peoples of this land. An examination of the role played by history in determining the nature of the present reveals both the temporal extension of the Australian community that confronts the question of responsibility for historical injustice and the ways in which we continue to participate in those same injustices. Because existing injustices suffered by indigenous Australians are essentially (...)
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  32. Tom Sparrow (2011). Plasticity and Aesthetic Identity; or, Why We Need a Spinozist Aesthetics. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 40 (40-41):53-74.score: 30.0
    This essay defends the view that, as embodied, our identities are necessarily dependent on the aesthetic environment. Toward this end, it examines the renewal of the concept of sensation (aisthesis) in phenomenology, but then concludes that the methodology and metaphysics of phenomenology must be abandoned in favor of an ontology that sees corporeal identity as generated by the materiality of aesthetic relations. It is suggested that such an ontology is available in the work of Spinoza, which helps break down the (...)
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  33. Tom Sparrow (2010). A Physiology of Encounters: Spinoza, Nietzsche, and Strange Alliances. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (1):165-186.score: 30.0
    The body is central to the philosophies of Spinoza and Nietzsche. Both thinkers are concerned with the composition of the body, its potential relations with other bodies, and the modifications which a body can undergo. Gilles Deleuze has contributed significantly to the relatively sparse literature which draws out the affinities between Spinoza and Nietzsche. Deleuze’s reconceptualization of the field of ethology enables us to bring Spinoza and Nietzsche together as ethologists of the body and to elaborate their common, physiological perspective (...)
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  34. Robert Sparrow, Borders, States, Freedom and Justice.score: 30.0
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  35. Robert Sparrow (2010). Why Bioethicists Still Need to Think More About Sex …. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):W1-W3.score: 30.0
  36. Robert Sparrow, Response to Critics.score: 30.0
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  37. Robert Sparrow (2010). Orphaned at Conception: The Uncanny Offspring of Embryos. Bioethics 26 (4):173-181.score: 30.0
    A number of advances in assisted reproduction have been greeted by the accusation that they would produce children ‘without parents’. In this paper I will argue that while to date these accusations have been false, there is a limited but important sense in which they would be true of children born of a reproductive technology that is now on the horizon. If our genetic parents are those individuals from whom we have inherited 50% of our genes, then, unlike in any (...)
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  38. Robert Sparrow (2012). The Dead Donor Rule and Means-End Reasoning. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (01):141-146.score: 30.0
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  39. Robert Sparrow (2014). Better Living Through Chemistry? A Reply to Savulescu and Persson on 'Moral Enhancement'. Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):23-32.score: 30.0
    In ‘Moral Enhancement, Freedom, and the God Machine’, Savulescu and Persson argue that recent scientific findings suggest that there is a realistic prospect of achieving ‘moral enhancement’ and respond to Harris's criticism that this would threaten individual freedom and autonomy. I argue that although some pharmaceutical and neuro-scientific interventions may influence behaviour and emotions in ways that we may be inclined to evaluate positively, describing this as ‘moral enhancement’ presupposes a particular, contested account, of what it is to act morally (...)
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  40. Tom Sparrow (2013). Levinas's Philosophy of Time. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.score: 30.0
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  41. John Sparrow (1967). Pontormo's Cosimo Il Vecchio, a New Dating. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 30:163-175.score: 30.0
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  42. Robert Sparrow & Robert Goodin (2001). The Competition of Ideas: Market or Garden? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 4 (2):45-58.score: 30.0
    The ‘marketplace of ideas’ is an influential metaphor with widespread currency in debates about freedom of speech. We explore a number of ways competition between ideas might be described as occurring in a marketplace and find that none support the use of the metaphor. We suggest that an alternative metaphor, that of the ‘garden of ideas’, may offer more productive insights into issues surrounding the regulation of speech.
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  43. Daniel M. Wegner & Betsy Sparrow, Vicarious Agency: Experiencing Control Over the Movements of Others.score: 30.0
    Participants watched themselves in a mirror while another person behind them, hidden from view, extended hands forward on each side where participants’ hands would normally appear. The hands performed a series of movements. When participants could hear instructions previewing each movement, they reported an enhanced feeling of controlling the hands. Hearing instructions for the movements also enhanced skin conductance responses when a rubber band was snapped on the other’s wrist after the movements. Such vicarious agency was not felt when the (...)
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  44. Robert Sparrow (2013). Gender Eugenics? The Ethics of PGD for Intersex Conditions. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):29 - 38.score: 30.0
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  45. Boris Crassini, Jack Broerse, R. H. Day, Christopher J. Best & W. A. Sparrow (1999). What is the Point of Attempting to Make a Case for Cognitive Impenetrability of Visual Perception? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):372-373.score: 30.0
    We question the usefulness of Pylyshyn's dichotomy between cognitively penetrable and cognitively impenetrable mechanisms as the basis for his distinction between cognition and early vision. This dichotomy is comparable to others that have been proposed in psychology prompting disputes that by their very nature could not be resolved. This fate is inevitable for Pylyshyn's thesis because of its reliance on internal representations and their interpretation. What is more fruitful in relation to this issue is not a difficult dichotomy, but a (...)
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  46. Robert Sparrow & Dale Gardiner (2010). Not Dead Yet: Controlled Non-Heart-Beating Organ Donation, Consent, and the Dead Donor Rule. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (1):17-26.score: 30.0
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  47. Tom Sparrow (2011). The Political Life of Sensation. [REVIEW] International Journal of Philosophical Studies 19 (1):132-138.score: 30.0
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  48. Daniel M. Wegner & Betsy Sparrow, Unpriming: The Deactivation of Thoughts Through Expression.score: 30.0
    Unpriming is a decrease in the influence of primed knowledge following a behavior expressing that knowledge. The authors investigated strategies for unpriming the knowledge of an answer that is activated when people are asked to consider a simple question. Experiment 1 found that prior correct answering eliminated the bias people normally show toward correct responding when asked to answer yes–no questions randomly. Experiment 2 revealed that prior answering intended to be random did not unprime knowledge on subsequent attempts to answer (...)
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  49. Tom Sparrow (2008). Enabling/Disabling Sensation: Toward an Alimentary Imperative in Carnal Phenomenology. Philosophy Today 52 (2):99-115.score: 30.0
  50. John Sparrow (1954). A Horatian Ode and its Descendants. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 17 (3/4):359-365.score: 30.0
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