Search results for 'Lior Nitzan' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Lior Nitzan (Humboldt-University, Berlin)
  1. Lior Nitzan (2010). The Thought of an Object and the Object of Thought: A Critique of Henry E. Allison's 'Two Aspect' View. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 92 (2):176-198.score: 240.0
    In this paper I take issue with Allison's ‘two aspect’ view of Kant's transcendental distinction between appearances and things-in-themselves. Unlike those of Allison's critics, who criticize him, and by implication Kant, based on some form of the ‘two world’ view, I argue that, even Allison's methodological, more moderate interpretation, nevertheless includes an excessive commitment to the role of things-in-themselves in Kant's theoretical philosophy, a commitment which is both unnecessary and incompatible with Kant's text. I offer an alternative interpretation which, in (...)
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  2. Lior Nitzan (2012). Externality, Reality, Objectivity, Actuality: Kant's Fourfold Response to Idealism. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 94 (2):147-177.score: 240.0
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  3. Shmuel Nitzan, A Further Characterization of Borda Ranking Method.score: 30.0
    below) is the so called Borda ranking method. Our work differs from the previous studies in three respects: First, in our model each individual's list of paired comparisons of the alternatives is assumed to be connected and asynunetric and not necessarily transitive.
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  4. Eyal Baharad & Shmuel Nitzan (2011). Condorcet Vs. Borda in Light of a Dual Majoritarian Approach. Theory and Decision 71 (2):151-162.score: 30.0
    Many voting rules and, in particular, the plurality rule and Condorcet-consistent voting rules satisfy the simple-majority decisiveness property. The problem implied by such decisiveness, namely, the universal disregard of the preferences of the minority, can be ameliorated by applying unbiased scoring rules such as the classical Borda rule, but such amelioration has a price; it implies erosion in the implementation of the widely accepted majority principle . Furthermore, the problems of majority decisiveness and of the erosion in the majority principle (...)
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  5. Ruth Ben-Yashar & Shmuel Nitzan (2001). Are Referees Sufficiently Informed About The Editor'S Practice? Theory and Decision 51 (1):1-11.score: 30.0
    This paper clarifies why editors of academic journals should share with their referees the information about the number of referees they consult and the decision rule they apply. Our analysis also rationalizes the common questionable phenomenon of editors who seem to distort the yes or no recommendations of their referees. The editors request a recommendation of whether to accept or reject the paper as well as an assessment of the paper. The editors need the complete reports to make the appropriate (...)
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  6. Shmuel Nitzan & Jacob Paroush (1984). The Significance of Independent Decisions in Uncertain Dichotomous Choice Situations. Theory and Decision 17 (1):47-60.score: 30.0
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  7. Eyal Baharad, Jacob Goldberger, Moshe Koppel & Shmuel Nitzan (2012). Beyond Condorcet: Optimal Aggregation Rules Using Voting Records. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 72 (1):113-130.score: 30.0
    In certain judgmental situations where a “correct” decision is presumed to exist, optimal decision making requires evaluation of the decision-makers’ capabilities and the selection of the appropriate aggregation rule. The major and so far unresolved difficulty is the former necessity. This article presents the optimal aggregation rule that simultaneously satisfies these two interdependent necessary requirements. In our setting, some record of the voters’ past decisions is available, but the correct decisions are not known. We observe that any arbitrary evaluation of (...)
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  8. Ruth Ben-Yashar, Winston T. H. Koh & Shmuel Nitzan (2012). Is Specialization Desirable in Committee Decision Making? Theory and Decision 72 (3):341-357.score: 30.0
    Committee decision making is examined in this study focusing on the role assigned to the committee members. In particular, we are concerned about the comparison between committee performance under specialization and non-specialization of the decision makers. Specialization (in the context of project or public policy selection) means that the decision of each committee member is based on a narrow area, which typically results in the acquirement and use of relatively high expertise in that area. When the committee members’ expertise is (...)
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  9. Shmuel Nitzan & Jacob Paroush (1994). A General Theorem and Eight Corollaries in Search of Correct Decision. Theory and Decision 17 (3):211-220.score: 30.0
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  10. Shmuel Nitzan & Jacob Paroush (1994). Partial Information on Decisional Competences and the Desirability of the Expert Rule in Uncertain Dichotomous Choice Situations. Theory and Decision 17 (3):275-286.score: 30.0
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  11. Kobi Kriesler & Shmuel Nitzan (2008). Is Context-Based Choice Due to Context-Dependent Preferences? Theory and Decision 64 (1):65-80.score: 30.0
    The rationalization of context-based choice is usually based on the assumption that preferences are context-dependent. In this paper, we show that context-based choice can be due to the characteristics of the choice procedure applied by the individual and not to the dependence of preferences (stochastic or deterministic) on the context. Our arguments are illustrated focusing on the much-studied dominated-alternative effects.
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  12. Ruth Ben-Yashar & Shmuel Nitzan (forthcoming). On the Significance of the Prior of a Correct Decision in Committees. Theory and Decision:1-11.score: 30.0
    The current note clarifies why, in committees, the prior probability of a correct collective choice might be of particular significance and possibly should sometimes even be the sole appropriate basis for making the collective decision. In particular, we present sufficient conditions for the superiority of a rule based solely on the prior relative to the simple majority rule, even when the decisional skills of the committee members are assumed to be homogeneous.
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  13. Shmuel Nitzan (1981). Some Measures of Closeness to Unanimity and Their Implications. Theory and Decision 13 (2):129-138.score: 30.0
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  14. Bue Rübner Hansen (2011). Capital as Power: A Study of Order and Creorder. Historical Materialism 19 (2):144-159.score: 6.0
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  15. Max Ajl (2012). Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 1: The False Messiah, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 2: David Becomes Goliath, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2009; Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews, Volume 3: Conflict Without End, Alan Hart, Atlanta: Clarity Press, 2010. [REVIEW] Historical Materialism 20 (3):159-180.score: 6.0
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  16. Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Lior Galili, Yair Sahar & Ofer Amir (2014). Being €Œin” or €Œout” of the Game: Subjective and Acoustic Reactions to Exclusion and Popularity in Social Anxiety. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.score: 3.0
  17. Lior Barshack (2000). The Subject of Ideals. Cultural Values 4 (1):77-100.score: 3.0
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  18. Mirit Shamir, Lior Shamir & Mary H. Durfee (2007). The Application of Fuzzy Logic to the Precautionary Principle. Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (4):411-427.score: 3.0
    One of the major problems in the implementation of the precautionary principle in environmental cases is the estimation of the weight of evidence. In this paper we propose a formal method that determines the weight of evidence based on the specific parameters of a given case. The proposed method is based on an artificial intelligence approach called fuzzy logic, which is commonly used as an interface between logic and human perception, and often applied to computer-based complex decision making. We use (...)
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  19. Lior Levy (2013). Reflection, Memory and Selfhood in Jean-Paul Sartre's Early Philosophy. Sartre Studies International 19 (2):97-111.score: 3.0
    The article advances an interpretation of the self as an imaginary object. Focusing on the relationship between selfhood and memory in Sartre's The Transcendence of the Ego , I argue that Sartre offers useful resources for thinking about the self in terms of narratives. Against interpretations that hold that the ego misrepresents consciousness or distorts it, I argue that the constitution of the ego marks a radical transformation of the conscious field. To prove this point, I turn to the role (...)
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  20. Lior Levy (2009). The Question of Photographic Meaning in Roland Barthes' Camera Lucida. Philosophy Today 53 (4):395-406.score: 3.0
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  21. Lior Levy (2014). Sartre and Ricoeur on Productive Imagination. Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (1):43-60.score: 3.0
    Commenting on Jean-Paul Sartre's theory of imagination, Paul Ricoeur argues that Sartre fails to address the productive nature of imaginative acts. According to Ricoeur, Sartre's examples show that he thinks of imagination in mimetic terms, neglecting its innovative and creative dimensions. Imagination, Ricoeur continues, manifests itself most clearly in fiction, wherein new meaning is created. By using fiction as the paradigm of imaginative activity, Ricoeur is able to argue against Sartre that the essence of imagination lies not in its ability (...)
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  22. Joseph Y. Halpern, Rafael Pass & Lior Seeman (2014). Decision Theory with Resource‐Bounded Agents. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (2):245-257.score: 3.0
    There have been two major lines of research aimed at capturing resource-bounded players in game theory. The first, initiated by Rubinstein (), charges an agent for doing costly computation; the second, initiated by Neyman (), does not charge for computation, but limits the computation that agents can do, typically by modeling agents as finite automata. We review recent work on applying both approaches in the context of decision theory. For the first approach, we take the objects of choice in a (...)
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  23. Lior Rabi (2012). The Democratic Challenge Designed for the Spanish Intellectuals in the Political Thought of José Ortega y Gasset. History of European Ideas 38 (2):266-287.score: 3.0
    Summary The article deals with the political thought of the young Spanish philosopher and intellectual, José Ortega y Gasset (1883?1955). The main aim is to examine to what extent his political thought was articulated in a systematic manner, and to understand if it was meant to be practically implemented. Ortega's political thought has been described as liberal on the one hand, and anti-democratic and conservative on the other. The disparities regarding Ortega's politics usually arise from his declarations, which aimed to (...)
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  24. Nitzan Amitai Preiss (1997). An Umayyad Lead Seal with the Name of the Caliph Marwan B. Muhammad. Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 18 (1):233-242.score: 3.0
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  25. Nitzan Lebovic (2010). The Sovereignty of Modern Times: Different Concepts of Time and the Modernist Perspective. History and Theory 49 (2):281-288.score: 3.0
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  26. Lydia Segal, Maria Haberfeld & Lior Gideon (2013). The Effects of the Recession on Attitudes Toward Business Ethics: An Inter‐Temporal Study of Business Students in 2001, 2009, and 2010. [REVIEW] Business and Society Review 118 (1):71-104.score: 3.0
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  27. Nitzan S. Ben-Shaul (2012). Cinema of Choice: Optional Thinking and Narrative Movies. Berghahn Books.score: 3.0
    Introduction -- Closed mindedness in movies -- Failed alternatives to optional thinking -- Optional thinking in movies -- Conclusion.
     
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  28. Nitzan Lebovic (2005). The Seduction of Unreason, the Intellectual Romance with Fascism: From Nietzsche to Postmodernism. Theory and Society 34 (5-6):629-635.score: 3.0
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  29. Lior Levy (2011). Memory and the Passions in Descartes' Philosophy. History of Philosophy Quarterly 28 (4):339.score: 3.0
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  30. Alona Nitzan-Shiftan (2004). Seizing Locality in Jerusalem. In Nezar AlSayyad (ed.), The End of Tradition? Routledge.score: 3.0
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  31. Lior Rabi (2011). Śefat Ha-Shetiḳah: Regaʻim Shel Nikur Ṿe-Shetiḳah Ba-ʻir Ha-Gedolah. Pardes.score: 3.0
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  32. Miriam Reiner & Lior M. Burko (2003). On the Limitations of Thought Experiments in Physics and the Consequences for Physics Education. Science and Education 12 (4):365-385.score: 3.0
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  33. Lior Zylberman (2013). Krapp's Last Tape, un recorrido por las metáforas de la memoria. Aletheia 3 (6).score: 3.0
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