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Profile: Dustin Locke (Claremont McKenna College)
  1. Don Locke (forthcoming). Reasons for Action'. American Philosophical Quarterly.
     
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  2. Dustin Locke (forthcoming). Knowledge, Explanation, and Motivating Reasons. American Philosophical Quarterly.
    According to a number of recent philosophers, knowledge has an intimate relationship with rationality. Some philosophers hold, in particular, that rational agents do things for good motivating reasons, and that p can be one’s motivating reason for -ing (acting/believing/fearing/etc.) only if one knows that p. This paper argues against this view and in favor of the view that p cannot be one’s motivating reason for -ing—in the relevant sense—unless there is an appropriate explanatory connection between the fact that p and (...)
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  3. Richard D. Lane, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Dona E. C. Locke, Cheryl Ritenbaugh & Cynthia M. Stonnington (2015). Role of Theory of Mind in Emotional Awareness and Alexithymia: Implications for Conceptualization and Measurement. Consciousness and Cognition 33:398-405.
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  4. Dustin Locke (2015). Practical Certainty. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (1):72-95.
    When we engage in practical deliberation, we sometimes engage in careful probabilistic reasoning. At other times, we simply make flat out assumptions about how the world is or will be. A question thus arises: when, if ever, is it rationally permissible to engage in the latter, less sophisticated kind of practical deliberation? Recently, a number of authors have argued that the answer concerns whether one knows that p. Others have argued that the answer concerns whether one is justified in believing (...)
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  5. Dustin Locke (2014). Darwinian Normative Skepticism. In Michael Bergmann & Patrick Kain (eds.), Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution. Oxford University Press
    Sharon Street (2006) has argued that, given certain plausible evolutionary considerations, normative realism leads to normative skepticism. Street calls this ‘the Darwinian dilemma’. This paper considers the two most popular responses to the Darwinian dilemma and argues that both are problematic. According to the naturalist response, the evolutionary account of our normative dispositions reveals that there was selection for normative dispositions that were reliable with respect to normative truth. According to the minimalist response, the evolutionary account reveals that there was (...)
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  6. Dustin Locke (2014). Knowledge Norms and Assessing Them Well. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):80-89.
    Jonathan Ichikawa (2012) argues that the standard counterexamples to the knowledge norm of practical reasoning are no such thing. More precisely, he argues that those alleged counterexamples rest on claims about which actions are appropriate rather than on claims about which propositions can be appropriately treated as reasons for action. Since the knowledge norm of practical reasoning concerns the latter and not the former, Ichikawa contends that proponents of the alleged counterexamples must offer a theory that bridges the gap between (...)
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  7. Dustin Locke (2014). Setiya , Kieran . Knowing Right From Wrong . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. 184. $45.00 (Cloth). Ethics 124 (3):649-656.
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  8. Dustin Troy Locke (2013). The Decision-Theoretic Lockean Thesis. Inquiry 57 (1):28-54.
    Certain philosophers maintain that there is a ‘constitutive threshold for belief’: to believe that p just is to have a degree of confidence that p above a certain threshold. On the basis of this view, these philosophers defend what is known as ‘the Lockean Thesis’, according to which it is rational to believe that p just in case it is rational to have a degree of confidence that p above the constitutive threshold for belief. While not directly speaking to the (...)
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  9. Dustin Locke (2012). Quidditism Without Quiddities. Philosophical Studies 160 (3):345-363.
    Structuralism and quidditism are competing views of the metaphysics of property individuation: structuralists claim that properties are individuated by their nomological roles; quidditists claim that they are individuated by something else. This paper (1) refutes what many see as the best reason to accept structuralism over quidditism and (2) offers a methodological argument in favor of a quidditism. The standard charge against quidditism is that it commits us to something ontologically otiose: intrinsic aspects of properties, so-called ‘quiddities’. Here I grant (...)
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  10. Dustin Locke (2009). A Partial Defense of Ramseyan Humility. In David Braddon-Mitchell & Robert Nola (eds.), Conceptual Analysis and Philosophical Naturalism. MIT Press
    This chapter argues that we are irremediably ignorant about the identities of the fundamental properties that figure in the actual realization of the true final theory. Of the three published responses to Lewis’s work, each argues that even if Lewis’s metaphysical assumption, the thesis known as “quidditism,” is accepted, we need not accept his epistemic conclusion, the thesis of Humility. The aim of this chapter is to defend Lewis against these critics. Ann Whittle attempts to refute Humility by an appeal (...)
     
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  11. Dustin Locke (2009). Quidditism. Dissertation, University of Michigan
    In general, properties realize certain roles in the workings of nature. For example, mass makes objects resist acceleration. But what is the relationship between these roles and the properties that realize them? According to ‘quidditism’, the roles are contingently realized by the properties that in fact realize them. Opponents charge that quidditism implies the existence of epiphenomenal and unknowable “quiddities” or “inner natures”. The purpose of this dissertation is to argue in favor of quidditism and explore its epistemic and pragmatic (...)
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  12. D. Locke (1994). How Fathers Care for the Next Generation: A Four-Decade Study (John Snarey). Journal of Moral Education 23:99-99.
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  13. Robert E. Powell, Don C. Locke & Norman A. Sprinthall (1991). Female Offenders and Their Guards: A Programme to Promote Moral and Ego Development of Both Groups. Journal of Moral Education 20 (2):191-203.
    Abstract The study was designed as a test of an especially constructed series of dilemma discussion methods for an experimental group of female offenders and their guards. The programme conducted on prison grounds, consisted of a five?month programme for the offenders and a separate ten?month programme for the staff. The results indicated that the experimental group of inmates improved on both the Defining Issues Test (DIT), an estimate of moral judgement and the Loevinger Sentence Completion Test (SCT), an estimate of (...)
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  14. Don Locke (1989). Markets and Morals: A Response. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 26:33-44.
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  15. Don Locke (1987). The Parfit Population Problem. Philosophy 62 (240):131 - 157.
    Derek Parfit's Reasons and Persons is a long, difficult and fascinating book, inside which three shorter, clearer and better books are struggling to get out. The third of these shorter but better books deals with the problem of Future Generations, and that is the book I want to discuss. In it Parfit tries, but fails, to find a theory—Theory X, he calls it—which will deal with various problems and issues which he develops, and in particular the issue which I will (...)
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  16. Don Locke (1987). Moral Development as the Goal of Moral Education. In Roger Straughan & John Wilson (eds.), Philosophers on Education. Barnes & Noble Books
     
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  17. Don Locke (1986). A. Baier, "Postures of the Mind". Philosophical Quarterly 36 (145):571.
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  18. Don Locke (1986). Deciding on a Decalogue. Journal of Moral Education 15 (2):150-156.
    Abstract Two groups of undergraduates helped to devise a contemporary Ten Commandments. By comparison with the original, they preferred general, positive formulations to specific, negative ones. The explanation may be the assumption that what is needed for morality are exceptionless principles, which can easily be formulated only in highly general terms, but at the cost of obscuring their implications for actual conduct. A preferable alternative might be to think in terms of rules which can be formulated more precisely, but which (...)
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  19. Don Locke (1986). Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting. Philosophical Books 27 (3):178-180.
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  20. Don Locke & Annette Baier (1986). Postures of the Mind: Essays on Mind and Morals. Philosophical Quarterly 36 (145):571.
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  21. D. Locke (1985). Shoemaker, S. And Swinburne R., "Personal Identity". [REVIEW] Mind 94:302.
     
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  22. Don Locke (1985). James Fishkin, Beyond Subjective Morality: Ethical Reasoning and Political Philosophy Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 5 (2):59-60.
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  23. Don Locke (1984). The Right to Strike. Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 18:173-202.
    Only a fool would attempt to discuss the morality of strikes in twenty-five pages or less, and even he will fail. For one thing he can be sure in advance that whatever conclusions he might come to will be ridiculed as outrageous, prejudiced or self-serving by one party or the other. There is, in particular, the accusation that the attempt to discuss in moral terms what is essentially a political issue, is itself an exercise in bourgeois politics disguised as morals, (...)
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  24. Don Locke (1982). The Choice Between Lives. Philosophy 57 (222):453 - 475.
    Are there circumstances in which we would be justified in taking one person's life for the sake of others? I am not here concerned with cases of self-defence, or what we might call ‘other-defence’, where one person has to be killed to prevent him taking the lives of others. Nor am I concerned with cases of self-sacrifice, or suicide more generally, or euthanasia; nor with capital punishment, or killing in warfare; nor even, for reasons we shall explore, with abortion. I (...)
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  25. Don Locke (1982). Beliefs, Desires and Reasons for Action. American Philosophical Quarterly 19 (3):241 - 249.
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  26. Don Locke (1981). Absolutism V Consequentialism: No Contest. Analysis 41 (2):101 - 106.
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  27. Don Locke (1981). Mind, Matter, and the Meditations. Mind 90 (359):343-366.
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  28. Don Locke (1981). Review Article. Journal of Moral Education 11 (1):61-64.
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  29. Don Locke (1981). The Principle of Equal Interests. Philosophical Review 90 (4):531-559.
  30. Don Locke (1980). A Fantasy of Reason: The Life and Thought of William Godwin. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
     
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  31. Don Locke (1980). Digging Deeper Into Determinism. Mind 89 (January):87-89.
  32. Don Locke (1980). The Illusion of Stage Six. Journal of Moral Education 9 (2):103-109.
    Abstract Kohlberg's developmental theory of moral reasoning postulates a supremely adequate form of moral thinking to which all other stages are tending, labelled Stage Six. Kohlberg identifies this with a principle of justice, though without adequately justifying the elimination of other autonomous universal principles. The claim that this principle provides consistent, reversible and universalizable moral judgements is criticized: by itself a purely formal principle of justice can provide no particular moral judgements at all; for that we need independent values, such (...)
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  33. Don Locke (1979). Persons and Minds By Joseph Margolis Reidel Publishing Company, 1978, Xiv + 301 Pp. [REVIEW] Philosophy 54 (209):421-.
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  34. Don Locke (1979). Causation, Compatibilism and Newcomb's Problem. Analysis 39 (4):210 - 211.
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  35. Don Locke (1979). Cognitive Stages or Developmental Phases? A Critique of Kohlberg's Stage‐Structural Theory of Moral Reasoning. Journal of Moral Education 8 (3):168-181.
    Abstract After some preliminary doubts about Kohlberg's method of assessing moral reasoning, his ?stage?structural? theory is criticized under six heads. (1) The claim that the stages constitute structural wholes, representing unified and differentiated patterns of thought: it is argued that the available evidence, and Kohlberg's own methodology, unambiguously implies a developmental continuum, not discrete stage structures. (2) Invariance, which, after counter?evidence led to a revision in the theory, has yet to be demonstrated. (3) Cultural Universality: it is argued that, because (...)
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  36. Don Locke (1979). MARGOLIS, JOSEPH "Persons and Minds". [REVIEW] Philosophy 54:421.
     
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  37. Don Locke (1979). No Title Available: New Books. [REVIEW] Philosophy 54 (209):421-423.
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  38. Don Locke (1979). The Philosophical Anarchism of William Godwin (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (4):479-481.
  39. Don Locke (1979). Who I Am. Philosophical Quarterly 29 (117):302-318.
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  40. D. Locke (1978). MALCOLM, N. "Memory and Mind". [REVIEW] Mind 87:631.
     
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  41. Don Locke (1978). Books Reviews. Mind 87 (4):631-633.
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  42. Don Locke (1978). How to Make a Newcomb Choice. Analysis 38 (1):17 - 23.
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  43. D. Locke (1977). DILMAN, I. "Matter and Mind". [REVIEW] Mind 86:620.
     
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  44. Don Locke (1977). Through the Looking Glass. Philosophical Review 86 (1):3-19.
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  45. Don Locke (1976). The 'Can' of Being Able. Philosophia 6 (1):1-20.
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  46. Don Locke (1976). Why the Utilitarians Shot President Kennedy. Analysis 36 (3):153 - 155.
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  47. Don Locke (1976). Zombies, Schizophrenics, and Purely Physical Objects. Mind 83 (January):97-99.
  48. D. Locke (1975). HINTON, J. M. "Experiences: An Inquiry Into Some Ambiguities". [REVIEW] Mind 84:466.
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  49. Don Locke (1974). Action, Movement, and Neurophysiology. Inquiry 17 (1-4):23 – 42.
    Action is to be distinguished from (mere) bodily movement not by reference to an agent's intentions, or his conscious control of his movements (Sect. I), but by reference to the agent as cause of those movements, though this needs to be understood in a way which destroys the alleged distinction between agent-causation and event-causation (Sect. II). It also raises the question of the relation between an agent and his neurophysiology (Sect. III), and eventually the question of the compatibility of purposive (...)
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  50. Don Locke (1974). Reasons, Wants, and Causes. American Philosophical Quarterly 11 (3):169 - 179.
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