Search results for 'Lofti A. Zadeh' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  4
    L. A. Zadeh (1983). A Fuzzy-Set-Theoretic Approach to the Compositionality of Meaning: Propositions, Dispositions and Canonical Forms. Journal of Semantics 2 (3-4):253-272.
    In its traditional interpretation, Frege's principle of compositionality is not sufficiently flexible to have a wide applicability to natural languages. In a fuzzy-set-theoretic setting which is outlined in this paper, Frege's principle is modified and broadened by allowing the meaning of a proposition, p, to be composed not from the meaning of the constituents of p, but, more generally, from the meaning of a collection of fuzzy relations which form a so-called explanatory database that is associated with p. More specifically, (...)
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  2.  17
    L. A. Zadeh (1977). Linguistic Characterization of Preference Relations as a Basis for Choice in Social Systems. Erkenntnis 11 (1):383 - 410.
  3. Morteza Sedaghat Ahangari Hossein Zadeh (2013). How Might a Davidsonian Rescue the Normativity of Meaning? Filozofia Nauki 2.
    For meaning normativism to hold, meaning must have a constitutive part which is obligation-producing. I claim in this paper that linguistic communication is such a constitutive part. I try to show this by means of appeal to Davidson’s triangulation thesis. If I am successful, it may fairly be said that “a Davidsonian can rescue the normativity of meaning”.
     
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  4. L. A. Zadeh (1975). Fuzzy Logic and Approximate Reasoning. Synthese 30 (3-4):407-428.
    The term fuzzy logic is used in this paper to describe an imprecise logical system, FL, in which the truth-values are fuzzy subsets of the unit interval with linguistic labels such as true, false, not true, very true, quite true, not very true and not very false, etc. The truth-value set, , of FL is assumed to be generated by a context-free grammar, with a semantic rule providing a means of computing the meaning of each linguistic truth-value in as a (...)
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  5.  3
    L. A. Zadeh (1957). Review: Gholam-Hossein Mosaheb, Introduction to Formal Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (4):354-355.
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  6.  1
    L. A. Zadeh (1970). Review: Sampo Salovaara, On Set Theoretical Foundations of System Theory. Concept. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (4):597-597.
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  7.  5
    B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.) (1991). Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer.
    One out of every two men over eigthy suffers from carcinoma of the prostate.It is discovered incidentally in many patients with an alleged benign prostatic ...
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  8. S. Patel, Y. Wang, W. Kinsner, D. Patel, G. Fariello & L. A. Zadeh (eds.) (2014). 13th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics and Cognitive Computing, (ICCI*CC’14) at LSBU, London, UK. IEEE Computer Society Press.
  9.  8
    M. A. & H. Kh, Behavior of a Magnetic Dipole Freely Floating on Water Surface.
    In this paper, the authors have detected a new effect in the area of geomagnetism, related to the behavior of a magnetic dipole freely floating on water surface. An experiment is described in the present paper in which a magnetic dipole fixed upon a float placed on non- magnetized water surface undergoes displacement along with reorientation caused by fine structure of the earth's magnetic field. This fact can probably be explained by secular decrease of the earth's major dipole moment. Further, (...)
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  10.  7
    J. A. Goguen (1973). Review: L. A. Zadeh, Fuzzy Sets; L. A. Zadeh, Similarity Relations and Fuzzy Orderings. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (4):656-657.
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  11.  10
    Roberto Giuntini (1991). A Semantical Investigation on Brouwer-Zadeh Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 20 (4):411 - 433.
    In the standard approach to quantum mechanics, closed subspaces of a Hilbert space represent propositions. In the operational approach, closed subspaces are replaced by effects that represent a mathematical counterpart for properties which can be measured in a physical system. Effects are a proper generalization of closed subspaces. Effects determine a Brouwer-Zadeh poset which is not a lattice. However, such a poset can be embedded in a complete Brouwer-Zadeh lattice. From an intuitive point of view, one can say (...)
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  12.  6
    Jeffrey M. Perl, Natalie Zemon Davis & Barry Allen (2011). Fuzzy Studies a Symposium on the Consequence of Blur Part 1. Common Knowledge 17 (3):441-449.
    In this introduction to Part 1 of the Common Knowledge symposium, “Fuzzy Studies,” the journal's editor discusses four essays from the 1980s by Richard Rorty, in which Rorty chose to associate himself with various neopragmatists, Continental thinkers, and “left-wing Kuhnians” under the rubric of the “new fuzziness.” The term had been introduced as an insult by a philosopher of science with positivist leanings, but Rorty took it up as an “endearing” compliment, arguing that “to be less fuzzy” was also to (...)
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  13.  31
    Edmund D. Pellegrino & David C. Thomasma (1981). Toward an Axiology for Medicine a Response to Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):331-342.
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  14.  2
    Ingmar Pörn (1984). Comments on Sadegh-Zadeh's 'a Pragmatic Concept of Causal Explanation'. In Lennart Nordenfelt & B. I. B. Lindahl (eds.), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel 211--212.
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  15. Edmund D. Pellegrino & David C. Thomasma (1981). Toward an Axiology for Medicine a Response to Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh. Metamedicine 2 (3):331-342.
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  16.  11
    Enric Trillas (1996). Menger's Trace in Fuzzy Logic. Theoria 11 (3):89-96.
    This paper deals with the relation with Fuzzy Logic of some of the ideas of Karl Menger published between 1942 and 1966 and concerning what he called “Hazy Sets”, Probabilistic Relations and Statistical Metric Spaces. The author maintains the opinion that if Lofti A. Zadeh is actually the father of Fuzzy Logic, Menger not only was a forerunner of this field but that his ideas were and still are influential on it.
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  17.  16
    Enric Trillas (1996). Menger's Trace in Fuzzy Logic. Theoria 11 (3):89-96.
    This paper deals with the relation with Fuzzy Logic of some of the ideas of Karl Menger published between 1942 and 1966 and concerning what he called “Hazy Sets”, Probabilistic Relations and Statistical Metric Spaces. The author maintains the opinion that if Lofti A. Zadeh is actually the father of Fuzzy Logic, Menger not only was a forerunner of this field but that his ideas were and still are influential on it.
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  18.  24
    María G. Navarro (2013). On Fuzziness and Ordinary Reasoning. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing 216 (463):468.
    In 1685, in The Art of Discovery, Leibniz set down an extraordinary idea: "The only way to rectify our reasonings is to make them as tangible as those of the Mathematicians, so that we can find our error at a glance, and when there are disputes among persons, we can simply say: Let us calculate [calculemus], without further ado, to see who is right." Calculemus.
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  19.  15
    A. Sobrino (1992). Frege, Zadeh y la lógica de la oración. Theoria 7 (1/2/3):171-192.
    Este trabajo pretende examinar las coincidencias y divergencias que, en el modo de analizar lógicamente la oración, presentan las teorías de Frege y Zadeh. Este estudio previo proporcionará algunas razones para responder a la pregunta de si la teoría de Zadeh representa una ruptura o una evolución respecto al modo de análisis clásico fregeano.
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  20.  32
    G. Cattaneo, J. Hamhalter & P. Pták (2000). On the de Morgan Property of the Standard Brouwer–Zadeh Poset. Foundations of Physics 30 (10):1801-1805.
    The standard Brouwer–Zadeh poset Σ(H) is the poset of all effect operators on a Hilbert space H, naturally equipped with two types of orthocomplementation. In developing the theory, the question occured if (when) Σ(H) fulfils the de Morgan property with respect to both orthocomplementation operations. In Ref.3 the authors proved that it is the case provided dimH<∞, and they conjectured that if dimH=∞, then the answer is in the negative. In this note, we first give a somewhat simpler proof (...)
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  21.  3
    Roberto Giuntini (1990). Brouwer-Zadeh Logic and the Operational Approach to Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 20 (6):701-714.
    This paper is concerned with a logical system, called Brouwer-Zadeh logic, arising from the BZ poset of all effects of a Hilbert space. In particular, we prove a representation theorem for Brouwer-Zadeh lattices, and we show that Brouwer-Zadeh logic is not characterized by the MacNeille completions of all BZ posets of effects.
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  22.  13
    Gabriel A. Rincón-Mora & H. Pooya Forghani-Zadeh (2005). Accurate and Lossless Current-Sensing Techniques for Power Applications--A Practical Myth? In Alan F. Blackwell & David MacKay (eds.), Power. Cambridge University Press 2--58.
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  23.  34
    Bob Hodge (2007). Life, Chaos, and Transdisciplinarity: A Personal Journey. World Futures 63 (3 & 4):209 – 222.
    This article uses an autobiography as an object of research, to both illustrate some principles of chaos theory in analytic practice, and give those ideas a personal and social context, thereby producing a unique but explanation-rich history of chaos theory and recent intellectual history of transdisciplinarity and social research in the West. The ideas from Chaos Theory it uses and illustrates include: three-body analysis (Poincaré); fractals (Mandelbrot); fuzzy logic (Zadeh); and the butterfly effect (Lorenz).
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  24.  3
    Alexandre Sobrino (1992). Frege, Zadeh y la lógica de la oración ¿ruptura o evolución? Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 7 (16):171-192.
    Este trabajo pretende examinar las coincidencias y divergencias que, en el modo de analizar lógicamente la oración, presentan las teorías de Frege y Zadeh. Este estudio previo proporcionará algunas razones para responder a la pregunta de si la teoría de Zadeh representa una ruptura o una evolución respecto al modo de análisis clásico fregeano.
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  25.  20
    Roberto Giuntini (1992). Brouwer-Zadeh Logic, Decidability and Bimodal Systems. Studia Logica 51 (1):97 - 112.
    We prove that Brouwer-Zadeh logic has the finite model property and therefore is decidable. Moreover, we present a bimodal system (BKB) which turns out to be characterized by the class of all Brouwer-Zadeh frames. Finally, we show that BrouwerZadeh logic can be translated into BKB.
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  26.  2
    Roberto Giuntini, Antonio Ledda & Francesco Paoli (forthcoming). A New View of Effects in a Hilbert Space. Studia Logica:1-33.
    We investigate certain Brouwer-Zadeh lattices that serve as abstract counterparts of lattices of effects in Hilbert spaces under the spectral ordering. These algebras, called PBZ*-lattices, can also be seen as generalisations of orthomodular lattices and are remarkable for the collapse of three notions of “sharpness” that are distinct in general Brouwer-Zadeh lattices. We investigate the structure theory of PBZ*-lattices and their reducts; in particular, we prove some embedding results for PBZ*-lattices and provide an initial description of the lattice (...)
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  27.  7
    Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1978). On the Limits of the Statistical-Causal Analysis as a Diagnostic Procedure. Theory and Decision 9 (1):93-107.
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  28.  17
    Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1982). Therapeuticum and Therapy: A Commentary on Lindahl and Lindwall's Skepticism. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (2):261-262.
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  29.  19
    Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1980). Bayesian Diagnostics: A Bibliography Part. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (1):107-124.
  30.  22
    Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1987). The Three Paradoxes Lost a Response to Moore and Hutchins. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):217-233.
    Moore and Hutchin''s [1] assertion that the application of classical logic as the method of diagnostic reasoning may result in three paradoxes is critically examined.
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  31.  6
    Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1984). A Pragmatic Concept of Causal Explanation. In Lennart Nordenfelt & B. I. B. Lindahl (eds.), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel 201--209.
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  32. Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1980). Bayesian Diagnostics: A Bibliography Part 1. Metamedicine 1 (1):107-124.
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  33.  1
    Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1985). The Editor is Pleased to Announce That, Beginning with the Issue to Appear in October 1982, Several Issues of Metamedicine Will Be Devoted to Special Topics," as Listed Below. A Guest Editor Will Be Responsible for Each Issue". Philosophy 6 (2).
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  34. A. Pragmatic Concept of Causal Explanation (1984). Kazem sadegh-Zadeh. In Lennart Nordenfelt & B. I. B. Lindahl (eds.), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel 201.
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  35. Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (2nd ed. 2015). Disease as a Deontic Construct. In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Netherlands
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  36. Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (2nd ed. 2015). Medicine Is a Deontic Discipline. In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Netherlands
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  37. Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1982). Therapeuticum and Therapy: A Commentary on Lindahl and Lindwall's Skepticism. Metamedicine 3 (2):261-262.
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  38. Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1981). The Three Paradoxes Lost a Response to Moore and Hutchins. Metamedicine 2 (2):217-233.
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  39.  65
    Darren Bradley (forthcoming). A Priori Causal Laws. Inquiry:1-15.
    Sober and Elgin defend the claim that there are a priori causal laws in biology. Lange and Rosenberg take issue with this on Humean grounds, among others. I will argue that Sober and Elgin don’t go far enough – there are a priori causal laws in many sciences. Furthermore, I will argue that this thesis is compatible with a Humean metaphysics and an empiricist epistemology.
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  40.  24
    K. Sadegh-Zadeh (2008). The Prototype Resemblance Theory of Disease. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (2):106-139.
    In a previous paper the concept of disease was fuzzy-logically analyzed and a sketch was given of a prototype resemblance theory of disease (Sadegh-Zadeh (2000). J. Med. Philos., 25:605–38). This theory is outlined in the present paper. It demonstrates what it means to say that the concept of disease is a nonclassical one and, therefore, not amenable to traditional methods of inquiry. The theory undertakes a reconstruction of disease as a category that in contradistinction to traditional views is not (...)
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  41.  30
    Jan Heylen (2016). Being in a Position to Know and Closure. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):63-67.
    The focus of this article is the question whether the notion of being in a position to know is closed under modus ponens. The question is answered negatively.
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  42.  22
    Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Ziad Swaidan & Mine Oyman (2005). Consumer Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Study of the Ethical Beliefs of Turkish and American Consumers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 57 (2):183 - 195.
    The ethical climate in Turkey is beset by ethical problems. Bribery, environmental pollution, tax frauds, deceptive advertising, production of unsafe products, and the ethical violations that involved politicians and business professionals are just a few examples. The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the ethical beliefs of American and Turkish consumers using the Ethical Position Questionnaire (EPQ) of Forsyth (1980), the Machiavellianism scale, and the Consumer Ethical Practices of Muncy and Vitell questionnaire (MVQ). A sample of 376 (...)
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  43.  8
    Wolfgang G. Stock (1988). Semantische Vagheiten im Lichte der dreiwertigen Logik, der Superbewertung und der unscharfen Logik. Grazer Philosophische Studien 31:123-146.
    Die Reihe formaler Sprachen, die im Verständnis von M.J. Cresswell "sinnvoll" als Modelle für natüriiche Sprachen anzusehen sind und die dabei auch semantische Vagheiten zu erfassen gestatten, nämlich die dreiwertige Logik (U. Blau), die Superbewertung (B.C. van Fraassen, K. Fine, M. Pinkal, J. Ballweg) und die unscharfe Logik (L.A. Zadeh), legt nahe, daß bei der Sprachanalyse Zadehs "Prinzip der Inkompatibilität" gilt: Hohe Präzision ist inkompatibel mit hoher Komplexität. Je komplexer man das Vagheitsproblem angeht, desto verschwommener wird der benutzbare Geltungswert. (...)
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  44. Paul A. Boghossian (1997). What the Externalist Can Know A Priori. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (2):161-75.
    Controversy continues to attach to the question whether an externalism about mental content is compatible with a traditional doctrine of privileged self-knowledge. By an externalism about mental content, I mean the view that what concepts our thoughts involve may depend not only on facts that are internal to us, but on facts about our environment. It is worth emphasizing, if only because it is still occasionally misperceived, that this thesis is supposed to apply at the level of sense and not (...)
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  45. Nicholas Maxwell (2011). A Priori Conjectural Knowledge in Physics: The Comprehensibility of the Universe. In Mkichael Shaffer & Michael Veber (eds.), What Place for the A Priori? Open Court
    In this paper I argue for a priori conjectural scientific knowledge about the world. Physics persistently only accepts unified theories, even though endlessly many empirically more successful disunified rivals are always available. This persistent preference for unified theories, against empirical considerations, means that physics makes a substantial, persistent metaphysical assumption, to the effect that the universe has a (more or less) unified dynamic structure. In order to clarify what this assumption amounts to, I solve the problem of what it means (...)
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  46.  20
    Steffen Ducheyne (2011). Newton on Action at a Distance and the Cause of Gravity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):154-159.
    In this discussion paper, I seek to challenge Hylarie Kochiras’ recent claims on Newton’s attitude towards action at a distance, which will be presented in Section 1. In doing so, I shall include the positions of Andrew Janiak and John Henry in my discussion and present my own tackle on the matter . Additionally, I seek to strengthen Kochiras’ argument that Newton sought to explain the cause of gravity in terms of secondary causation . I also provide some specification on (...)
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  47.  38
    Alexander A. Guerrero (forthcoming). Appropriately Using People Merely as a Means. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-18.
    There has been a great deal of philosophical discussion about using people, using people intentionally, using people as a means to some end, and using people merely as a means to some end. In this paper, I defend the following claim about using people: NOT ALWAYS WRONG: using people—even merely as a means—is not always morally objectionable. Having defended that claim, I suggest that the following claim is also correct: NO ONE FEATURE: when it is morally objectionable to use people (...)
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  48.  19
    L. Star, E. D. Ellen, K. Uitdehaag & F. W. A. Brom (2008). A Plea to Implement Robustness Into a Breeding Goal: Poultry as an Example. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (2):109-125.
    The combination of breeding for increased production and the intensification of housing conditions have resulted in increased occurrence of behavioral, physiological, and immunological disorders. These disorders affect health and welfare of production animals negatively. For future livestock systems, it is important to consider how to manage and breed production animals. In this paper, we will focus on selective breeding of laying hens. Selective breeding should not only be defined in terms of production, but should also include traits related to animal (...)
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  49.  32
    Gary Hatfield (2008). Descartes: A Biography; Cogito, Ergo Sum: The Life of René Descartes. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 99:177-178.
    Review of Desmond M. Clarke. Descartes: A Biography. xi + 507 pp., apps., figs., bibl., index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. $40 (cloth).; Richard Watson, Cogito, Ergo Sum: The Life of René Descartes. viii + 375 pp., figs., bibl., index. Boston: David R. Godine, 2002. $35 (cloth).
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  50.  16
    A. Phillips Griffiths (ed.) (1992). A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays. Cambridge University Press.
    A memorial collection of essays by leading Western philosophers, with a postumous essay by Ayer himself.
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