Search results for 'Logical positivism Sources' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Michael Friedman (1999). Reconsidering Logical Positivism. Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing today offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and '30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism (as is often thought to be the case) but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in (...)
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  2.  67
    Moritz Schlick, Rudolf Carnap, Otto Neurath & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.) (1996). Logical Empiricism at its Peak: Schlick, Carnap, and Neurath. Garland Pub..
    A new direction in philosophy Between 1920 and 1940 logical empiricism reset the direction of philosophy of science and much of the rest of Anglo-American philosophy. It began as a relatively organized movement centered on the Vienna Circle, and like-minded philosophers elsewhere, especially in Berlin. As Europe drifted into the Nazi era, several important figures, especially Carnap and Neurath, also found common ground in their liberal politics and radical social agenda. Together, the logical empiricists set out to reform (...)
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  3.  35
    A. J. Ayer (ed.) (1978). Logical Positivism. Greenwood Press.
    Edited by a leading exponent of the school, this book offers--in the words of the movement's founders--logical positivism's revolutionary theories on meaning and metaphysics, the nature of logic and mathematics, the foundations of knowledge ...
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  4.  34
    Yoshihiro Maruyama (forthcoming). Prior’s Tonk, Notions of Logic, and Levels of Inconsistency: Vindicating the Pluralistic Unity of Science in the Light of Categorical Logical Positivism. Synthese:1-13.
    There are still on-going debates on what exactly is wrong with Prior’s pathological “tonk.” In this article I argue, on the basis of categorical inferentialism, that two notions of inconsistency ought to be distinguished in an appropriate account of tonk; logic with tonk is inconsistent as the theory of propositions, and it is due to the fallacy of equivocation; in contrast to this diagnosis of the Prior’s tonk problem, nothing is actually wrong with tonk if logic is viewed as the (...)
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  5.  56
    Stephen K. McLeod (2008). Knowledge of Necessity: Logical Positivism and Kripkean Essentialism. Philosophy 83 (324):179-191.
    By the lights of a central logical positivist thesis in modal epistemology, for every necessary truth that we know, we know it a priori and for every contingent truth that we know, we know it a posteriori. Kripke attacks on both flanks, arguing that we know necessary a posteriori truths and that we probably know contingent a priori truths. In a reflection of Kripke's confidence in his own arguments, the first of these Kripkean claims is far more widely accepted (...)
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  6. Jaegwon Kim (2003). Logical Positivism and the Mind-Body Problem. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical & Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press
     
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  7.  30
    Thomas E. Uebel (ed.) (1992). Overcoming Logical Positivism From Within: The Emergence of Neurath's Naturalism in the Vienna Circle's Protocol Sentence Debate. Rodopi.
    Chapter INTRODUCTION: OTTO NEURATH, THE VIENNA CIRCLE AND THE PROTOCOL SENTENCE DEBATE Everybody familiar with contemporary analytical philosophy is likely ...
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  8.  63
    Laurence D. Smith (1986). Behaviorism And Logical Positivism: A Reassessment Of The Alliance. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    ONE Introduction The history of psychology in the twentieth century is a story of the divorce and remarriage of psychology and philosophy. ...
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  9.  8
    Julius Rudolph Weinberg (2001). An Examination of Logical Positivism. Routledge.
    First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  10.  45
    Gustav Bergmann (1978). The Metaphysics of Logical Positivism. Greenwood Press.
  11. Wolfhard F. Boeselager (1975). The Soviet Critique of Neopositivism: The History and Structure of the Critique of Logical Positivism and Related Doctrines by Soviet Philosophers in the Years 1947-1967. Reidel Pub. Co..
  12.  22
    James Connelly (2009). R.G. Collingwood, Analytical Philosophy And Logical Positivism. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1):2.
    R.G. Collingwood is not normally associated with analytic philosophy, neither negatively nor positively. He neither regarded himself, nor was regarded by his contemporaries and their successors, as an analytical philosopher. However, the story is more interestingly complex than this, both because Collingwood is one of the few pre-analytics in the UK who continues to be of interest to current analytical philosophers, especially in relation to the philosophy of art and history and his conception of metaphysics, and because he mounted a (...)
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  13.  22
    Peter Achinstein & Stephen Francis Barker (eds.) (1969). The Legacy of Logical Positivism. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press.
  14. Oswald Hanfling (ed.) (1981). Essential Readings in Logical Positivism. Blackwell.
  15.  11
    Polycarp Ikuenobe (2004). Logical Positivism, Analytic Method, and Criticisms of Ethnophilosophy. Metaphilosophy 35 (4):479-503.
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  16.  1
    T. Greenwood, Peter Achinstein & Stephen F. Barker (1971). The Legacy of Logical Positivism: Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Philosophical Quarterly 21 (82):85.
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  17. Stephen Francis Barker & Peter Achinstein (1969). The Legacy of Logical Positivism Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Edited by Peter Achinstein and Stephen F. Barker. --. [REVIEW] Johns Hopkins Press.
     
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  18.  47
    Frederick C. Copleston (2002). Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism. Continuum.
    Originally written in 1956 and revised in 1972, this book explores the work of many of the most important thinkers of the 20th century, including Ayer, ...
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  19.  8
    S. N. Ganguly (1967). Logical Positivism as a Theory of Meaning. New York, Allied Publishers.
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  20. Oswald Hanfling (1981). Logical Positivism. Columbia University Press.
     
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  21. R. T. Jangam (1970). Logical Positivism and Politics. Delhi,Sterling Publishers.
  22.  20
    C. E. M. Joad (1950). A Critique of Logical Positivism. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
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  23. Bryan Magee, A. J. Ayer & British Broadcasting Corporation (1976). Logical Positivism and its Legacy Bryan Magee Talked to A.J. Ayer. British Broadcasting Coproration.
     
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  24. Bryan Magee & A. J. Ayer (1982). Logical Positivism and its Legacy Dialogue with A. J. Ayer [Offprint].
     
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  25. C. A. Qadir (1965). Logical Positivism. Lahore, Pakistan Philosophical Congress.
     
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  26. Syed A. Rahim (1990). Logical Positivism and Metaphysics: A Defence of Metaphysics Against the Logical Positivists' Criticisms. Rahim Publishers.
     
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  27. K. Srinivas (2011). Logical Positivism Revisited. D.K. Printworld.
  28.  19
    Barry Smith (1988). Austrian Origins of Logical Positivism. In Barry Gower (ed.), Logical Positivism in Perspective. Croom Helm
    Recent work on Austrian philosophy has revealed, hitherto, unsuspected links between Vienna circle positivism on the one hand, and the thought of Franz Brentano and his circle on the other. the paper explores these links, casting light also on the Polish analytic movement, on the development of gestalt psychology, and on the work of Schlick and Neurath.
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  29.  5
    Herbert Hochberg (ed.) (2001). The Positivist and the Ontologist: Bergmann, Carnap and Logical Realism. Rodopi.
    The book contains the first systematic study of the ontology and metaphysics of Gustav Bergmann, tracing their development from early criticisms of Carnap’s semantical theories in Introduction to Semantics, to their culmination in his 1992 New Foundations of Ontology. This involves a detailed study of the implicit metaphysical doctrines in Carnap’s important, but long neglected, 1942 book and their connection to his influential views on reference, truth and modality, that culminated in Meaning and Necessity. In dealing with various fundamental issues (...)
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  30.  59
    Thomas Uebel (2013). Logical Positivism”—“Logical Empiricism”: What's in a Name? Perspectives on Science 21 (1):58-99.
    Do the terms “logical positivism” and “logical empiricism” mark a philosophically real and significant distinction? There is, of course, no doubt that the first term designates the group of philosophers known as the Vienna Circle, headed by Moritz Schlick and including Rudolf Carnap, Herbert Feigl, Philipp Frank, Hans Hahn, Otto Neurath, Friedrich Waismann and others. What is debatable, however, is whether the name “logical positivism” correctly distinguishes their doctrines from related ones called “logical empiricism” (...)
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  31. M. A. Notturno (1997). Thomas Kuhn and the Legacy of Logical Positivism. History of the Human Sciences 10 (1):131-134.
    Thomas Kuhn died last June, and with him the last of the great 20th-century\nphilosophers of science passed into history. In order to understand this\nhistory, it is necessary to understand Kuhn’s relationship to what came before\nhim. Logical positivism is what came before Kuhn. And many people misunderstand\nthe relationship between the two. Michael Friedman’s account is\nrepresentative. Friedman writes that the ’official demise of’ logical positivism\n’took place sometime between the publication of W. V Quine’s ’Two Dogmas\nof Empiricism’ (1951), and (...)
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  32.  20
    Van Evra James (1994). Quine and Logical Positivism. Journal of Philosophical Research 19:263-271.
    The work of W.V.O. Quine is often held to folIow the logical positivism of the Vienna Circle in broad outline, but to diverge from it in crucial particulars. On the basis of recent reevaluations of the latter, I argue that the philosophical distance between Quine and the Vienna Circle is less than ordinarily thought, or, most importantly, than Quine himself admits.
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  33.  50
    Richard F. Kitchener (2004). Logical Positivism, Naturalistic Epistemology, and the Foundations of Psychology. Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):37 - 54.
    According to the standard account, logical positivism was the philosophical foundation of psychological neo-behaviorism. Smith (1986) has questioned this interpretation, suggesting that neo-behaviorism drew its philosophical inspiration from a different tradition, one more in keeping with naturalistic epistemology. Smith does not deny, however, the traditional interpretation of the philosophy of logical positivism, which sets it apart from naturalistic epistemology. In this article I suggest (following recent historical scholarship) that a more careful reading of the leading figure (...)
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  34. Nicholas Rescher (1985). The Heritage of Logical Positivism. Upa.
    These essays originated from an international conference of the same name. The collection brings together philosophers and historians of philosophy for fruitful interchange to foster the current revival of interest in this important sector of 20th century philosophy. Contents: Empiricism: The Key Question, Wesley C. Salmon; Pragmatics and the Principle of Empiricism, Brian Skyrms; The Logic of 20th Century Empiricism, Joseph Hanna; Reduction Sentence "Meaning Postulates", James H. Fetzer; The Context of Justification, John Kekes; Logical Positivism and the (...)
     
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  35.  6
    Carl-göran Heidegren (2010). Positivism Before Logical Positivism in Nordic Philosophy. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 14:91-103.
    The concept of “style of thought” or Denkstil is today probably primarily associated with the Polish microbiologist and philosopher of science Ludwik Fleck and his writings from the 1930s. It was however used quite extensively already by Karl Mannheim in his writings on the sociology of knowledge from the 1920s. Quite interestingly, the concept of style of thought was also used twice by Rudolf Carnap in the preface to Der logische Aufbau der Welt from 1928. No doubt, the concept must (...)
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  36.  12
    Robert Elias Abu Shanab (forthcoming). Tolman: Operationalism and Logical Positivism. Pakistan Philosophical Journal.
    The aim of this paper is to exhibit the influence of both logical positivism and operationalism on neo-behaviorism. specifically, i shall attempt to show how logical positivists and p w bridgman influenced the neo-behaviorist, e c tolman. it is my contention that the methodological views championed by logical positivism and by bridgman deeply influenced tolman who was genuinely concerned with (a) finding an adequate base to anchor securely his purposive behaviorism, and (b) finding sound ways (...)
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  37. Norwood Russell Hanson (1969). Logical Positivism and the Interpretation of Scientific Theories. In Peter Achinstein & Stephen Francis Barker (eds.), The Legacy of Logical Positivism. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press
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  38.  18
    Alan W. Richardson & Thomas E. Uebel (2005). The Epistemic Agent in Logical Positivism. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79:73-105.
    [ Alan W. Richardson] This essay explores the uses that Michael Friedman and Bas van Fraassen have recently made of the work of Hans Reichenbach. It uses Friedman's work to complicate van Fraassen's invocation of Reichenbach's voluntarism in support of empiricism. It uses van Fraassen's work to motivate a concern with Friedman's neo-Kantian reading of Reichenbach. We are, finally, left with questions about the status and content of the account of the epistemic subject available to an epistemological voluntarist. /// [Thomas (...)
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  39.  7
    John Skorupski (2005). Later Empiricism and Logical Positivism. In Stewart Shapiro (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. Oxford University Press 29--4.
    This chapter provides a broadly sympathetic historical account of post-Kantian empiricist approaches to mathematics and logic. It focuses primarily but on John Stuart Mill’s radical empiricism and logical positivism, but also on Rudolf Carnap and Moritz Schlick. The later work of W. V. O. Quine is also treated.
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  40.  2
    David Ingram, Late Pragmatism, Logical Positivism, and Their Aftermath.
    Developments in Anglo-American philosophy during the first half of the 20th Century closely tracked developments that were occurring in continental philosophy during this period. This should not surprise us. Aside from the fertile communication between these ostensibly separate traditions, both were responding to problems associated with the rise of mass society. Rabid nationalism, corporate statism, and totalitarianism posed a profound challenge to the idealistic rationalism of neo-Kantian and neo-Hegelian philosophies. The decline of the individual – classically conceived by the 18th-century (...)
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  41. Carl Gustav Hempel (1969). Logical Positivism and the Social Sciences. In Peter Achinstein & Stephen Francis Barker (eds.), The Legacy of Logical Positivism. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press
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  42. Michael Scriven (1969). Logical Positivism and the Behavioral Sciences. In Peter Achinstein & Stephen Francis Barker (eds.), The Legacy of Logical Positivism. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press 195--209.
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  43.  8
    H. H. Price (1935). Logical Positivism and Theology. Philosophy 10 (39):313 - 331.
    The subject of this paper is the relation of Logical Positivism to Theology. By “Logical Positivism” I mean the doctrine originated by Dr. Wittgenstein and expounded more at length by Professors Carnap, Schlick, and other members of the Viennese Circle in the periodical called Erkenntnis . The clearest account of it in English is that given by Mr. R. B. Braithwaite in the volume called Cambridge University Studies.
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  44.  4
    Guido Vanheeswijck (2007). The Debilitating Effect of Logical Positivism On the Difference Between RG Collingwoods An Essay on Philosophical Method and An Essay on Metaphysics. Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 13 (2):53-70.
    It is generally agreed that R.G.Collingwood's An Essay on Philosophical Method and An Essay on Metaphysics are closely related but are also significantly different. If they do in fact differ in any significant way, one wonders whether there are good reasons to prefer one account over the other at the points where they differ. In this article, I would like to try to answer this query by referring to two passages, where the text in both essays is nearly identical but (...)
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  45. Stephen F. Barker (1969). Logical Positivism and the Philosophy of Mathematics. In Peter Achinstein & Stephen Francis Barker (eds.), The Legacy of Logical Positivism. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press 229--257.
     
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  46. Michael Friedman (1999). Reconsidering Logical Positivism. Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and 30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical knowledge. This collection will be mandatory reading for (...)
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  47.  3
    Michael LeMahieu (2013). Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975. OUP Usa.
    Fictions of Fact and Value looks at logical positivism's major influence on the development of postwar American fiction, charting a literary and philosophical genealogy that has been absent from criticism on the American novel since 1945.
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  48.  19
    Charles W. Morris (1937). Logical Positivism, Pragmatism, and Scientific Empiricism. Ams Press.
  49. Cornelius L. Maloney (1951). Logical Positivism and American Education. Washington, Catholic University of America Press.
     
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  50. Julius R. Weinberg (1935). Logical Positivism of the Viennese Circle. [Ithaca? N.Y.].
     
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