Search results for 'Lon Becker' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Lon Becker (2010). The Missing Shade of Blue as a Proof Against Proof. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (1):35-44.score: 240.0
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  2. Lon Becker (2004). That Von Neumann Did Not Believe in a Physical Collapse. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (1):121-135.score: 240.0
    Many works intended to introduce interpretive issues in quantum mechanics present John von Neumann as having a view in which measurement produces a physical collapse in the system being measured. In this paper I argue that such a reading of von Neumann is inconsistent with what von Neumann actually says. I show that much of what he says makes no sense on the physical collapse reading, but falls into place if we assume he does not have such a view. I (...)
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  3. Peter Becker & William Clark (eds.) (2001). Little Tools of Knowledge: Historical Essays on Academic and Bureaucratic Practices. University of Michigan Press.score: 60.0
    This volume brings historians of science and social historians together to consider the role of "little tools"--such as tables, reports, questionnaires, dossiers, index cards--in establishing academic and bureaucratic claims to authority and objectivity. From at least the eighteenth century onward, our science and society have been planned, surveyed, examined, and judged according to particular techniques of collecting and storing knowledge. Recently, the seemingly self-evident nature of these mundane epistemic and administrative tools, as well as the prose in which they are (...)
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  4. Gary Becker, Nber Working Paper Series.score: 60.0
    © 2004 by Gary S. Becker, Kevin M. Murphy, and Michael Grossman. All rights reserved. Short sections of text, not to exceed two paragraphs, may be quoted without explicit permission provided that full credit, including © notice, is given to the source.
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  5. Lawrence C. Becker (1973). On Justifying Moral Judgments. New York,Humanities Press.score: 60.0
    Much discussion of morality presupposes that moral judgments are always, at bottom, arbitrary. Moral scepticism, or at least moral relativism, has become common currency among the liberally educated. This remains the case even while political crises become intractable, and it is increasingly apparent that the scope of public policy formulated with no reference to moral justification is extremely limited. The thesis of On Justifying Moral Judgments insists, on the contrary, that rigorous justifications are possible for moral judgments. Crucially, Becker (...)
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  6. Carl B. Becker (1990). Buddhist Views of Suicide and Euthanasia. Philosophy East and West 40 (4):543-556.score: 30.0
  7. Kelly Becker (2008). Epistemic Luck and the Generality Problem. Philosophical Studies 139 (3):353 - 366.score: 30.0
    Epistemic luck has been the focus of much discussion recently. Perhaps the most general knowledge-precluding type is veritic luck, where a belief is true but might easily have been false. Veritic luck has two sources, and so eliminating it requires two distinct conditions for a theory of knowledge. I argue that, when one sets out those conditions properly, a solution to the generality problem for reliabilism emerges.
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  8. Kelly Becker (2009). Margins for Error and Sensitivity: What Nozick Might Have Said. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 24 (1):17-31.score: 30.0
    Timothy Williamson has provided damaging counterexamples to Robert Nozick’s sensitivity principle. The examples are based on Williamson’s anti-luminosity arguments, and they show how knowledge requires a margin for error that appears to be incompatible with sensitivity. I explain how Nozick can rescue sensitivity from Williamson’s counterexamples by appeal to a specific conception of the methods by which an agent forms a belief. I also defend the proposed conception of methods against Williamson’s criticisms.
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  9. Lawrence C. Becker (2005). Reciprocity, Justice, and Disability. Ethics 116 (1):9-39.score: 30.0
  10. Kelly Becker (2009). Contrastivism and Lucky Questions. Philosophia 37 (2):245-260.score: 30.0
    There’s something deeply right in the idea that knowledge requires an ability to discriminate truth from falsity. Failing to incorporate some version of the discrimination requirement into one’s epistemology generates cases of putative knowledge that are at best problematic. On the other hand, many theories that include a discrimination requirement thereby appear to entail violations of closure. This prima facie tension is resolved nicely in Jonathan Schaffer’s contrastivism, which I describe herein. The contrastivist take on relevant alternatives is implausible, however, (...)
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  11. K. Becker (2001). Understanding Quine's Famous `Statement'. Erkenntnis 55 (1):73-84.score: 30.0
    I argue that Quine''s famous claim, any statement can be held true come what may, demands an interpretation that implies that the meanings of the expressions in the held-true statement change. The intended interpretation of this claim is not clear from its context, and so it is often misunderstood by philosophers (and is misleadingly taught to their students). I explain Fodor and Lepore''s (1992) view that the above interpretation would render Quine''s assertion entirely trivial and reply, on both textual and (...)
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  12. Lawrence C. Becker (1996). Trust as Noncognitive Security About Motives. Ethics 107 (1):43-61.score: 30.0
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  13. K. Becker (1998). On the Perfectly General Nature of Instability in Meaning Holism. Journal of Philosophy 95 (12):635-640.score: 30.0
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  14. Ernest Becker (1973). The Denial of Death. New York,Free Press.score: 30.0
    Drawing from religion and the human sciences, particularly psychology after Freud, the author attempts to demonstrate that the fear of death is man's central ...
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  15. Lawrence C. Becker, Virtue, Health, and Eudaimonistic Psychology.score: 30.0
    This unpublished paper from 2004 argues that the agenda for positive psychology laid out by Christopher Peterson and Martin Seligman in their massive work Character Strengths and Virtues: a Handbook and Classification (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004) might be improved by making several conceptual changes: 1) by developing general concepts of virtue (singular), and of positive health to clarify the relationships between specific virtues and competing conceptions of positive health; 2) by aligning the project more firmly with eudaimonistic accounts (...)
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  16. Joseph Becker (1993). The Essential Nature of the Method of the Natural Sciences: Response to A. T. Nuyen's "Truth, Method, and Objectivity: Husserl and Gadamer on Scientific Method&Quot;. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (1):73-76.score: 30.0
  17. Carol S. Becker (1987). Friendship Between Women: A Phenomenological Study of Best Friends. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 18 (1):59-72.score: 30.0
  18. Lawrence C. Becker (1972). Foreknowledge and Predestination. Mind 81 (321):138-141.score: 30.0
  19. Lawrence C. Becker (1973). Analogy in Legal Reasoning. Ethics 83 (3):248-255.score: 30.0
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  20. Gary Becker, Evolutionary Efficiency and Happiness.score: 30.0
    We model happiness as a measurement tool used to rank alternative actions. Evolution favors a happiness function that measures the individual’s success in relative terms. The optimal function, in particular, is based on a time-varying reference point –or performance benchmark –that is updated over time in a statistically optimal way in order to match the individual’s potential. Habits and peer comparisons arise as special cases of such updating process. This updating also results in a volatile level of happiness that continuously (...)
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  21. Kelly Becker (2014). Scepticism and Reliable Belief. Philosophical Review 123 (2):241-244.score: 30.0
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  22. Kelly Becker (2013). Why Reliabilism Does Not Permit Easy Knowledge. Synthese 190 (17):3751-3775.score: 30.0
    Reliabilism furnishes an account of basic knowledge that circumvents the problem of the given. However, reliabilism and other epistemological theories that countenance basic knowledge have been criticized for permitting all-too-easy higher-level knowledge. In this paper, I describe the problem of easy knowledge, look briefly at proposed solutions, and then develop my own. I argue that the easy knowledge problem, as it applies to reliabilism, hinges on a false and too crude understanding of ‘reliable’. With a more plausible conception of ‘reliable’, (...)
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  23. Joe Becker (2008). Conceptualizing Mind and Consciousness: Using Constructivist Ideas to Transcend the Physical Bind. Human Development 51 (3):165-189.score: 30.0
    Philosophers and scientists seeking to conceptualize consciousness, and subjective experience in particular, have focused on sensation and perception, and have emphasized binding – how a percept holds together. Building on a constructivist approach to conception centered on separistic-holistic complexes incorporating multiple levels of abstraction, the present approach reconceptualizes binding and opens a new path to theorizing the emergence of consciousness. It is proposed that all subjective experience involves multiple levels of abstraction, a central feature of conception. This modifies the prevalent (...)
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  24. Lawrence C. Becker (1972). Axiology, Deontology, and Agent Morality: The Need for Coordination. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 6 (3):213-220.score: 30.0
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  25. Kelly Becker (2012). Basic Knowledge and Easy Understanding. Acta Analytica 27 (2):145-161.score: 30.0
    Reliabilism is a theory that countenances basic knowledge, that is, knowledge from a reliable source, without requiring that the agent knows the source is reliable. Critics (especially Cohen 2002 ) have argued that such theories generate all-too-easy, intuitively implausible cases of higher-order knowledge based on inference from basic knowledge. For present purposes, the criticism might be recast as claiming that reliabilism implausibly generates cases of understanding from brute, basic knowledge. I argue that the easy knowledge (or easy understanding) criticism rests (...)
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  26. Lawrence C. Becker (1974). Criminal Attempt and the Theory of the Law of Crimes. Philosophy and Public Affairs 3 (3):262-294.score: 30.0
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  27. David J. Fritzsche & Helmut Becker (1983). Ethical Behavior of Marketing Managers. Journal of Business Ethics 2 (4):291 - 299.score: 30.0
    The ethical behavior of marketing managers was examined by analyzing their responses to a series of different types of ethical dilemmas presented in vignette form. The ethical dilemmas addressed dealt with the issues of (1) coercion and control, (2) conflict of interest, (3) the physical environment, (4) paternalism, and (5) personal integrity. Responses were analyzed to discover whether managers' behavior varied by type of issue faced or whether there is some continuity to ethical behavior which transcends the type of ethical (...)
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  28. Lawrence C. Becker (1976). The Labor Theory of Property Acquisition. Journal of Philosophy 73 (18):653-664.score: 30.0
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  29. Lawrence C. Becker (1987). Book Review:Causation in the Law. H. L. A. Hart, Tony Honore. [REVIEW] Ethics 97 (3):664-.score: 30.0
  30. L. Becker (2001). The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds. Philosophical Review 110 (3):482-484.score: 30.0
  31. Lawrence C. Becker (2003). Human Health and Stoic Moral Norms. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (2):221 – 238.score: 30.0
    For the philosophy of medicine, there are two things of interest about the stoic account of moral norms, quite apart from whether the rest of stoic ethical theory is compelling. One is the stoic version of naturalism: its account of practical reasoning, its solution to the is/ought problem, and its contention that norms for creating, sustaining, or restoring human health are tantamount to moral norms. The other is the stoic account of human agency: its description of the intimate connections between (...)
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  32. Gary Becker, Status, Lotteries and Inequality¤.score: 30.0
    For several centuries, economists, sociologists, and philosophers have been concerned with the magnitude and e¤ects of inequality. Economists have concentrated on inequality in income and wealth, and have linked this inequality to social welfare, aggregate savings and investment, economic development, and other issues. They have explained the observed degree of inequality by the e¤ect of random shocks, inherited position, and inequality..
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  33. Kelly Becker (2006). Is Counterfactual Reliabilism Compatible with Higher-Level Knowledge? Dialectica 60 (1):79–84.score: 30.0
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  34. Lawrence C. Becker (1975). Human Being: The Boundaries of the Concept. Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (4):334-359.score: 30.0
  35. Lawrence C. Becker (1980). The Obligation to Work. Ethics 91 (1):35-49.score: 30.0
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  36. Lawrence C. Becker (1992). Good Lives: Prolegomena. Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (02):15-.score: 30.0
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  37. Ernest Becker (1974). Review Symposium : Toward the Merger of Animal and Human Studies. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 4 (2):235-254.score: 30.0
  38. R. Fornet-Betancourt, H. Becker, A. Gomez-Muller & J. D. Gauthier (1987). The Ethic of Care for the Self as a Practice of Freedom: An Interview with Michel Foucault on January 20, 1984. Philosophy and Social Criticism 12 (2-3):112-131.score: 30.0
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  39. Kelly Becker (2006). Reliabilism and Safety. Metaphilosophy 37 (5):691-704.score: 30.0
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  40. Lawrence C. Becker (1992). Places for Pluralism: Introduction to a Symposium on Pluralism. Ethics 102 (4):707-719.score: 30.0
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  41. Joe Becker (2004). Reconsidering the Role of Overcoming Perturbations in Cognitive Development: Constructivism and Consicousness. Human Development 47 (2):77-93.score: 30.0
    Constructivist theory must choose between the hypothesis that felt perturbation drives cognitive development (the priority of felt perturbation) and the hypothesis that the particular process that eventually produces new cognitive structures first produces felt perturbation (the continuity of process). There is ambivalence in Piagetian theory regarding this choice. The prevalent account of constructivist theory adopts the priority of felt perturbation. However, on occasion Piaget has explicitly rejected it, simultaneously endorsing the continuity of process. First, I explicate and support this latter (...)
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  42. Kelly Becker (2002). Kuhn's Vindication of Quine and Carnap. History of Philosophy Quarterly 19 (2):217 - 235.score: 30.0
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  43. Lawrence C. Becker (1986). Reciprocity. Routledge & Kegan Paul.score: 30.0
    In one form or another, social norms governing reciprocal behavior between individuals exist in all human societies of record. Such norms are institutionalized in social, political, and legal practices; they are internalized as expectations and behavioral dispositions in individuals. But the content of those norms differs widely from society to society, individual to individual. This book gives a normative argument for a particular content for the norms of reciprocity – a particular account of the meaning of making a fitting and (...)
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  44. Helmut Becker & David J. Fritzsche (1987). Business Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Managers' Attitudes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 6 (4):289 - 295.score: 30.0
    A comparison of attitudes among managers from France, Germany and the United States is made with respect to codes of ethics and ethical business philosophy. Findings are also compared with past studies by Baumhart and by Brenner and Molander where data are available. While the current data appear to be consistent with the past studies, there appear to be differences in attitudes among the managers from the three countries.
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  45. Lawrence C. Becker (1979). Economic Justice: Three Problems. Ethics 89 (4):385-393.score: 30.0
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  46. Lawrence C. Becker (1991). Introduction to a Symposium on Impartiality and Ethical Theory. Ethics 101 (4):698-700.score: 30.0
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  47. Lawrence C. Becker (1973). The Finality of Moral Judgments: A Reply to Mrs. Foot. Philosophical Review 82 (3):364-370.score: 30.0
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  48. Lawrence C. Becker (1982). Against the Supposed Difference Between Historical and End-State Theories. Philosophical Studies 41 (2):267 - 272.score: 30.0
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  49. Howard S. Becker (1992). Social Theory in Brazil. Sociological Theory 10 (1):1-5.score: 30.0
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  50. Lawrence C. Becker (1975). The Neglect of Virtue. Ethics 85 (2):110-122.score: 30.0
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