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  1. Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani (2014). An Epistemological Analysis of Gossip and Gossip-Based Knowledge. Synthese 191 (17):4037-4067.
    Gossip has been the object of a number of different studies in the past 50 years, rehabilitating it not only as something worth being studied, but also as a pivotal informational and social structure of human cognition: Dunbar (Rev Gen Psychol 8(2):100–110, 2004) interestingly linked the emergence of language to nothing less than its ability to afford gossip. Different facets of gossip were analyzed by anthropologists, linguists, psychologists and philosophers, but few attempts were made to frame gossip within an epistemological (...)
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  2. Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani (2013). A Philosophical and Evolutionary Approach to Cyber-Bullying: Social Networks and the Disruption of Sub-Moralities. Ethics and Information Technology 15 (4):285-299.
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  3. Lorenzo Magnani (2013). Abducing Personal Data, Destroying Privacy. In Mireille Hildebrandt & Katja De Vries (eds.), Privacy, Due Process and the Computational Turn. Routledge. 67.
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  4. Lorenzo Magnani (2013). Scientific Innovation as Eco-Epistemic Warfare: The Creative Role of on-Line Manipulative Abduction. Mind and Society 12 (1):49-59.
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  5. Lorenzo Magnani (2012). L. Albertazzi, G. J. Van Tonder, and D. Vishwanath (Eds): Perception Beyond Inference: The Information Content of Visual Processes. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 22 (1):53-55.
    L. Albertazzi, G. J. van Tonder, and D. Vishwanath (eds): Perception Beyond Inference: The Information Content of Visual Processes Content Type Journal Article Pages 53-55 DOI 10.1007/s11023-011-9253-z Authors Lorenzo Magnani, Department of Philosophy and Computational Philosophy Laboratory, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 22 Journal Issue Volume 22, Number 1.
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  6. Lorenzo Magnani (2011). External Diagrammatization and Iconic Brain Co-Evolution. Semiotica 2011 (186):213-238.
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  7. Lorenzo Magnani (2011). Understanding Violence: The Intertwining of Morality, Religion and Violence: A Philosophical Stance. Springer-Verlag.
    This volume sets out to give a philosophical "applied" account of violence, engaged with both empirical and theoretical debates in other disciplines such as cognitive science, sociology, psychiatry, anthropology, political theory, ...
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  8. Emanuele Bardone & Lorenzo Magnani (2010). The Appeal of Gossiping Fallacies and its Eco-Logial Roots. Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):365-396.
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  9. Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani (2010). The Role of Agency Detection in the Invention of Supernatural Beings. In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. 239--262.
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  10. Lorenzo Magnani (2010). Is Knowledge a Duty? Yes, It is, and We Also Have to “Respect People as Things”, at Least in Our Technological World: Response to Bernd Carsten Stahl's Review of Morality in a Technological World: Knowledge as Duty. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (1):161-164.
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  11. Lorenzo Magnani (2010). Smart Abducers as Violent Abducers. In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. 51--82.
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  12. Lorenzo Magnani, Walter Carnielli & Claudio Pizzi (eds.) (2010). MODEL-BASED REASONING IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Springer.
    This volume is based on the papers presented at the international conference Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology (MBR09_BRAZIL), held at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil, December 2009. The presentations given at the conference explored how scientific cognition, but several other kinds as well, use models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some speakers addressed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology, and stressed the issue of science and technological innovation. (...)
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  13. Lorenzo Magnani (2009). Abductive Cognition: The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning. Springer Verlag.
    Theoretical and manipulative abduction conjectures and manipulations : the extra-theoretical dimension of scientific discovery. -- Non-explanatory and instrumental abduction : plausibility, implausibility, ignorance preservation. -- Semiotic brains and artificial minds : how brains make up material cognitive systems. -- Neuromultimodal abduction : pre-wired brains, embidiment, neurospaces. -- Animal abduction : from mindless organisms to srtifactual mediators. -- Abduction, affordances, and cognitive niches : sharing representations and creating chances through cognitive niche construction. -- Abduction in human and logical agents : hasty (...)
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  14. Lorenzo Magnani (2009). Beyond Mind: How Brains Make Up Artificial Cognitive Systems. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 19 (4):477-493.
    What I call semiotic brains are brains that make up a series of signs and that are engaged in making or manifesting or reacting to a series of signs: through this semiotic activity they are at the same time engaged in “being minds” and so in thinking intelligently. An important effect of this semiotic activity of brains is a continuous process of disembodiment of mind that exhibits a new cognitive perspective on the mechanisms underling the semiotic emergence of meaning processes. (...)
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  15. Lorenzo Magnani (2008). Discovering and Communicating Through Multimodal Abduction. In S. Iwata, Y. Oshawa, S. Tsumoto, N. Zhong, Y. Shi & L. Magnani (eds.), Communications and Discoveries From Multidisciplinary Data. Springer. 41--62.
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  16. Lorenzo Magnani (2008). Knowledge as Duty. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:289-294.
    This paper aims at presenting a concise treatment of some key themes of my recent book Morality in a technological world. Knowledge as duty (Cambridge: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007). In recent times, non-human beings, objects, and structures – for example computational tools and devices - haveacquired new moral worth and intrinsic values. Kantian tradition in ethics teaches that human beings do not have to be treated solely as “means”, or as “things”, that is in a merely instrumental way, but (...)
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  17. Lorenzo Magnani (2008). Multimodal Abduction. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 34:21-24.
    In this paper I contend that abduction is essentially multimodal, in that both data and hypotheses can have a full range of verbal and sensory representations, involving words, sights, images, smells, etc. but also kinesthetic experiences and other feelings such as pain, and thus all sensory modalities. The kinesthetic aspects simply explain abductive reasoning is basically manipulative, both linguistic and non linguistic signs have an internal semiotic life, as particular configurations of neural networks and chemical distributions (and in terms of (...)
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  18. Lorenzo Magnani (2008). Preface. Foundations of Science 13 (1):1-4.
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  19. Lorenzo Magnani (2008). The Role of External Semiotic Anchors and Hybrid Representations. In S. Iwata, Y. Oshawa, S. Tsumoto, N. Zhong, Y. Shi & L. Magnani (eds.), Communications and Discoveries From Multidisciplinary Data. Springer. 123--41.
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  20. Lorenzo Magnani & Emanuele Bardone (2008). Distributed Morality: Externalizing Ethical Knowledge in Technological Artifacts. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 13 (1):99-108.
    Technology moves us to a better world. We contend that through technology people can simplify and solve moral tasks when they are in presence of incomplete information and possess a diminished capacity to act morally. Many external things, usually inert from the moral point of view, can be transformed into the so-called moral mediators. Hence, not all of the moral tools are inside the head, many of them are shared and distributed in “external” objects and structures which function as ethical (...)
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  21. Atocha Aliseda, Johan van Benthem, Lorenzo Magnani, Angel Nepomuceno-Fernandez, Fernando Soler Toscano, Joke Meheus, Dagmar Provijn, John Woods, Silvio Pinto & Ilkka Niiniluoto (2007). On Atocha Aliseda Abductive Reasoning. Theoria 22 (60).
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  22. Lorenzo Magnani (2007). Artificial Minds: How Brains Make Up. In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group Inc.. 1.
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  23. Lorenzo Magnani (2007). Chapter Seven Knowledge as a Duty: The Ethical Significance of the Interest in Information and Knowledge. In Soraj Hongladarom (ed.), Computing and Philosophy in Asia. Cambridge Scholars Pub.. 108.
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  24. Lorenzo Magnani (2007). Chapter Ten Computational Abduction: Epistemic Mediators and the Extra-Theoretical Dimension of Scientific Creativity Lorenzo Magnani. In Soraj Hongladarom (ed.), Computing and Philosophy in Asia. Cambridge Scholars Pub.. 143.
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  25. Lorenzo Magnani (2007). Logic and Abduction: Cognitive Externalizations in Demonstrative Environments. Theoria 22 (3):275-284.
    In her book Abductive Reasoning Atocha Aliseda (2006) stresses the attention to the logical models of abduction, centering on the semantic tableaux as a method for extending and improving both the whole cognitive/philosophical view on it and on other more restricted logical approaches. I will provide further insight on two aspects. The first is re-lated to the importance of increasing logical knowledge on abduction: Aliseda clearly shows how the logical study on abduction in turn helps us to extend and modernize (...)
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  26. Lorenzo Magnani (2007). Morality in a Technological World: Knowledge as Duty. Cambridge University Press.
    The technological advances of contemporary society have outpaced our moral understanding of the problems that they create. How will we deal with profound ecological changes, human cloning, hybrid people, and eroding cyberprivacy, just to name a few issues? In this book, Lorenzo Magnani argues that existing moral constructs often can not be applied to new technology. He proposes an entirely new ethical approach, one that blends epistemology with cognitive science.
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  27. Lorenzo Magnani (2006). Symposium on “Cognition and Rationality: Part I” The Rationality of Scientific Discovery: Abductive Reasoning and Epistemic Mediators. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 5 (2):213-228.
    Philosophers have usually offered a number of ways of describing hypotheses generation, but all aim at demonstrating that the activity of generating hypotheses is paradoxical, illusory or obscure, and then not analysable. Those descriptions are often so far from Peircian pragmatic prescription and so abstract to result completely unknowable and obscure. The “computational turn” gives us a new way to understand creative processes in a strictly pragmatic sense. In fact, by exploiting artificial intelligence and cognitive science tools, computational philosophy allows (...)
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  28. Lorenzo Magnani (2006). La moralidad distribuida y la tecnología. Cómo las cosas nos hacen morales. Isegoría 34:63-78.
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  29. Alberto Gatti & Lorenzo Magnani (2005). On the Representational Role of the Environment and on the Cognitive Nature of Manipulations. In L. Magnani & R. Dossena (eds.), Computing, Philosophy and Cognition. 227--242.
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  30. Christine Leproux, Olivier Bauer, J. Gregory Trafton, Susan B. Trickett, Lorenzo Magnani & Matteo Piazza (2005). Brigitte cambon de lavalette, Charles tijus. Foundations of Science 10:457-458.
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  31. Lorenzo Magnani (2005). An Abductive Theory of Scientific Reasoning. Semiotica 2005 (153 - 1/4):261-286.
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  32. Lorenzo Magnani & Riccardo Dossena (2005). Perceiving the Infinite and the Infinitesimal World: Unveiling and Optical Diagrams in Mathematics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 10 (1):7-23.
    Many important concepts of the calculus are difficult to grasp, and they may appear epistemologically unjustified. For example, how does a real function appear in “small” neighborhoods of its points? How does it appear at infinity? Diagrams allow us to overcome the difficulty in constructing representations of mathematical critical situations and objects. For example, they actually reveal the behavior of a real function not “close to” a point (as in the standard limit theory) but “in” the point. We are interested (...)
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  33. Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian (2005). Preface. Foundations of Science 10 (1):1-4.
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  34. Lorenzo Magnani & Matteo Piazza (2005). Morphodynamical Abduction. Causation by Attractors Dynamics of Explanatory Hypotheses in Science. Foundations of Science 10 (1):107-132.
    Philosophers of science today by and large reject the cataclysmic and irrational interpretation of the scientific enterprise claimed by Kuhn. Many computational models have been implemented to rationally study the conceptual change in science. In this recent tradition a key role is played by the concept of abduction as a mechanism by which new explanatory hypotheses are introduced. Nevertheless some problems in describing the most interesting abductive issues rise from the classical computational approach. It describes a cognitive process (and so (...)
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  35. Lorenzo Magnani (2004). A Response to Dr. Weinstein. Studies in Philosophy and Education 23 (4):293-298.
  36. Lorenzo Magnani (2004). Conjectures and Manipulations. Computational Modeling and the Extra- Theoretical Dimension of Scientific Discovery. Minds and Machines 14 (4):507-538.
    Computational philosophy (CP) aims at investigating many important concepts and problems of the philosophical and epistemological tradition in a new way by taking advantage of information-theoretic, cognitive, and artificial intelligence methodologies. I maintain that the results of computational philosophy meet the classical requirements of some Peircian pragmatic ambitions. Indeed, more than a 100 years ago, the American philosopher C.S. Peirce, when working on logical and philosophical problems, suggested the concept of pragmatism(pragmaticism, in his own words) as a logical criterion to (...)
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  37. Lorenzo Magnani (2004). Model-Based and Manipulative Abduction in Science. Foundations of Science 9 (3):219-247.
    What I call theoretical abduction (sentential and model-based)certainly illustrates much of what is important in abductive reasoning, especially the objective of selecting and creating a set of hypotheses that are able to dispense good (preferred) explanations of data, but fails to account for many cases of explanation occurring in science or in everyday reasoning when the exploitation of the environment is crucial. The concept of manipulative abduction is devoted to capture the role of action in many interesting situations: action provides (...)
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  38. Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian (2004). Preface. Foundations of Science 9 (3):213-218.
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  39. Lorenzo Magnani (2002). Conjectures and Manipulations: External Representations in Scientific Reasoning. Mind and Society 3 (1):9-31.
    What I call theoretical abduction (sentential and model-based) certainly illustrates much of what is important in abductive reasoning, especially the objective of selecting and creating a set of hypotheses that are able to dispense good (preferred) explanations of data, but fails to account for many cases of explanations occurring in science or in everyday reasoning when the exploitation of the environment is crucial. The concept of manipulative abduction is devoted to capture the role of action in many interesting situations: action (...)
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  40. Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian (2002). Preface. Mind and Society 3 (1):3-7.
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  41. Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian (2001). Preface. Mind and Society 2 (2):29-32.
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  42. Lorenzo Magnani, Nancy J. Nersessian & Paul Thagard (2000). Prefacr. Foundations of Science 5 (2):121-127.
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  43. Lorenzo Magnani (1999). Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert and Sonja Smets. Foundations of Science 4:507-509.
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  44. Lorenzo Magnani (1999). Withdrawing Unfalsifiable Hypotheses. Foundations of Science 4 (2):133-153.
    There has been little research into the weak kindsof negating hypotheses. Hypotheses may be unfalsifiable. In this case it is impossible tofind a contradiction in some area of the conceptualsystems in which they are incorporated.Notwithstanding this fact, it is sometimes necessaryto construct ways of rejecting the unfalsifiablehypothesis at hand by resorting to some external forms of negation, external because wewant to avoid any arbitrary and subjectiveelimination, which would be rationally orepistemologically unjustified. I will consider akind of ``weak'''' (unfalsifiable) hypotheses that (...)
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  45. Lorenzo Magnani, Nancy Nersessian & Paul Thagard (1998). Introduction. Philosophica 61.
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  46. Lorenzo Magnani, Nancy Nersessian & Paul Thagard (1998). Preface. Philosophica 62.
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  47. Lorenzo Magnani, Nancy Nersessian, Paul Thagard & An Offprint From Philosophies (1998). Abduction and Scientific Discovery. Philosophica 61 (1):51-76.
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  48. Giovanni Barosi, Lorenzo Magnani & Mario Stefanelli (1993). Medical Diagnostic Reasoning: Epistemological Modeling as a Strategy for Design of Computer-Based Consultation Programs. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).
    The complexity of cognitive emulation of human diagnostic reasoning is the major challenge in the implementation of computer-based programs for diagnostic advice in medicine. We here present an epistemological model of diagnosis with the ultimate goal of defining a high-level language for cognitive and computational primitives. The diagnostic task proceeds through three different phases: hypotheses generation, hypotheses testing and hypotheses closure. Hypotheses generation has the inferential form of abduction (from findings to hypotheses) constrained under the criterion of plausibility. Hypotheses testing (...)
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  49. Ken J. Gilhooly, Guy Groen, Alan Lesgold, Lorenzo Magnani, Gianpaolo Molino, Spyridan D. Moulopoulos, Vimla L. Patel, Henk G. Schmidt, Rijksuniversiteit Limburg & Edward H. Shortliffe (1992). Dm Mrcp. In D. A. Evans & V. L. Patel (eds.), Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice. Springer. 369.
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  50. Lorenzo Magnani (1988). Epistemologia dell'invenzione scientifica. Epistemologia 11:117-138.
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