Search results for 'Louis E. Newman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Louis E. Newman, Bonnie B. O'Connor, Jean-Pierre Poullier, Mark Risjord, Wendell Stephenson & Mark D. Sullivan (1993). A Qualified Bioethic: Particularity in James Gustafson and Stanley Hauer-Was, by Gerald P. McKenny 511 Advance Directives for Voluntary Euthanasia: A Volatile Combination? By Leslie Pickering Francis 297 After the Fall: Particularism in Bioethics, by Kevin Wm. Wildes, 5.7. 505. [REVIEW] Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18:599-602.
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  2.  16
    Louis E. Newman (2013). Balancing Justice and Mercy. Journal of Religious Ethics 41 (3):435-456.
    The concept of forgiveness is analyzed as a moral gesture toward the offender designed to help restore that individual's moral standing. Jewish sources on the conditions under which forgiveness is obligatory are explored and two contrasting positions are presented: one in which the obligation to forgive is conditional on the repentance of the offender and another in which people are required to forgive unconditionally. These two positions are shown to represent different ways of framing the offending behavior that rest, in (...)
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  3. Elliot N. Dorff & Louis E. Newman (eds.) (1995). Contemporary Jewish Ethics and Morality: A Reader. Oxford University Press.
    Over the past decade much significant new work has appeared in the field of Jewish ethics. While much of this work has been devoted to issues in applied ethics, a number of important essays have explored central themes within the tradition and clarified the theoretical foundations of Jewish ethics. This important text grew out of the need for a single work which accurately and conveniently reflects these developments within the field. The first text of its kind in almost two decades, (...)
     
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  4.  14
    Louis E. Newman (1993). Talking Ethics with Strangers: A View From Jewish Tradition. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (6):549-567.
    Tristram Engelhardt provides an important set of reflections for bioethics in a secular context. Taking Engelhardt's work as its point of departure this article explores the challenges that Jewish ethicists face in contributing to bioethics in a secular context. The article explores how the Jewish tradition can address issues in bioethics in ways that are true to its tradition and at the same time accessible and relevant to "moral strangers" in a secular society. Keywords: bioethics, Engelhardt, Jewish tradition, moral strangers, (...)
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  5.  4
    Sheldon T. Berkowitz, Louis E. Newman & Deborah R. Mathieu (forthcoming). Case Studies: C-Section for Organ Donation. Hastings Center Report.
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  6.  10
    Louis E. Newman (1992). Jewish Theology and Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (3):309-327.
    This article explores the theological foundations of both classical and contemporary Jewish ethics, with special reference to biomedical issues. Traditional views concerning God's revelation to Israel are shown to underlie the methodological orientation of classical Jewish ethics, which is both legalistic and particularistic. Contemporary Jewish ethicists, by contrast, have tended to embrace more liberal views of revelation which have mitigated both the legalism and the particularism of their approach. Apart from methodological considerations, much of the content of Jewish medical ethics (...)
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  7.  1
    Louis E. Newman (2014). The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality Edited by Elliot N. Dorff and Jonathan K. Crane. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 34 (1):219-221.
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  8.  2
    Louis E. Newman (2012). Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself_, And: _Maimonides and His Heritage. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 32 (1):196-199.
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  9.  5
    Louis E. Newman (1997). Review: Covenantal Responsibility in a Modern Context: Recent Work in Jewish Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (1):183-210.
    This essay presents and analyzes the recent work of four prominent contemporary Jewish ethicists: Eugene Borowitz, David Novak, Byron Sherwin, and Walter Wurzburger. These authors are united in their affirmation of covenant as the central category of Jewish moral obligation and their concern to construct a Jewish ethic out of the classical sources of Judaism. Yet, as an individual analysis of their books will show, they adopt markedly different views of the authority of traditional Jewish law, the respective roles of (...)
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  10. Geoffrey Claussen (2013). Jewish Choices, Jewish Voices: Body Ed. By Elliot N. Dorff and Louis E. Newman. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 33 (1):213-214.
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  11.  2
    William R. Newman (2015). Antoine Calvet, Les Oeuvres Alchimiques Attribuées À Arnaud de Villeneuve: Grand Oeuvre, Médecine Et Prophétie au Moyen-Âge. Paris: S.E.H.A. And Milan: Archè, 2011. Paper. Pp. Vii, 728. €57. ISBN: 978-88-72-52318-6. [REVIEW] Speculum 90 (2):520-521.
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  12.  2
    Martha G. Newman (2008). Olivier Legendre, Ed., Collectaneum Exemplorum Et Visionum Clarevallense E Codice Trecensi 946. Turnhout: Brepols, 2005. Pp. Cxiv, 468; Tables. €250. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (3):724-725.
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  13. Barbara Newman (1989). Maria Lodovica Arduini, Non fabula sed res: Politische Dichtung und dramatische Gestalt in den “Carmina” Ruperts von Deutz.(Temi e Testi, 33.) Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 1985. Paper. Pp. xv, 198. L 30,000. [REVIEW] Speculum 64 (1):113-115.
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  14. Martha G. Newman (2008). Collectaneum exemplorum et visionum Clarevallense e codice Trecensi 946Olivier Legendre. Speculum 83 (3):724-725.
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  15. J. Newman (2009). Ensayos Críticos E Históricos. Revista Agustiniana 50 (152):490.
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  16. William M. Newman (1949). Le Royaume des Francs et l'ascension politique des maires du palais au déclin du VIIe siècle Louis Dupraz. Speculum 24 (3):427-428.
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  17. William M. Newman (1970). La terre et les hommes en Picardie jusqu'à la fin du ${XIII^{e^} $} siècle. Robert Fossler. Speculum 45 (3):467-470.
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  18. Fred Newman & Lois Holzman (1999). The Ideas Presented in This Essay Were Developed in Many Conversational Contexts Between the Summer of 1997 and the Spring of 1998—From Supervisory Sessions with Social Therapists and Therapists-in-Training to Professional Conferences of Psychologists and Face-to-Face and E-Mail Dialogues with Narrative Therapists and Theorists. In Recent Books. [REVIEW] In Lois Holzman (ed.), Performing Psychology: A Postmodern Culture of the Mind. Routledge 87.
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  19.  60
    Andrew E. Newman (2005). Two Grades of Internalism (Pass and Fail). Philosophical Studies 122 (2):153-169.
    Internalism about mental content holds that microphysical duplicates must be mental duplicates full-stop. Anyone particle-for-particle indiscernible from someone who believes that Aristotle was wise, for instance, must share that same belief. Externalism instead contends that many perfectly ordinary propositional attitudes can be had only in certain sorts of physical, sociolinguistic, or historical context. To have a belief about Aristotle, for instance, a person must have been causally impacted in the right way by Aristotle himself (e.g., by hearing about him, or (...)
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  20.  26
    William R. Newman (2009). Alchemical Atoms or Artisanal "Building Blocks"?: A Response to Klein. Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 212-231.
    In a recent essay review of William R. Newman, Atoms and Alchemy (2006), Ursula Klein defends her position that philosophically informed corpuscularian theories of matter contributed little to the growing knowledge of "reversible reactions" and robust chemical species in the early modern period. Newman responds here by providing further evidence that an experimental, scholastic tradition of alchemy extending well into the Middle Ages had already argued extensively for the persistence of ingredients during processes of "mixture" (e.g. chemical reactions), (...)
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  21.  5
    Stephen Melville, Lynne Cook, Michael Newman, Whitney Davis & Guy Brett (2008). The State of Art Criticism. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (3).
    About the Author James Elkins is E.C. Chadbourne Chair in the Department of Art History, Theory, and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. His many books include Pictures and Tears, How to Use Your Eyes, and What Painting Is, all published by Routledge. Michael Newman teaches in the Department of Art History, Theory, and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, and is Professor of Art Writing at Goldsmiths College in the University (...)
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  22. Anthony E. Newman (2002). Causal Efficacy and Externalist Mental Content. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Internalism about mental content is the view that microphysical duplicates must be mental duplicates as well. This dissertation develops and defends the idea that only a strong version of internalism is compatible with our commonsense commitment to mental causation. ;Chapter one defends a novel necessary condition on a property's being causally efficacious---viz., that any property F that is efficacious with respect to event E cannot be instantiated in virtue of any property G that is itself ceteris paribus sufficient for E---and (...)
     
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  23. E. Grunbaum, R. C. Newman & D. W. Pashley (1958). The Initial Stages of Growth of Oriented Copper Nuclei on Single Crystal Surfaces of Silver. Philosophical Magazine 3 (36):1337-1341.
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  24. E. Nagel, J. R. Newman, K. Gödel, J. Y. Girard & J. Scherrer (1990). Le théorème de Gödei. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (4):706-708.
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  25.  1
    M. Torres, J. P. Adrados, P. Cobo, A. Fernandez, G. Chiappe, E. Louis, J. A. Miralles, J. A. Verges & J. L. Aragon (2006). Quasiperiodic States in Linear Surface Wave Experiments. Philosophical Magazine 86 (6-8):1065-1073.
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  26.  3
    C. E. Buxton & E. B. Newman (1940). The Forgetting of 'Crowded' and 'Isolated' Materials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (2):180.
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  27. Ethan E. Gorenstein & Joseph P. Newman (1980). Disinhibitory Psychopathology: A New Perspective and a Model for Research. Psychological Review 87 (3):301-315.
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  28. Christoph Lüthy, John E. Murdoch & William R. Newman (2002). Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theones. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (3):565-566.
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  29. Julian De Freitas, Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe (2016). Normative Judgments and Individual Essence. Cognitive Science 40 (1).
    A growing body of research has examined how people judge the persistence of identity over time—that is, how they decide that a particular individual is the same entity from one time to the next. While a great deal of progress has been made in understanding the types of features that people typically consider when making such judgments, to date, existing work has not explored how these judgments may be shaped by normative considerations. The present studies demonstrate that normative beliefs do (...)
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  30.  62
    George E. Newman, Julian De Freitas & Joshua Knobe (2015). Beliefs About the True Self Explain Asymmetries Based on Moral Judgment. Cognitive Science 39 (1):96-125.
    Past research has identified a number of asymmetries based on moral judgments. Beliefs about what a person values, whether a person is happy, whether a person has shown weakness of will, and whether a person deserves praise or blame seem to depend critically on whether participants themselves find the agent's behavior to be morally good or bad. To date, however, the origins of these asymmetries remain unknown. The present studies examine whether beliefs about an agent's “true self” explain these observed (...)
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  31.  37
    George E. Newman, Daniel M. Bartels & Rosanna K. Smith (2014). Are Artworks More Like People Than Artifacts? Individual Concepts and Their Extensions. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4):647-662.
    This paper examines people's reasoning about identity continuity and its relation to previous research on how people value one-of-a-kind artifacts, such as artwork. We propose that judgments about the continuity of artworks are related to judgments about the continuity of individual persons because art objects are seen as physical extensions of their creators. We report a reanalysis of previous data and the results of two new empirical studies that test this hypothesis. The first study demonstrates that the mere categorization of (...)
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  32.  22
    George E. Newman & Frank C. Keil, Where's the Essence? Developmental Shifts in Children's Beliefs About Internal Features.
    The present studies investigated children’s and adults’ intuitive beliefs about the physical nature of essences. Adults and children (ranging in age from 6 to 10 years old) were asked to reason about two different ways of determining an unknown object’s category: taking a tiny internal sample from any part of the object (distributed view of essence), or taking a sample from one specific region (localized view of essence). Results from three studies indicated that adults strongly endorsed the distributed view, and (...)
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  33.  3
    George E. Newman & Rosanna K. Smith (2016). Kinds of Authenticity. Philosophy Compass 11 (10):609-618.
    The concept of authenticity plays an important role in how people reason about objects, other people, and themselves. However, despite a great deal of academic interest in this concept, to date, the precise meaning of the term, authenticity, has remained somewhat elusive. This paper reviews the various definitions of authenticity that have been proposed in the literature and identifies areas of convergence. We then outline a novel framework that organizes the existing definitions of authenticity along two key dimensions: describing the (...)
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  34.  1
    T. Andrew Poehlman & George E. Newman (2014). Potential: The Valuation of Imagined Future Achievement. Cognition 130 (1):134-139.
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  35.  22
    George E. Newman, Kristi L. Lockhart & Frank C. Keil (2010). “End-of-Life” Biases in Moral Evaluations of Others. Cognition 115 (2):343-349.
  36. George E. Newman & Paul Bloom (2012). Art and Authenticity: The Importance of Originals in Judgments of Value. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (3):558-569.
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  37.  77
    Andrew E. Newman (2004). The Good, the Bad, and the Irrational: Three Views of Mental Content. Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):95-106.
    Recent philosophy of psychology has seen the rise of so-called "dual-component" and "two-dimensional" theories of mental content as what I call a "Middle Way" between internalism (the view that contents of states like belief are "narrow") and externalism (the view that by and large, such contents are "wide"). On these Middle Way views, mental states are supposed to have two kinds of content: the "folk-psychological" kind, which we ordinarily talk about and which is wide; and some non-folk-psychological kind which is (...)
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  38.  26
    George E. Newman, Sergey V. Blok & Lance J. Rips (2006). Beliefs in Afterlife as a by-Product of Persistence Judgments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):480-481.
    We agree that supernatural beliefs are pervasive. However, we propose a more general account rooted in how people trace ordinary objects over time. Tracking identity involves attending to the causal history of an object, a process that may implicate hidden mechanisms. We discuss experiments in which participants exhibit the same “supernatural” beliefs when reasoning about the fates of cups and automobiles as those exhibited by Bering's participants when reasoning about spirits.
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  39.  2
    Slater E. Newman, Marilyn B. Kindsvater & Anthony D. Hall (1985). Braille Learning: Effects of Symbol Size. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):189-190.
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  40.  5
    Slater E. Newman & Eli Saltz (1958). Isolation Effects: Stimulus and Response Generalization as Explanatory Concepts. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (5):467.
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  41.  5
    Eli Saltz & Slater E. Newman (1959). The von Restorff Isolation Effect: Test of the Intralist Association Assumption. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (6):445.
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  42.  1
    Kohut Jr, Nicholas C. Polos, Lois M. R. Louden, Cyril E. Griffith, Beverly Lindsay, Don T. Martin, M. M. Chambers, Joseph W. Newman, Harvey Neufeldt, Elizabeth Ihle, David C. Williams, James E. Christensen & J. Theodore Klein (1978). Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW] Educational Studies 9 (3):307-328.
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  43.  1
    E. B. Newman, F. T. Perkins & R. H. Wheeler (1930). Cannon's Theory of Emotion: A Critique. Psychological Review 37 (4):305-326.
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  44.  4
    Frank C. Keil & George E. Newman (2010). Darwin and Development: Why Ontogeny Does Not Recapitulate Phylogeny for Human Concepts. In Denis Mareschal, Paul Quinn & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.), The Making of Human Concepts. OUP Oxford 317.
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  45. Slater E. Newman & Lawrence R. Nicholson (1976). Speed of Oral and Written Responding. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (2):202-204.
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  46.  4
    George E. Newman (2013). The Duality of Art: Body and Soul. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):153 - 153.
    Bullot & Reber (B&R) make a strong case for the role of causal reasoning in the appreciation of artwork. Although I agree that an artistic design stance is important for art appreciation, I suggest that it is a subset of a more general framework for evaluating artworks as the causal extensions of individuals, which includes inferences about the creator's mind, as well as more physical notions of essence.
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  47.  3
    E. R. Hill, Aristote & P. Louis (1960). Les Parties des Animaux. Journal of Hellenic Studies 80 (3):229.
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  48. Slater E. Newman & Ralph T. Campbell (1971). A-B and B-A Performance as Functions of Test Instructions and Reading Order. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):57.
  49.  2
    Linda A. Mady & Slater E. Newman (1987). Memory for Auditorily and Visually Presented Commericals: Effects of Repetition and Type of Claim. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (2):75-76.
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  50.  2
    Slater E. Newman, Wilson L. Sawyer, Anthony D. Hall & Laurel G. J. Hill (1990). Braille Learning: One Modality is Sometimes Better Than Two. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (1):17-18.
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