Search results for 'Luigia Carlucci Aiello' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  7
    Gianni Amati, Luigia Carlucci Aiello & Fiora Pirri (1994). Defaults as Restrictions on Classical Hilbert-Style Proofs. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 3 (4):303-326.
    Since the earliest formalisation of default logic by Reiter many contributions to this appealing approach to nonmonotonic reasoning have been given. The different formalisations are here presented in a general framework that gathers the basic notions, concepts and constructions underlying default logic. Our view is to interpret defaults as special rules that impose a restriction on the juxtaposition of monotonic Hubert-style proofs of a given logicL. We propose to describe default logic as a logic where the juxtaposition of default proofs (...)
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  2. Luigia Carlucci Aiello & Daniele Nardi (1991). Research Trends in Knowledge Representation. In P. A. Flach (ed.), Future Directions in Artificial Intelligence. New York: Elsevier Science
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  3.  5
    Luigia Aiello, Giambattista Amati, Fiora Pirri & Fondazione Ugo Bordoni (1997). Intuitionistic Autoepistemic Logic. Studia Logica 59.
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  4. Gianni Amati, Luigia Aiello, Dov Gabbay & Fiora Pirri (1996). A Structural Property On Modal Frames Characterizing Default Logic. Logic Journal of the Igpl 4 (1):7-22.
    We show that modal logics characterized by a class of frames satisfying the insertion property are suitable for Reiter's default logic. We refine the canonical fix point construction defined by Marek, Schwarz and Truszczyński for Reiter's default logic and thus we addrress a new paradigm for nonmonotonic logic. In fact, differently from the construction defined by these authors. we show that suitable modal logics for such a construction must indeed contain K D4. When reflexivity is added to the modal logic (...)
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  5.  13
    Giambattista Amati, Luigia Carlucci-Aiello & Fiora Pirri (1997). Intuitionistic Autoepistemic Logic. Studia Logica 59 (1):103-120.
    In this paper we address the problem of combining a logic with nonmonotonic modal logic. In particular we study the intuitionistic case. We start from a formal analysis of the notion of intuitionistic consistency via the sequent calculus. The epistemic operator M is interpreted as the consistency operator of intuitionistic logic by introducing intuitionistic stable sets. On the basis of a bimodal structure we also provide a semantics for intuitionistic stable sets.
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  6. Rita Aiello & John A. Sloboda (eds.) (1994). Musical Perceptions. Oxford University Press.
    Musical Perceptions is a much-needed text that introduces students of both music and psychology to the study of music perception and cognition. Because the book aims to foster a closer interaction between research in the science and the art of music, both psychologists and musicians contribute chapters on a wide range of topics, including the philosophy of music; research in musical performance; perception of melody, tonality, and rhythm; pedagogical issues; language and music; and neural networks. With their unique ability to (...)
     
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  7. Matías Aiello, Mario Castagnino & Olimpia Lombardi (2008). The Arrow of Time: From Universe Time-Asymmetry to Local Irreversible Processes. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 38 (3):257-292.
    In several previous papers we have argued for a global and non-entropic approach to the problem of the arrow of time, according to which the “arrow” is only a metaphorical way of expressing the geometrical time-asymmetry of the universe. We have also shown that, under definite conditions, this global time-asymmetry can be transferred to local contexts as an energy flow that points to the same temporal direction all over the spacetime. The aim of this paper is to complete the global (...)
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  8.  49
    Lauren Aiello & Jennifer M. Proffitt (2008). VNR Usage: A Matter of Regulation or Ethics? Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (3):219 – 234.
    This paper explores the use of video news releases (VNRs) without source disclosure from legal and ethical perspectives. In light of current regulatory debates regarding VNRs, the paper first examines whether journalists' use of corporate VNRs without source disclosure violates FCC regulations. It then questions the ethics of using such VNRs by examining the current code of ethics for both the public relations practitioners creating VNRs and the news organizations airing them. The paper uses the ethical construct of transparency to (...)
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  9.  12
    Lorenzo Carlucci & John Case (2013). On the Necessity of U-Shaped Learning. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (1):56-88.
    A U-shaped curve in a cognitive-developmental trajectory refers to a three-step process: good performance followed by bad performance followed by good performance once again. U-shaped curves have been observed in a wide variety of cognitive-developmental and learning contexts. U-shaped learning seems to contradict the idea that learning is a monotonic, cumulative process and thus constitutes a challenge for competing theories of cognitive development and learning. U-shaped behavior in language learning (in particular in learning English past tense) has become a central (...)
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  10.  2
    Marco Aiello & Johan van Benthem (2002). A ModalWalk Through Space. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 12 (3-4):319-363.
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  11. Marco Aiello, Ian E. Pratt-Hartmann & Johan van Benthem (eds.) (2007). Handbook of Spatial Logics. Springer-Verlag.
     
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  12.  8
    Andrea Aiello (2000). La conoscenza intellettiva dell'individuale: note alla soluzione di Guglielmo de la Mare. Acta Philosophica 9:5-31.
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  13.  7
    Lorenzo Carlucci (2005). Worms, Gaps, and Hydras. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (4):342-350.
    We define a direct translation from finite rooted trees to finite natural functions which shows that the Worm Principle introduced by Lev Beklemishev is equivalent to a very slight variant of the well-known Kirby-Paris' Hydra Game. We further show that the elements in a reduction sequence of the Worm Principle determine a bad sequence in the well-quasi-ordering of finite sequences of natural numbers with respect to Friedman's gapembeddability. A characterization of gap-embeddability in terms of provability logic due to (...)
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  14.  1
    Lorenzo Carlucci, John Case & Sanjay Jain (2009). Learning Correction Grammars. Journal of Symbolic Logic 74 (2):489-516.
    We investigate a new paradigm in the context of learning in the limit, namely, learning correction grammars for classes of computably enumerable (c.e.) languages. Knowing a language may feature a representation of it in terms of two grammars. The second grammar is used to make corrections to the first grammar. Such a pair of grammars can be seen as a single description of (or grammar for) the language. We call such grammars correction grammars. Correction grammars capture the observable fact that (...)
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  15. Rita Aiello (1994). Music and Language: Parallels and Contrasts. In Rita Aiello & John A. Sloboda (eds.), Musical Perceptions. Oxford University Press 40--63.
     
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  16.  34
    Marco Aiello (2001). Roberto Casati and Achille Varzi, Parts and Places, the Structures of Spatial Representation. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (2):269-272.
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  17.  5
    C. J. Cela-Conde, E. Aguirre, F. J. Ayala, P. V. Tobias, D. Turbon, L. C. Aiello, M. Collard, M. Goodman, C. P. Groves & F. Clark Howell (forthcoming). Systematics of Humankind. Palma 2000: An International Working Group on Systematics in Human Paleontology. Ludus Vitalis.
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  18.  23
    Paul Bach-Y.-Rita & Gaetano L. Aiello (2001). Brain Energetics and Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):280-281.
    The human brain does not use more energy than the smaller brains of animals of comparable corporal weight. Uniquely, human functions localized largely in parts of the human brain that show greatest size increase over other animals may be mediated primarily by nonsynaptic neurotransmission, with reduced energy cost per kilogram of brain. This may affect the energetic constraints on evolution.
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  19.  2
    Alessandro Carlucci (2007). La sardità linguistica di Gramsci ed il suo ricorso al sardo. Annali Della Facoltà di Lettere E Filosofia 28:91-118.
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  20.  4
    M. Aiello, D. Beaver, M. de Rijke, M. Egg, T. Fernando, C. Gardent, K. Hartmann, H. Hendriks, J. Hintikka & W. Hodges (2001). Index of Authors of Volume 10. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (525):525.
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  21.  4
    Leonardo Carlucci, Aristide Saggino & Marco Tommasi (2011). Socio-Demographic and Five Factor Model Variables as Predictors of Religious Fundamentalism: An Italian Study. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (2):253-268.
    In the present article, we investigated the relation between socio-demographic variables and personality factors with religious fundamentalism . Our data were collected from a sample of 125 Italian Catholic participants . Correlation analyses showed a significant association between RF and the openness domain of personality , including both facet scales . We also found a significant association between RF and conscientiousness . Regarding socio-demographic variables, we found significant correlations between RF and years of education, church attendance, belief, and age, while (...)
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  22.  3
    Yves Rossetti, Sophie Jacquin-Courtois, Marilena Aiello, Masami Ishihara, Claudio Brozzoli & Fabrizio Doricchi (2011). Neglect “Around the Clock”: Dissociating Number and Spatial Neglect in Right Brain Damage. In Stanislas Dehaene & Elizabeth Brannon (eds.), Space, Time and Number in the Brain. Oxford University Press
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  23.  7
    Marco Aiello, Guram Bezhanishvili, Isabelle Bloch & Valentin Goranko (2012). Logic for Physical Space. Synthese 186 (3):619-632.
    Since the early days of physics, space has called for means to represent, experiment, and reason about it. Apart from physicists, the concept of space has intrigued also philosophers, mathematicians and, more recently, computer scientists. This longstanding interest has left us with a plethora of mathematical tools developed to represent and work with space. Here we take a special look at this evolution by considering the perspective of Logic. From the initial axiomatic efforts of Euclid, we revisit the major milestones (...)
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  24.  2
    Leonardo Carlucci, Marco Tommasi & Aristide Saggino (2011). Socio-Demographic and Five Factor Model Variables as Predictors of Religious Fundamentalism: An Italian Study. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (2):253-268.
    In the present article, we investigated the relation between socio-demographic variables and personality factors with religious fundamentalism . Our data were collected from a sample of 125 Italian Catholic participants . Correlation analyses showed a significant association between RF and the openness domain of personality , including both facet scales . We also found a significant association between RF and conscientiousness . Regarding socio-demographic variables, we found significant correlations between RF and years of education, church attendance, belief, and age, while (...)
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  25.  7
    Jamess H. Korn, Timothy J. Huelsman, Cynthia K. Shinabarger Reed & Michelle Aiello (1992). Perceived Ethicality of Guided Imagery in Rape Research. Ethics and Behavior 2 (1):1 – 14.
    In our first study, undergraduate students (30 men, 30 women) evaluated the ethical acceptability of two previously published studies that used guided imagery in rape situations. In one, women imagined themselves as rape victims; in the other, men imagined themselves as rapist. Most students rated the research acceptable, but there was a significant interaction (g < .05): Women found the study of women as victim less ethical, and men found the study of men as rapist less ethical. In our second (...)
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  26.  1
    Louis B. Harrison, Melvin H. Worth Jr & M. A. Carlucci (1985). The Development of the Principles of Medical Malpractice in the United States. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (1):41.
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  27.  1
    Marco Aiello, Guram Bezhanishvili, Isabelle Bloch & Valentin Goranko (2012). Logic for Physical Space: From Antiquity to Present Days. Synthese 186 (3):619-632.
    Since the early days of physics, space has called for means to represent, experiment, and reason about it. Apart from physicists, the concept of space has intrigued also philosophers, mathematicians and, more recently, computer scientists. This longstanding interest has left us with a plethora of mathematical tools developed to represent and work with space. Here we take a special look at this evolution by considering the perspective of Logic. From the initial axiomatic efforts of Euclid, we revisit the major milestones (...)
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  28. Rita Aiello (1994). Can Listening to Music Be Experimentally Studied. In Rita Aiello & John A. Sloboda (eds.), Musical Perceptions. Oxford University Press 273--282.
     
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  29. L. C. Aiello, L. Lismont, G. Amati, H. Andr6ka, S. Mikulas, J. Bergstra, N. Pankrat'ev, A. Bucalo, B. Penther & M. Pentus (1995). Index of Authors of Volume 3. Journal of Logic, Language, and Information 3 (327):329-330.
     
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  30. Leslie C. Aiello (1996). Terrestriality, Bipedalism and the Origin of Language. Proceedings of the British Academy 88:269-289.
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  31. Lorenzo Carlucci & Konrad Zdanowski (2012). A Note on Ramsey Theorems and Turing Jumps. In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. 89--95.
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  32. Maria Angélica Carlucci (1966). Recientes Investigaciones Arqueológicas en la Isla de La Plata (Ecuador). Humanitas 6 (1):33-65.
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  33.  10
    Marisa Faggini, Concetto Paolo Vinci, Antonio Abatemarco, Rossella Aiello, F. T. Arecchi, Lucio Biggiero, Giovanna Bimonte, Sergio Bruno, Carl Chiarella, Maria Pia Di Gregorio, Giacomo Di Tollo, Simone Giansante, Jaime Gil Aluja, A. I͡U Khrennikov, Marianna Lyra, Riccardo Meucci, Guglielmo Monaco, Giancarlo Nota, Serena Sordi, Pietro Terna, Kumaraswamy Velupillai & Alessandro Vercelli (eds.) (2010). Decision Theory and Choices: A Complexity Approach. Springer Verlag Italia.
    The New Economic Windows Series, derived from Massimo Salzano's ideas and work, incorporates material from textbooks, monographs and conference proceedings that deals with both the theoretical and applied aspects of various sub-disciplines ...
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  34. Jamess H. Korn, Timothy J. Huelsman, Cynthia K. Shinabarger Reed & Michelle Aiello (1992). Perceived Ethicality of Guided Imagery in Rape Research. Ethics and Behavior 2 (1):1-14.
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  35. G. Nota, R. Aiello & M. P. Di Gregorio (2010). Ontology Based Risk Management. In Marisa Faggini, Concetto Paolo Vinci, Antonio Abatemarco, Rossella Aiello, F. T. Arecchi, Lucio Biggiero, Giovanna Bimonte, Sergio Bruno, Carl Chiarella, Maria Pia Di Gregorio, Giacomo Di Tollo, Simone Giansante, Jaime Gil Aluja, A. I͡U Khrennikov, Marianna Lyra, Riccardo Meucci, Guglielmo Monaco, Giancarlo Nota, Serena Sordi, Pietro Terna, Kumaraswamy Velupillai & Alessandro Vercelli (eds.), Decision Theory and Choices: A Complexity Approach. Springer Verlag Italia
     
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  36.  3
    Donald L. Mosher & Susan B. Bond (1992). "Little Rapes," Specious Claims, and Moral Hubris: A Reply to Korn, Huelsman, Reed, and Aiello. Ethics and Behavior 2 (2):109 – 121.
    Because they failed to include our informed consent, guided imagery scenarios, and debriefing, the relevance of Korn, Huelsman, Reed, and Aiello's (1992) data remains unknown. The design of their Study 1 did not test the greater objectivity of role taking over involved participation. The design of their Study 2 did not demonstrate the effects of demand characteristics. The older "personal acquaintances" were not at higher risk of rape as they claimed. Properly gathered data from the University of Connecticut's laboratory (...)
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  37.  2
    G. C. Denniston (1997). ""Response to" Determinants of Decision Making for Circumcision" by C. Cielsielski-Carlucci, N. Milliken, and NH Cohen (CQ, Vol 5, No 2). Circumcision: Ethical and Human Rights Impact Assessment. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):89.
  38.  1
    J. A. Davison (1956). Quot Professores, Tot Odysseae? Luigia Achillea Stella: Il Poema d'Ulisse. (Biblioteca di Cultura, 47.) Pp. xvi+444. Florence: La Nuova Italia, 1955. Paper, L. 2,300. Denys Page: The Homeric Odyssey. (The Mary Flexner Lectures delivered at Bryn Mawr College.) Pp. viii+186. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1955. Cloth, 21s. net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 6 (3-4):207-211.
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  39. R. S. Van Howe (1997). ""Response to" Determinants of Decision Making for Circumcision" by C. Ciesielski-Carlucci, N. Milliken, and NH Cohen (CQ, Vol 5, No 2). Updating Policy. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):88.
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  40. Mary Whitby (2009). Maria Luigia Fobelli, Un tempio per Giustiniano: Santa Sofia di Costantinopoli e la “Descrizione” di Paolo Silenziario. Introduction by Maria Andaloro. Rome: Viella, 2005. Paper. Pp. xiv, 234 plus 142 black-and-white and color plates. €45. [REVIEW] Speculum 84 (2):427-428.
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  41.  17
    Tania Mara Marques Granato & Tania Maria José Aiello-Vaisberg (2009). Maternidade e colapso: consultas terapêuticas na gestação e pós-parto. Paideia 19 (44):395-401.
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  42.  3
    Grigori Mints & Ting Zhang (2005). A Proof of Topological Completeness for S4 In. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 133 (1-3):231-245.
    The completeness of the modal logic S4 for all topological spaces as well as for the real line , the n-dimensional Euclidean space and the segment etc. was proved by McKinsey and Tarski in 1944. Several simplified proofs contain gaps. A new proof presented here combines the ideas published later by G. Mints and M. Aiello, J. van Benthem, G. Bezhanishvili with a further simplification. The proof strategy is to embed a finite rooted Kripke structure for S4 into a (...)
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  43.  3
    Chris Ciesielski-Carlucci (1993). Physician Attitudes and Experiences with Assisted Suicide: Results of a Small Opinion Survey. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (1):39.
    Many recent events have contributed to the resurgence of the historically cyclical debate over euthanasia. Now, the focus rests on physician-assisted suicide. Many landmark events regarding physician-assisted suicide have occurred within the last year alone. For example, Derek Humphry's Final Exit recently became a best seller, giving people the detailed knowledge of how to “self-deliver” In The New England Journalbf Medicine, Dr. Timothy Quill shared his touching experience of assisting his patient “Diane” after she chose to decline treatment options for (...)
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  44.  3
    H. J. J. Leenen & Chris Ciesielski-Carlucci (1993). Force Majeure : Justification for Active Termination of Life in the Case of Severely Handicapped Newborns After Forgoing Treatment. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (3):271.
    The health of newborns has always been subject to the natural lottery. When in the past a severely disabled baby was born, nature provided the “solution,” and the child did not survive. Medical technology has brought about a change; fetuses who would have died during pregnancy or newborns who once would have had little chance to survive are now kept alive. Although these technological advances do benefit many children, the dark side is that more severely handicapped babies are surviving.When a (...)
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  45.  20
    Chris Ciesielski-carlucci & Gerrit Kimsma (1994). The Impact of Reporting Cases of Euthanasia in Holland: A Patient and Family Perspective. Bioethics 8 (2):151–158.
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  46.  4
    Jennifer M. Davoren (2009). On Intuitionistic Modal and Tense Logics and Their Classical Companion Logics: Topological Semantics and Bisimulations. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (3):349-367.
    We take the well-known intuitionistic modal logic of Fischer Servi with semantics in bi-relational Kripke frames, and give the natural extension to topological Kripke frames. Fischer Servi’s two interaction conditions relating the intuitionistic pre-order with the modal accessibility relation generalize to the requirement that the relation and its inverse be lower semi-continuous with respect to the topology. We then investigate the notion of topological bisimulation relations between topological Kripke frames, as introduced by Aiello and van Benthem, and show that (...)
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  47.  1
    Diana Pancini de Sá Antunes Ribeiro, Miriam Tachibana & Tânia Maria José Aiello-Vaisberg (2008). A Experiência Emocional Do Estudante de Psicologia Frente À Primeira Entrevista Clínica. Aletheia 28:135-145.
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  48.  3
    Chris Ciesielski-Carlucci, Nancy Milliken & Neal H. Cohen (1996). Determinants of Decision Making for Circumcision. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (2):228.
    Research is ongoing concerning the medical risks and benefits of routine neonatal male circumcision. Interpretation of the data, however, is controversial. Circumcision presents a number of challenges in obtaining informed consent because of a variety of interesting issues. It is a nonemergent, elective procedure that allows for evaluation and discussion over time. In this respect, observation of the informed consent process for circumcision is relevant to other medical decisions, such as advance directives, discussed between primary care providers and patients. Obtaining (...)
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  49. Gerrit Kimsma Chris Ciesielski‐Carlucci (1994). The Impact of Reporting Cases of Euthanasia in Holland: A Patient and Family Perspective. Bioethics 8 (2):151-158.
    ABSTRACTIn 1991 the Dutch government released the results of the first national investigation into the nature and extent of decisions concerning end of life including euthanasia. A significant finding was that most cases of euthanasia were not reported. This prompted us to ask what effect, if any, not reporting caused. More specifically, we asked whether reporting has a positive or negative impact on the experiences of friends or relatives of patients who have received euthanasia. In cases of euthanasia, complications of (...)
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  50. Luigia Cuttini (2004). Dal Dominio al servizio suggestioni francescane. Miscellanea Francescana 104 (3-4):420-476.
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