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Martin Carrier [72]M. Carrier [7]Marc Carrier [4]
  1. Peter K. Machamer & Martin Carrier (eds.) (forthcoming). Philosophy and the Sciences of Mind.
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  2. Martin Carrier (2015). Systematizität: Eine systematische Charakterisierung der Wissenschaft? Kommentar zu Paul Hoyningen-Huenes Systematicity. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 69 (2):230-234.
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  3. Martin Carrier (2015). Zur Beschaffenheit des Mentalen: Naturalismus, Bewusstsein, Willensfreiheit. In Anna Wehofsits, David Löwenstein, Dirk Koppelberg & Gregor Betz (eds.), Weiter Denken - Über Philosophie, Wissenschaft Und Religion. De Gruyter. 249-262.
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  4. Martin Carrier (2014). Prediction in Context: On the Comparative Epistemic Merit of Predictive Success. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 45 (1):97-102.
    The considerations set out in the paper are intended to suggest that in practical contexts predictive power does not play the outstanding roles sometimes accredited to it in an epistemic framework. Rather, predictive power is part of a network of other merits and achievements. Predictive power needs to be judged differently according to the specific conditions that apply. First, predictions need to be part of an explanatory framework if they are supposed to guide actions reliably. Second, in scientific expertise, the (...)
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  5. Martin Carrier (2012). Die Struktur der Raum-Zeit in der klassischen Physik und der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie. In Michael Esfeld (ed.), Philosophie der Physik.
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  6. Martin Carrier (2012). Historical Approaches: Kuhn, Lakatos and Feyerabend. In James R. Brown (ed.), Philosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers. Continuum Books. 132.
     
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  7. Martin Carrier (2012). Historical Epistemology: On the Diversity and Change of Epistemic Values in Science. Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 35 (3):239-251.
    Historische Epistemologie: Vielfalt und Wandel epistemischer Werte in der Wissenschaft. Die historische Epistemologie beinhaltet die Auffassung, dass das System des Wissens nicht durch die Beobachtungen festgelegt ist, sondern auch von epistemischen Anforderungen geprägt ist, die sich im historischen Forschungsprozess wandeln können. In der Folge ist das System des Wissens pfadabhängig in dem Sinn, dass seine Gestalt von epistemischen Entscheidungen beeinflusst ist, die zu bestimmten historischen Zeitpunkten getroffen wurden. Die vorliegende Arbeit zielt darauf ab, diesen Denkansatz auszuarbeiten, indem die doppelte Rolle (...)
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  8. M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.) (2011). Science in the Context of Application. Springer.
     
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  9. Martin Carrier (2011). Knowledge, Politics, and Commerce: Science Under the Pressure of Practice. In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. 11--30.
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  10. Martin Carrier (2011). Underdetermination as an Epistemological Test Tube: Expounding Hidden Values of the Scientific Community. Synthese 180 (2):189 - 204.
    Duhem—Quine underdetermination plays a constructive role in epistemology by pinpointing the impact of non-empirical virtues or cognitive values on theory choice. Underdetermination thus contributes to illuminating the nature of scientific rationality. Scientists prefer and accept one account among empirical equivalent alternatives. The non-empirical virtues operating in science are laid open in such theory choice decisions. The latter act as an epistemological test tube in making explicit commitments to how scientific knowledge should be like.
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  11. Martin Carrier & Alfred Nordmann (2011). Science in the Context of Application: Methodological Change, Conceptual Transformation, Cultural Reorientation. In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. 1--7.
  12. Martin Carrier (2010). Scientific Knowledge and Scientific Expertise: Epistemic and Social Conditions of Their Trustworthiness. Analyse & Kritik 32 (2):195-212.
    The article explores epistemic and social conditions of the trustworthiness of scientific expertise. I claim that there are three kinds of conditions for the trustworthiness of scientific expertise. The first condition is epistemic and means that scientific knowledge enjoys high credibility. The second condition concerns the significance of scientific knowledge. It means that scientific generalizations are relevant for elucidating the particular cases that constitute the challenges for expert judgment. The third condition concerns the social processes involved in producing science-based recommendations. (...)
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  13. Martin Carrier (2010). Theories for Use: On the Bearing of Basic Science on Practical Problems. In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer. 23--33.
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  14. James W. McAllister, Lars Bergström, James Robert Brown, Martin Carrier, Nancy Cartwright, Jiwei Ci, David Davies, Catherine Elgin, Márta Fehér & Michel Ghins (2010). First Page Preview. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (4).
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  15. Martin Carrier & Peter Weingart (2009). The Politicization of Science: The Esf-Zif-Bielefeld Conference on Science and Values. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):373 - 378.
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  16. Marc Carrier (2008). L'image d'Alexis I er Comnène selon le chroniqueur Albert d'Aix. Byzantion 78:34-65.
    Cet article propose un nouvel examen de l'image d'Alexis Ier Comnène dans l'Historia Ierosolimitana d'Albert d'Aix, afin d'en apprécier les nuances et les subtilités. Bien qu'Albert d'Aix soit reconnu pour son impression généralement positive d'Alexis Ier, une relecture attentive de son œuvre démontre plutôt une image ambivalente de l'empereur et des Byzantins. En scrutant les motifs d'Albert d'Aix, il est possible de constater une disposition favorable du chroniqueur lorsqu'il s'agit de souligner les relations privilégiées entre Alexis Ier et les souverains (...)
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  17. Martin Carrier, Don Howard & Janet A. Kourany (eds.) (2008). The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice: Science and Values Revisited. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    ISBN-13: 978-0-8229-4317-4 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-8229-4317-4 (cloth : alk. paper) 1. Science — Philosophy. 2. Science — Social aspects. 3. Values. 4. Science and civilization. I. Carrier, Martin. II. Howard, Don, professor. III. Kourany ...
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  18. Matthias Adam, Martin Carrier & Torsten Wilholt (2006). How to Serve the Customer and Still Be Truthful: Methodological Characteristics of Applied Research. Science and Public Policy 33 (6):435-444.
    Transdisciplinarity includes the assumption that within new institutional settings, scientific research becomes more closely responsive to practical problems and user needs and is therefore often subject to considerable application pressure. This raises the question whether transdisciplinarity affects the epistemic standards and the fruitfulness of research. Case studies show how user-orientation and epistemic innovativeness can be combined. While the modeling involved in all cases under consideration was local and focused primarily on features of immediate practical relevance, it was informed by theoretical (...)
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  19. Martin Carrier (2006). Le spiegazioni circolari e i limiti del riduzionismo nella biologia. Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 24 (1):27-40.
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  20. Martin Carrier (2006). Ziel und Struktur der methodologischen Theorien. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 54 (3/2006):387-400.
    Angestrebt wird eine Klärung der angemessenen Rolle von Methodologien durch Untersuchung der Auswirkungen unterschiedlicher methodologischer Ansätze auf Theoriewahlentscheidungen in der Wissenschaft. Ergebnis ist, dass sich methodologische Theorien weniger gut dafür eignen, solche Entscheidungen konkret anzuleiten. Ihre Stärke liegt stattdessen darin, eine zusammenhängende Klasse von Exzellenzmerkmalen zu umreißen und auf diese Weise systematisch zu bestimmen, Theorien welcher Beschaffenheit besonders zum Erkenntnisfortschritt beitragen.
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  21. Martin Carrier & Patrick Finzer (2006). Explanatory Loops and the Limits of Genetic Reductionism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):267 – 283.
    We reconstruct genetic determinism as a reductionist thesis to the effect that the molecular properties of cells can be accounted for to a great extent by their genetic outfit. The non-reductionist arguments offered at this molecular level often use the relationship between structure and function as their point of departure. By contrast, we develop a non-reductionist argument that is confined to the structural characteristics of biomolecules; no appeal to functions is made. We raise two kinds of objections against the reducibility (...)
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  22. Gottfried Gabriel, Martin Carrier & Jürgen Mittelstrass (eds.) (2005). Enzyklopädie Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie. Metzler.
    Bd. 1. A-B -- Bd. 2. C-F -- Bd. 3. G-Inn -- Bd. 4. Ins-Loc.
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  23. J. Mittelstraß, G. Gabriel & M. Carrier (2005). Art.“ähnlich/Ähnlichkeit”. In Gottfried Gabriel, Martin Carrier & Jürgen Mittelstrass (eds.), Enzyklopädie Philosophie Und Wissenschaftstheorie. Metzler. 1--52.
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  24. Gereon Wolters & Martin Carrier (eds.) (2005). Homo Sapiens Und Homo Faber. de Gruyter.
    Following the philosophical work of Jürgen Mittelstrass, the papers presented in this volume justify this thesis and differentiate it in both its historical and its systematic dimension (including its practical philosophical implications).
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  25. Martin Carrier (2004). Auf dem Weg zur Himmelsphysik: Naturphilosophische Leitmotive bei Copernicus. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 7.
    Copernicus’ heliocentric approach was part of a widely pursued physicalization program of astronomy. This program was conceived in the Arabic science of the period and aimed at increasing the physical plausibility of the celestial motions as assumed in geocentric, Ptolemaic astronomy. Copernicus’ novel contribution to this broadly shared goal was to take recourse to the heliocentric conception as it was known from antiquity. In particular, the new structure of the planetary system should make it possible to reconstruct planetary motion unrestrictedly (...)
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  26. Martin Carrier (2004). Knowledge and Control. In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Science, Values, and Objectivity. University of Pittsburgh Press. 275.
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  27. Martin Carrier (2004). Knowledge and the World Challenges Beyond the Science Wars.
     
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  28. Martin Carrier (2004). Semantic Incommensurability and Empirical Comparability: The Case of Lorentz and Einstein. Philosophia Scientiae 8 (1):73-94.
    Semantic incommensurability is understood as non-translatability of concepts taken from different theories. My aim is to give a rational reconstruction of the notion of incommensurability underlying the writings of Feyerabend and the later Kuhn. I claim that incommensurability can be reconstructed on this basis as a coherent conception and that relevant instances can be identified. The translation failure between incommensurable concepts arises from the impossibility to jointly fulfil two conditions of adequacy that the context theory of meaning places on translations. (...)
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  29. Martin Carrier, Laura Ruetsche & Gerald J. Massey (eds.) (2004). Science at Centurys End: Philosophical Questions on the Progress and Limits of S. University of Pittsburgh Press.
     
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  30. M. Carrier (2003). How to Tell Causes From Effects: Kant's Causal Theory of Time and Modern Approaches. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):59-71.
    I attempt a reconstruction of Kant's version of the causal theory of time that makes it appear coherent. Two problems are at issue. The first concerns Kant's reference to reciprocal causal influence for characterizing simultaneity. This approach is criticized by pointing out that Kant's procedure involves simultaneous counterdirected processes-which seems to run into circularity. The problem can be defused by drawing on instantaneous processes such as the propagation of gravitation in Newtonian mechanics. Another charge of circularity against Kant's causal theory (...)
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  31. Martin Carrier (2003). Emergence and the Final Theory, Or: How to Make Scientific Progress Sustainable. Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 28 (1):7.
    Convergent scientific realism entails that science will sooner or later arrive at the final theory of the fundamental constituents of matter. At that stage, all fundamental truths about nature will be discovered so that the search for basic principle seems bound to come to a halt. I explore options for a non-convergent scientific realism that allows for sustained progress in basic research. I defend the views that the coherence of non-convergent realism requires an emergence claim and that this claim can (...)
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  32. Martin Carrier (2003). Smooth Lines in Confirmation Theory. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh University Pres. 304.
     
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  33. Martin Carrier (2002). Die Architektur der Synthese. Entstehung und Philosophie der modernen Evolutionstheorie. [REVIEW] Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 5.
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  34. Martin Carrier (2002). Explaining Scientific Progress: Lakatos' Methodological Account of Kuhnian Patterns of Theory Change. In G. Kampis, L.: Kvasz & M. Stöltzner (eds.), Appraising Lakatos: Mathematics, Methodology and the Man. Kluwer. 53--72.
  35. Martin Carrier (2001). Changing Laws and Shifting Concepts. In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer. 65--90.
  36. Martin Carrier (2000). Multiplicity and Heterogeneity: On the Relations Between Functions and Their Realizations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 31 (1):179-192.
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  37. Martin Carrier (2000). Menschliches Verhalten und psychologische Gesetze. Philosophia Naturalis 37 (2):375-383.
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  38. Martin Carrier, Gerald J. Massey, Laura Ruetsche & Pittsburgh-Konstanz Colloquium in the Philosophy of Science (2000). Science at Century's End Philosophical Questions on the Progress and Limits of Science.
     
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  39. Martin Carrier (1999). Freiheit und Indeterminismus: zu den Naturbedingungen menschlicher Freiheit. Facta Philosophica 1.
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  40. Martin Carrier (1998). In Defense of Psychological Laws. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (3):217 – 232.
    Abstract It is argued that psychological explanations involve psychological generalizations that exhibit the same features as laws of physics. On the basis of the ?systematic theory of lawhood?, characteristic features of laws of nature are elaborated. Investigating some examples of explanations taken from cognitive psychology shows that these features can also be identified in psychological generalizations. Particular attention is devoted to the notion of ?ccteris?paribus laws?. It is argued that laws of psychology are indeed ceteris?paribus laws. However, this feature does (...)
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  41. Martin Carrier (1998). The Philosophy of Science in German-Speaking Countries. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (1):45 – 86.
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  42. Martin Carrier (1997). On the Difficulty of Keeping Consciousness Intact: Lahav on Conscious Integration and Causality. In P. Machamer & M. Carrier (eds.), Mindscapes: Philosophy, Science, and the Mind. Pittsburgh University Press and Universtaetsverlag Konstanz. 5--195.
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  43. Martin Carrier & Peter K. Machamer (eds.) (1997). Mindscapes: Philosophy, Science, and the Mind. Pittsburgh University Press.
  44. P. Machamer & M. Carrier (eds.) (1997). Mindscapes: Philosophy, Science, and the Mind. Pittsburgh University Press and Universtaetsverlag Konstanz.
     
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  45. Martin Carrier (1995). Die empirische Inadäquatheit und begriffliche Inkohärenz einer nicht-reduktiven psychophysischen Parallelität. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 6 (1):85.
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  46. Martin Carrier, Evolutionary Change and Lawlikeness : Beatty on Biological Generalizations.
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  47. Martin Carrier (1995). Lars-Göran Johansson, Understanding Quantum Mechanics. Philosophical Books 36.
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  48. Martin Carrier (1995). Understanding Quantum Mechanics: A Realist Interpretation Without Hidden Variables. Philosophical Books 36 (3):222-224.
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  49. Martin Carrier & Jürgen Mittelstrass (1995). Rejoinder. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (1):103-104.
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  50. Martin Carrier, Geometric Facts and Geometric Theory : Helmholtz and 20th-Century Philosophy of Physical Geometry.
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