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Profile: Michael Friedman (Stanford University)
Profile: Marilyn Friedman (Washington University in St. Louis)
  1. M. Friedman (forthcoming). Overcoming Metaphysics: Carnap and Heidegger. Origins of Logical Empiricism:45--79.
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  2. Maurice Friedman (forthcoming). Anxiety in Our Culture. Humanitas.
  3. Milton Friedman (forthcoming). Libertad Económica y Libertad Política En. Enfoques.
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  4. Milton Friedman (forthcoming). Milton Friedman's Case Against Corporate Social Responsibility. Business Ethics.
     
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  5. Milton Friedman (forthcoming). The Social Role of Business is to Increase its Profits. Business Ethics: Readings and Cases in Corporate Morality. New York. Mcgraw-Hill.
     
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  6. Michael Friedman (2014). Laws of Nature and Causal Necessity. Kant-Studien 105 (4):531-553.
  7. Keith Ansell-Pearson, John Mullarkey, Sebastian Luft, Mike Gane, Michael Friedman & Thomas Nenon (2013). The New Century: Bergsonism, Phenomenology and Responses to Modern Science. Acumen Publishing.
    Volume 3 covers the period between the 1890s and 1930s, a period that witnessed revolutions in the arts and society which set the agenda for the rest of the century. In philosophy, the period saw the birth of analytic philosophy, the development of new programmes and new modes of inquiry, the emergence of phenomenology as a new rigorous science, the birth of Freudian psychoanalysis, and the maturing of the discipline of sociology. This period saw the most influential work of a (...)
     
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  8. Elizabeth Edenberg & Marilyn Friedman (2013). Debate: Unequal Consenters and Political Illegitimacy. Journal of Political Philosophy 21 (3):347-360.
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  9. Marilyn Friedman (2013). How to Blame People Responsibly. Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (3):271-284.
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  10. Marilyn Friedman (2013). Women in Philosophy. In Katrina Hutchison & Fiona Jenkins (eds.), Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change? Oup Usa. 21.
  11. Michael Friedman (2013). Kant's Construction of Nature: A Reading of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press.
    Michael Friedman's book develops a new and complete reading of this work and reconstructs Kant's main argument clearly and in great detail, explaining its relationship to both Newton's Principia and eighteenth-century scientific thinkers ...
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  12. Michael Friedman (2013). Realism, and Modern Physics. In Don Ross, James Ladyman & Harold Kincaid (eds.), Scientific Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. 182.
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  13. Michael Friedman (2012). Geometria e Intuição espacial em Kant: Série 2. Kant E-Prints 7:02-32.
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  14. Michael Friedman (2012). Kuhn and Philosophy. Modern Intellectual History 9 (1):77-88.
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  15. Michael Friedman (2012). Kant on Geometry and Spatial Intuition. Synthese 186 (1):231-255.
    I use recent work on Kant and diagrammatic reasoning to develop a reconsideration of central aspects of Kant’s philosophy of geometry and its relation to spatial intuition. In particular, I reconsider in this light the relations between geometrical concepts and their schemata, and the relationship between pure and empirical intuition. I argue that diagrammatic interpretations of Kant’s theory of geometrical intuition can, at best, capture only part of what Kant’s conception involves and that, for example, they cannot explain why Kant (...)
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  16. Michael Friedman (2012). Newton and Kant: Quantity of Matter in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):482-503.
    Immanuel Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (1786) provides metaphysical foundations for the application of mathematics to empirically given nature. The application that Kant primarily has in mind is that achieved in Isaac Newton's Principia (1687). Thus, Kant's first chapter, the Phoronomy, concerns the mathematization of speed or velocity, and his fourth chapter, the Phenomenology, concerns the empirical application of the Newtonian notions of true or absolute space, time, and motion. This paper concentrates on Kant's second and third chapters—the Dynamics (...)
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  17. Michael Friedman (2012). Rational Reconstruction, Explication, and the Rejection of Metaphysics. In Pierre Wagner (ed.), Carnap's Ideal of Explication and Naturalism. Palgrave Macmillan.
     
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  18. Michael Friedman (2012). Reconsidering the Dynamics of Reason: Response to Ferrari, Mormann, Nordmann, and Uebel. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):47-53.
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  19. Michael Friedman (2012). Scientific Philosophy From Helmholtz to Carnap and Quine. In R. Creath (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer Verlag. 1--11.
    The concept of a “scientific philosophy” first developed in the mid nineteenth century, as a reaction against what was viewed as the excessively speculative and metaphysical character of post-Kantian German idealism. One of the primary intellectual models of this movement was a celebrated address by Hermann von Helmholtz, “Über das Sehen des Menschen,” delivered at the dedication of a monument to Kant at Königsberg in 1855. Helmholtz begins by asking, on behalf of the audience, why a natural scientist like himself (...)
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  20. Michael Friedman & Mina Teicher (2012). On Fundamental Groups Related to Degeneratable Surfaces: Conjectures and Examples. Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa 11 (3):565-603.
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  21. Marilyn Friedman (2011). Christman , John . The Politics of Persons: Individual Autonomy and Socio-Historical Selves .Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Pp. 274. $93.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Ethics 121 (2):424-429.
  22. Michael Friedman (2011). Carnap on Theoretical Terms: Structuralism Without Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Synthese 180 (2):249 - 263.
    Both realists and instrumentalists have found it difficult to understand (much less accept) Carnap's developed view on theoretical terms, which attempts to stake out a neutral position between realism and instrumentalism. I argue that Carnap's mature conception of a scientific theory as the conjunction of its Ramsey sentence and Carnap sentence can indeed achieve this neutral position. To see this, however, we need to see why the Newman problem raised in the context of recent work on structural realism is no (...)
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  23. Michael Friedman (2011). Extending the Dynamics of Reason. Erkenntnis 75 (3):431-444.
    What I call the dynamics of reason is a post-Kuhnian approach to the history and philosophy of science articulating a relativized and historicized version of the Kantian conception of the rationality and objectivity of the modern physical sciences. I here discuss two extensions of this approach. I argue that, although the relativized standards of rationality in question change over time, the particular way in which they do this still preserves the trans-historical rationality of the entire process. I also make a (...)
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  24. Marilyn Friedman (2010). Held's Experiential Method of Moral Inquiry: Some Questions. Public Affairs Quarterly 24 (3):209-228.
    Virginia Held, in How Terrorism Is Wrong: Morality and Political Violence, proposes a method by which moral theories can be "tested" by moral experience. Building on her previous work, she considers here how to utilize this method in the moral assessment of terrorism. Held's method is morally pluralistic; it encompasses a variety of moral theories and principles, including care ethics. Held's evolving account of how to test moral theories in terms of real-world moral experience remains an important and welcome contribution (...)
     
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  25. Michael Friedman (2010). A Post-Kuhnian Approach to the History and Philosophy of Science. The Monist 93 (4):497-517.
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  26. Michael Friedman (2010). Einstein, Kant, and the A Priori. In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Springer. 65--73.
    Kant's original version of transcendental philosophy took both Euclidean geometry and the Newtonian laws of motion to be synthetic a priori constitutive principles—which, from Kant's point of view, function as necessary presuppositions for applying our fundamental concepts of space, time, matter, and motion to our sensible experience of the natural world. Although Kant had very good reasons to view the principles in question as having such a constitutively a priori role, we now know, in the wake of Einstein's work, that (...)
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  27. Michael Friedman (2010). Logic, Mathematical Science, and Twentieth Century Philosophy: Mark Wilson and the Analytic Tradition. Noûs 44 (3):530-544.
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  28. Michael Friedman (2010). Synthetic History Reconsidered. In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
     
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  29. Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.) (2010). Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
    Addressing a wide range of topics, from Newton to Post-Kuhnian philosophy of science, these essays critically examine themes that have been central to the influential work of philosopher Michael Friedman.
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  30. Michael Friedman & Tradutor: Rogério Passos Severo (2010). Kant, Kuhn e a racionalidade da ciência. Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 14 (1):175-209.
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  31. M. Friedman (2009). The Heart of Justice: Care Ethics and Political Theory. Philosophical Review 118 (2):256-258.
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  32. Marilyn Friedman (2009). Feminist Virtue Ethics, Happiness, and Moral Luck. Hypatia 24 (1):29 - 40.
    Can men who dominate women nevertheless be happy or lead flourishing lives? Building on Claudia Card's exploration of moral luck, this paper considers the belief that male dominators cannot be happy. The discussion ranges over both virtue theory and empirical research into the "belief in a just world." I conclude that there are reasons to avoid believing that male dominators cannot be happy or flourish, and that feminism does not need that belief.
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  33. Michael Friedman (2009). Tolerance, Intuition, and Empiricism. In Pierre Wagner (ed.), Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  34. Michael Friedman & Richard Creath (2009). The Cambridge Companion to Carnap. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 15 (4):428-431.
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  35. Michael Friedman & Rogerio Severo (2009). Kant, Kuhn e a racionalidade da ciência. Philósophos: Revista de Filosofia 14 (1):175-209.
    Este artigo considera a evolução do problema da racionalidade científica desde Kant, passando por Carnap, até Kuhn. Argumento em favor de uma versão relativizada e historicizada da concepção original kantiana dos princípios científicos a priori, e examino o modo pelo qual esses princípios mudam e se desenvolvem através de mudanças revolucionárias de paradigmas. O empreendimento distintivamente filosófico de refletir sobre e contextualizar tais princípios é então visto como desempenhando um papel chave ao tornar possível a comunicação intersubjetiva racional entre paradigmas (...)
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  36. Graciela De Pierris & Michael Friedman (2008). Kant and Hume on Causality. In Edward Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  37. Marilyn Friedman (2008). Care Ethics and Moral Theory: Review Essay of Virginia Held, the Ethics of Care. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (2):539-555.
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  38. Marilyn Friedman (2008). On Terrorism : Definition, Defense, and Women. In Larry May & Emily Crookston (eds.), War: Essays in Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  39. Marilyn Friedman (2008). Pettit's Civic Republicanism and Male Domination. In Cécile Laborde & John W. Maynor (eds.), Republicanism and Political Theory. Blackwell.
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  40. Marilyn Friedman (2008). Virtues and Oppression: A Complicated Relationship. Hypatia 23 (3):pp. 189-196.
    This paper raises some minor questions about Lisa Tessman’s book, Burdened Virtues. Friedman’s questions pertain, among other things, to the adequacy of a virtue ethical focus on character, the apparent implication of virtue ethics that oppressors suffer damaged characters and are not any better off than the oppressed, the importance of whether privileged persons may have earned their privileges, and the oppositional anger that movement feminists sometimes direct against each other.
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  41. Max Paul Friedman (2008). Twilight of the Defense Intellectuals? Modern Intellectual History 5 (2):411-423.
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  42. Michael Friedman, Ernst Cassirer. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  43. Michael Friedman (2008). Ernst Cassirer and Thomas Kuhn: The Neo-Kantian Tradition in History and Philosophy of Science. Philosophical Forum 39 (2):239-252.
  44. Michael Friedman (2008). History and Philosophy of Science in a New Key. Isis 99:125-134.
    This essay considers the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science from Thomas Kuhn to the present. This relationship, of course, has often been troubled, but there is now new hope for an ongoing productive interaction—due to an increasing awareness, among other things, of the mutual entanglement between the development of modern science and the development of modern philosophy on the part of both professional philosophers and professional historians of science. This idea is illustrated with several examples, including (...)
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  45. Michael Friedman (2008). Wissenschaftslogik : The Role of Logic in the Philosophy of Science. Synthese 164 (3):385 - 400.
    Carl Hempel introduced what he called "Craig's theorem" into the philosophy of science in a famous discussion of the "problem of theoretical terms." Beginning with Hempel's use of 'Craig's theorem," I shall bring out some of the key differences between Hempel's treatment of the "problem of theoretical terms" and Carnap's in order to illuminate the peculiar function of Wissenschaftslogik in Carnap's mature philosophy. Carnap's treatment, in particular, is fundamentally antimetaphysical—he aims to use the tools of mathematical logic to dissolve rather (...)
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  46. Milton Friedman (2008). Theory of the Consumption Function. Princeton University Press.
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  47. Richard Creath & Michael Friedman (eds.) (2007). Cambridge Companion to Rudolf Carnap. Cambridge University Press.
  48. M. Friedman & C. Calosi (2007). Recensioni-Dinamiche della ragione. Epistemologia 30 (1):187-189.
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  49. Marilyn Friedman (2007). Female Terrorists. Social Philosophy Today 23:189-200.
    Should women’s terrorist acts be understood differently than similar acts carried out by men? Does the gender identity of a terrorist make a difference to the meaning of a terrorist’s acts? Commentators who explain women’s involvement in terrorism often offer explanations other than political commitment. They often refer instead to factors in the women’s personal relationships, thereby drawing on gender stereotypes and diminishing the women’s political commitments. I suggest instead that terrorism by a woman involves symbolic political “testimony.” It amounts (...)
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  50. Marilyn Friedman & Angela Bolte (2007). Ethics and Feminism. In Linda Alcoff & Eva Feder Kittay (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Feminist Philosophy. Blackwell Pub..
     
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