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Margaret Gilbert [59]Michael A. Gilbert [33]M. Gilbert [23]Margaret P. Gilbert [19]
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Profile: Margaret Gilbert (University of California, Irvine)
Profile: Margaret Gilbert (University of California, Irvine)
Profile: Margaret Patricia Gilbert (University of California, Irvine)
Profile: Marcus Gilbert (University of York)
Profile: Mike Gilbert (University of Massachusetts, Boston)
Profile: Melissa Gilbert
  1. Margaret P. Gilbert, Acting Together, Joint Commitment, and Obligation.
    What is it to do something with another person? In the author's book On Social Facts and elsewhere, she has conjectured that a special type of commitment - joint commitment - lies at the root of acting together and many other central social phenomena. Here she surveys some data pertinent to this conjecture, including the assumption of those who act together that they have associated rights against and obligations towards each other. She explains what joint commitment is, how it relates (...)
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  2. Margaret P. Gilbert, Collective Remorse.
    This essay explores the nature of an important collective emotion, namely, collective remorse. Three accounts of collective remorse are presented and evaluated. The first involves an aggregate of group members remorseful over acts of their own associated with their group's act; the second an aggregate of persons remorseful over their group's act. The third account posits, in terms that are explained, a joint commitment of a group's members to constitute as far as is possible a single remorseful body. Construed according (...)
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  3. Margaret P. Gilbert, Collective Wrongdoing: Moral and Legal Responses.
    This is a review essay of Christopher Kutz's Complicity: Ethics and Law for a Collective Age, and Jonathan Bass's Stay The Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals. Topics addressed include the nature of collective intentions and actions, the possibility of collective guilt, the moral responsibility of individuals in the context of collective actions.
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  4. Margaret P. Gilbert, Gilbert Harman and Judith Jarvis Thomson's Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity.
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  5. Margaret P. Gilbert, On Being Categorized in the Speech of Others.
    Some psychologists argue that in general we self-ascribe characteristics according to others' perceived reactions to us. In illustration michael argyle cites a case involving the self-Ascription of popularity. But popularity is what I here call a 'reaction-Determined characteristic, That is, A characteristic such that certain others' reacting to someone in a certain way is logically sufficient for his having it. The general import of cases involving such characteristics needs careful examination and I argue that in fact argyle's case does not (...)
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  6. Margaret P. Gilbert & Fred R. Berger, On an Argument for the Impossibility of Prediction in the Social Sciences.
    This paper criticises a line of argument adopted by peter winch, Karl popper, And others, To the effect that the course of human history cannot be predicted. On this view it is impossible to predict in a particularly detailed way certain events ('original acts') on which important social developments depend. We analyze the argument, Showing that one version fails: original acts are in principle predictable in the relevant way. A cogent version is presented; this requires a special definition for 'original (...)
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  7. Kristie Dotson & Marita Gilbert (2014). Curious Disappearances: Affectability Imbalances and Process‐Based Invisibility. Hypatia 29 (4):873-888.
    In this paper, we analyze the recent public scandal involving Nafissatou Diallo and Dominique Strauss-Kahn to offer an account of the role affectability imbalances play in process-based invisibility. Process-based invisibilities, in this paper, refer to predictable narrative gaps within public narratives that can be aptly described as disappearances. We demonstrate that compromised, complex social identities, maladjusted webs of reciprocity, and a failure to fully appreciate basic affectability in large part cause affectability imbalances. Ultimately, we claim that affectability imbalances and the (...)
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  8. Margaret Gilbert & Daniel Pilchman (2014). Belief, Acceptance, and What Happens in Groups. In Jennifer Lackey (ed.), Essays in Collective Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
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  9. Michael Gilbert (2014). Arguing with People. Broadview Press.
    Arguing with People brings developments from the field of Argumentation Theory to bear on critical thinking in a clear and accessible way. This book expands the critical thinking toolkit, and shows how those tools can be applied in the hurly-burly of everyday arguing. Gilbert emphasizes the importance of understanding real arguments, understanding just who you are arguing with, and knowing how to use that information for successful argumentation. Interesting examples and partner exercises are provided to demonstrate tangible ways in which (...)
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  10. Michael Gilbert (2014). Emotive Language in Argumentation. Informal Logic 34 (3):337-340.
    Book Review Emotive Language in Argumentation by Fabrizio Macagno and Douglas Walton New York: Cambridge UP. 9781107676657 . Review by MICHAEL A. GILBERT Department of Philosophy York University 4700 Keele St, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 gilbert@yorku.ca.
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  11. Sébastien Calvignac‐Spencer, Fabian H. Leendertz, M. Thomas P. Gilbert & Grit Schubert (2013). An Invertebrate Stomach's View on Vertebrate Ecology. Bioessays 35 (11):1004-1013.
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  12. Margaret Gilbert (2013). Commitment. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  13. Margaret Gilbert (2013). Joint Commitment: How We Make the Social World. Oup Usa.
    This new essay collection by distinguished philosopher Margaret Gilbert provides a richly textured argument for the importance of joint commitment in our personal and public lives. Topics covered by this diverse range of essays range from marital love to patriotism, from promissory obligation to the unity of the European Union.
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  14. Michael A. Gilbert, Commentary On: Charlotte Jørgensen's "Rhetoric, Dialectic, and Logic: The Triad de-Campartmentalized.
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  15. Michael A. Gilbert, Emotion as Permeative: Attempting to Model the Unidentifiable.
    The question of emotion in argumentation has received considerable attention in recent years. But there is a tension between the traditional normative role of informal logic, and the inclusion of emotion which is viewed as notoriously unstable. Here I argue that that, a] there is always emotion in an argument; b] that the presence of emotion is a good thing; and c] that we can and ought model and teach the use of emotion in Argumentation Theory.
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  16. Michael Gilbert (2011). The Kisceral: Reason and Intuition in Argumentation. [REVIEW] Argumentation 25 (2):163-170.
    Gilbert’s four modes of communication include the logical, the emotional, the visceral and the kisceral, which last has not received much attention at all. This mode covers the forms of argument that rely on intuition and undefended basal assumptions. These forms range from the scientific and mathematical to the religious and mystical. In this paper these forms will be examined, and suggestions made for ways in which intuitive frameworks can be compared and valued.
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  17. Cristian Santibanez Yanez & Michael A. Gilbert, Evolution, Cognition and Argumentation.
    Sperber and Mercier maintain that argumentation is a meta-representational module. In their evolutionary view of argumentation, the function of this module would be to regulate the flow of information between interlocutors through persuasiveness on the side of the communicator and epistemic vigilance on the side of the audience. The aim of this paper is to discuss this definition of argumen-tation by analyzing what they mean by “communicator’s persuasiveness” and “audience epistemic vigilance”.
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  18. V. A. Aita, W. M. Lydiatt & M. A. Gilbert (2010). Portraits of Care: Medical Research Through Portraiture. Medical Humanities 36 (1):5-13.
    The Portraits of Care study used portraiture to investigate ideas about care and care giving at the intersection of art and medicine. The study employed mixed methods involving both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. All aspects of the study were approved by the Institutional Review Board. The study included 26 patient and 20 caregiver subjects. Patient subjects were drawn from across the lifespan and included healthy and ill patients. Caregiver subjects included professional and familial caregivers. All subjects gave their informed (...)
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  19. Margaret Gilbert (2009). A Real Unity of Them All. The Monist 92 (2):268-285.
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  20. Margaret Gilbert (2009). Pro Patria : An Essay on Patriotism. Journal of Ethics 13 (4):319 - 346.
    This essay focuses on what patriotism is, as opposed to the value of patriotism. It focuses further on the basic patriotic motive : one acts with this motive if one acts on behalf of one’s country as such. I first argue that pre-theoretically the basic patriotic motive is sufficient to make an act patriotic from a motivational point of view. In particular the agent need not ascribe virtues or achievements to his country nor need he feel towards it the emotions (...)
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  21. Margaret Gilbert (2009). Shared Intention and Personal Intentions. Philosophical Studies 144 (1):167 - 187.
    This article explores the question: what is it for two or more people to intend to do something in the future? In a technical phrase, what is it for people to share an intention ? Extending and refining earlier work of the author’s, it argues for three criteria of adequacy for an account of shared intention (the disjunction, concurrence, and obligation criteria) and offers an account that satisfies them. According to this account, in technical terms explained in the paper, people (...)
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  22. Margaret P. Gilbert (2009). Obligation and Joint Commitment. Utilitas 11 (02):143-.
    I argue that obligations of an important type inhere in what I call 'joint commitments'. I propose a joint commitment account of everyday agreements. This could explain why some philosophers believe that we know of the obligating nature of agreements a priori. I compare and contrast obligations of joint commitment with obligations in the relatively narrow sense recommended by H. L. A. Hart, a recommendation that has been influential. Some central contexts in which Hart takes there to be obligations in (...)
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  23. Miqqi Alicia Gilbert (2009). Defeating Bigenderism: Changing Gender Assumptions in the Twenty-First Century. Hypatia 24 (3):93 - 112.
    Bigenderism maintains there are only two genders, which correspond with the two sexes, male and female. Basic bigenderism requires that legal documents and public institutions designate a single invariant gender (that is, sex). Strict bigenderism applies these categories in a social context that stigmatizes "imperfect" men and women who do not reach ideals set by the bigenderist schema. I discuss these concepts and their implications, present three models that successively weaken bigenderist assumptions, and argue for the most radical of the (...)
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  24. Margaret Gilbert (2008). Two Approaches to Shared Intention: An Essay in the Philosophy of Social Phenomena. Analyse & Kritik 30 (2):483-514.
    Drawing on earlier work of the author that is both clarified and amplified here, this article explores the question: what is it for two or more people to intend to do something in the future? In short, what is it for people to share an intention? It argues for three criteria of adequacy for an account of shared intention and offers an account that satisfies them. According to this account, in technical terms explained in the paper, people share an intention (...)
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  25. Margaret P. Gilbert (2008). Social Convention Revisited. Topoi (1-2):5-16.
    This article will compare and contrast two very different accounts of convention: the game-theoretical account of Lewis in Convention, and the account initially proposed by Margaret Gilbert (the present author) in chapter six of On Social Facts, and further elaborated here. Gilbert’s account is not a variant of Lewis’s. It was arrived at in part as the result of a detailed critique of Lewis’s account in relation to a central everyday concept of a social convention. An account of convention need (...)
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  26. Diana Meyers, Joel Kupperman, Margaret Gilbert, Sonia Michel & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (2008). Paul Bloomfield. In Paul Bloomfield (ed.), Morality and Self-Interest. Oxford University Press.
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  27. J. Aletti, S. Vulpillières, J. Ska & M. Gilbert (2007). Vocabulario Razonado De La Exégesis Bíblica. Los Términos, Las Aproximaciones, Los Autores. Revista Agustiniana 48:872-873.
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  28. Margaret Gilbert (2007). Collective Intentions, Commitment, and Collective Action Problems. In Fabienne Peter (ed.), Rationality and Commitment. Oxford University Press, Usa. 258.
     
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  29. Margaret Gilbert (2007). Collective Intentions, Commitment and Collective Action Problems. In Fabienne Peter & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), Rationality and Commitment. Oup Oxford.
     
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  30. Maurice Gilbert (2007). Les conditions du pouvoir. Revue Théologique de Louvain 38 (3):313-335.
    Proverbes 28-29 constituent une unité littéraire et thématique: les sages y donnent leur avis sur la classe dirigeante. Depuis plus de vingt ans, les chercheurs sont d’accord sur cette interprétation. Reprenant leurs intuitions, l’auteur poursuit leurs recherches en s’appuyant surtout sur la structure littéraire de ces chapitres. Le cadre est formé de cinq versets, Pr 28,1.12.28; 29,15.27, qui délimitent quatre péricopes, Pr 28,2-11.13-27; 29,1-15.17-26, dont l’auteur souligne la thématique propre à chacune d’elles. La dimension religieuse de la morale sociale des (...)
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  31. Michael A. Gilbert, Commentary on Amjarso.
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  32. Michael A. Gilbert (2007). Natural Normativity: Argumentation Theory as an Engaged Discipline. Informal Logic 27 (2):149-161.
    Natural normativity describes the means whereby social and cultural controls are placed on argumentative behaviour. The three main components of this are Goals, Context, and Ethos, which combine to form a dynamic and situational framework. Natural normativity is explained in light of Pragma-dialectics, Informal Logic, and Rhetoric. Finally, the theory is applied to the Biro-Siegel challenge.
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  33. Michael A. Gilbert (2007). W.C. Booth - The Rhetoric of Rhetoric: The Quest for Effective Communication. Informal Logic 27 (3):303.
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  34. M. Gilbert (2006). L'invention De La « Philosophie De La Religion » Selon Jean Greisch. Nouvelle Revue Théologique 128 (1):67-74.
     
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  35. Margaret Gilbert (2006). A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society. Oup Oxford.
    Margaret Gilbert offers an incisive new approach to a classic problem of political philosophy: when and why should I do what the law tells me to do? Do I have special obligations to conform to the laws of my own country and if so, why? In what sense, if any, must I fight in wars in which my country is engaged, if ordered to do so, or suffer the penalty for law-breaking the law imposes - including the death penalty? Gilbert's (...)
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  36. Margaret Gilbert (2006). Who's to Blame? Collective Moral Responsibility and its Implications for Group Members. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):94–114.
  37. Margaret P. Gilbert (2006). Can a Wise Society Be a Free One? Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (S1):151-167.
    This article invokes the idea of a wise society, something that has received little attention from contemporary philosophers. It argues that, given plausible interpretations of the relevant terms, the wiser a society is, the less free it is. Even if one prefers a different account of a wise society, the argument in question is significant, for on this account a wise society possesses features that would seem to be desirable whatever their relationship to wisdom in particular: it makes many true (...)
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  38. Margaret P. Gilbert (2006). Character, Essence, Action: Considerations on Character Traits After Sartre. The Pluralist 1 (1):40 - 52.
    Two radically different, general accounts of human character traits - the "essentialist" and the "summary" accounts - are given critical consideration. The former account is characterized in terms of Saul Kripke's conception of metaphysical essence. Both accounts are discussed with reference to Jean-Paul Sartre's treatment of character traits. The essentialist account cannot withstand considerations relating to personal identity over time. The summary account is also rejected, as is a certain kind of dispositional account. An approach to at least some character (...)
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  39. Margaret P. Gilbert (2006). Rationality in Collective Action. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (1):3-17.
    Collective action is interpreted as a matter of people doing something together, and it is assumed that this involves their having a collective intention to do that thing together. The account of collective intention for which the author has argued elsewhere is presented. In terms that are explained, the parties are jointly committed to intend as a body that such-and-such. Collective action problems in the sense of rational choice theory—problems such as the various forms of coordination problem and the (...)
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  40. Muriel Gilbert (2006). Pour une critique psychanalytique de l'identité narrative. Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 138 (4):329-341.
    L�herméneutique du soi proposée par Paul Ric�ur dans les années quatre vingt-dix fait une large place au récit autobiographique. Elle place ainsi au coeur de la constitution de l�identité personnelle la capacité de faire retour sur soi en termes narratifs. Abordée sous l�angle non seulement de la permanence d�un noyau substantiel � la mêmeté � mais également de celle impliquée dans l�acte de tenir parole � l�ipséité � l�identité est ici conçue comme étant narrative. Seul un sujet capable de se (...)
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  41. M. Gilbert (2005). Gratuité. Nouvelle Revue Théologique 127 (2):251-265.
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  42. Margaret P. Gilbert (2005). Shared Values, Social Unity, and Liberty. Public Affairs Quarterly 19 (1):25-49.
    May social unity - the unity of a society or social group - be a matter of sharing values? Political philosophers disagree on this topic. Kymlicka answers: No. Devlin and Rawls answer: Yes. It is argued that given one common 'summative' account of sharing values a negative answer is correct. A positive answer is correct, however, given the plural subject account of sharing values. Given this account, those who share values are unified in a substantial way by their participation in (...)
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  43. Michael Gilbert (2005). Arguing: Exchanging Reasons Face to Face. [REVIEW] Informal Logic 25 (3):296-300.
     
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  44. Michael A. Gilbert (2005). Hample's Arguing: Exchanging Reasons Face to Face. Informal Logic 25 (3).
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  45. M. Gilbert (2004). Practical Reasoning in a Social World: How We Act Together. Philosophical Review 113 (1):130-132.
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  46. Margaret Gilbert (2004). Scanlon on Promissory Obligation: The Problem of Promisees' Rights. Journal of Philosophy 101 (2):83 - 109.
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  47. Margaret P. Gilbert (2004). Collective Epistemology. Episteme 1 (2):95--107.
    This paper introduces the author's approach to everyday ascriptions of collective cognitive states as in such statements as we believe he is lying. Collective epistemology deals with these ascriptions attempting to understand them and the phenomena in question.
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  48. Margaret P. Gilbert (2004). Scanlon on Promissory Obligation. Journal of Philosophy 101 (2):83-109.
    This article offers a critique of Thomas Scanlon's well-known account of promissory obligation by reference to the rights of promisees. Scanlon's account invokes a moral principle, the "principle of fidelity". Now, corresponding to a promisor's obligation to perform is a promisee's right to performance. It is argued that one cannot account for this right in terms of Scanlon's principle. This is so in spite of a clause in the principle relating to the promisee's "consent", which might have been thought to (...)
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  49. Maurice Gilbert (2004). À l'école de la sagesse. La pédagogie des sages dans l'ancien Israël. Gregorianum 85 (1):20-42.
    The Wisdom books of the Old Testament exhibit a pedagogy, but each one does so in a different way. The master-disciple relation appears especially in Proverbs and in Ecclesiasticus. In the Book of Wisdom, it is implicit. Job and Ecclesiastes are practically not interested in it at all. The master must acquire a competence so as to direct the disciple towards concrete values, and show him the inevitable consequences of a choice of life. The disciple is invited to listen to, (...)
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  50. Michael Gilbert (2004). Cooperative Argumentation: A Model for Deliberative Community. [REVIEW] Informal Logic 24 (3):269-271.
     
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