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  1.  20
    M. J. Cresswell (1985). Structured Meanings. MIT Press.
    Expressions in a language, whether words, phrases, or sentences, have meanings. So it seems reasonable to suppose that there are meanings that expressions have. Of course, it is fashionable in some philosophical circles to deny this.
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  2.  17
    M. J. Cresswell (1973). Logics and Languages. London,Methuen [Distributed in the U.S.A. By Harper & Row.
    Originally published in 1973, this book shows that methods developed for the semantics of systems of formal logic can be successfully applied to problems about the semantics of natural languages; and, moreover, that such methods can take account of features of natural language which have often been thought incapable of formal treatment, such as vagueness, context dependence and metaphorical meaning. Parts 1 and 2 set out a class of formal languages and their semantics. Parts 3 and 4 show that these (...)
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  3. M. J. Cresswell (1991). Entities and Indicies. Kluwer.
     
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  4.  32
    M. J. Cresswell (2013). Predicate Metric Tense Logic for 'Now' and 'Then'. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (1):1-24.
    In a number of publications A.N. Prior considered the use of what he called ‘metric tense logic’. This is a tense logic in which the past and future operators P and F have an index representing a temporal distance, so that Pnα means that α was true n -much ago, and Fn α means that α will be true n -much hence. The paper investigates the use of metric predicate tense logic in formalising phenomena ormally treated by such devices as (...)
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  5.  9
    M. J. Cresswell (forthcoming). Prior on the Semantics of Modal and Tense Logic. Synthese:1-17.
    In celebrating Arthur Prior we celebrate what he gave to the world. Much of this is measured by what others have made of his ideas after his death. The focus of this paper is a little different. It looks at what Prior himself thought he was accomplishing. In particular it considers Prior’s attitude to the semantic metatheory of the logics that he was interested in. The paper sets out some characteristics of the metalogical study of intensional languages in terms of (...)
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  6. M. J. Cresswell (1975). Hyperintensional Logic. Studia Logica 34 (1):25 - 38.
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  7. M. J. Cresswell (1967). Professor Bradley's Avowals. Mind 76 (301):121-122.
  8. M. J. Cresswell & G. E. Hughes (2012). A New Introduction to Modal Logic. Routledge.
    This long-awaited book replaces Hughes and Cresswell's two classic studies of modal logic: _An Introduction to Modal Logic_ and _A Companion to Modal Logic_. _A New Introduction to Modal Logic_ is an entirely new work, completely re-written by the authors. They have incorporated all the new developments that have taken place since 1968 in both modal propositional logic and modal predicate logic, without sacrificing tha clarity of exposition and approachability that were essential features of their earlier works. The book takes (...)
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  9.  82
    M. J. Cresswell (2006). Now is the Time. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (3):311 – 332.
    The aim of this paper is to consider some logical aspects of the debate between the view that the present is the only 'real' time, and the view that the present is not in any way metaphysically privileged. In particular I shall set out a language of first-order predicate tense logic with a now predicate, and a first order (extensional) language with an abstraction operator, in such a way that each language can be shewn to be exactly translatable into the (...)
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  10. M. J. Cresswell (1967). Note on a System of Åqvist. Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (1):58-60.
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  11.  54
    M. J. Cresswell & A. A. Rini (2010). Are Contingent Facts a Myth? Analysis 70 (3):424-431.
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  12. M. J. Cresswell (2002). Why Propositions Have No Structure. Noûs 36 (4):643–662.
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  13.  84
    M. J. Cresswell (1984). Comments on Von Stechow. Journal of Semantics 3 (1-2):79-81.
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  14.  76
    M. J. Cresswell (2010). Temporal Reference in Linear Tense Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (2):173 - 200.
    The paper introduces a first-order theory in the language of predicate tense logic which contains a single simple axiom. It is shewn that this theory enables times to be referred to and sentences involving ‘now’ and ‘then’ to be formalised. The paper then compares this way of increasing the expressive capacity of predicate tense logic with other mechanisms, and indicates how to generalise the results to other modal and tense systems.
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  15.  84
    M. J. Cresswell (1972). The World is Everything That is the Case. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 50 (1):1 – 13.
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  16.  40
    M. J. Cresswell (2002). Static Semantics for Dynamic Discourse. Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (5-6):545-571.
  17.  48
    M. J. Cresswell (2014). Modal Logic as Metaphysics. Philosophical Quarterly 64 (255):332-338.
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  18.  31
    M. J. Cresswell (2004). Adequacy Conditions for Counterpart Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):28 – 41.
    David Lewis's modal realism claims that nothing can exist in more than one world or time, and that statements about how something would have been are to be analysed in terms of its counterpart . I first explain why the counterpart relation depends on de re modal statements in an intensional language, so that intuitive properties of similarity relations cannot be used to show that the counterpart relation is not an equivalence relation. I then look at test sentences in (the (...)
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  19.  48
    M. J. Cresswell (1978). Prepositions and Points of View. Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (1):1 - 41.
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  20. M. J. Cresswell (1976). Formal Philosophy, Selected Papers of Richard Montague. Philosophia 6 (1):193-207.
  21.  20
    M. J. Cresswell (1970). Classical intensional logics. Theoria 36 (3):347-372.
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  22. M. J. Cresswell (1996). Semantic Indexicality.
     
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  23. M. J. Cresswell (2010). The Modal Predicate Logic of Real Time. Logique Et Analyse 209:3-7.
     
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  24.  65
    M. J. Cresswell (1975). What is Aristotle's Theory of Universals? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53 (3):238 – 247.
  25.  20
    M. J. Cresswell (2004). Adequacy Conditions for Counterpart Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):28 – 41.
    David Lewis's modal realism claims that nothing can exist in more than one world or time, and that statements about how something would have been are to be analysed in terms of its counterpart . I first explain why the counterpart relation depends on de re modal statements in an intensional language, so that intuitive properties of similarity relations cannot be used to show that the counterpart relation is not an equivalence relation. I then look at test sentences in (the (...)
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  26.  24
    M. J. Cresswell (1977). Categorial Languages. Studia Logica 36 (4):257 - 269.
  27.  30
    M. J. Cresswell (1972). Intensional Logics and Logical Truth. Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (1):2 - 15.
  28.  35
    M. J. Cresswell (1988). Necessity and Contingency. Studia Logica 47 (2):145 - 149.
    The paper considers the question of when the operator L of necessity in modal logic can be expressed in terms of the operator meaning it is non-contingent that.
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  29.  46
    M. J. Cresswell (1971). Essence and Existence in Plato and Aristotle. Theoria 37 (2):91-113.
    Truth of x (independently of any description of x) that it is f. A property f which holds of x but is not per se of x is said to hold per accidens of x. The essence of an individual is the sum of its per se properties. We can formulate the following: doctrine a: concrete individuals do not have essences though abstract entities do. Doctrine b: concrete individuals have essences but they do not individuate, whereas abstract entities have essences (...)
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  30.  57
    M. J. Cresswell (1986). Why Objects Exist but Events Occur. Studia Logica 45 (4):371 - 375.
    I distinguish between sentences like(1) Last Thursday we drove from Wellington to Waikanae and (2) Last Thursday my copy of Aspects of the Theory of Syntax remained on my bookshelf. Sentence (2) has the subinterval property. If it is true at an interval t it is true at every subinterval of t. (1) lacks this property. (1) reports an event. (2) reports a state. Events do not have the subinterval property but states do have it, and so do objects. If (...)
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  31.  84
    M. J. Cresswell (2006). Arabic Numerals in Propositional Attitude Sentences. Analysis 66 (289):92–93.
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  32. M. J. Cresswell (1988). Semantical Essays Possible Worlds and Their Rivals. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  33.  33
    M. J. Cresswell (1980). Quotational Theories of Propositional Attitudes. Journal of Philosophical Logic 9 (1):17 - 40.
  34.  37
    M. J. Cresswell (1995). Incompleteness and the Barcan Formula. Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (4):379 - 403.
    A (normal) system of propositional modal logic is said to be complete iff it is characterized by a class of (Kripke) frames. When we move to modal predicate logic the question of completeness can again be raised. It is not hard to prove that if a predicate modal logic is complete then it is characterized by the class of all frames for the propositional logic on which it is based. Nor is it hard to prove that if a propositional modal (...)
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  35.  16
    M. J. Cresswell & John C. Bigelow (1978). Review. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (3):289-295.
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  36.  5
    M. J. Cresswell & A. A. Rini (2011). Contingent Facts: Comments on Mellor's Reply. Analysis 71 (1):69-72.
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  37.  5
    M. J. Cresswell (1972). Second-Order Intensional Logic. Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 18 (19-20):297-320.
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  38.  53
    M. J. Cresswell (2010). Abstract Entities in the Causal Order. Theoria 76 (3):249-265.
    This article discusses the argument we cannot have knowledge of abstract entities because they are not part of the causal order. The claim of this article is that the argument fails because of equivocation. Assume that the “causal order” is concerned with contingent facts involving time and space. Even if the existence of abstract entities is not contingent and does not involve time or space it does not follow that no truths about abstract entities are contingent or involve time or (...)
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  39.  57
    M. J. Cresswell (2008). Does Every Proposition Have a Unique Contradictory? Analysis 68 (298):112–114.
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  40.  56
    M. J. Cresswell (2004). Adequacy Conditions for Counterpart Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):28 – 41.
    David Lewis's modal realism claims that nothing can exist in more than one world or time, and that statements about how something would have been are to be analysed in terms of its counterpart . I first explain why the counterpart relation depends on de re modal statements in an intensional language, so that intuitive properties of similarity relations cannot be used to show that the counterpart relation is not an equivalence relation. I then look at test sentences in (the (...)
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  41.  20
    M. J. Cresswell (1975). Identity and Intensional Objects. Philosophia 5 (1-2):47-68.
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  42.  4
    M. J. Cresswell (1968). The Representation of Intensional Logics. Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 14 (19):289-298.
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  43.  49
    M. J. Cresswell (2003). Logical Form and Language. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (2):283 – 284.
    Book Information Logical Form and Language. Edited by G. Preyer and G. Peter. Clarendon Press. Oxford. 2002. Pp. x + 512. Hardback, £55. Paperback, £19.99.
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  44.  43
    M. J. Cresswell (1971). Plato's Theory of Causality: Phaedo 95-106. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (3):244 – 249.
  45.  20
    M. J. Cresswell (2012). Mathematical Entities in the Divided Line. Review of Metaphysics 66 (1):89-104.
    The second highest level of the divided line in Plato’s Republic appears to be about the entities of mathematics—entities such as particular triangles. It differs from the highest level in two respects. It involves reasoning from hypotheses, and it uses visible images. This article defends the traditional view that the passage is indeed about these mathematical ‘intermediates’; and tries to show how the apparently different features of the second level are related, by focussing on Plato’s need to give an account (...)
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  46.  13
    M. J. Cresswell (1966). Functions of Propositions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):545-560.
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  47.  38
    M. J. Cresswell & A. A. Rini (2010). Contingent Facts: Comments on Mellor's Reply. Analysis 71 (1):69-72.
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  48.  47
    M. J. Cresswell (1990). Modality and Mellor's Mctaggart. Studia Logica 49 (2):163 - 170.
    This paper explores a modal analogue of Hugh Mellor''s version of McTaggart''s argument against the reality of tense. I show that if Mellor''s argument succeeds in showing that the present moment cannot be any more real than any other moment then it also shows that the actual world cannot be any more real than any other possible world.
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  49. M. J. Cresswell (1970). Note on the Interpretation of S0. 5. Logique Et Analyse 13:376-378.
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  50.  13
    G. E. Hughes & M. J. Cresswell (1975). Omnitemporal Logic and Converging Time. Theoria 41 (1):11-34.
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