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  1. Matthew Smith, Justificatory Independence.
    This is paper argues for the view that rules produced by illegitimate authorities may nonetheless be authoritative for those to whom the rules are addressed. (draft only - please do not quote).
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  2. Matthew Smith, Rethinking Revolution.
    This paper argues for a rehabilitation of philosophical engagement with the question of whether revolution can be justified. Such a renewed engagement with the problem of revolution appears to be stymied by the intuition that we have strong moral arguments ruling out revolution in almost every case. I aim to show that we should abandon this intuition. I will argue that standard arguments against revolution are not strong enough to warrant the relative inattention the question of the justifiability revolution has (...)
     
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  3. Matthew Smith, Trust and Planning.
     
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  4. Matthew Smith, This Paper Argues That Reliance is a Distinctive Psychologiocal Attitude That has Both Belief-Like and Desire-Like Properties.
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  5. Michael Smith, Schiffers’s Unhappy Face Solution to a Puzzle About Moral Judgement.
    where, according to Schiffer, the concept of an F is pleonastic just in case the concept itself licenses entailments of the form: S ⇒ ∃xFx. These are what he calls "somethingfrom-nothing" entailments and the various practices in which such entailments are made are what he calls "hypostatisizing practices" (p.57). The concept of a proposition is pleonastic, according to this definition, because it licenses the move from a claim like 'Fido is a dog,' a claim containing only the singular term 'Fido' (...)
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  6. Matthew A. Smith, Religion and the Freedom-Weighted View: Reconsidering First Amendment Challenges to Laws Promoting Autonomy.
    In this paper, I defend a novel view of the religion clauses. The historical origins of the clause suggest two competing conceptual interpretations: one which privileges religion (the religion-weighted view) and one which privileges freedom (the freedom-weighted view). I argue for the freedom-weighted view and explore the jurisprudential implications of both views. I also argue for the counterintuitive result that, if we accept the freedom-weighted view, Free Exercise challenges to certain laws promoting autonomy (freedom) in children are analytically incoherent. Because (...)
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  7. Michael K. Smith & Howard Zinn, Chomsky, Zinn, Nader & the Quadrennial Farce.
    Chomsky, meanwhile, has long expressed great reluctance even to recommend reading material to his audiences, let alone how they ought to vote, on the basis that they shouldn’t be substituting his judgment for their own. At the same time he has equally consistently maintained that elections are an elaborate PR charade unworthy of more than the briefest attention, a stance he somehow considers consistent with the petition’s call to put the presidential elections at the top of our list of concerns (...)
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  8. Geoffrey Sayre-McCord & Michael A. Smith, Desires and Beliefs of One's Own.
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  9. Magdalena Smith, DOES KUTZ's THEORY OF JOINT ACTION ATTRIBUTE RESPONSIBILITY TO SHAREOWNERS?
    In this paper I argue that Christopher Kutz misapplies his theory of joint action when he attributes shareowners responsibilities on the basis of their intentional participation in the corporations in which they invest. Instead I propose that his theory of joint action should be used to attribute shareowners responsibilities on the basis of their intentional participation in the stock market. If shareholders’ accountability is grounded in their intentional participation in the stock market, then shareholders cannot take responsibility for corporation’s individual (...)
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  10. Martin Smith, Justification, Normalcy and Evidential Probability.
    NOTE: This paper is a reworking of some aspects of a previous paper of mine – ‘What else justification could be’ published in Noûs in 2010. I’m currently in the process of writing a book developing and defending some of the ideas from this paper. What follows will, I hope, fall into place as one of the chapters of this book – though it is still very much at the draft stage. Comments are welcome. -/- My concern in this paper (...)
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  11. Matthew Smith (manuscript). JUSTIFICATORY INDEPENDENCE AND INTERPERSONAL MUTUALITY. [REVIEW] /A.
    Can there be an obligation to obey laws produced by patently illegitimate political institutions, or are these laws like rules of etiquette – rules we might have reasons to follow but which we are not obligated to obey?2 Exclude from the scope of this question laws that recapitulate or contradict independently valid moral principles. Let us instead query only whether there is an obligation to obey laws that (i) do not recapitulate or contradict valid moral principles, and (ii) are products (...)
     
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  12. Matthew Smith, Ideas of Justice: Positive.
    We use the term “justice” in many different ways. In this essay, I consider justice only as it used in Anglo-American political and legal theory. In this realm of discourse, all forms of justice consist of non-utilitarian allocative principles, i.e., principles governing, to put it as broadly as possible, who gets how much of what. Some may wish to treat utilitarian principles as principles of justice. As a matter of nomenclatural pedantry, this is surely reasonable. But, perhaps as a consequence (...)
     
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  13. Matthew Smith, Justificatory Independence: Interpersonal Mutuality and the Authority of the Law.
    Can the laws produced by patently illegitimate political institutions be authoritative, or are they like the rules of etiquette – rules we might have conclusive reasons to follow but which are not authoritative?[2] Exclude from the scope of this question laws that recapitulate or contradict independently valid moral principles and so are authoritative in virtue of their content. Let us instead query only whether laws that (i) do not recapitulate or contradict valid moral principles, and (ii) are products of illegitimate (...)
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  14. Matthew Noah Smith, 1. The Accommodation Thesis.
    How ought we to respond to other people caring about whatever it is that they care about – even if they care about things that are obviously not careworthy?2 For example, if my neighbor cares about collecting antique decorative saltshakers and I think this is an idiotic pastime, how ought I to respond to this? My thesis is that I should respond by accommodating his cares.3 I describe accommodation as follows: [Accommodation] A accommodates B’s caring about F by adjusting her (...)
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  15. Michael Smith & Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, Desires…and Beliefs…of One's Own.
    Much work in recent moral psychology attempts to spell out what it is for a desire to be an agent’s own, or, as it is often put, what it means for an agent to be identified with certain of her desires rather than others. The aim of such work varies. Some suggest that an account of what it is for a desire to be an agent’s own provides us with an account of what it is for an agent to value (...)
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  16. Courtenay R. Bruce, Margot M. Eves, Nathan G. Allen, Martin L. Smith, Adam M. Peña, John R. Cheney & Mary A. Majumder (forthcoming). “Systematizing” Ethics Consultation Services. HEC Forum:1-11.
    While valuable work has been done addressing clinical ethics within established healthcare systems, we anticipate that the projected growth in acquisitions of community hospitals and facilities by large tertiary hospitals will impact the field of clinical ethics and the day-to-day responsibilities of clinical ethicists in ways that have yet to be explored. Toward the goal of providing clinical ethicists guidance on a range of issues that they may encounter in the systematization process, we discuss key considerations and potential challenges in (...)
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  17. Courtenay R. Bruce, Adam Peña, Betsy B. Kusin, Nathan G. Allen, Martin L. Smith & Mary A. Majumder (forthcoming). An Embedded Model for Ethics Consultation: Characteristics, Outcomes, and Challenges. Ajob Empirical Bioethics:140210104930000.
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  18. Eugene Matusov, Mark P. Smith, Elizabeth Soslau, Ana Marjanovic-Shane & Katherine von Duyke (forthcoming). Dialogism and Agency in Education. Educational Theory.
     
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  19. Patrick O'Sullivan, Mark Smith & Mark Esposito (forthcoming). Ethics as Social Critique. Business Ethics: A Critical Approach: Integrating Ethics Across the Business World.
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  20. Patrick O'Sullivan, Mark Smith & Mark Esposito (forthcoming). Towards an Ethical Future for Business? Business Ethics: A Critical Approach: Integrating Ethics Across the Business World.
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  21. M. Smith (forthcoming). Justification and the Truth Connection. Philosophical Quarterly.
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  22. Mark Christopher Smith (forthcoming). The Unity of Linguistic Meaning. Philosophical Psychology:1-4.
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  23. Mark Cr Smith (forthcoming). Cartesian Epistemology and the Authority of Norms. History of Philosophy Quarterly.
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  24. Mark S. Smith & Elizabeth M. Bloch-Smith (forthcoming). Death and Afterlife in Ugarit and Israel. Journal of the American Oriental Society.
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  25. Mark Smith & Viviene E. Cree (forthcoming). Social Work and Pornography: Some Ethical Considerations. Ethics and Social Welfare:1-15.
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  26. Mark Smith & Christelle Tornikoski (forthcoming). Ethical Issues for International Human Resource Management. Business Ethics: A Critical Approach: Integrating Ethics Across the Business World.
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  27. Martin Smith (forthcoming). Evidential Incomparability and the Principle of Indifference. Erkenntnis:1-12.
    The Principle of Indifference (POI) was once regarded as a linchpin of probabilistic reasoning, but has now fallen into disrepute as a result of the so-called problem of multiple of partitions. In ‘Evidential symmetry and mushy credence’ Roger White suggests that we have been too quick to jettison this principle and argues that the problem of multiple partitions rests on a mistake. In this paper I will criticise White’s attempt to revive POI. In so doing, I will argue that what (...)
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  28. Martin Smith (forthcoming). Scepticism by a Thousand Cuts. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
    Global sceptical arguments seek to undermine vast swathes of our putative knowledge by deploying hypotheses that posit massive deception or error. Local sceptical arguments seek to undermine just a small region of putative knowledge, using hypotheses that posit deception or error of a more mundane kind. Those epistemologists who have devised anti-sceptical strategies have tended to have global sceptical arguments firmly in their sights. I argue here that local sceptical arguments, while less dramatic, ultimately pose just as serious a challenge (...)
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  29. Martin F. Smith (forthcoming). Support From Oinoanda for a Variant Reading in Dionysius of Halicarnassus. Hermes.
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  30. Martin S. Smith (forthcoming). Martial. Classical Review.
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  31. Michael Smith (forthcoming). The Materialist Dilemma: Education and the Changing of Circumstances. Philosophy of Education.
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  32. Michaël B. Smith (forthcoming). L'esthétique de Merleau-ponty. Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  33. Michael B. Smith (forthcoming). Silence, Miss Carson!" Science, Gender, and the Reception of" Silent Spring. Feminist Studies.
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  34. Michael Joseph Smith (forthcoming). Hans Morgenthau and the American National Interest in the Early Cold War. Social Research.
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  35. Mitzi J. Smith (forthcoming). Book Review: Of Widows and Meals: Communal Means in the Book of Acts. [REVIEW] Interpretation 62 (2):210-210.
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  36. Susan L. Ustin, John B. Adams, Christopher D. Elvidge, Marcel Rejmanek, Barrett N. Rock, Milton O. Smith, Randall W. Thomas & Roy A. Woodward (forthcoming). Thematic Mapper Studies of Semiarid Shrub Communities. BioScience.
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  37. A. M. Viens, M. J. Smith, C. M. Bensimon & D. S. Silva (forthcoming). Justifying the Initiation and Continued Provision of Public Health Interventions in Humanitarian Settings. Public Health Ethics:phu026.
    Médecins Sans Frontières is not morally required to continue providing the same therapeutic and preventative interventions for lead poisoning in Nigeria in the face of conditions that negatively impact on the achievement of their objectives. Nevertheless, Médecins Sans Frontières may have reasons to revise their objectives and adopt different interventions or methods.
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  38. Courtenay R. Bruce, Martin L. Smith, Olubukunola Mary Tawose & Richard R. Sharp (2014). Practical Guidance for Charting Ethics Consultations. HEC Forum 26 (1):79-93.
    It is generally accepted that appropriate documentation of activities and recommendations of ethics consultants in patients’ medical records is critical. Despite this acceptance, the bioethics literature is largely devoid of guidance on key elements of an ethics chart note, the degree of specificity that it should contain, and its stylistic tenor. We aim to provide guidance for a variety of persons engaged in clinical ethics consultation: new and seasoned ethics committee members who are new to ethics consultation, students and trainees (...)
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  39. Martin Smith (2014). Knowledge, Justification and Normative Coincidence1. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (2):273-295.
    Say that two goals are normatively coincident just in case one cannot aim for one goal without automatically aiming for the other. While knowledge and justification are distinct epistemic goals, with distinct achievement conditions, this paper begins from the suggestion that they are nevertheless normatively coincident—aiming for knowledge and aiming for justification are one and the same activity. A number of surprising consequences follow from this—both specific consequences about how we can ascribe knowledge and justification in lottery cases and more (...)
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  40. Martin Smith (2014). Review of Justification and the Truth Connection by Clayton Littlejohn. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly.
  41. Martin Smith (2014). The Arbitrariness of Belief. In Dylan Dodd & Elia Zardini (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives on Scepticism and Perceptual Justification. Oxford University Press.
    In Knowledge and Lotteries, John Hawthorne offers a diagnosis of our unwillingness to believe, of a given lottery ticket, that it will lose a fair lottery – no matter how many tickets are involved. According to Hawthorne, it is natural to employ parity reasoning when thinking about lottery outcomes: Put roughly, to believe that a given ticket will lose, no matter how likely that is, is to make an arbitrary choice between alternatives that are perfectly balanced given one’s evidence. It’s (...)
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  42. Martin Smith (2014). The Epistemology of Religion. Analysis 74 (1):135-147.
    The epistemology of religion is the branch of epistemology concerned with the rationality, the justificatory status and the knowledge status of religious beliefs – most often the belief in the existence of an omnipotent, omniscient and loving God as conceived by the major monotheistic religions. While other sorts of religious beliefs – such as belief in an afterlife or in disembodied spirits or in the occurrence of miracles – have also been the focus of considerable attention from epistemologists, I shall (...)
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  43. Matthew Noah Smith (2014). Dignity, Rank, and Rights By Jeremy Waldron. Analysis 74 (4):740-743.
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  44. Michael A. Smith & Andrew B. Scholey (2014). Nutritional Influences on Human Neurocognitive Functioning. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  45. Murray Smith (2014). Against Nature? Or, Confessions of a Darwinian Modernist. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 75:151-182.
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  46. Nancy P. Blumenthal, James D. Mendez, Martin L. Smith & Beth Hyland (2013). A Second Chance. Hastings Center Report 43 (1):12-13.
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  47. Cathy Day & Malcolm Smith (2013). Cousin Marriage in South-Western England in the Nineteenth Century. Journal of Biosocial Science 1 (1):1-10.
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  48. Rhett Diessner, Ravi Iyer, Meghan M. Smith & Jonathan Haidt (2013). Who Engages with Moral Beauty? Journal of Moral Education 42 (2):139-163.
    Aristotle considered moral beauty to be the telos of the human virtues. Displays of moral beauty have been shown to elicit the moral emotion of elevation and cause a desire to become a better person and to engage in prosocial behavior. Study 1 (N = 5380) shows engagement with moral beauty is related to several psychological constructs relevant to moral education, and structural models reveal that the story of engagement with moral beauty may be considered a story of love and (...)
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  49. Eric Kodish, Joseph J. Fins, Clarence Braddock, Felicia Cohn, Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Marion Danis, Arthur R. Derse, Robert A. Pearlman, Martin Smith, Anita Tarzian, Stuart Youngner & Mark G. Kuczewski (2013). Quality Attestation for Clinical Ethics Consultants: A Two‐Step Model From the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. Hastings Center Report 43 (5):26-36.
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  50. David Rodríguez‐Arias, Iván Ortega‐Deballon, Maxwell J. Smith & Stuart J. Youngner (2013). Casting Light and Doubt on Uncontrolled DCDD Protocols. Hastings Center Report 43 (1):27-30.
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