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  1. Matthew Smith, Justificatory Independence.
    This is paper argues for the view that rules produced by illegitimate authorities may nonetheless be authoritative for those to whom the rules are addressed. (draft only - please do not quote).
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  2. Matthew Smith, Rethinking Revolution.
    This paper argues for a rehabilitation of philosophical engagement with the question of whether revolution can be justified. Such a renewed engagement with the problem of revolution appears to be stymied by the intuition that we have strong moral arguments ruling out revolution in almost every case. I aim to show that we should abandon this intuition. I will argue that standard arguments against revolution are not strong enough to warrant the relative inattention the question of the justifiability revolution has (...)
     
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  3. Matthew Smith, Trust and Planning.
     
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  4. Matthew Smith, This Paper Argues That Reliance is a Distinctive Psychologiocal Attitude That has Both Belief-Like and Desire-Like Properties.
     
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  5. Michael Smith, Schiffers’s Unhappy Face Solution to a Puzzle About Moral Judgement.
    where, according to Schiffer, the concept of an F is pleonastic just in case the concept itself licenses entailments of the form: S ⇒ ∃xFx. These are what he calls "somethingfrom-nothing" entailments and the various practices in which such entailments are made are what he calls "hypostatisizing practices" (p.57). The concept of a proposition is pleonastic, according to this definition, because it licenses the move from a claim like 'Fido is a dog,' a claim containing only the singular term 'Fido' (...)
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  6. Mark Smith (unknown). Friedrich Schelling's Influence on Paul Tillich's Conception of History. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 12.
     
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  7. Matthew A. Smith, Religion and the Freedom-Weighted View: Reconsidering First Amendment Challenges to Laws Promoting Autonomy.
    In this paper, I defend a novel view of the religion clauses. The historical origins of the clause suggest two competing conceptual interpretations: one which privileges religion (the religion-weighted view) and one which privileges freedom (the freedom-weighted view). I argue for the freedom-weighted view and explore the jurisprudential implications of both views. I also argue for the counterintuitive result that, if we accept the freedom-weighted view, Free Exercise challenges to certain laws promoting autonomy (freedom) in children are analytically incoherent. Because (...)
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  8. Michael K. Smith & Howard Zinn, Chomsky, Zinn, Nader & the Quadrennial Farce.
    Chomsky, meanwhile, has long expressed great reluctance even to recommend reading material to his audiences, let alone how they ought to vote, on the basis that they shouldn’t be substituting his judgment for their own. At the same time he has equally consistently maintained that elections are an elaborate PR charade unworthy of more than the briefest attention, a stance he somehow considers consistent with the petition’s call to put the presidential elections at the top of our list of concerns (...)
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  9. Geoffrey Sayre-McCord & Michael A. Smith, Desires and Beliefs of One's Own.
     
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  10. Magdalena Smith, DO CHANGES TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION SHAREHOLDER RIGHTS DIRECTIVE ON CORPORATE PAY ALTER SHAREHOLDERS’ MORAL RESPONSIBILITES?
    This paper looks at the specific proposed amendments to European directive 2007/36/EC and 2013/34/EU, and evaluates as to how such amendments alter shareholders’ moral responsibilities. To be responsible is here simply to be understood as being under an obligation, where an obligation is a requirement on an agent to either act or refrain from acting in a given way. In order to determine whether changes to the proposed directives alter shareholders’ moral responsibilities the following analysis argues that we need to (...)
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  11. Magdalena Smith, DOES KUTZ's THEORY OF JOINT ACTION ATTRIBUTE RESPONSIBILITY TO SHAREOWNERS?
    In this paper I argue that Christopher Kutz misapplies his theory of joint action when he attributes shareowners responsibilities on the basis of their intentional participation in the corporations in which they invest. Instead I propose that his theory of joint action should be used to attribute shareowners responsibilities on the basis of their intentional participation in the stock market. If shareholders’ accountability is grounded in their intentional participation in the stock market, then shareholders cannot take responsibility for corporation’s individual (...)
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  12. Martin Smith, Justification, Normalcy and Evidential Probability.
    NOTE: This paper is a reworking of some aspects of a previous paper of mine – ‘What else justification could be’ published in Noûs in 2010. I’m currently in the process of writing a book developing and defending some of the ideas from this paper. What follows will, I hope, fall into place as one of the chapters of this book – though it is still very much at the draft stage. Comments are welcome. -/- My concern in this paper (...)
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  13. Matthew Smith (manuscript). JUSTIFICATORY INDEPENDENCE AND INTERPERSONAL MUTUALITY. [REVIEW] /A.
    Can there be an obligation to obey laws produced by patently illegitimate political institutions, or are these laws like rules of etiquette – rules we might have reasons to follow but which we are not obligated to obey?2 Exclude from the scope of this question laws that recapitulate or contradict independently valid moral principles. Let us instead query only whether there is an obligation to obey laws that (i) do not recapitulate or contradict valid moral principles, and (ii) are products (...)
     
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  14. Matthew Smith, Ideas of Justice: Positive.
    We use the term “justice” in many different ways. In this essay, I consider justice only as it used in Anglo-American political and legal theory. In this realm of discourse, all forms of justice consist of non-utilitarian allocative principles, i.e., principles governing, to put it as broadly as possible, who gets how much of what. Some may wish to treat utilitarian principles as principles of justice. As a matter of nomenclatural pedantry, this is surely reasonable. But, perhaps as a consequence (...)
     
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  15. Matthew Smith, Justificatory Independence: Interpersonal Mutuality and the Authority of the Law.
    Can the laws produced by patently illegitimate political institutions be authoritative, or are they like the rules of etiquette – rules we might have conclusive reasons to follow but which are not authoritative?[2] Exclude from the scope of this question laws that recapitulate or contradict independently valid moral principles and so are authoritative in virtue of their content. Let us instead query only whether laws that (i) do not recapitulate or contradict valid moral principles, and (ii) are products of illegitimate (...)
     
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  16. Matthew Noah Smith, 1. The Accommodation Thesis.
    How ought we to respond to other people caring about whatever it is that they care about – even if they care about things that are obviously not careworthy?2 For example, if my neighbor cares about collecting antique decorative saltshakers and I think this is an idiotic pastime, how ought I to respond to this? My thesis is that I should respond by accommodating his cares.3 I describe accommodation as follows: [Accommodation] A accommodates B’s caring about F by adjusting her (...)
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  17. Michael Smith & Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, Desires…and Beliefs…of One's Own.
    Much work in recent moral psychology attempts to spell out what it is for a desire to be an agent’s own, or, as it is often put, what it means for an agent to be identified with certain of her desires rather than others. The aim of such work varies. Some suggest that an account of what it is for a desire to be an agent’s own provides us with an account of what it is for an agent to value (...)
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  18. Courtenay R. Bruce, Adam Peña, Betsy B. Kusin, Nathan G. Allen, Martin L. Smith & Mary A. Majumder (forthcoming). An Embedded Model for Ethics Consultation: Characteristics, Outcomes, and Challenges. Ajob Empirical Bioethics:140210104930000.
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  19. Ana Komparic, Maxwell J. Smith & Alison Thompson (forthcoming). An Ethical Justification for Expanding the Notion of Effectiveness in Vaccine Post-Market Monitoring: Insights From the HPV Vaccine in Canada. Public Health Ethics:phu049.
    Health regulators must carefully monitor the real-world safety and effectiveness of marketed vaccines through post-market monitoring in order to protect the public’s health and promote those vaccines that best achieve public health goals. Yet, despite the fact that vaccines used in collective immunization programmes should be assessed in the context of a public health response, post-market effectiveness monitoring is often limited to assessing immunogenicity or limited programmatic features, rather than assessing effectiveness across populations. We argue that post-market monitoring ought to (...)
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  20. Eugene Matusov, Mark P. Smith, Elizabeth Soslau, Ana Marjanovic-Shane & Katherine von Duyke (forthcoming). Dialogism and Agency in Education. Educational Theory.
     
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  21. Patrick O'Sullivan, Mark Smith & Mark Esposito (forthcoming). Ethics as Social Critique. Business Ethics: A Critical Approach: Integrating Ethics Across the Business World.
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  22. Patrick O'Sullivan, Mark Smith & Mark Esposito (forthcoming). Towards an Ethical Future for Business? Business Ethics: A Critical Approach: Integrating Ethics Across the Business World.
  23. David Shafran, Martin L. Smith, Barbara J. Daly & David Goldfarb (forthcoming). Transplant Ethics: Let’s Begin the Conversation Anew. HEC Forum:1-12.
    Standardizing consultation processes is increasingly important as clinical ethics consultation becomes more utilized in and vital to medical practice. Solid organ transplant represents a relatively nascent field replete with complex ethical issues that, while explored, have not been systematically classified. In this paper, we offer a proposed taxonomy that divides issues of resource allocation from viable solutions to the issue of organ shortage in transplant and then further distinguishes between policy and bedside level issues. We then identify all transplant related (...)
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  24. M. Smith (forthcoming). Justification and the Truth Connection. Philosophical Quarterly.
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  25. Mark Cr Smith (forthcoming). Cartesian Epistemology and the Authority of Norms. History of Philosophy Quarterly.
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  26. Mark Smith & Christelle Tornikoski (forthcoming). Ethical Issues for International Human Resource Management. Business Ethics: A Critical Approach: Integrating Ethics Across the Business World.
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  27. Martin Smith (forthcoming). Scepticism by a Thousand Cuts. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
    Global sceptical arguments seek to undermine vast swathes of our putative knowledge by deploying hypotheses that posit massive deception or error. Local sceptical arguments seek to undermine just a small region of putative knowledge, using hypotheses that posit deception or error of a more mundane kind. Those epistemologists who have devised anti-sceptical strategies have tended to have global sceptical arguments firmly in their sights. I argue here that local sceptical arguments, while less dramatic, ultimately pose just as serious a challenge (...)
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  28. Martin Smith (forthcoming). The Cost of Treating Knowledge as a Mental State. In A. Carter, E. Gordon & B. Jarvis (eds.), Knowledge First, Approaches to Epistemology and Mind. Oxford University Press.
    My concern in this paper is with the claim that knowledge is a mental state – a claim that Williamson places front and centre in Knowledge and Its Limits. While I am not by any means convinced that the claim is false, I do think it carries certain costs that have not been widely appreciated. One source of resistance to this claim derives from internalism about the mental – the view, roughly speaking, that one’s mental states are determined by one’s (...)
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  29. Maxwell J. Smith (forthcoming). Health Equity in Public Health: Clarifying Our Commitment. Public Health Ethics:phu042.
    Health equity is increasingly identified as a principal goal to be achieved through public health policies and activities. However, what is to be measured in the assessment of health equity and how inequities in health ought to be redressed are among the pressing questions that must be answered if health equity is to serve as a meaningful and consistent ethical guide for measurement and intervention in public health. In this article I argue that the concept of health equity, in the (...)
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  30. Michael Smith (forthcoming). The Materialist Dilemma: Education and the Changing of Circumstances. Philosophy of Education.
     
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  31. Michaël B. Smith (forthcoming). L'esthétique de Merleau-ponty. Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  32. Mitzi J. Smith (forthcoming). Book Review: Of Widows and Meals: Communal Means in the Book of Acts. [REVIEW] Interpretation 62 (2):210-210.
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  33. Susan L. Ustin, John B. Adams, Christopher D. Elvidge, Marcel Rejmanek, Barrett N. Rock, Milton O. Smith, Randall W. Thomas & Roy A. Woodward (forthcoming). Thematic Mapper Studies of Semiarid Shrub Communities. BioScience.
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  34. Courtenay R. Bruce, Margot M. Eves, Nathan G. Allen, Martin L. Smith, Adam M. Peña, John R. Cheney & Mary A. Majumder (2015). Systematizing” Ethics Consultation Services. HEC Forum 27 (1):35-45.
    While valuable work has been done addressing clinical ethics within established healthcare systems, we anticipate that the projected growth in acquisitions of community hospitals and facilities by large tertiary hospitals will impact the field of clinical ethics and the day-to-day responsibilities of clinical ethicists in ways that have yet to be explored. Toward the goal of providing clinical ethicists guidance on a range of issues that they may encounter in the systematization process, we discuss key considerations and potential challenges in (...)
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  35. Ruth M. Farrell, Patricia K. Agatisa, Mary Beth Mercer, Marissa B. Smith & Elliot Philipson (2015). Balancing Risks: The Core of Women's Decisions About Noninvasive Prenatal Testing. Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (1):42-53.
  36. Robert N. Johnson & Michael Smith (eds.) (2015). Passions and Projections: Themes From the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn. Oup Oxford.
    This volume presents fourteen original essays which explore the philosophy of Simon Blackburn, and his lifetime pursuit of a distinctive projectivist and anti-realist research program. The essays document the range and influence of Blackburn's work and reveal, among other things, the resourcefulness of his brand of philosophical pragmatism.
     
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  37. Daniel Perez, Cécile Bensimon, Christopher McDougall, Maxwell Smith & Alison Thompson (2015). With Human Health It’s a Global Thing”: Canadian Perspectives on Ethics in the Global Governance of an Influenza Pandemic. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):115-127.
    We live in an era where our health is linked to that of others across the globe, and nothing brings this home better than the specter of a pandemic. This paper explores the findings of town hall meetings associated with the Canadian Program of Research on Ethics in a Pandemic , in which focus groups met to discuss issues related to the global governance of an influenza pandemic. Two competing discourses were found to be at work: the first was based (...)
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  38. Martin Smith (2015). Evidential Incomparability and the Principle of Indifference. Erkenntnis 80 (3):605-616.
    The Principle of Indifference was once regarded as a linchpin of probabilistic reasoning, but has now fallen into disrepute as a result of the so-called problem of multiple of partitions. In ‘Evidential symmetry and mushy credence’ Roger White suggests that we have been too quick to jettison this principle and argues that the problem of multiple partitions rests on a mistake. In this paper I will criticise White’s attempt to revive POI. In so doing, I will argue that what underlies (...)
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  39. Maxwell J. Smith (2015). What’s on the Menu for an Equitable Approach to Nutrition Labelling in Restaurants? Public Health Ethics 8 (1):98-102.
    The primary aim of menu labelling should be understood as informing consumers such that they are better able to make informed food purchasing and consumption decisions; the extent to which consumers’ behaviours or, indeed, health outcomes, are affected may be contingent on several other factors and should therefore be considered more distal aims of what menu labelling intends to, or is able to, achieve. It is of importance to be clear about the nature and scope of menu labelling, including what (...)
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  40. Courtenay R. Bruce, Martin L. Smith, Olubukunola Mary Tawose & Richard R. Sharp (2014). Practical Guidance for Charting Ethics Consultations. HEC Forum 26 (1):79-93.
    It is generally accepted that appropriate documentation of activities and recommendations of ethics consultants in patients’ medical records is critical. Despite this acceptance, the bioethics literature is largely devoid of guidance on key elements of an ethics chart note, the degree of specificity that it should contain, and its stylistic tenor. We aim to provide guidance for a variety of persons engaged in clinical ethics consultation: new and seasoned ethics committee members who are new to ethics consultation, students and trainees (...)
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  41. Mark Smith & Viviene E. Cree (2014). Social Work and Pornography: Some Ethical Considerations. Ethics and Social Welfare 8 (4):317-331.
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  42. Martin Smith (2014). Knowledge, Justification and Normative Coincidence1. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (2):273-295.
    Say that two goals are normatively coincident just in case one cannot aim for one goal without automatically aiming for the other. While knowledge and justification are distinct epistemic goals, with distinct achievement conditions, this paper begins from the suggestion that they are nevertheless normatively coincident—aiming for knowledge and aiming for justification are one and the same activity. A number of surprising consequences follow from this—both specific consequences about how we can ascribe knowledge and justification in lottery cases and more (...)
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  43. Martin Smith (2014). Review of Justification and the Truth Connection by Clayton Littlejohn. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly.
  44. Martin Smith (2014). The Arbitrariness of Belief. In Dylan Dodd & Elia Zardini (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives on Scepticism and Perceptual Justification. Oxford University Press.
    In Knowledge and Lotteries, John Hawthorne offers a diagnosis of our unwillingness to believe, of a given lottery ticket, that it will lose a fair lottery – no matter how many tickets are involved. According to Hawthorne, it is natural to employ parity reasoning when thinking about lottery outcomes: Put roughly, to believe that a given ticket will lose, no matter how likely that is, is to make an arbitrary choice between alternatives that are perfectly balanced given one’s evidence. It’s (...)
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  45. Martin Smith (2014). The Epistemology of Religion. Analysis 74 (1):135-147.
    The epistemology of religion is the branch of epistemology concerned with the rationality, the justificatory status and the knowledge status of religious beliefs – most often the belief in the existence of an omnipotent, omniscient and loving God as conceived by the major monotheistic religions. While other sorts of religious beliefs – such as belief in an afterlife or in disembodied spirits or in the occurrence of miracles – have also been the focus of considerable attention from epistemologists, I shall (...)
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  46. Matthew Noah Smith (2014). Dignity, Rank, and Rights By Jeremy Waldron. Analysis 74 (4):740-743.
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  47. Matthew Noah Smith (2014). Officials and Subjects in Gardner’s Law as a Leap of Faith. Law and Philosophy 33 (6):795-811.
    In his collection of essays, Law as a Leap of Faith, John Gardner lucidly develops a powerful account of legal positivism, primarily via a careful interrogation of H. L. A. Hart’s work, with a particular focus on Hart’s most important text, The Concept of Law. In this essay, I raise a question regarding the significance of legal subjects’ understanding of themselves as legal subjects. I claim that as Gardner fills out the picture of what it takes to have an ideal (...)
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  48. Michael T. Smith (2014). You Know My Name (Look Up the Number). Renascence 66 (4):235-254.
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  49. Michael T. Smith (2014). You Know My Name : The Structural Significance of Plato’s Lambda Formula in John Donne’s “a Litany”. Renascence 66 (4):235-254.
    Donne used Plato’s Lambda numbers to construct “A Litany.” Specifically, each number in the Lambda sequence ties not only to the concept of world-creation as outlined in Timaeus, but also to its notion of the circular nature of the world, of man returning to the monad.
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  50. Murray Smith (2014). Against Nature? Or, Confessions of a Darwinian Modernist. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 75:151-182.
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