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Matthis Synofzik [16]M. Synofzik [4]
  1. Matthis Synofzik & Gottfried Vosgerau (2012). Beyond the Comparator Model. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):1-3.
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  2. Gottfried Vosgerau & Matthis Synofzik (2012). Weighting Models and Weighting Factors. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):55-58.
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  3. Carlo Wilke, Matthis Synofzik & Axel Lindner (2012). The Valence of Action Outcomes Modulates the Perception of One's Actions. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):18-29.
  4. Matthis Synofzik (2011). Boudewijn Chabot, Christian Walther (2010) Ausweg am Lebensende. Selbstbestimmtes Sterben durch freiwilligen Verzicht auf Essen und Trinken. Ethik in der Medizin 23 (2):171-172.
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  5. Gottfried Vosgerau & Matthis Synofzik (2010). A Cognitive Theory of Thoughts. American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (3):205-222.
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  6. Matthis Synofzik (2009). Ethically Justified, Clinically Applicable Criteria for Physician Decision-Making in Psychopharmacological Enhancement. Neuroethics 2 (2):89-102.
    Advances in psychopharmacology raise the prospects of enhancing neurocognitive functions of humans by improving attention, memory, or mood. While general ethical reflections on psychopharmacological enhancement have been increasingly published in the last years, ethical criteria characterizing physicians’ role in neurocognitive enhancement and guiding their decision-making still remain highly unclear. Here it will be argued that also in the medical domain the use of cognition-enhancing drugs is not intrinsically unethical and that, in fact, physicians should assume an important role in gating (...)
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  7. Matthis Synofzik, Gottfried Vosgerau & Axel Lindner (2009). Me or Not Me – An Optimal Integration of Agency Cues? Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1065-1068.
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  8. Matthis Synofzik, Gottfried Vosgerau & Albert Newen (2009). Reply to Carruthers☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):521-523.
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  9. D. Strech, M. Synofzik & G. Marckmann (2008). Systematic Reviews of Empirical Bioethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (6):472-477.
    Background: Publications and discussions of survey research in empirical bioethics have steadily increased over the past two decades. However, findings often differ among studies with similar research questions. As a consequence, ethical reasoning that considers only parts of the existing literature and does not apply systematic reviews tends to be biased. To date, we lack a systematic review (SR) methodology that takes into account the specific conceptual and practical challenges of empirical bioethics. Methods: The steps of systematically reviewing empirical findings (...)
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  10. D. Strech, M. Synofzik & G. Marckmann (2008). How Physicians Allocate Scarce Resources at the Bedside: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (1):80-99.
    Although rationing of scarce health-care resources is inevitable in clinical practice, there is still limited and scattered information about how physicians perceive and execute this bedside rationing (BSR) and how it can be performed in an ethically fair way. This review gives a systematic overview on physicians’ perspectives on influences, strategies, and consequences of health-care rationing. Relevant references as identified by systematically screening major electronic databases and manuscript references were synthesized by thematic analysis. Retrieved studies focused on themes that fell (...)
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  11. M. Synofzik, G. Vosgerau & A. Newen (2008). Beyond the Comparator Model: A Multi-Factorial Two-Step Account of Agency. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):219-239.
    There is an increasing amount of empirical work investigating the sense of agency, i.e. the registration that we are the initiators of our own actions. Many studies try to relate the sense of agency to an internal feed-forward mechanism, called the ‘‘comparator model’’. In this paper, we draw a sharp distinction between a non-conceptual level of feeling of agency and a conceptual level of judgement of agency. By analyzing recent empirical studies, we show that the comparator model is not able (...)
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  12. Matthis Synofzik, Gottfried Vosgerau & Albert Newen (2008). I Move, Therefore I Am: A New Theoretical Framework to Investigate Agency and Ownership. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):411 - 424.
    The neurocognitive structure of the acting self has recently been widely studied, yet is still perplexing and remains an often confounded issue in cognitive neuroscience, psychopathology and philosophy. We provide a new systematic account of two of its main features, the sense of agency and the sense of ownership, demonstrating that although both features appear as phenomenally uniform, they each in fact are complex crossmodal phenomena of largely heterogeneous functional and (self-)representational levels. These levels can be arranged within a gradually (...)
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  13. Matthis Synofzik & Dr Walter Maetzler (2007). Wie sollen wir Patienten mit Demenz behandeln? Die ethisch problematische Funktion der Antidementiva. Ethik in der Medizin 19 (4):270-280.
    Angesichts begrenzter anderweitiger Behandlungsmöglichkeiten wird der Gabe von Antidementiva in der gegenwärtigen medizinischen Demenz-Behandlung eine besondere Bedeutung zugeordnet. Eine evidenzbasierte ethische Analyse unter den Kriterien des Wohlergehens, des Nicht-Schadens, der Autonomie und der Gerechtigkeit zeigt jedoch, dass die Bedeutung von Antidementiva oftmals überschätzt wird und die Erwartungen zu hoch sind: Die Wirksamkeit von Antidementiva ist rein symptomatisch, sie fällt bei einer großen Anzahl an Patienten nur gering aus und bleibt für manche Patienten ohne Nutzen. Zudem sind Antidementiva mit Schadensrisiken behaftet (...)
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  14. Matthis Synofzik & Walter Maetzler (2007). How Should We Treat Dementia Patients? The Ethically Problematic Function of Antidementia Drugs. Ethik in der Medizin 19 (4):270-280.
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  15. Matthis Synofzik & Walter Maetzler (2007). Wie sollen wir Patienten mit Demenz behandeln? Die ethisch problematische Funktion der Antidementiva. Ethik in der Medizin 19 (4):270-280.
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  16. M. Synofzik (2006). Cognition on Demand?--The Wish for Cognition-Enhancing Drugs in Medicine. Ethik in der Medizin: Organ der Akademie für Ethik in der Medizin 18 (1):37.
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  17. Matthis Synofzik (2006). Kognition à la carte? Ethik in der Medizin 18 (1):37-50.
    Die Fortschritte in der Psychopharmakologie führen zu einem immer breiteren Angebot an Substanzen zur Verbesserung der Stimmung, des Gedächtnisses oder der exekutiven Funktionen. Dieses Angebot trifft auf die Wünsche und Bedürfnisse vieler Menschen, ihre mentalen Leistungen und Zustände zu verbessern. Wie sollte die Medizin mit diesen Wünschen umgehen? An welchen Kriterien sollte sich insbesondere der ärztliche Entscheidungsprozess orientieren? Im Folgenden soll gezeigt werden, dass sich aus einer „Treatment-enhancement-Unterscheidung“, einem Krankheits- oder Normalitätsbegriff oder einem bestimmten Medizinkonzept keine zielführenden normativen Kriterien für (...)
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  18. Matthis Synofzik (2006). Wolfram Höfling (Hrsg.) (2005) Das sog. Wachkoma. Rechtliche, medizinische und ethische Aspekte. (Reihe Recht-Ethik-Gesundheit, Band 1). [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 18 (3):282-286.
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  19. Matthis Synofzik (2005). Die neuen Möglichkeiten der Neurowissenschaften und ihre ethischen Implikationen. Ethik in der Medizin 17 (3):206-219.
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  20. Matthis Synofzik (2005). The New Possibilities of Neuroscience and Their Ethical Implications. Ethik in der Medizin 17 (3):206-219.
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