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Michel Weber [40]Marcel Weber [38]Max Weber [23]Michael Weber [15]
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Profile: Michel Weber (Centre for practical philosophy, Brussels, Centre Kinos, Louvain-la-Neuve)
Profile: Marcel Weber (University of Geneva)
Profile: Michael Weber (University of Houston)
Profile: Michael Weber (Bowling Green State University)
Profile: Marcus Weber (Technische Universität Dresden)
  1. Mark C. Weber, Disability Rights, Disability Discrimination, and Social Insurance.
    This paper asks whether statutory social insurance programs, which provide contributory tax-based income support to people with disabilities, are compatible with the disability rights movement's ideas. Central to the movement that led to the Americans with Disabilities Act is the insight that physical or mental conditions do not disable; barriers created by the environment or by social attitudes keep persons with physical or mental differences from participating in society as equals.The conflict between the civil rights approach and insurance seems apparent. (...)
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  2. Matthew Weber & Daniel Osherson, From Similarity to Inference.
    We advance a theory of inductive reasoning based on similarity, and test it on arguments involving mammal categories. To measure similarity, we quantified the overlap of neural activation in left Brodmann area 37 (LBA37) in response to pictures of different categories; the choice of LBA37 is motivated by previous literature. The theory was tested against probability judgments for 160 arguments generated from 16 mammal categories and a common predicate. The theory’s predictions (based on neural similarity) correlate strongly with these (...)
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  3. Matthew Weber & Daniel Osherson, Inductive Inference Based on Probability and Similarity.
    We advance a theory of inductive inference designed to predict the conditional probability that certain natural categories satisfy a given predicate given that others do (or do not). A key component of the theory is the similarity of the categories to one another. We measure such similarities in terms of the overlap of metabolic activity in voxels of various posterior regions of the brain in response to viewing instances of the category. The theory and similarity measure are tested against averaged (...)
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  4. Max Weber, Politics as a Vocation.
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  5. Max Weber, Sociology.
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  6. Max Weber, Science as a Vocation.
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  7. Marcel Weber, Causal Selection Versus Causal Parity in Biology: Relevant Counterfactuals and Biologically Normal Interventions.
    Causal selection is the task of picking out, from a field of known causally relevant factors, some factors as the actual causes of an event or class of events or the causes that "make the difference". The Causal Parity Thesis in the philosophy of biology is basically the claim that there are no grounds for such a selection. The main target of this thesis is usually gene centrism, the doctrine that genes play some special role in ontogeny, which is often (...)
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  8. Marcel Weber, On the Incompatibility of Biological Dynamical Mechanisms and Causal Graph Theory.
    I examine the adequacy of the causal graph-structural equations approach to causation for modeling biological mechanisms. I focus in particular on mechanisms with complex dynamics such as the PER biological clock mechanism in Drosophila. I show that a quantitative model of this mechanism that uses coupled differential equations – the well-known Goldbeter model – cannot be adequately represented in the standard (interventionist) causal graph framework, even though this framework does permit causal cycles. The reason is that the model contains dynamical (...)
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  9. Christian Coons & Michael Weber (eds.) (forthcoming). Paternalism: Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press.
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  10. Stephan Hartmann, Marcel Weber, Wenceslao Gonzalez, Dennis Dieks & Thomas Uebe (eds.) (forthcoming). Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation: New Trends and Old Ones Reconsidered. Springer.
  11. David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Olivier Furrer, Min-Hsun Kuo, Yongjuan Li, Florian Wangenheim, Marina Dabic, Irina Naoumova, Katsuhiko Shimizu, María Teresa Garza Carranza, Ping Ping Fu, Vojko V. Potocan, Andre Pekerti, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Tania Casado, Ana Maria Rossi, Erna Szabo, Arif Butt, Ian Palmer, Prem Ramburuth, David M. Brock, Jane Terpstra-Tong, Ilya Grison, Emmanuelle Reynaud, Malika Richards, Philip Hallinger, Francisco B. Castro, Jaime Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Laurie Milton, Mahfooz Ansari, Arunas Starkus, Audra Mockaitis, Tevfik Dalgic, Fidel León-Darder, Hung Vu Thanh, Yong-lin Moon, Mario Molteni, Yongqing Fang, Jose Pla-Barber, Ruth Alas, Isabelle Maignan, Jorge C. Jesuino, Chay-Hoon Lee, Joel D. Nicholson, Ho-Beng Chia, Wade Danis, Ajantha S. Dharmasiri & Mark Weber (forthcoming). Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  12. Ralf Stutzki, Markus Weber & Stella Reiter-Theil (forthcoming). Finding Their Voices Again: A Media Project Offers a Floor for Vulnerable Patients, Clients and the Socially Deprived. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-12.
    ‘DU bist Radio’ (DBR) is an award winning [DBR has been awarded with the “Catholic Media Award of the German Bishops Conference, Prädikat WERTvoll” (2011), the Suisse “Media Prize Aargau/Solothurn” (2010), the German “Alternative Media Award” (2009) and was nominated for the “Prix Europa” (2009)] monthly radio format that goes on air on three Swiss radio stations. The purpose of this program which was first broadcast in 2009 is the development of a new media format which—without applying any journalistic (or (...)
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  13. Marcel Weber (forthcoming). Experimental Modeling in Biology: In Vivo Representation and Stand-Ins As Modeling Strategies. Philosophy of Science.
    Experimental modeling in biology involves the use of living organisms (not necessarily so-called "model organisms") in order to model or simulate biological processes. I argue here that experimental modeling is a bona fide form of scientific modeling that plays an epistemic role that is distinct from that of ordinary biological experiments. What distinguishes them from ordinary experiments is that they use what I call "in vivo representations" where one kind of causal process is used to stand in for a physically (...)
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  14. Max Weber & Donald N. Levine (forthcoming). Georg Simmel as Sociologist. Social Research.
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  15. Max Weber & Gordon C. Wells (forthcoming). The Reich President. Social Research.
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  16. Michel Weber (forthcoming). On the Purpose of a University Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory:0-0.
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  17. Michel Weber & Ronny Desmet (eds.) (forthcoming). Chromatikon VIII: Annuaire de la Philosophie En Procès — Yearbook of Philosophy in Process. Éditions Chromatika.
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  18. Marcel Weber, Reference, Truth, and Biological Kinds. In: J. Dutant, D. Fassio and A. Meylan (Eds.) Liber Amicorum Pascal Engel.
    This paper examines causal theories of reference with respect to how plausible an account they give of non-physical natural kind terms such as ‘gene’ as well as of the truth of the associated theoretical claims. I first show that reference fixism for ‘gene’ fails. By this, I mean the claim that the reference of ‘gene’ was stable over longer historical periods, for example, since the classical period of transmission genetics. Second, I show that the theory of partial reference does not (...)
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  19. Marc Andree Weber (2013). Interrelations and Dissimilarities Between Distinct Approaches to Ontic Vagueness. Metaphysica 14 (2):181-195.
    This paper outlines the often striking parallels of various approaches to ontic vagueness, as well as their even more striking differences. Though circling around the same idea, some of these approaches were developed to solve quite diverse theoretical problems and encounter different challenges. In addition to these difficulties, the frequently disregarded epistemological problems of all theories of ontic vagueness turn out to be even more serious under critical scrutiny. The same holds for the difficulties of deciding, for every case of (...)
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  20. Marc‐André Weber (2013). Annabelle Lever, On Privacy, Routledge: New York and London, 2012, 100 Pp., €16.50 (US$ 22.95) (Paperback), ISBN 9780415395700. [REVIEW] Dialectica 67 (4):618-621.
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  21. Michel Weber (2013). De quelle révolution avons-nous besoin ? sang de la terre.
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  22. Michel Weber (2013). Review of Luciano Boschiero (Ed.), On the Purpose of a University Education. [REVIEW] Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 9 (2):223-230.
    This is a review of Luciano Boschiero ed. On the Purpose of a University Education , Melbourne, Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2012, ISBN: 978-1-921875-85-4 pb, 137 pp. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable (...)
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  23. D. Dieks, S. Hartmann, T. Uebel & M. Weber (eds.) (2012). Probabilities, Laws and Structure. Springer.
    This conception of natural kinds might be dubbed a 'structural kinds' view. It is the conception of kinds offered by ExtOSR within a Humean framework. To invoke structural kinds also means to invoke structural laws. For laws generalize over ...
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  24. Manfred Tietzel, Christian Müller, Frank Trosky & Marion Weber (eds.) (2012). Ökonomik Als Allgemeine Theorie Menschlichen Verhaltens: Grundlagen Und Anwendungen. Lucius & Lucius.
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  25. Marcel Weber, Experiment in Biology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  26. Michel Weber (2012). Critique jamesienne de l'onto-psychologie de la substance. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 2:207-227.
    Cette étude dégage la critique de James de l’ontologie et de la psychologie de la substance en suivant une double piste : après avoir spécifié le contexte dans lequel se déploie l’argumentation jamesienne, on montre les difficultés qu’affronte la pensée substantialiste et la réponse qu’apporte, parfois implicitement, James. On montre particulièrement la corrélation qui existe entre la pensée du processus et une nouvelle conception de la conscience.
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  27. Michel Weber (2012). Jamesian Critique of Substance Onto-Psychology. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 66 (260).
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  28. Stefan Zeisberger, Thomas Langer & Martin Weber (2012). Why Does Myopia Decrease the Willingness to Invest? Is It Myopic Loss Aversion or Myopic Loss Probability Aversion? Theory and Decision 72 (1):35-50.
    For loss averse investors, a sequence of risky investments looks less attractive if it is evaluated myopically—an effect called myopic loss aversion (MLA). The consequences of this effect have been confirmed in several experiments and its robustness is largely undisputed. The effect’s causes, however, have not been thoroughly examined with regard to one important aspect. Due to the construction of the lotteries that were used in the experiments, none of the studies is able to distinguish between MLA and an explanation (...)
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  29. Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.) (2011). Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer.
    This volume, the second in the Springer series Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective, contains selected papers from the workshops organised by the ESF ...
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  30. Hans Bernhard Schmid, Daniel Sirtes & Marcel Weber (eds.) (2011). Collective Epistemology. Ontos.
    The aim of this volume is to examine this claim, and to place it in the wider context of recent epistemological debates about the role of sociality in knowledge acquisition.
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  31. Marcel Weber (2011). Experimentation Versus Theory Choice: A Social-Epistemological Approach. In Hans Bernhard Schmid, Daniel Sirtes & Marcel Weber (eds.), Collective Epistemology. Ontos. 20--203.
  32. Michel Weber (2011). Introduction: From Formal to Existential Ontology. Logique Et Analyse 54 (214).
     
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  33. Michel Weber (2011). On a Certain Blindness in Political Matters. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 7 (2):204-235.
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  34. Michel Weber (2011). Préface. Chromatikon: Annales de la Philosophie En Procès / Yearbook of Philosophy in Process 7:7-8.
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  35. Michel Weber (2011). XI. The Politics of Radical Experience. In Petrov V. (ed.), Ontological Landscapes: Recent Thought on Conceptual Interfaces Between Science and Philosophy. Ontos. 229.
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  36. Ilhan Ilkilic, Jan Spielberger & Martin Weber (2010). Kommentar I Zum Fall:„Palliativmedizin Im Interkulturellen Kontext “. Ethik in der Medizin 22 (1):51-53.
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  37. Ilhan Ilkilic, Jan Spielberger & Martin Weber (2010). Kommentar I Zum Fall: „Palliativmedizin Im Interkulturellen Kontext“. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 22 (1):51-53.
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  38. F. Stadler, D. Dieks, W. Gonzales, S. Hartmann, T. Uebel & M. Weber (eds.) (2010). The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science. Springer.
    This volume is a serious attempt to open up the subject of European philosophy of science to real thought, and provide the structural basis for the ...
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  39. Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann, Wenceslao Gonzalez, Marcel Weber, Dennis Dieks & Friedrich Stadler (eds.) (2010). The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science. Springer.
    This volume is a serious attempt to open up the subject of European philosophy of science to real thought, and provide the structural basis for the ...
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  40. Marcel Weber (2010). Life in a Physical World: The Place of the Life Sciences. In F. Stadler, D. Dieks, W. Gonzales, S. Hartmann, T. Uebel & M. Weber (eds.), The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science. Springer. 155--168.
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  41. Matthew Weber & Daniel Osherson (2010). Similarity and Induction. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):245-264.
    We advance a theory of inductive reasoning based on similarity, and <span class='Hi'>test</span> it on arguments involving mammal categories. To measure similarity, we quantified the overlap of neural activation in left Brodmann area 19 and the left ventral temporal cortex in response to pictures of different categories; the choice of of these regions is motivated by previous literature. The theory was tested against probability judgments for 40 arguments generated from 9 mammal categories and a common predicate. The results are interpreted (...)
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  42. Michael Weber (2010). The Motive of Duty and the Nature of Emotions. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (2):183-202.
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  43. Michel Weber (2010). Consciousness and Rationality From a Process Perspective. In Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (eds.), Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind. State University of New York Press.
    This paper intends to give a philosophical analysis of the concepts of consciousness and rationality, and particularly to display the correlation existing between what is usually called the “normal state of consciousness” and what should be called the “normal state of rationality”. Eventually, it draws consequences for the correlation existing between “altered/aberrant states of consciousness” and “altered/aberrant rationality”. Although it argues from a broad phenomenological perspective, its grounding technicalities belong to the field of process thought, as fleshed out by the (...)
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  44. Michel Weber (2010). Propositions contre-insurrectionnelles. Chromatikon: Annales de la Philosophie En Procès / Yearbook of Philosophy in Process 6:59-60.
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  45. Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (2010). Introduction. In Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (eds.), Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind. State University of New York Press.
    The Introduction highlights the three main themes of the book: (1) the ontological and epistemological status of everyday human consciousness, (2) the distribution of consciousness in the natural world, and (3) panpsychism. The individual contributions to the book are summarized and related literature is briefly discussed.
     
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  46. Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (eds.) (2010). Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind. State University of New York Press.
    This collection opens a dialogue between process philosophy and contemporary consciousness studies. Approaching consciousness from diverse disciplinary perspectives—philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, neuropathology, psychotherapy, biology, animal ethology, and physics—the contributors offer empirical and philosophical support for a model of consciousness inspired by the process philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947). Whitehead’s model is developed in ways he could not have anticipated to show how it can advance current debates beyond well-known sticking points. This has trenchant consequences for epistemology and suggests fresh and (...)
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  47. Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (2010). Process Thought as a Heuristic for Investigating Consciousness. In Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (eds.), Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind. State University of New York Press.
    The authors argue that the consciousness debate inhabits the same problem space today as it did in the 17th century. They attribute the lack of progress to a mindset still polarized by Descartes’ real distinction between mind and body, resulting in a standoff between humanistic and scientistic approaches. They suggest that consciousness can be adequately studied only by a multiplicity of disciplines so that the paramount problem is how to integrate diverse disciplinary perspectives into a coherent metatheory. Process philosophy is (...)
     
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  48. Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (2010). Whitehead as a Neglected Figure of 20th Century Philosophy. In Michel Weber & Anderson Weekes (eds.), Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind. State University of New York Press.
    Although Whitehead’s particular style of philosophizing--looking at traditional philosophical problems in light of recent scientific advances--was part of a trend that began with the scientific revolutions in the early 20th century and continues today, he was marginalized in 20th century philosophy because of his outspoken defense of what he was doing as “metaphysics.” Metaphysics, for Whitehead, is a cross-disciplinary hermeneutic responsible for coherently integrating the perspectives of the special sciences with one another and with everyday experience. The program of such (...)
     
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  49. G. Derfer, Z. Wang & M. Weber (eds.) (2009). The Roar of Awakening. A Whiteheadian Dialogue Between Western Psychotherapies and Eastern Worldviews. Ontos Verlag.
    This Whiteheadian Dialogue explores a fresh and important cross-elucidatory path: What have we, and what can be learned from a dialogue with Eastern worldviews?
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  50. Marcel Weber (2009). The Crux of Crucial Experiments: Duhem's Problems and Inference to the Best Explanation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):19-49.
    Going back at least to Duhem, there is a tradition of thinking that crucial experiments are impossible in science. I analyse Duhem's arguments and show that they are based on the excessively strong assumption that only deductive reasoning is permissible in experimental science. This opens the possibility that some principle of inductive inference could provide a sufficient reason for preferring one among a group of hypotheses on the basis of an appropriately controlled experiment. To be sure, there are analogues to (...)
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