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  1. Maria van der Schaar (2013). G.F. Stout and the Psychological Origins of Analytic Philosophy. Palgrave McMillan.
    This book shows that Stout's ideas have played a role in Moore and Russell's development from their early idealism towards analytic realism, where Stout's ideas often find their origin in early phenomenology.
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  2. Maria van der Schaar (2013). GF Stout and Russell's Earliest Account of Judgement. In Mark Textor (ed.), Judgement and Truth in Early Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology. Palgrave.
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  3. Maria van der Schaar (2012). G. E. Moore. Early Philosophical Writings. Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (4):511-514.
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  4. Maria van der Schaar (2012). Locke on Judgement and Religious Toleration. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):41 - 68.
    With the publication of Locke?s early manuscripts on toleration and the drafts for the Essay, it is possible to understand to what extent Locke?s ideas on religious toleration have developed. Although the important arguments for toleration can already be found in these early texts, Locke was confronted with a problem in his defence of toleration that he needed to solve. If faith, as a form of judgement, is involuntary, as Locke claims, how can one be held accountable for the faith (...)
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  5. Maria van der Schaar (2011). Assertion and Grounding: A Theory of Assertion for Constructive Type Theory. Synthese 183 (2):187-210.
    Taking Per Martin-Löf’s constructive type theory as a starting-point a theory of assertion is developed, which is able to account for the epistemic aspects of the speech act of assertion, and in which it is shown that assertion is not a wide genus. From a constructivist point of view, one is entitled to assert, for example, that a proposition A is true, only if one has constructed a proof object a for A in an act of demonstration. One thereby has (...)
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  6. Maria van der Schaar (2011). The Cognitive Act and the First-Person Perspective: An Epistemology for Constructive Type Theory. [REVIEW] Synthese 180 (3):391-417.
    The notion of cognitive act is of importance for an epistemology that is apt for constructive type theory, and for epistemology in general. Instead of taking knowledge attributions as the primary use of the verb ‘to know’ that needs to be given an account of, and understanding a first-person knowledge claim as a special case of knowledge attribution, the account of knowledge that is given here understands first-person knowledge claims as the primary use of the verb ‘to know’. This means (...)
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  7. Maria van der Schaar (2010). Bertrand Russell and the Edwardian Philosophers: Constructing the World. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (3):534-536.
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  8. M. van der Schaar (2009). Judgement, Belief and Accepance. In Giuseppe Primiero (ed.), Acts of Knowledge: History, Philosophy and Logic. College Publications.
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  9. Maria Van Der Schaar (2009). Locke on Knowledge and the Cognitive Act. Grazer Philosophische Studien 78 (1):1-15.
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  10. Maria van Der Schaar (2008). Locke and Arnauld on Judgment and Proposition. History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (4):327-341.
    To understand pre-Fregean theories of judgment and proposition, such as those found in Locke and the Port-Royal logic, it is important to distinguish between propositions in the modern sense and propositions in the pre-Fregean sense. By making this distinction it becomes clear that these pre-Fregean theories cannot be meant to solve the propositional attitude problem. Notwithstanding this fact, Locke and Arnauld are able to make a distinction between asserted and unasserted propositions (in their sense). The way Locke makes this distinction (...)
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  11. Maria van der Schaar (2008). Review of Rosalind Carey, Russell and Wittgenstein on the Nature of Judgement. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (1).
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  12. Maria van der Schaar (2007). The Assertion-Candidate and the Meaning of Mood. Synthese 159 (1):61-82.
    The meaning of a declarative sentence and that of an interrogative sentence differ in their aspect of mood. A semantics of mood has to account for the differences in meaning between these sentences, and it also has to explain that sentences in different moods may have a common core. The meaning of the declarative mood is to be explained not in terms of actual force (contra Dummett), but in terms of potential force. The meaning of the declarative sentence (including its (...)
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  13. Arianna Betti & Maria van der Schaar (2004). The Road From Vienna to Lvov: Twardowski's Theory of Judgement Between 1894 and 1897. Grazer Philosophische Studien 67 (1):1-20.
    In several manuscripts, written between 1894 and 1897, Twardowski developed a new theory of judgement with two types of judgement: existential and relational judgements. In Zur Lehre he tried to stay within a Brentanian framework, although he introduced the distinction between content and object in the theory of judgement. The introduction of this distinction forced Twardowski to revise further Brentano'stheory.His changes concerned judgements about relations and about non-present objects. The latter are considered special cases of relational judgements. The existential judgements (...)
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  14. Maria van der Schaar (2004). The Road From Vienna to Lvov Twardowski's Theory of Judgement Between 1894 and 1897 Arianna Betti Free University of Amsterdam. [REVIEW] Grazer Philosophische Studien 67:1-20.
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  15. Maria van der Schaar (2004). The Red of a Rose. On the Significance of Stout's Category of Abstract Particulars. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 82 (1):197-216.
    In this paper I argue for the thesis that Stout's category of abstract particulars (what Husserl calls "moments') has played a role in the transition from Bradleian idealism to British analytic philosophy. That category plays this role as part of a new theory of wholes, parts and relations that Stout develops in opposition to Bradley. In Stout's theory abstract particulars are dependent parts of wholes. The critical remarks that G. E. Moore and Kevin Mulligan have made concerning Stout's identification of (...)
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  16. Maria van der Schaar (2003). Brentano on Logic, Truth and Evidence. Brentano Studien 10:119-150.
    In this paper it will be argued that Brentano's later writings about this topic can be understood better if one describes it as a result partly of his immanent development and partly of Brentano's reactions to his contemporaries.
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  17. Maria van der Schaar (2001). Hartmann's Rejection of the Notion of Evidence. Axiomathes 12 (3-4):285-297.
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  18. Maria van der Schaar (1999). Evidence and the Law of Excluded Middle: Brentano on Truth. In Timothy Childers (ed.), The Logica Yearbook 1998. Filosofia.
    The central question of my paper is whether there is a coherent logical theory in which truth is construed in epistemic terms and in which also some version of the law of excluded middle is defended. Brentano in his later writings has such a theory.2 My first question is whether his theory is consistent. I also make a comparison between Brentano’s view and that of an intuitionist at the present day, namely Per Martin-Löf. Such a comparison might provide some insight (...)
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  19. Marietje Van Der Schaar (1999). L'analogie Et la Vérité Chez Franz Brentano. Philosophiques 26 (2):203-217.
    Aristotelian ideas on analogy that may be found in Brentano's early thesis help to elucidate his theory of truth, especially what Brentano wrote on truth at the end of his life. It seems as though Brentano did not distinguish between the notion of truth and the notion of evidence ; but, in fact, he has two notions of truth. The original sense of truth in a true judgment means evidence ; in a derived or analogical sense, a blind judgment, which (...)
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  20. Maria van der Schaar (1996). From Analytic Psychology to Analytic Philosophy: The Reception of Twardowski's Ideas in Cambridge. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 7 (3):295-324.
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  21. Awm Meijers & Ms van der Schaar (1986). ST La Philosophie de l'Environnement, Réaliste Ou Anti-Réaliste? Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Wijsbegeerte 78 (4):251-261.
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